Appium学习之路—环境搭建

Appium学习之路—环境搭建

说实话,Appium第一次接触还是在testerhome看到的,介绍说这个框架可以测试安卓和IOS,并且只要写一个脚本,不需要做任何改动就可以直接在IOS和Android上运行,这真心是一个好消息,说干就干。先吧环境弄起来看看到底牛掰不牛掰。
PS:笔者使用的是Mac OS X系统。

准备工作

Appium提供了两种方式,一个是客户端,另一个是命令行。不过不论哪种方式,以下的东西都必须准备好

  • Xcode Command Line Tools 这个是必须的工具可以百度以下,我是使用Mac系统,干脆直接下了一个完整的Xcode
  • Android SDK 和AVD 这个是测试Android必须的,当然AVD可以使用Android的真机来代替。

Appium客户端

我看到这个框架竟然还是有客户端的,真是有一种莫名的兴奋,有客户端就意味着我可以不用搭建那些操蛋的命令行了?下载一个GUI端我就可以轻轻松松的开搞了。不过下载客户端是需要翻墙的,这个有点蛋疼,我自己的专门翻墙出去下载了一个Appium for Mac的客户端,不过那速度慢得让人无法直视。官网地址:Appium官网。我是不太建议在官网下载。这里推荐一个资源,下载速度比较快。Appium国内下载地址

客户端的使用

我个人折腾完客户端之后,感觉不是很给力,客户端虽然界面挺漂亮的,风格也挺好,不过总体折腾下来不是我喜欢的类型,如果喜欢客户端的朋友可以自己去折腾折腾客户端,配置起来很简单,就不做过多的赘述了。

命令行

命令行是体现逼格高大上的东东,不过折腾起来也很费事,笔者折腾这个命令行折腾了大概一周的时间,其中种种原因很多

  • java环境

Mac自带了这东西,不过说实话一般的电脑也都会把这个环境折腾好吧,毕竟java是最流行的开发语言

  • Python环境

Mac自带了这东西,因为笔者是使用Python来写脚本,当然你也可以使用其他语言来写,比如java、ruby、c#等等

  • brew

brew是一个套件管理器,不过笔者比较懒,直接使用Mac自带的easy_install来安装,比较省事

  • node

node也是必须的,如果有了brew或者easy_install,安装是很省事的 sudo easy_install node,输入密码就搞定了

SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ node -v
v0.10.34

这样就算安装成功

  • npm

npm这东西和node一样,也是使用安装工具来安装很方便

SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ npm -v
1.4.28

  • Appium

终于到我们的主角了安装命令是 npm install -g appium
这里要说明一下,Appium的安装不能使用sudo。-g是让npm自动帮我们配置Appium的环境。

SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ appium -v
1.4.16

如果你看到了这个东西,就表示你的Appium已经完全安装完毕了。网上还有教程说需要安装一个wd的东西,我不知道这个是干什么的,当然我也安装了,npm install wd。很简单的安装

检查Appium的配置是否正确

执行命令appium-doctor,你如果看到一下的界面,就表示已经正确的安装完毕了

SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ appium-doctor
Running iOS Checks
✔ Xcode is installed at /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer
✔ Xcode Command Line Tools are installed.
✔ DevToolsSecurity is enabled.
✔ The Authorization DB is set up properly.
✔ Node binary found at /usr/local/bin/node
✔ iOS Checks were successful.

Running Android Checks
✔ ANDROID_HOME is set to "/Users/svenweng/Desktop/Application/adt-bundle-mac-x86_64-20131030/sdk"
✔ JAVA_HOME is set to "/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Home."
✔ ADB exists at /Users/svenweng/Desktop/Application/adt-bundle-mac-x86_64-20131030/sdk/platform-tools/adb
✔ Android exists at /Users/svenweng/Desktop/Application/adt-bundle-mac-x86_64-20131030/sdk/tools/android
✔ Emulator exists at /Users/svenweng/Desktop/Application/adt-bundle-mac-x86_64-20131030/sdk/tools/emulator
✔ Android Checks were successful.

