lamp安装

1、确认搭建LAMP所需的环境是否已经安装:

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -q make gcc

gcc-c++ zlib-devel libtool libtool-ltdl libtool-ltdl-devel bisonncurses-devel

备注:安装libpng时需要zlib-devel

安装php时需要libtoollibtool-ltdllibtool-ltdl-devel

安装mysql时需要bisonncurses-devel

2、如果没安装则yum安装:

[root@localhost~]#yum -y install make

gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel libtool libtool-ltdllibtool-ltdl-devel bison

ncurses-devel

3、由于要使用编译安装,所以查看httpdmysqlphp是否安装:

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -q httpd mysql

php

如果安装则卸载:

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -e httpd --nodeps

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -e mysql --nodeps

[root@localhost ~]#rpm -e php --nodeps

编译安装过程介绍:

1)解压tar.gz为后缀的压缩软件包:LAMP环境搭建所需要的每个软件的软代码文件,都是以tar.gz.tgz提供给我们的打包压缩文件,所以我们必须将其解压再解包。命令如下:

tar–zxvf *.tar.gz

2)在linux系统中源代码包安装过程:LAMP环境搭建所需要的软件都是使用C语言开发的,所以安装源代码文件最少需要配置、编译和安装三个步骤

配置(configure)、编译(make)、安装(makeinstall

4、编译安装libxml2

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvflibxml2-2.6.30.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd libxml2-2.6.30

[root@localhostlibxml2-2.6.30]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2

[root@localhostlibxml2-2.6.30]#make

[root@localhostlibxml2-2.6.30]#make install

5、编译安装libmcrypt

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvflibmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd libmcrypt-2.5.8

[root@localhostlibmcrypt-2.5.8]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt

[root@localhostlibmcrypt-2.5.8]#make

[root@localhostlibmcrypt-2.5.8]#make install

6、编译安装zlib

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd zlib-1.2.3

[root@localhostzlib-1.2.3]#CFLAGS="-O3 -fPIC" ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib/

(用64位元的方法进行编译)

[root@localhostzlib-1.2.3]#make

[root@localhostzlib-1.2.3]#make install

7、编译安装libpng

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf libpng-1.2.31.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd libpng-1.2.31

[root@localhostlibpng-1.2.31]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng \

>--enable-shared(建立共享库使用的GNUlibtool

[root@localhostlibpng-1.2.31]#make

[root@localhostlibpng-1.2.31]#make install

8、编译安装jpeg

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf

jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd jpeg-6b

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# mkdir

/usr/local/jpeg

(创建jpeg软件的安装目录)

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# mkdir

/usr/local/jpeg/bin(创建存放命令的目录)

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# mkdir

/usr/local/jpeg/lib(创建jpeg库文件所在目录)

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# mkdir

/usr/local/jpeg/include(创建存放头文件目录)

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# mkdir -p

/usr/local/jpeg/man/man1(建立存放手册的目录)

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# ./configure

--prefix=/usr/local/jpeg \

>--enable-shared

\(建立共享库使用的GUNlibtool

>--enable-static(建立静态库使用的GUNlibtool

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# make

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# make install

执行make时如果出现如下错误:

./libtool --mode=compile gcc-O2  -I.-c ./jcapimin.c

make: ./libtool: Command notfound

make: *** [jcapimin.lo] Error 127

解决方法:

默认已安装libtoollibtool-ltdl-devel(如需帮助请看过程2

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# find / -name

config.sub

/usr/share/libtool/config/config.sub

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# find / -name

config.guess

/usr/share/libtool/config/config.guess

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# cp -vRp

/usr/share/libtool/config/config.sub .

[root@localhostjpeg-6b]# cp -vRp

/usr/share/libtool/config/config.guess .

也就是把libtool里面的两个配置文件拿来覆盖掉jpeg-6b目录下的对应文件

make clean再重新configure

9、编译安装freetype

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvffreetype-2.3.5.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd freetype-2.3.5

[root@localhostfreetype-2.3.5]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype \

>--enable-shared(建立共享库使用的GUNlibtool

[root@localhostfreetype-2.3.5]#make

[root@localhostfreetype-2.3.5]#make install

10、编译安装autoconf

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf

autoconf-2.61.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd autoconf-2.61

[root@localhostautoconf-2.61]#

./configure

[root@localhostautoconf-2.61]# make

[root@localhostautoconf-2.61]# make

install

11、编译安装GD

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd gd-2.0.35

[root@localhostgd-2.0.35]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd \

>--with-zlib=/usr/local/zlib/ \(指定zlib库文件的位置)

>--with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg/ \(指定jpeg库文件的位置)

>--with-png=/usr/local/libpng/

\(指定png库文件的位置)

>--with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype/(指定freetype字体库的位置)

