Linux Docker使用配置(Mac/Linux通用)

一、在Docker中安装环境(PHP、Nginx、MySQL、Redis、memcached、MongoDB)

1、安装Docker

2、查看安装软件版本

    #   docker -v  /  docker --version

    #   docker-compose -v

3、在代码根目录新建docker安装环境所属目录:/data1/project/docker

4、在 /data1/project/docker 新建 init.sh 脚本

5、#   chmod a+x init.sh

6、添加以下命令加入到  /data1/project/docker/init.sh 文件中保存(#####中的所有内容)

##########################################################################

mkdir app

mkdir app/memcached

mkdir app/mysql

mkdir app/nginx

mkdir app/nginx/conf

mkdir app/php

mkdir app/redis

mkdir app/mongo

mkdir db

mkdir logs

mkdir tools

mkdir tools/phpmyadmin

mkdir tools/console

mkdir web

touch app/memcached/Dockerfile

touch app/mysql/Dockerfile

touch app/nginx/Dockerfile

touch app/php/Dockerfile

touch app/redis/Dockerfile

touch app/mongo/Dockerfile

touch tools/phpmyadmin/Dockerfile

touch tools/console/Dockerfile

touch app/nginx/conf/default.conf

touch app/php/opcache-recommended.ini

touch app/php/php.ini

touch app/php/proxychains.conf

touch app/php/proxychains-ng

touch docker-compose.yaml

curl -L -o ./app/php/redis.tar.gzhttps://github.com/phpredis/phpredis/archive/3.0.0.tar.gz

curl -L -o ./app/php/memcached.tar.gz "https://codeload.github.com/php-memcached-dev/php-memcached/tar.gz/v3.0.2"

curl -L -o ./app/php/mongodb.tgzhttps://github.com/mongodb/mongo-php-driver/releases/download/1.3.2/mongodb-1.3.2.tgz

cat /dev/null > docker-compose.yaml

cat >> docker-compose.yaml <

version: "2"

services:

  mysql:

    build:

      context: ./app/mysql

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

    environment:

      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: "root"

      MYSQL_DATABASE: "app"

      MYSQL_USER: "app"

      MYSQL_PASSWORD: "111111"

    volumes:

      - ./db:/var/lib/mysql

  php:

    build:

      context: ./app/php

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

    volumes:

      - ./web:/opt/web

  nginx:

    build:

      context: ./app/nginx

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

    ports:

      - 8080:80

    depends_on:

      - php #此处代表nginx依赖php,php会在nginx之前启动

    volumes_from:

      - php

    volumes:

      - ./app/nginx/conf:/etc/nginx/conf.d

  redis:

    build:

      context: ./app/redis

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

#    ports:

#      - 6379:6379

  memcached:

    build:

      context: ./app/memcached

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

#    ports:

#      - 11211:11211

  mongo:

    build:

      context: ./app/mongo

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

#    ports:

#      - 27017:27017

  phpmyadmin:

    build:

      context: ./tools/phpmyadmin

      dockerfile: Dockerfile

    ports:

      - "8081:80"

    environment:

      PMA_HOST: "mysql"

      PMA_USER: "root"

      PMA_PASSWORD: "root"

  console:

      build:

        context: ./tools/console

        dockerfile: Dockerfile

      volumes_from:

        - php

      tty: true

#networks:

volumes:

  db:

    driver: local

EOF

cat /dev/null > ./app/php/Dockerfile

cat >> ./app/php/Dockerfile <

FROM php:7.1.11-fpm

# 以下几行为安装代理工具,如不需要,可将其屏蔽

# COPY proxychains-ng /opt/proxychains-ng

# COPY proxychains.conf /etc/proxychains.conf

# WORKDIR /opt/proxychains-ng

# RUN ./configure && make && make install

# 替换为阿里云源

RUN echo "debhttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie main non-free contrib\n\\

debhttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib\n\\

deb-srchttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie main non-free contrib\n\\

deb-srchttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib" > /etc/apt/sources.list

