CODEPENDENCY, ADDICTION, AND EMPTINESS 互相依赖,沉溺上瘾和空虚(上)

本文作者Darlene Lancer

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Emptiness is a common feeling, and there are distinct types ofemptiness, but it’spsychological emptinessthat underlies codependency and addiction. Whereas existential emptiness is concerned with your relationship to life, psychological emptiness deals with your relationship toyourself. It’s correlated with depression and deeply related to shame.Depression may be accompanied by a varietyof symptoms, including sadness and crying, anxiety or restlessness, shame orguilt, apathy, fatigue, change in appetite or sleep habits, poor concentration,suicidal thoughts, and feeling empty.

空虚是一种普遍的感受,这里有很多类型各异的空虚,但其实是在互相依赖和沉溺上瘾的基础下的心理空虚。然而存在主义的空虚是与你和生活的关系有关。心理空虚则处理你和你自己的关系。心理空虚和抑郁相关联并且深刻地与羞耻有关。沮丧抑郁也许伴随着一些症候,包括悲哀和哭泣,焦虑或焦躁不安,羞耻或内疚,漠不关心,疲劳,食欲或睡眠习惯的改变,专注力低,有自杀想法和感到空虚。


Existential Emptiness 存在主义的空虚

Existential emptiness is a universal response to the human condition –how we find personal meaning in the face of a finite existence. It’s associated with “existentialism,” named by philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre and grew out ofthe nihilism and alienation of post-World War II society. He described the nothingness and emptiness of living in a lonely, God-less and meaningless universe. It’s primarily concerned with social alienation, spiritual bankruptcy, and our relationship to our life, society, and the world around us.This isn’t viewed as a mental-health problem and doesn’t lead to depression.

有关存在的空虚是对于人类社会的普遍回应-面对有限的存在,我们如何找到个人的意义。它和存在主义有关系,存在主义由哲人萨特保罗琴命名,他在二战后社会的虚无主义和异化中成长,他曾描述生活在孤独,不敬神和无意义世界中的虚无和空虚。首先它和社会异化,精神破产及我们与自己的生活,社会和周围世界的关系有关,这不被视为一个心理健康的问题,也不会导致沮丧抑郁。

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