68/70 小力班118 外刊阅读训练-第一天

Week1 Day1 How robots make humans indispensable

地道表达
  • How robots make humans ** indispensable **

[ indispensable] someone or something that is indispensable is so important or useful that it is impossible to manage without them.

Eg. This book is indispensable toanyone interested in space exploration.

[indispensable for/in (doing) sth]
Eg.Meat is not indispensable formaintaining a healthy diet.
Eg.Mobile phones have become an indispensable part of our lives.

  • In recent months,** anthropologists** have been rummaging through the grassroots of America's workforce jungle in search of an answer to one of the great questions of our time

[rummaging through]If you rummage through something, you search for something you want by moving things around in a careless or hurried way.

Eg.They rummage through piles of second-hand clothes for something that fits.
Eg. I rummaged through the house for the keys before i went out.

  • Manufacturing offers a particularly stark example of this.

[stark]
1,very plain in appearance, with little or no colour or decoration(外表)简陋的;无修饰的,荒凉的
Eg. In south China a lot of millionaire looks stark, you can't judge them by their appearance.

2, unpleasantly clear and impossible to avoid.明摆着的;严酷的
Eg. The home-education of the stay-at-home children is stark in rural area.

  • an intriguing twist
    [intriguing]If you describe something as intriguing, you mean that it is interesting or strange.
    Eg. The High Five magazine has intriguing games and puzzle.

  • only accelerate the automation trend as companies will scramble to cut costs.
    [scramble to do sth]do sth quickly
    Eg. They were scrambling to give the impression that the situation was in control.
    他们急于给一种形势已得到控制的印象。

  • it is imperative that the technology sector itself steps in.
    [imperative]If it is imperative that something is done, that thing is extremely important and must be done.极重要的;必要的;紧急的
    Eg. It is imperative that children should form the habit of reading when they are young.

  • Hitherto,Silicon Valley has not been particularly vocal on these questions.
    [vocal]expressing strong opinions publicly,especially about things that you disagree with激烈的表达意见的,敢于直言的,直言不讳的
    Eg. Foley has been particularly vocal in his criticism of the government.福利批评政府是尤其直言不讳。

专业知识
  • McKinsey麦肯锡公司
    McKinsey & Company is a worldwide management consulting firm. It conducts qualitative and quantitative analysis in order to evaluate management decisions across the public and private sectors. Widely considered the most prestigious management consultancy,[4] McKinsey's clientele includes 80% of the world's largest corporations, and an extensive list of governments and non-profit organisations.
    McKinsey was founded in 1926 by James O. McKinsey in order to apply accounting principles to management. McKinsey died in 1937, and the firm was restructured several times, with the modern-day McKinsey & Company emerging in 1939. Marvin Bower is credited with establishing McKinsey's culture and practices in the 1930s based on the principles he experienced as a lawyer. The firm developed an "up or out" policy, where consultants who are not promoted are asked to leave. McKinsey was the first management consultancy to hire recent college graduates, rather than experienced managers.
    In the 1980s and 1990s, the firm expanded internationally and established new practice areas. It had 88 staff in 1951 and 7,700 by the early 2000s. McKinsey's consulting has helped to establish many of the norms in business and contributed to many of the major successes and failures in business in the modern era.

URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McKinsey_%26_Company

  • the Bureau of Labor Statistics(BLS) 美国劳工部劳工统计局
    The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor. It is the principal fact-finding agency for the U.S. government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics and serves as a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System. The BLS is a governmental statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor representatives. The BLS also serves as a statistical resource to the Department of Labor, and conducts research into how much families need to earn to be able to enjoy a decent standard of living.[6]
    The BLS data must satisfy a number of criteria, including relevance to current social and economic issues, timeliness in reflecting today’s rapidly changing economic conditions, accuracy and consistently high statistical quality, and impartiality in both subject matter and presentation. To avoid the appearance of partiality, the dates of major data releases are scheduled more than a year in advance, in coordination with the Office of Management and Budget.

URL:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureau_of_Labor_Statistics

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