翻译 | 如何用水彩画日落

说明

​原文链接:http://www.ehow.com/how_2383523_paint-sunset-watercolors.html

作者:Lucy Akins

版权:原文及图画、照片归原作者所有,译文版权归苏珊姐所有,如需转载或商用请申请授权。可以参考译文学习。译文仅为本人理解,不一定完全准确,欢迎讨论。

正文

How to Paint a Sunset With Watercolors

如何用水彩画日落

Painting a watercolor sunset is an easy beginner's exercise as it doesn't contain too many drawn-in details. You can create a beautiful, multi-hued wash that mimics the vibrant colors of a sunset with minimal colors. It can also be adapted into a more advanced exercise by adding more detail to the foreground.

画一幅水彩的夕阳,对初学者来说是容易的,因为它不包含太多深入的细节。只需要最少的几个颜色,你就可以创作一幅美丽的、多色调的、颜色丰富的夕阳水彩画了。也可以通过添加更多的前景细节,使画面变得更加灵动。

sunset

Things You'll Need. 你需要的东西:

Cold press watercolor paper 冷压水彩纸

Masking tape 美纹纸胶带

Sturdy cardboard or clipboard 硬纸板

1-inch flat brush 一寸平刷

No. 8 round brush 8号水彩笔

Watercolor paints 水彩颜料

Water basin 水盆

Paper towel 纸巾

Palette 调色盘

Tip

The paint colors used in this project are: Cobalt Blue, French Ultramarine, Crimson Red, Burnt Sienna, Winsor Yellow and Lamp Black.

提示

在本教程中将用到的颜色有:钴蓝,群青,宝石红,熟赫,金黄,黑色。

prepare

Step 1

Tape down the edges of the watercolor paper onto a sturdy cardboard, wooden board or clipboard.

第一步

将裁剪好的水彩纸用美纹纸胶带固定在一块硬纸板(或木板或纸板)上。

step 1

Tip

Securing the paper onto a non-fixed surface, such as cardboard or a clip board, allows you to manipulate the movement of the paint if needed. It also keeps the paper from buckling.

提示

用胶带将纸张固定在一个平面上,比如硬纸板或画板等,能让你更容易地操作绘画。同时保持纸张不动。

Step 2

Lightly draw a horizontal line across your paper to mark the horizon. Drawing the horizon slightly above or below the center of the page adds interest to the composition.

第二步

在画纸上轻轻地画一条水平线,代表地平线的位置。画的地平线要略微高于或低于画面的中线位置,这样能增加有趣的组合。

step 2


Step 3

With your flat brush, brush the paper with clean water above the horizon line.

第三步

用平刷,在地平线以上,刷上干净的水。

step 3

Step 4

While the paper is still wet, dip your flat brush in Cobalt Blue and paint the very top of the paper. Use loose strokes to create movement.

第四步

趁着纸还是湿的,用平刷笔,蘸取钴蓝色,在纸张的最顶端刷色。松散地运笔。

step 4

Step 5

While the paint is still wet, dip the flat brush in Crimson Red and paint loose strokes right under the Cobalt Blue. Don't be afraid of the colors mixing. It's the various irregular colors of sunsets that make this color wash interesting.

第五步

趁着颜色还是湿的,用平刷笔蘸取红色,在蓝色下方进行平刷。不要害怕颜色混合。这是日落,让颜色刷出有趣的、各种不规则的色彩来。

step 5

Step 6

While the paint is still wet, dip your brush in Winsor Yellow and fill in the rest of the paper to the horizon line, again with loose strokes.

第六步

趁着颜色仍然是湿的,用画笔蘸取金黄色,再以松散的笔触,画完地平线以上的剩下区域。

step 6

Step 7

Repeat Step 3 and brush clean water onto the lower part of the horizon line using your flat brush. Now repeat Steps 4 through 6 but in reverse order. In other words, you will mirror the colors from the top of the page by painting yellow first, followed by red, and lastly blue.

第七步

重复第三步,用平刷蘸取干净的水,刷地平线以下区域。现在,重复第四到六步,但顺序要反过来。也就是,先画黄色,其次是红色,最后蓝色,倒映顶部的颜色。

step 7

Step 8

Allow the paint to dry for five to ten minutes. In order to determine whether the paper is dry, tilt it slightly and look for any signs of luster. No shine on the paper indicates the paint is dry.

第八步

等颜色干燥五到十分钟。可以通过稍微倾斜画板,看有没有反光区域,来确定纸张干了没有。纸张上没反光就表示颜料已经干了。

step 8

Step 9

You will now use a method in watercolor painting called ‘lifting’, to draw in the sun.

Dip your clean No. 8 round brush in water and draw a circle where you would like the sun to be.

第九步

现在,使用水彩画中名为“稀释”的技法,来画太阳。

用8号水彩笔沾清水,画一个圆圈,形成你想要的太阳。

step 9

Tip

The term "lifting" means taking paint away or lifting it off the painted surface by either using a wet brush or other absorbent materials such as a paper towel, cotton or even salt.

提示

所谓“稀释”是指通过去掉颜料来形成浅色区域,可以用湿笔刷或其他吸水材料,如纸巾,棉或甚至盐。(译者注:“稀释”的译法是苏珊姐根据自己对水彩画的理解进行翻译的,如有其它更妥当的译法,欢迎提出。)

Step 10

Use a paper towel to absorb both the paint and water inside the circle. You can see the paint has been removed, leaving a light circle to represent the sun. You might need to repeat painting the sun with more water and lifting more paint, if you would like a more pronounced sun.

第十步

用纸巾吸收圈内的颜料和水。可以看到颜料已被去除,留下浅色圆来表示太阳。如果你想要更明显的太阳,你需要重复这个步骤,涂更多的水分到太阳上,再吸走更多的颜料。

step10

Step 11

Dip your No. 8 round brush in Burnt Sienna and use organic lines to draw land along the horizon.

第十一步

用8号水彩笔,蘸取熟褐色,以通透的笔触,在地平线上绘制的地面。

step 11

Step 12

Using the "lifting" method again, use water to draw an irregular vertical line in front of the sun using your No. 8 round brush. Absorb the water and paint with a paper towel.

第十二步

再次使用“稀释”的方法,用8号水彩笔,蘸清水来绘制一个不规则的太阳倒影。用纸巾吸收水分来作画。

step 12

Step 13

Make a 2:1 mixture of Cobalt Blue and Burnt Sienna on your palette and use your No. 8 brush to paint several horizontal lines on top of the blue. This will give the painting more dimension and movement.

第十三步

按2:1的比例混合钴蓝和熟褐色,用8号水彩笔,在地平线下方的蓝色区域,随意地画上几根蓝色的横线。将使得画面的水面效果,更加通透和灵动。

step 13

Step 14

Optional:You can add more detail to your painting by painting a grassy silhouette in the foreground using your No. 8 round brush dipped in Lamp Black.

第十四步

可选:用8号水彩笔,蘸取黑色,在前景区,画上草的剪影,来使得画面更加生动。

step 14

Step 15

Allow the paint to dry and remove the paper from the board by removing the tape.

第十五步

等颜料干燥后,去除胶带,完成画作。

step 15
sunset

苏珊姐:寥寥数笔,一幅夕阳水彩画就完成了,看起来水彩也没有那么难。好想试试,喜欢的朋友,赶紧跟苏珊姐一起试试吧。欢迎用画稿来砸我~~~

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