mac 安装配置 mnmp

安装Homebrew

确保系统已经安装xcode,然后使用一行命令安装依赖管理工具 Homebrew
ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

之后就可以使用
brew install FORMULA

来安装所需要的依赖了。
brew(意为酿酒)的命名很有意思,全部都使用了酿酒过程中采用的材料/器具,名词对应以下的概念:
Formula(配方) 程序包定义,本质上是一个rb文件
Keg(桶)程序包的安装路径
Cellar(地窖)所有程序包(桶)的根目录
Tap(水龙头)程序包的源
Bottle (瓶子)编译打包好的程序包
最终编译安装完毕的程序就是一桶酿造好的酒
更详细的信息参考 Homebrew的官方Cookbook
因此使用Homebrew常见的流程是:

  1. 增加一个程序源(新增一个水龙头) brew tap homebrew/php
  2. 更新程序源 brew update
  3. 安装程序包(按照配方酿酒) brew install git
  4. 查看配置 brew config 可以看到程序包默认安装在 /usr/local/Cellar 下 (酒桶放在地窖内)
    安装PHP5.6(FPM方式)
    首先加入Homebrew官方的几个软件源
    brew tap homebrew/dupes
    brew tap homebrew/versions
    brew tap homebrew/php

PHP如果采用默认配置安装,会编译 mod_php 模块并只运行在Apache环境下,为了使用Nginx,这里需要编译php-fpm并且禁用apache,主要通过参数 --without-snmp --without-apache 来实现。完整的安装指令为
brew install php56
--without-snmp
--without-apache
--with-debug
--with-fpm
--with-intl
--with-homebrew-curl
--with-homebrew-libxslt
--with-homebrew-openssl
--with-imap
--with-mysql
--with-tidy

由于OSX已经自带了PHP环境,因此需要修改系统路径,优先运行brew安装的版本,在 ~/.bashrc 里加入:
export PATH="/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:$PATH"

如果要安装新的php扩展,可以直接安装而不用每次重新编译php,所有的扩展可以通过
brew search php56

看到,下面是我自己所需要的扩展,可以支持 Phalcon框架 :
brew install php56-gearman php56-msgpack php56-memcache php56-memcached php56-mongo php56-phalcon php56-redis php56-xdebug

PHP-FPM的加载与启动
安装完毕后可以通过以下指令启动和停止php-fpm
php-fpm -D
killall php-fpm

同时可以讲php-fpm加入开机启动
ln -sfv /usr/local/opt/php56/*.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents
launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php56.plist

安装Nginx
brew install nginx

安装完毕后可以通过
nginx
nginx -s quit

启动和关闭,同时也支持重载配置文件等操作
nginx -s reload|reopen|stop|quit

nginx安装后默认监听8080端口,可以访问 http://localhost:8080 查看状态。如果要想监听80端口需要root权限,运行
sudo chown root:wheel /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.6.2/bin/nginx
sudo chmod u+s /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.6.2/bin/nginx

并使用root权限启动
sudo nginx

开机启动
ln -sfv /usr/local/opt/nginx/*.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents
launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist

Nginx + PHP-FPM配置
Nginx一般都会运行多个域名,因此这里参考了 @fish的方法 ,按Ubuntu的文件夹结构来存放Nginx的配置文件
mkdir -p /usr/local/var/logs/nginx
mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites-available
mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites-enabled
mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d
mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/nginx/ssl

编辑Nginx全局配置
vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

worker_processes 1;
error_log /usr/local/var/logs/nginx/error.log debug;
pid /usr/local/var/run/nginx.pid;
events {
worker_connections 256;
}
http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] '
'"$request" $status $body_bytes_sent '
'"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" '
'"$http_x_forwarded_for" $host $request_time $upstream_response_time $scheme '
'$cookie_evalogin';
access_log /usr/local/var/logs/access.log main;
sendfile on;
keepalive_timeout 65;
port_in_redirect off;
include /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
}

这样一来首先可以把一些可复用配置独立出来放在/usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d 下,比如fastcgi的设置就可以独立出来
vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/php-fpm

内容为
location ~ .php$ {
try_files $uri = 404;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
include /usr/local/etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
}

然后 /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites-enabled 目录下可以一个文件对应一个域名的配置,比如web服务器目录是 /opt/htdocs
vim /usr/local/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;
root /opt/htdocs/;
location / {
index index.html index.htm index.php;
include /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/php-fpm;
}
}

此时启动了php-fpm并且启动了Nginx后,就可以通过 http://localhost 来运行php程序了
安装MySQL
brew install mysql

可以通过
mysql.server start
mysql.server stop

来启动/停止,启动后默认应为空密码,可以通过mysqladmin设置一个密码
mysqladmin -uroot password "mypassword"

但是在操作的时候出现了空密码无法登入的情况,最终只能通过mysqld_safe来设置
sudo mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables
mysql -u root
mysql> UPDATE mysql.user SET Password=PASSWORD('mypassword') WHERE User='root';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

最后将MySQL加入开机启动
cp /usr/local/Cellar/mysql/5.6.22/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents/

Memcache
brew install memcached

启动/停止指令
memcached -d
killall memcached

加入开机启动
cp /usr/local/Cellar/memcached/1.4.20/homebrew.mxcl.memcached.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents/

Redis
brew install redis

Redis默认配置文件不允许以Deamon方式运行,因此需要先修改配置文件
vim /usr/local/etc/redis.conf

将daemonize修改为yes,然后载入配置文件即可实现后台进程启动
redis-server /usr/local/etc/redis.conf

加入开机启动
cp /usr/local/Cellar/redis/2.8.19/homebrew.mxcl.redis.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents/

设置别名
最后可以对所有服务的启动停止设置别名方便操作
vim ~/.bash_profile

加入
alias nginx.start='launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist'
alias nginx.stop='launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.nginx.plist'
alias nginx.restart='nginx.stop && nginx.start'
alias php-fpm.start="launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php55.plist"
alias php-fpm.stop="launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php55.plist"
alias php-fpm.restart='php-fpm.stop && php-fpm.start'
alias mysql.start="launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist"
alias mysql.stop="launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.mysql.plist"
alias mysql.restart='mysql.stop && mysql.start'
alias redis.start="launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.redis.plist"
alias redis.stop="launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.redis.plist"
alias redis.restart='redis.stop && redis.start'
alias memcached.start="launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.memcached.plist"
alias memcached.stop="launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.memcached.plist"
alias memcached.restart='memcached.stop && memcached.start'

安装其他项目支持
·brew install composer node

推荐阅读更多精彩内容