# 安装php扩展

WORKDIR /tmp

ENV PHPREDIS_VERSION 3.0.0

COPY ./redis.tar.gz /tmp/redis.tar.gz

COPY ./memcached.tar.gz /tmp/memcached.tar.gz

COPY ./mongodb.tgz /tmp/mongodb.tgz

COPY ./yar.tgz /tmp/yar.tgz

RUN tar xfz /tmp/redis.tar.gz \

  && rm -r /tmp/redis.tar.gz \

  && tar xf /usr/src/php.tar.xz \

  && mv php-7.1.11 /usr/src/php \

  && mv phpredis-$PHPREDIS_VERSION /usr/src/php/ext/redis \

  && mkdir -p /usr/src/php/ext/memcached \

  && tar -C /usr/src/php/ext/memcached -zxf /tmp/memcached.tar.gz --strip 1 \

  && rm /tmp/memcached.tar.gz \

  && mkdir -p /usr/src/php/ext/mongodb \

  && tar -C /usr/src/php/ext/mongodb -zxf /tmp/mongodb.tgz --strip 1 \

  && rm -r /tmp/mongodb.tgz \

  && mkdir -p /usr/src/php/ext/yar \

  && tar -C /usr/src/php/ext/yar -zxf /tmp/yar.tgz --strip 1 \

  && rm -r /tmp/yar.tgz

# 安装php

RUN apt-get clean \

  && apt-get update \

  && apt-get -y remove libssl1.0.0 \

  && apt-get install -y libpng12-dev libjpeg-dev libmemcached-dev libssl-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev \

  && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \

  && docker-php-ext-configure gd --with-png-dir=/usr --with-jpeg-dir=/usr \

  && docker-php-ext-install gd mysqli pdo_mysql zip opcache redis \

  && docker-php-ext-configure memcached \

  && docker-php-ext-install memcached \

  && docker-php-ext-configure mongodb \

  && docker-php-ext-install mongodb \

  && docker-php-ext-configure yar \

  && docker-php-ext-install yar \

  && docker-php-ext-configure bcmath \

  && docker-php-ext-install bcmath

# 生成配置文件

COPY ./php.ini /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/

COPY ./opcache-recommended.ini /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/

EOF

echo "FROM nginx:1.12.1" > ./app/nginx/Dockerfile

echo "FROM mysql:5.7" > ./app/mysql/Dockerfile

echo "FROM memcached:1.5" > ./app/memcached/Dockerfile

echo "FROM redis:4.0.0" > ./app/redis/Dockerfile

echo "FROM mongo:3.5.13" > ./app/mongo/Dockerfile

echo "FROM phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin:4.7" > ./tools/phpmyadmin/Dockerfile

cat >> ./tools/console/Dockerfile <

FROM php:7.1.11

WORKDIR /mnt/app

# 替换为阿里云源

RUN echo "debhttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie main non-free contrib\n\\

debhttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib\n\\

deb-srchttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie main non-free contrib\n\\

deb-srchttp://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/jessie-proposed-updates main non-free contrib" > /etc/apt/sources.list

# 常用工具

RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y git curl wget cron vim locales libfreetype6-dev mariadb-client \\

  && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \\

  && docker-php-ext-install zip \\

  && docker-php-ext-install mysqli pdo_mysql

# 把语言设置成简体中文

RUN dpkg-reconfigure locales && \\

  locale-gen C.UTF-8 && \\

  /usr/sbin/update-locale LANG=C.UTF-8

RUN echo 'zh_CN.UTF-8 UTF-8' >> /etc/locale.gen && \\

  locale-gen

ENV LC_ALL C.UTF-8

ENV LANG zh_CN.UTF-8

ENV LANGUAGE zh_CN.UTF-8

RUN php -r "copy('https://install.phpcomposer.com/installer', 'composer-setup.php');" \\