✔ All Checks were successful

如果某一行签名不是打钩,而是一个红叉叉,那就表示那个配置没有安装正确

疑问

理论上我的Appium安装是正确的,但是我运行appium的时候出现了下面的一大串错误

SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ appium
error: uncaughtException: fn must be a function

See http://goo.gl/916lJJ
date=Sat Nov 21 2015 10:37:25 GMT+0800 (HKT), pid=2504, uid=501, gid=20, cwd=/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium, execPath=/usr/local/bin/node, version=v0.10.34, argv=[node, /usr/local/bin/appium], rss=103559168, heapTotal=86062080, heapUsed=56309664, loadavg=[1.6328125, 1.86767578125, 1.81103515625], uptime=39552, trace=[column=15, file=/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/node_modules/appium-support/node_modules/bluebird/js/main/promisify.js, function=Function.Promise.promisify, line=268, method=Promise.promisify, native=false, column=13, file=lib/fs.js, function=, line=46, method=null, native=false, column=26, file=module.js, function=Module._compile, line=456, method=_compile, native=false, column=10, file=module.js, function=Object.Module._extensions..js, line=474, method=Module._extensions..js, native=false, column=32, file=module.js, function=Module.load, line=356, method=load, native=false, column=12, file=module.js, function=Function.Module._load, line=312, method=Module._load, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=Module.require, line=364, method=require, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=require, line=380, method=null, native=false, column=11, file=/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/node_modules/appium-support/build/lib/tempdir.js, function=, line=12, method=null, native=false, column=26, file=module.js, function=Module._compile, line=456, method=_compile, native=false, column=10, file=module.js, function=Object.Module._extensions..js, line=474, method=Module._extensions..js, native=false, column=32, file=module.js, function=Module.load, line=356, method=load, native=false, column=12, file=module.js, function=Function.Module._load, line=312, method=Module._load, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=Module.require, line=364, method=require, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=require, line=380, method=null, native=false, column=19, file=/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/node_modules/appium-support/build/index.js, function=, line=11, method=null, native=false, column=26, file=module.js, function=Module._compile, line=456, method=_compile, native=false, column=10, file=module.js, function=Object.Module._extensions..js, line=474, method=Module._extensions..js, native=false, column=32, file=module.js, function=Module.load, line=356, method=load, native=false, column=12, file=module.js, function=Function.Module._load, line=312, method=Module._load, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=Module.require, line=364, method=require, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=require, line=380, method=null, native=false, column=42, file=lib/proxy.js, function=, line=2, method=null, native=false, column=26, file=module.js, function=Module._compile, line=456, method=_compile, native=false, column=10, file=module.js, function=Object.Module._extensions..js, line=474, method=Module._extensions..js, native=false, column=32, file=module.js, function=Module.load, line=356, method=load, native=false, column=12, file=module.js, function=Function.Module._load, line=312, method=Module._load, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=Module.require, line=364, method=require, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=require, line=380, method=null, native=false, column=17, file=/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/build/index.js, function=, line=9, method=null, native=false, column=26, file=module.js, function=Module._compile, line=456, method=_compile, native=false, column=10, file=module.js, function=Object.Module._extensions..js, line=474, method=Module._extensions..js, native=false, column=32, file=module.js, function=Module.load, line=356, method=load, native=false, column=12, file=module.js, function=Function.Module._load, line=312, method=Module._load, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=Module.require, line=364, method=require, native=false, column=17, file=module.js, function=require, line=380, method=null, native=false, column=28, file=lib/chromedriver.js, function=, line=3, method=null, native=false, column=26, file=module.js, function=Module._compile, line=456, method=_compile, native=false, column=10, file=module.js, function=Object.Module._extensions..js, line=474, method=Module._extensions..js, native=false, column=32, file=module.js, function=Module.load, line=356, method=load, native=false], stack=[TypeError: fn must be a function, , See http://goo.gl/916lJJ, , at Function.Promise.promisify (/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/node_modules/appium-support/node_modules/bluebird/js/main/promisify.js:268:15), at Object.<anonymous> (lib/fs.js:46:13), at Module._compile (module.js:456:26), at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10), at Module.load (module.js:356:32), at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12), at Module.require (module.js:364:17), at require (module.js:380:17), at Object.<anonymous> (/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/node_modules/appium-support/build/lib/tempdir.js:12:11), at Module._compile (module.js:456:26), at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10), at Module.load (module.js:356:32), at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12), at Module.require (module.js:364:17), at require (module.js:380:17), at Object.<anonymous> (/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/node_modules/appium-support/build/index.js:11:19), at Module._compile (module.js:456:26), at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10), at Module.load (module.js:356:32), at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12), at Module.require (module.js:364:17), at require (module.js:380:17), at Object.<anonymous> (lib/proxy.js:2:42), at Module._compile (module.js:456:26), at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10), at Module.load (module.js:356:32), at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12), at Module.require (module.js:364:17), at require (module.js:380:17), at Object.<anonymous> (/usr/local/lib/node_modules/appium/node_modules/appium-chromedriver/node_modules/appium-jsonwp-proxy/build/index.js:9:17), at Module._compile (module.js:456:26), at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10), at Module.load (module.js:356:32), at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12), at Module.require (module.js:364:17), at require (module.js:380:17), at Object.<anonymous> (lib/chromedriver.js:3:28), at Module._compile (module.js:456:26), at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10), at Module.load (module.js:356:32)]

