简繁体转化处理 php+opencc 扩展

opencc4php 是 OpenCC 的PHP扩展,能很智能的完成简繁体转换

先clone下来

root@tony:/usr/local# git clone https://github.com/BYVoid/OpenCC.git
Cloning into 'OpenCC'...
remote: Counting objects: 6344, done.
remote: Total 6344 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 6344
Receiving objects: 100% (6344/6344), 5.12 MiB | 21.00 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (4170/4170), done.
Checking connectivity... done.

进入目录,开始编译

root@tony:/usr/local# cd OpenCC/
root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# ls
AUTHORS         data  LICENSE   node          README.md
binding.gyp     deps  Makefile  opencc.pc.in  src
CMakeLists.txt  doc   NEWS.md   package.json  test
//执行make,这时候发生错误
root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# make
mkdir -p build/rel
(cd build/rel; cmake \
-DBUILD_DOCUMENTATION:BOOL=ON \
-DENABLE_GTEST:BOOL=OFF \
-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr \
../..)
/bin/sh: 1: cmake: not found
Makefile:24: recipe for target 'build' failed
make: *** [build] Error 127

这是由于未安装cmake,立刻安装

root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# apt-get install cmake
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Package cmake is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source

E: Package 'cmake' has no installation candidate

如果源找不到,可添加新的源进去

nano /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie main
deb-src http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie main
apt-get update

再次安装

root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# apt-get install cmake
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Note, selecting 'cmake' for regex 'cmake*'
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 3 not upgraded.
root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# apt-get update
Ign http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie InRelease
Get:1 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie Release.gpg [2,373 B]
Get:2 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie Release [148 kB]
Hit http://security.debian.org jessie/updates InRelease
Get:3 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie/main Sources [7,057 kB]
Hit http://security.debian.org jessie/updates/main Sources
Hit http://security.debian.org jessie/updates/main amd64 Packages
Get:4 http://ftp.debian.org jessie-updates InRelease [142 kB]
Hit http://security.debian.org jessie/updates/main Translation-en
Get:5 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie/main amd64 Packages [6,761 kB]
Get:6 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie/main Translation-en [4,580 kB]
Get:7 http://ftp.debian.org jessie-updates/main Sources [15.5 kB]
Get:8 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie/main Translation-zh [1,526 B]
Get:9 http://ftp.cn.debian.org jessie/main Translation-zh_CN [101 kB]
Get:10 http://ftp.debian.org jessie-updates/main Translation-en [12.6 kB]
Get:11 http://ftp.debian.org jessie-updates/main amd64 Packages [15.5 kB]
Fetched 18.8 MB in 6s (2,742 kB/s)
Reading package lists... Done
root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# apt-get install cmake
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  cmake-data libarchive13 libcurl3 liblzo2-2
Suggested packages:
  codeblocks eclipse ninja-build lrzip
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  cmake cmake-data libarchive13 libcurl3 liblzo2-2
0 upgraded, 5 newly installed, 0 to remove and 4 not upgraded.
Need to get 3,896 kB of archives.
After this operation, 18.1 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Get:1 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main cmake-data all 3.0.2-1 [929 kB]
Get:2 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/main libcurl3 amd64 7.38.0-4+deb8u4 [259 kB]
Get:3 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main liblzo2-2 amd64 2.08-1.2 [54.6 kB]
Get:4 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libarchive13 amd64 3.1.2-11+deb8u1 [269 kB]
Get:5 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main cmake amd64 3.0.2-1 [2,384 kB]
Fetched 3,896 kB in 1s (2,225 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package cmake-data.
(Reading database ... 32716 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../cmake-data_3.0.2-1_all.deb ...
Unpacking cmake-data (3.0.2-1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package liblzo2-2:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../liblzo2-2_2.08-1.2_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking liblzo2-2:amd64 (2.08-1.2) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libarchive13:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libarchive13_3.1.2-11+deb8u1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libarchive13:amd64 (3.1.2-11+deb8u1) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libcurl3:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libcurl3_7.38.0-4+deb8u4_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libcurl3:amd64 (7.38.0-4+deb8u4) ...
Selecting previously unselected package cmake.
Preparing to unpack .../cmake_3.0.2-1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking cmake (3.0.2-1) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.0.2-5) ...
Setting up cmake-data (3.0.2-1) ...
Setting up liblzo2-2:amd64 (2.08-1.2) ...
Setting up libarchive13:amd64 (3.1.2-11+deb8u1) ...
Setting up libcurl3:amd64 (7.38.0-4+deb8u4) ...
Setting up cmake (3.0.2-1) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-18+deb8u4) ...

