mac下nginx的安装和配置

96
sxtra
0.6 2016.10.08 11:39* 字数 372

Nginx(音“engine x”)是一款开源的web和反向代理服务器,查看官网。�具有高性能、高并发、低内存特点,另外还有一些特色的Web服务器功能,如负载均衡、缓存、访问和带宽控制。

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MAC环境下有一个好用的软件安装方法,使用homebrew来安装各个软件既快捷又不用考虑依赖包的问题。

1、先安装homebrew。官网。终端执行以下命令:

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

出现以下log表示安装完成了。

Installation successful!

2、安装Nginx,终端下执行:

brew install nginx

安装过程中会自己安装依赖:

$ brew install nginx
Warning: You have Xcode 8 installed without the CLT;
this causes certain builds to fail on OS X El Capitan (10.11).
Please install the CLT via:
  sudo xcode-select --install
==> Installing dependencies for nginx: openssl, pcre
==> Installing nginx dependency: openssl

安装完成后会有以下log:

The default port has been set in /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf to 8080 so that
nginx can run without sudo.

nginx will load all files in /usr/local/etc/nginx/servers/.

To have launchd start nginx now and restart at login:
  brew services start nginx
Or, if you don't want/need a background service you can just run:
  nginx
==> Summary
🍺  /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.10.1: 7 files, 972.3K

3.鉴于安装过程中出现的Warning,为避免将来掉坑,运行

sudo xcode-select --install

终端会出现提示

xcode-select: note: install requested for command line developer tools

并会询问安装工具


xcode-select

点击安装,等待软件安装完成即可。

4.启动nginx服务

brew services start nginx
$ brew services start nginx
==> Tapping homebrew/services
Cloning into '/usr/local/Homebrew/Library/Taps/homebrew/homebrew-services'...
remote: Counting objects: 10, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (7/7), done.
remote: Total 10 (delta 0), reused 6 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
Unpacking objects: 100% (10/10), done.
Checking connectivity... done.
Tapped 0 formulae (36 files, 46.1K)
==> Successfully started `nginx` (label: homebrew.mxcl.nginx)

成功后,使用浏览器打开http://localhost:8080

如果打开页面如下,证明安装完成,可以使用了。


screenshot200.png

5.nginx文件目录

5.1 nginx安装文件目录
/usr/local/Cellar/nginx
5.2 nginx配置文件目录
/usr/local/etc/nginx
5.3 config文件目录
/usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
5.4 系统hosts位置
/private/etc/hosts

6.nginx常用命令

nginx  #启动nginx
nginx -s quit  #快速停止nginx
nginx -V #查看版本,以及配置文件地址
nginx -v #查看版本
nginx -s reload|reopen|stop|quit   #重新加载配置|重启|快速停止|安全关闭nginx
nginx -h #帮助

$ nginx -h #帮助
nginx version: nginx/1.10.1
Usage: nginx [-?hvVtTq] [-s signal] [-c filename] [-p prefix] [-g directives]

Options:
  -?,-h         : this help
  -v            : show version and exit
  -V            : show version and configure options then exit
  -t            : test configuration and exit
  -T            : test configuration, dump it and exit
  -q            : suppress non-error messages during configuration testing
  -s signal     : send signal to a master process: stop, quit, reopen, reload
  -p prefix     : set prefix path (default: /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.10.1/)
  -c filename   : set configuration file (default: /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf)
  -g directives : set global directives out of configuration file

7.卸载nginx

brew uninstall nginx
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