  && php composer-setup.php \\

  && php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');" \\

  && mv ./composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer \\

  && chmod +x /usr/local/bin/composer

RUN echo 'export PATH="\$PATH:\$HOME/.composer/vendor/bin"' >> ~/.bashrc \\

  && . ~/.bashrc \\

  && composer config -g repo.packagist composerhttps://packagist.phpcomposer.com

EOF

echo "opcache.memory_consumption=128

opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8

opcache.max_accelerated_files=4000

opcache.revalidate_freq=1

opcache.fast_shutdown=1

opcache.enable_cli=1

opcache.enable=0" > ./app/php/opcache-recommended.ini

echo "memory_limit = 256M

post_max_size = 100M

upload_max_filesize = 100M" > ./app/php/php.ini

cat >> ./app/nginx/conf/default.conf <

server {

  listen        80;

  server_name   localhost;

  root          /opt/web;

  index         index.php index.html index.htm;

  location / {

     try_files \$uri \$uri/ /index.php?\$query_string;

   }

  location ~ \.php$ {

     fastcgi_pass   php:9000;

     fastcgi_index  index.php;

     fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  \$document_root\$fastcgi_script_name;

     include        fastcgi_params;

  }

}

EOF

##########################################################################

7、当前 /data1/project/docker 目录下运行init.sh脚本

    #  ./init.sh

8、若下载超时 或 失败 ,多次执行  #  ./init.sh 命令即可

9、执行docker-compose up -d 来启动环境、并安装

10、确保Mac/Linux环境端口8080未被占用,执行期间若error报错端口已占用,则更改Mac/Linux环境端口,不被占用即可

11、Mac/Linux环境端口改完重启当前系统,执行

#    docker-compose down

12、再次执行编译安装

#    docker-compose up -d

13、查看已存在镜像

#    docker images

14、查看服务是否已启动

#    docker ps -a

此时可以查看到已经安装:nginx、mongo、php、mysql、redis、phpmyadmin、memcached

15、如果后续增加PHP扩展,vi /data1/project/docker/app/php/Dockerfile 增加扩展,然后关闭,再启动并且编译

#    docker-compose down

#    docker-compose up -d --build

16、若要远程连接mysql、memcache、redis ........    则编辑  vi /data1/project/docker/docker-compose.yaml

(截图范围有限,若要远程连接,都增加端口开放即可)

17、关闭容器,在重启容器,查看当前所有容器的端口均已开启

#    docker-compose down

#    docker-compose up -d

#    docker ps  -a

18、测试mysql连接虚拟机Docker中的MySQL

打开Navicat(此处的3307端口是 /data1/project/docker/docker-compose.yaml 中MySQL增加)

IP:10.0.1.145

port:3307

username:root

password:root


二、在Docker内配置Nginx开发环境设置(此处配置laravel框架路由)

注意:默认安装的容器访问根目录为:/opt/web/

1、Nginx配置文件默认为:/data1/project/docker/app/nginx/conf/default.conf

server {

  listen        80;

  server_name   docker.laravel.com;

  root          /opt/web/laravel/public;

  index         index.php index.html index.htm;

  location / {

     try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

  }

  location ~ \.php$ {

     fastcgi_pass   php:9000;

     fastcgi_index  index.php;

     fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

     include        fastcgi_params;

  }

}

2、重启docker Nginx 环境

#    docker restart docker_nginx_1

17、本地主机配置host域名:127.0.0.1  docker.laravel.com  ,所有配置文件访问均已映射到宿主机:8080端口去访问docker:80端口,本地浏览器访问

eg:docker.laravel.com:8080

18、本地docker目录:/data1/project/docker/web 与任意容器目录:/opt/web/形成互相映射,在本地目录或者容器目录操作项目文件即可

19、进入docker_php_1容器

#    docker exec -it docker_php_1 /bin/bash

#    docker exec -it docker_php_1 bash

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