再次编译,再次报错

root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# make
mkdir -p build/rel
(cd build/rel; cmake \
-DBUILD_DOCUMENTATION:BOOL=ON \
-DENABLE_GTEST:BOOL=OFF \
-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr \
../..)
-- The CXX compiler identification is GNU 4.9.2
-- Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++
-- Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ -- works
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info
-- Detecting CXX compiler ABI info - done
-- Performing Test COMPILER_HAS_HIDDEN_VISIBILITY
-- Performing Test COMPILER_HAS_HIDDEN_VISIBILITY - Success
-- Performing Test COMPILER_HAS_HIDDEN_INLINE_VISIBILITY
-- Performing Test COMPILER_HAS_HIDDEN_INLINE_VISIBILITY - Success
-- Performing Test COMPILER_HAS_DEPRECATED_ATTR
-- Performing Test COMPILER_HAS_DEPRECATED_ATTR - Success
-- Could NOT find Doxygen (missing:  DOXYGEN_EXECUTABLE)
CMake Error at doc/CMakeLists.txt:4 (message):
  Doxygen is needed to build the documentation.  Please install it correctly


-- Configuring incomplete, errors occurred!
See also "/usr/local/OpenCC/build/rel/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log".
Makefile:24: recipe for target 'build' failed
make: *** [build] Error 1

这次是缺少doxygen,也安装上

root@tony:/usr/local/OpenCC# apt-get install doxygen
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  libclang1-3.5 libllvm3.5 libobjc-4.9-dev libobjc4
Suggested packages:
  doxygen-latex doxygen-doc doxygen-gui graphviz
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  doxygen libclang1-3.5 libllvm3.5 libobjc-4.9-dev libobjc4
0 upgraded, 5 newly installed, 0 to remove and 4 not upgraded.
Need to get 14.5 MB of archives.
After this operation, 58.5 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Get:1 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libllvm3.5 amd64 1:3.5-10 [7,607 kB]
21% [1 libllvm3.5 3,021 kB/7,607 kB 40%]
Get:2 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libllvm3.5 amd64 1:3.5-10 [7,607 kB]
Get:3 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libobjc4 amd64 4.9.2-10 [112 kB]
Get:4 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libobjc-4.9-dev amd64 4.9.2-10 [372 kB]
Get:5 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main libclang1-3.5 amd64 1:3.5-10 [3,654 kB]
Get:6 http://ftp.cn.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main doxygen amd64 1.8.8-5 [2,763 kB]
Fetched 11.5 MB in 2min 2s (93.6 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package libllvm3.5:amd64.
(Reading database ... 34424 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libllvm3.5_1%3a3.5-10_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libllvm3.5:amd64 (1:3.5-10) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libobjc4:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libobjc4_4.9.2-10_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libobjc4:amd64 (4.9.2-10) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libobjc-4.9-dev:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libobjc-4.9-dev_4.9.2-10_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libobjc-4.9-dev:amd64 (4.9.2-10) ...
Selecting previously unselected package libclang1-3.5:amd64.
Preparing to unpack .../libclang1-3.5_1%3a3.5-10_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libclang1-3.5:amd64 (1:3.5-10) ...
Selecting previously unselected package doxygen.
Preparing to unpack .../doxygen_1.8.8-5_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking doxygen (1.8.8-5) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.0.2-5) ...
Setting up libllvm3.5:amd64 (1:3.5-10) ...
Setting up libobjc4:amd64 (4.9.2-10) ...
Setting up libobjc-4.9-dev:amd64 (4.9.2-10) ...
Setting up libclang1-3.5:amd64 (1:3.5-10) ...
Setting up doxygen (1.8.8-5) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-18+deb8u4) ...