[root@localhostgd-2.0.35]#make

[root@localhostgd-2.0.35]#make install

执行make时如果出现如下错误:

make[2]: *** [gd_png.lo] Error 1

make[2]: Leaving directory`/usr/src/linux/gd-2.0.35'

make[1]: *** [all-recursive]Error 1

make[1]: Leavingdirectory`/usr/src/linux/gd-2.0.35'

make: *** [all]  Error 2

解决方法:

[root@localhostgd-2.0.35]#find / -name gd_png.c

/usr/src/linux/gd-2.0.35/gd_png.c

[root@localhostgd-2.0.35]#find / -name png.h

/usr/local/libpng/include/png.h

[root@localhostgd-2.0.35]#vi /usr/src/linux/gd-2.0.35/gd_png.c

#include

"png.h"

改为#include

"/usr/local/libpng/include/png.h"

编译安装apr

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf apr-1.4.6.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd apr-1.4.6

[root@localhost apr-1.4.6]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr

[root@localhost apr-1.4.6]#make

[root@localhost apr-1.4.6]#make install

编译安装apr-utill

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf apr-utill-1.4.1.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd apr-utill-1.4.1

[root@localhost apr-utill-1.4.1]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-utill--with-apr=/usr/local/apr

[root@localhost apr-utill-1.4.1]#make

[root@localhost apr-utill-1.4.1]#make install

编译安装pcre

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf

pcre-8.12.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd pcre-8.12

[root@localhost pcre-8.12]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre

[root@localhost pcre-8.12]# make

[root@localhost pcre-8.12]# make install

注意以上三个是apache的依赖包,如果不在apache前安装,在编译apache时会报错。

12、编译安装apache

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.9.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd httpd-2.2.9

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache \

--with-sysconfdir=/etc/httpd/

\指定apache配置文件的存放位置

--with-z=/usr/local/zlib/ \指定zlib库文件存放位置

--with-apr=/usr/local/apr/ \指定apr文件位置

--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util/

\指定apr-util文件位置

--with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre/ \指定pcre文件位置

apr,apr-util,pcre配置项也可简略写成--with-included-apr

--enable-deflate=shared \缩小传输码的支持

--enable-expires=shared \期满头控制

--enable-static-support \建立一个静态链接版本的支持

> --enable-so \(以动态共享对象编译)注意:这个必须配置,否则apache运行异常

>--enable-rewrite(基于规则的URL操控)

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#make

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#make install

apache加入开机启动

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#cp -vRp /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#chmod +x /etc/init.d/httpd

添加apache服务

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#chkconfig --add httpd

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#chkconfig --level 2345 httpd on

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#service httpd start

启动服务时,如果出现如下错误:

httpd: Could not reliablydetermine the

server's fully qualified domain name, using localhost.localdomainfor ServerName

解决方法:

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

添加上:ServerName localhost:80

执行chkconfig,如果出现如下错误:

service httpd does not supportchkconfig

解决方法:

[root@localhosthttpd-2.2.9]#vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd

在文件第二行加入

#chkconfig:2345 10 90

#description:Activates/DeactivatesApache

Web Server

保存后再执行chkconfig

13、编译安装mysql(最新版本都需要cmake编译安装)

编译安装cmake

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.7.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd cmake-2.8.7

[root@localhostcmake-2.8.7]#./bootstrap

[root@localhostcmake-2.8.7]#gmake

[root@localhostcmake-2.8.7]#gmake install

编译安装MySQL5.5.20

[root@localhostcmake-2.8.7]#groupadd mysql

[root@localhostcmake-2.8.7]#useradd -g mysql mysql

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf mysql-5.5.15.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd mysql-5.5.15

[root@localhostmysql-5.5.15]#

cmake-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql

\(安装根目录)

>

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.sock \UNIX socket文件)

>-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \(默认字符集)

>-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci

\(默认编码)

>-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=utf8,gbk \(额外的编码)

>-DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \(启用PERFSCHEMA引擎支持)

>-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \(启用FEDERATED引擎支持)

> -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1\(启用PARTITION引擎支持)

>-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \(启用ARCHIVE引擎支持)

>-DWITH_READLINE=1 \(使用readline功能)

>-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data

\(数据库数据目录)

>-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306TCP/IP端口)

[root@localhostmysql-5.5.15]#make

[root@localhostmysql-5.5.15]#make install

[root@localhostmysql-5.5.15]#cp -vRp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

修改配置文件

[root@localhostmysql-5.5.15]#vi /etc/my.cnf

basedir=/usr/local/mysql

datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

log-error=/usr/local/mysql/data/error.log

pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.pid

初始化数据库文件

[root@localhostmysql-5.5.15]#/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db \

>--defaults-flie=/etc/my.cnf \

> --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/\

>--datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data \

>--pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.pid

\

> --user=mysql

权限设置

[root@localhostmysql]# chown -R root .

