543. Diameter of Binary Tree 二叉树的直径

Given a binary tree, you need to compute the length of the diameter of the tree. The diameter of a binary tree is the length of the longest path between any two nodes in a tree. This path may or may not pass through the root.
给定一二叉树,需要计算其直径大小。
二叉树的直径定义为任意两节点之间的最长路径长度,这种路径有可能经过根节点。

Example:
Given a binary tree

      1
     / \
    2   3
   / \     
  4   5    

Return 3, which is the length of the path [4,2,1,3] or [5,2,1,3].

Note: The length of path between two nodes is represented by the number of edges between them.


思路
考虑路径经过根节点和不经过根节点的情况。递归处理。

/**
 * Definition for a binary tree node.
 * struct TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode *left;
 *     TreeNode *right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) : val(x), left(NULL), right(NULL) {}
 * };
 */
class Solution {
public:
    int diameterOfBinaryTree(TreeNode* root) {
        if(root == nullptr) return 0;
        int res = depth(root->left) + depth(root->right);
        return max(res, max(diameterOfBinaryTree(root->left), diameterOfBinaryTree(root->right)));
    }
private:
    int depth(TreeNode* root){
        if(root == nullptr) return 0;
        return 1 + max(depth(root->left), depth(root->right));
    }
};

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