再次编译,OK了,再make install


### 接下来搞定opencc4php 扩展

```bash
root@tony:/usr/local# git clone https://github.com/NauxLiu/opencc4php.git
Cloning into 'opencc4php'...
remote: Counting objects: 168, done.
remote: Total 168 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 168
Receiving objects: 100% (168/168), 28.38 KiB | 0 bytes/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (90/90), done.
Checking connectivity... done.

进入目录,phpize添加扩展

root@tony:/usr/local# cd opencc4php/
root@tony:/usr/local/opencc4php# ls
config.m4  config.w32  CREDITS  EXPERIMENTAL  opencc.c  opencc.php  php_opencc.h  README.md  tests  travis
root@tony:/usr/local/opencc4php# phpize
Configuring for:
PHP Api Version:         20131106
Zend Module Api No:      20131226
Zend Extension Api No:   220131226

如果你的OpenCC安装目录不在/usr或/usr/local,可在./configure时添加--with-opencc=[DIR]指定你的OpenCC目录

root@tony:/usr/local/opencc4php# ./configure
checking for grep that handles long lines and -e... /bin/grep
checking for egrep... /bin/grep -E
checking for a sed that does not truncate output... /bin/sed
checking for cc... cc
checking whether the C compiler works... yes
checking for C compiler default output file name... a.out
checking for suffix of executables...
checking whether we are cross compiling... no
checking for suffix of object files... o
checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
checking whether cc accepts -g... yes
checking for cc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
checking how to run the C preprocessor... cc -E
checking for icc... no
checking for suncc... no
checking whether cc understands -c and -o together... yes
checking for system library directory... lib
checking if compiler supports -R... no
checking if compiler supports -Wl,-rpath,... yes
checking build system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking host system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking target system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
checking for PHP prefix... /usr
checking for PHP includes... -I/usr/include/php5 -I/usr/include/php5/main -I/usr/include/php5/TSRM -I/usr/include/php5/Zend -I/usr/include/php5/ext -I/usr/include/php5/ext/date/lib
checking for PHP extension directory... /usr/lib/php5/20131226
checking for PHP installed headers prefix... /usr/include/php5
checking if debug is enabled... no
checking if zts is enabled... no
checking for re2c... no
configure: WARNING: You will need re2c 0.13.4 or later if you want to regenerate PHP parsers.
checking for gawk... no
checking for nawk... nawk
checking if nawk is broken... no
checking for opencc support... yes, shared
checking for opencc files in default path... found in /usr
checking how to print strings... printf
checking for a sed that does not truncate output... (cached) /bin/sed
checking for fgrep... /bin/grep -F
checking for ld used by cc... /usr/bin/ld
checking if the linker (/usr/bin/ld) is GNU ld... yes
checking for BSD- or MS-compatible name lister (nm)... /usr/bin/nm -B
checking the name lister (/usr/bin/nm -B) interface... BSD nm
checking whether ln -s works... yes
checking the maximum length of command line arguments... 1572864
checking whether the shell understands some XSI constructs... yes
checking whether the shell understands "+="... yes
checking how to convert x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu file names to x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu format... func_convert_file_noop
checking how to convert x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu file names to toolchain format... func_convert_file_noop
checking for /usr/bin/ld option to reload object files... -r
checking for objdump... objdump
checking how to recognize dependent libraries... pass_all
checking for dlltool... no
checking how to associate runtime and link libraries... printf %s\n
checking for ar... ar
checking for archiver @FILE support... @
checking for strip... strip
checking for ranlib... ranlib
checking for gawk... (cached) nawk
checking command to parse /usr/bin/nm -B output from cc object... ok
checking for sysroot... no
checking for mt... mt
checking if mt is a manifest tool... no
checking for ANSI C header files... yes
checking for sys/types.h... yes
checking for sys/stat.h... yes
checking for stdlib.h... yes
checking for string.h... yes
checking for memory.h... yes
checking for strings.h... yes
checking for inttypes.h... yes
checking for stdint.h... yes