[root@localhostmysql]# chown -R mysql

data

[root@localhostmysql]# chgrp -R mysql .

mysql加入开机启动

[root@localhostmysql]# cp -vRp

support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@localhostmysql]# chmod +x

/etc/init.d/mysqld

添加mysql服务

[root@localhostmysql]# chkconfig --add

mysqld

[root@localhostmysql]# chkconfig --level

345 mysqld on

[root@localhostmysql]# service mysqld

start

配置mysql

[root@localhostmysql]# bin/mysql

mysql> deletefrom mysql.user where

Host!='localhost';(只留允许本机登录的帐号)

mysql> flushprivileges;(刷新授权表)

mysql> setpassword for

'root'@'localhost'=password('123456');(设置用户密码)

mysql> exit

[root@localhostmysql]# bin/mysql -h

localhost -u root -p123456(登录mysql

编译安装mysql低于mysql5.5版本的方法.以下是mysql5.1.6编译安装的一个实例

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf mysql-5.1.6.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd mysql-5.1.6

[root@localhostlinux mysql-5.1.6]#groupadd mysql #添加一个mysql标准组

[root@localhostlinux mysql-5.1.6]#useraddmysql mysql #添加一个mysql用户并且加入到mysql组中

[root@localhostlinux mysql-5.1.6]#./configure  --prefix=/usr/local/mysql \

--with-extra-charsets=all  #mysql支持所有字符集

[root@localhostlinux mysql-5.1.6]# make

[root@localhostlinux mysql-5.1.6]# make install

权限设置

[root@localhostlinux mysql-5.1.6]# cd /usr/local/mysql

[root@localhostmysql]# chown -R root

.注意:这一行root后面的’.’一定要加上,表示当前目录的所有文件,否则会报错

[root@localhostmysql]# chown -R mysql

data #这个是数据库库文件存放目录

[root@localhostmysql]# chgrp -R mysql

.注意:这一行mysql后面的’.’一定要加上,表示当前目录的所有文件,否则会报错

[root@localhostmysql]# netstat

–tnl #查看3306端口是否开启

[root@localhostmysql]# ./bin/mysqld_safe

--user=mysql &启动mysql

[root@localhostmysql]# ./bin/mysqladmin

version查看mysql的版本信息

[root@localhostmysql]#

./bin/mysql进入mysql

[root@localhostmysql]# select * from

mysql.user \G查看mysql的用户

[root@localhostmysql]# delete from

mysql.user where host!=’localhost’;把不是localhost用户删除以确保mysql的安全性。

[root@localhostmysql]# flush

privileges刷新mysql用户表

[root@localhostmysql]# set password for

‘root’@’localhost’=password(‘123456’);设置mysql登录密码

[root@localhostmysql]# exit;退出再登录测试是否设置密码成功。

[root@localhostmysql]# ./bin/mysqladmin

–u root –p 123456  shutdown关闭mysql

mysqlapache的启动追加到开机文件中,避免每次登录进来都要启动mysqlapache

[root@localhostmysql]# echo

“/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start”  >> /etc/rc.local

[root@localhostmysql]# echo

“/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe  --user=mysql &” >>

/etc/rc.local

14、编译安装php

[root@localhostlinux]# tar -zxvf php-5.3.19.tar.gz

[root@localhostlinux]# cd php-5.3.19

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \

>--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs

\

>--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc/

\

>--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ \

>--with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2/

\

>--with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng/ \

>--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg/ \

>--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype/

\

> --with-gd=/usr/local/gd/\

>--with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt/

\

>--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config

\

> --enable-soap\(变量激活SOAPweb services支持)

>--enable-mbstring=all \(使多字节字符串支持)

>--enable-sockets(变量激活socket通讯特性)

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#make

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#make install

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#cp -vRp php.ini-development /etc/php.ini

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

添加上:

AddType

application/x-httpd-php .php

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#service httpd stop

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#service httpd start

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#vi /usr/local/apache/htdocs/phpinfo.php

整合lamp

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]#cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

注意:有些版本的源码包php下的配置可能是php.ini-development或者php.ini-product什么的,你可以根据实际复制一个到phpetc下就ok了。

[root@localhostphp-5.3.19]# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf

AddType-application/x-httpd-php

.php把这一行添加到apache的配置文件里,然后重启apache;

/apache2/htdos下创建test.php

添加内容为:

phpinfo();

?>

另外提醒一点就是在apache的配置文件里找到

在里面添加index.php index.html会默认读取项目根目录的这两个文件,这样可以避免没输入index.phpindex.html时出现一个文件列表的情况。

打开浏览器进行访问,如果出现PHP版本界面,及安装成功。

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