使用vundle进行插件管理(vim笔记二)

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如果不使用vundle的话,进行插件的安装,配置和管理相对会麻烦,曾经没使用vundle的时候我经常遇到无法安装一些vim插件。但使用vundle后你只要在文件中添加一行你的插件名再安装就OK了。先简单说一下vundle的使用,相信你会爱上它。
这是它的github地址:https://github.com/gmarik/vundle

1.先安装vim
2.创建文件夹/.vim和文件/.vimrc

进入你的home目录创建.vim文件夹和 .vimrc文件

3.安装vundle
$ git clone https://github.com/gmarik/vundle.git ~/.vim/bundle/vundle
4.编辑如下内容到.vimrc文件

注:在最新的vundle中,下面的配置不在有效,最新配置请参考该项目vimrc

set nocompatible               " be iMproved
 filetype off                   " required!

 set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/vundle/
 call vundle#rc()

 " let Vundle manage Vundle
 " required! 
 Bundle 'gmarik/vundle'

 " My Bundles here:
 "
 " original repos on github
 Bundle 'tpope/vim-fugitive'
 Bundle 'Lokaltog/vim-easymotion'
 Bundle 'rstacruz/sparkup', {'rtp': 'vim/'}
 Bundle 'tpope/vim-rails.git'
 " vim-scripts repos
 Bundle 'L9'
 Bundle 'FuzzyFinder'
 " non github repos
 Bundle 'git://git.wincent.com/command-t.git'
 " git repos on your local machine (ie. when working on your own plugin)
 Bundle 'file:///Users/gmarik/path/to/plugin'
 " ...

 filetype plugin indent on     " required!
 "
 " Brief help
 " :BundleList          - list configured bundles
 " :BundleInstall(!)    - install(update) bundles
 " :BundleSearch(!) foo - search(or refresh cache first) for foo
 " :BundleClean(!)      - confirm(or auto-approve) removal of unused bundles
 "
 " see :h vundle for more details or wiki for FAQ
 " NOTE: comments after Bundle command are not allowed..

下面针对上面的文件做一些解释

set nocompatible               " be iMproved
 filetype off                   " required!

 set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/vundle/
 call vundle#rc()

 " let Vundle manage Vundle
 " required! 
 Bundle 'gmarik/vundle'

 " My Bundles here:
 #以后你想安装什么插件可以写在下面
 "
 " original repos on github 
#如果你的插件来自github,写在下方,只要作者名/项目名就行了
 Bundle 'tpope/vim-fugitive' #如这里就安装了vim-fugitive这个插件
 Bundle 'Lokaltog/vim-easymotion'
 Bundle 'rstacruz/sparkup', {'rtp': 'vim/'}
 Bundle 'tpope/vim-rails.git'
 " vim-scripts repos
#如果插件来自 vim-scripts,你直接写插件名就行了
 Bundle 'L9'
 Bundle 'FuzzyFinder'
 " non github repos
#如使用自己的git库的插件,像下面这样做
 Bundle 'git://git.wincent.com/command-t.git'
 " git repos on your local machine (ie. when working on your own plugin)
 Bundle 'file:///Users/gmarik/path/to/plugin'
 " ...

 filetype plugin indent on     " required!
#下面是 vundle的一些命令代会会用到
 "
 " Brief help
 " :BundleList          - list configured bundles
 " :BundleInstall(!)    - install(update) bundles
 " :BundleSearch(!) foo - search(or refresh cache first) for foo
 " :BundleClean(!)      - confirm(or auto-approve) removal of unused bundles
 "
 " see :h vundle for more details or wiki for FAQ
 " NOTE: comments after Bundle command are not allowed..
#这里可以写一些你自己的配置

下面显示一些我暂时的配置文件

  filetype off                   " required!

 set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/vundle/
 call vundle#rc()

 " let Vundle manage Vundle
 " required! 
 Bundle 'gmarik/vundle'

 " My Bundles here:
 "
 " original repos on github
 Bundle 'tpope/vim-fugitive'
 Bundle 'Lokaltog/vim-easymotion'
 Bundle 'rstacruz/sparkup', {'rtp': 'vim/'}
 Bundle 'tpope/vim-rails.git'
 Bundle 'scrooloose/nerdtree'
 Bundle 'kien/ctrlp.vim'
 Bundle 'msanders/snipmate.vim'
 Bundle 'mileszs/ack.vim'
 Bundle 'Shougo/neocomplcache.vim'
 Bundle 'Townk/vim-autoclose'
 Bundle 'Lokaltog/vim-easymotion'
 Bundle 'Lokaltog/vim-powerline'
 " vim-scripts repos
 Bundle 'L9'
 Bundle 'FuzzyFinder'
 " non github repos
 Bundle 'git://git.wincent.com/command-t.git'
 " git repos on your local machine (ie. when working on your own plugin)
 " ...

 filetype plugin indent on     " required!
 "
 " Brief help
 " :BundleList          - list configured bundles
 " :BundleInstall(!)    - install(update) bundles
 " :BundleSearch(!) foo - search(or refresh cache first) for foo
 " :BundleClean(!)      - confirm(or auto-approve) removal of unused bundles
 "
 " see :h vundle for more details or wiki for FAQ
 " NOTE: comments after Bundle command are not allowed..

 " NERDTree config
 map <F2> :NERDTreeToggle<CR>
 autocmd bufenter * if (winnr("$") == 1 && exists("b:NERDTreeType") &&  b:NERDTreeType == "primary") | q | endif

 "neocomplache config
 let g:neocomplcache_enable_at_startup = 1
 let g:neocomplcache_force_overwrite_completefunc = 1

 "other config
 set nu
 set mouse=a
 set tabstop=2
 let mapleader = ","  
 let g:mapleader = ","  
 map Y "+y  
 map P "+p  ""

 "easymotion
 let g:EasyMotion_leader_key = '<Leader>'

 "powerline config
 set laststatus=2
 set t_Co=256   
 set encoding=utf-8  
 set fillchars+=stl:\ ,stlnc:\
5.安装你的插件

(1)保存退出当前的vim
(2)重新打开vim,输入命令:BundleInstall,然后就开始安装你的插件了。
重新打开vim,在命令模式下输入命令PluginInstall

6.如何移除插件

(1)编辑.vimrc文件移除的你要移除的插件行
(2)保存退出当前的vim
(3)重新打开vim,输入命令:BundleClean
重打开vim,在命令模式下输入命名PluginClean

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