安卓相机拍照返回

原文地址 https://www.aclihui.com

前言

此次安卓是对于android拍照片后返回到前端的imageView的程序

问题

Android 7.0对于文件的权限报错问题还是一个大问题,尚且有点问题,本程序兼容安卓前面的版本

布局问价(xml文件)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent">
    <ImageView android:id="@+id/imageView"
        android:adjustViewBounds="true"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:minWidth="150dip"
        android:minHeight="150dip"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>
    <Button android:id="@+id/btnPhone"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="相册" />
    <Button android:id="@+id/btnTakePicture"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:text="拍照" />
</LinearLayout>

Java文件

package com.aclihui.takeaphoto;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    private static final int NONE = 0;
    private static final int PHOTO_GRAPH = 1;// 拍照
    private static final int PHOTO_ZOOM = 2; // 缩放
    private static final int PHOTO_RESOULT = 3;// 结果
    private static final String IMAGE_UNSPECIFIED = "image/*";
    private ImageView imageView = null;
    private Button btnPhone = null;
    private Button btnTakePicture = null;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        imageView = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);
        btnPhone = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnPhone);
        btnPhone.setOnClickListener(onClickListener);
        btnTakePicture = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnTakePicture);
        btnTakePicture.setOnClickListener(onClickListener);
    }

    private final View.OnClickListener onClickListener = new View.OnClickListener() {

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            if(v==btnPhone){ //从相册获取图片
                Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, null);
                intent.setDataAndType(MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, IMAGE_UNSPECIFIED);
                startActivityForResult(intent, PHOTO_ZOOM);
            }else if(v==btnTakePicture){ //从拍照获取图片


                Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
                intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment
                        .getExternalStorageDirectory(),"temp.jpg")));

                startActivityForResult(intent, PHOTO_GRAPH);
            }

        }

    };

    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        if (resultCode == NONE)
            return;
        // 拍照
        if (requestCode == PHOTO_GRAPH) {
            // 设置文件保存路径
            File picture = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()
                    + "/temp.jpg");
            startPhotoZoom(Uri.fromFile(picture));
        }

        if (data == null)
            return;

        // 读取相册缩放图片
        if (requestCode == PHOTO_ZOOM) {
            startPhotoZoom(data.getData());
        }
        // 处理结果
        if (requestCode == PHOTO_RESOULT) {
            Bundle extras = data.getExtras();
            if (extras != null) {
                Bitmap photo = extras.getParcelable("data");
                ByteArrayOutputStream stream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
                photo.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 75, stream);// (0-100)压缩文件
                //此处可以把Bitmap保存到sd卡中,具体请看:http://www.cnblogs.com/linjiqin/archive/2011/12/28/2304940.html
                imageView.setImageBitmap(photo); //把图片显示在ImageView控件上
            }

        }

        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
    }

    public void startPhotoZoom(Uri uri) {
        Intent intent = new Intent("com.android.camera.action.CROP");//调用Android系统自带的一个图片剪裁页面,
        intent.setDataAndType(uri, IMAGE_UNSPECIFIED);
        intent.putExtra("crop", "true");//进行修剪
        // aspectX aspectY 是宽高的比例
        intent.putExtra("aspectX", 1);
        intent.putExtra("aspectY", 1);
        // outputX outputY 是裁剪图片宽高
        intent.putExtra("outputX", 300);
        intent.putExtra("outputY", 500);
        intent.putExtra("return-data", true);
        startActivityForResult(intent, PHOTO_RESOULT);
    }

}

兼容性问题

兼容性问题是一个很大的问题。对于7.0以下的文件比较好解决。

推荐阅读更多精彩内容