checking for unistd.h... yes
checking for dlfcn.h... yes
checking for objdir... .libs
checking if cc supports -fno-rtti -fno-exceptions... no
checking for cc option to produce PIC... -fPIC -DPIC
checking if cc PIC flag -fPIC -DPIC works... yes
checking if cc static flag -static works... yes
checking if cc supports -c -o file.o... yes
checking if cc supports -c -o file.o... (cached) yes
checking whether the cc linker (/usr/bin/ld -m elf_x86_64) supports shared libraries... yes
checking whether -lc should be explicitly linked in... no
checking dynamic linker characteristics... GNU/Linux ld.so
checking how to hardcode library paths into programs... immediate
checking whether stripping libraries is possible... yes
checking if libtool supports shared libraries... yes
checking whether to build shared libraries... yes
checking whether to build static libraries... no
configure: creating ./config.status
config.status: creating config.h
config.status: executing libtool commands

开始编译

root@tony:/usr/local/opencc4php# make test

Build complete.
Don't forget to run 'make test'.


=====================================================================
PHP         : /usr/bin/php
PHP_SAPI    : cli
PHP_VERSION : 5.6.24-0+deb8u1
ZEND_VERSION: 2.6.0
PHP_OS      : Linux - Linux tony 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt25-2+deb8u3 (2016-07-02) x86_64
INI actual  : /usr/local/opencc4php/tmp-php.ini
More .INIs  :
CWD         : /usr/local/opencc4php
Extra dirs  :
VALGRIND    : Not used
=====================================================================
TIME START 2016-08-19 06:48:29
=====================================================================
PASS Check for opencc presence [tests/001.phpt]
=====================================================================
TIME END 2016-08-19 06:48:29

=====================================================================
TEST RESULT SUMMARY
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Exts skipped    :    0
Exts tested     :   43
---------------------------------------------------------------------

Number of tests :    1                 1
Tests skipped   :    0 (  0.0%) --------
Tests warned    :    0 (  0.0%) (  0.0%)
Tests failed    :    0 (  0.0%) (  0.0%)
Expected fail   :    0 (  0.0%) (  0.0%)
Tests passed    :    1 (100.0%) (100.0%)
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Time taken      :    0 seconds
=====================================================================

This report can be automatically sent to the PHP QA team at
http://qa.php.net/reports and http://news.php.net/php.qa.reports
This gives us a better understanding of PHP's behavior.
If you don't want to send the report immediately you can choose
option "s" to save it.  You can then email it to qa-reports@lists.php.net later.
Do you want to send this report now? [Yns]: y

Please enter your email address.
(Your address will be mangled so that it will not go out on any
mailinglist in plain text):

Posting to http://qa.php.net/buildtest-process.php

Thank you for helping to make PHP better.

安装

root@tony:/usr/local/opencc4php# make install
Installing shared extensions:     /usr/lib/php5/20131226/

再将扩展添加到.ini

//创建一个opencc.ini文件,写入保存

extension=opencc.so

再启动扩展,可以使用php5enmod工具

root@tony:/etc/php5/mods-available# php5enmod opencc

如果没有php5enmod工具,可以手动启用

ln -s /etc/php5/mods-available/opencc.ini /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/opencc.ini
ln -s /etc/php5/mods-available/opencc.ini /etc/php5/fpm/conf.d/opencc.ini  

最后重启一下服务

root@tony:/etc/php5/mods-available# /etc/init.d/nginx restart
[ ok ] Restarting nginx (via systemctl): nginx.service.
root@tony:/etc/php5/mods-available# /etc/init.d/php5-fpm restart
[ ok ] Restarting php5-fpm (via systemctl): php5-fpm.service.

至此,安装工作全部完成,phpinfo()查看

使用扩展中的函数

$od = opencc_open("s2twp.json"); //传入配置文件名
$text = opencc_convert("我是简体。", $od);
echo $text;
opencc_close($od);

函数列表

opencc_open(string ConfigName) ConfigName:配置文件名,成功返回资源对象,失败返回false
opencc_close(resource ob) 关闭资源对象,成功返回true,失败返回false. 成功后od会置为NULL
opencc_error() 返回最后一条错误信息,有错误信息返回String,无错误返回false
opencc_convert(string str, resource od) str:要转换的字符串(UTF-8),od:opencc资源对象

可用配置

s2t.json 简体到繁体
t2s.json 繁体到简体
s2tw.json 简体到台湾正体
tw2s.json 台湾正体到简体
s2hk.json 简体到香港繁体(香港小学学习字词表标准)
hk2s.json 香港繁体(香港小学学习字词表标准)到简体
s2twp.json 简体到繁体(台湾正体标准)并转换为台湾常用词汇
tw2sp.json 繁体(台湾正体标准)到简体并转换为中国大陆常用词汇

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