求大神给一个解答吧


2015-11-21下午17:28分补充

折腾了一天,终于把问题搞定了,问题的原因是因为node的版本太旧了导致的,原因分析在这个链接上(点我),再说说今天自己折腾过程中遇到的问题吧,我在网上搜索帖子的时候说需要吧node卸载了才能升级(我真是天真)。于是按照步骤手贱删除了一些不应该删除的东西,结果搞的很乱,思路都乱了,不知道从何下手。于是我就去睡了一觉,醒来重新折腾,重新去官网下了一个node的安装包,把之前干掉的node环境重新部署好。再使用npm install -g appium的时候,一直会出现这个问题

SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ npm install -g appium
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-10484-941ff227/registry.npmjs.org/appium-uiauto/-/appium-uiauto-1.10.10.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-10484-941ff227/registry.npmjs.org/appium-instruments/-/appium-instruments-2.0.6.tgz
loadRequestedDeps → netwo ▐ ╢███████████████████████████████░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░╟
^C
SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ sudo chmod -r 777 /usr/local
Password:
chmod: 777: No such file or directory
SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ sudo chmod -R 777 /usr/local
SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ npm install -g appium
loadRequestedDeps → netwo ▄ ╢███████████████████████████████░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░╟
^C
SvenWengdeMBP:~ svenweng$ npm install -g appium
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/hoek/-/hoek-2.16.3.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack untar error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/hoek/-/hoek-2.16.3.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/iconv-lite/-/iconv-lite-0.4.8.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack untar error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/iconv-lite/-/iconv-lite-0.4.8.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/core-js/-/core-js-0.9.18.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/appium-adb/-/appium-adb-1.7.5.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/appium-instruments/-/appium-instruments-2.0.6.tgz
npm ERR! tar.unpack unzip error /var/folders/hm/04tcnt812v909nysd8jgl0100000gn/T/npm-13599-e762bf07/registry.npmjs.org/appium-uiauto/-/appium-uiauto-1.10.10.tgz
npm ERR! Darwin 15.0.0
npm ERR! argv "/usr/local/bin/node" "/usr/local/bin/npm" "install" "-g" "appium"
npm ERR! node v5.1.0
npm ERR! npm v3.3.12
npm ERR! code Z_BUF_ERROR
npm ERR! errno -5

npm ERR! unexpected end of file
npm ERR!
npm ERR! If you need help, you may report this error at:
npm ERR! https://github.com/npm/npm/issues

npm ERR! Please include the following file with any support request:
npm ERR! /Users/svenweng/npm-debug.log

每次安装到一半都安装不下去,我的电脑也是翻墙的,按道理应该也都能下载才对,具体详细的原因请恕我是小白,不太懂这个。不过我换了一个下载源就把这个问题搞定了,这里发出来,希望下次有遇到这种问题的朋友不会在这个地方浪费太多时间。命令是这个:npm -g --registry http://registry.cnpmjs.org install appium

前前后后折腾了差不多一周的环境,终于把环境的问题搞定了,希望能够更深入的学习,也给自己一个勉励。

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