iOS通讯录开发

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场景一:直接选择一个联系人的电话号码

这里不需要先获取所有的联系人自己做联系人列表,直接使用系统自带的AddressBookUI/ABPeoplePickerNavigationController.h就好。

首先需要引入如下三个文件

#import <AddressBookUI/ABPeoplePickerNavigationController.h>
#import <AddressBook/ABPerson.h>
#import <AddressBookUI/ABPersonViewController.h>

然后初始化ABPeoplePickerNavigationController。

ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *nav = [[ABPeoplePickerNavigationController alloc] init];
nav.peoplePickerDelegate = self;
if(IOS8_OR_LATER){
    nav.predicateForSelectionOfPerson = [NSPredicate predicateWithValue:false];
}
[self presentViewController:nav animated:YES completion:nil];

在iOS8之后,需要添加nav.predicateForSelectionOfPerson = [NSPredicate predicateWithValue:false];这一段代码,否则选择联系人之后会直接dismiss,不能进入详情选择电话。

最后设置代理

//取消选择
- (void)peoplePickerNavigationControllerDidCancel:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker
{
    [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];
}

iOS8下

- (void)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker didSelectPerson:(ABRecordRef)person property:(ABPropertyID)property identifier:(ABMultiValueIdentifier)identifier {
    ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);
    long index = ABMultiValueGetIndexForIdentifier(phone,identifier);
    NSString *phoneNO = (__bridge NSString *)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, index);
    
    if ([phoneNO hasPrefix:@"+"]) {
        phoneNO = [phoneNO substringFromIndex:3];
    }
    
    phoneNO = [phoneNO stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""];
    NSLog(@"%@", phoneNO);
    if (phone && [ZXValidateHelper checkTel:phoneNO]) {
        phoneNum = phoneNO;
        [self.tableView reloadData];
        [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];
        return;
    }
}

- (void)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController*)peoplePicker didSelectPerson:(ABRecordRef)person
{
    ABPersonViewController *personViewController = [[ABPersonViewController alloc] init];
    personViewController.displayedPerson = person;
    [peoplePicker pushViewController:personViewController animated:YES];
}

iOS7下

- (BOOL)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker shouldContinueAfterSelectingPerson:(ABRecordRef)person
{
    return YES;
}

- (BOOL)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker shouldContinueAfterSelectingPerson:(ABRecordRef)person property:(ABPropertyID)property identifier:(ABMultiValueIdentifier)identifier
{
    ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);
    long index = ABMultiValueGetIndexForIdentifier(phone,identifier);
    NSString *phoneNO = (__bridge NSString *)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, index);
    if ([phoneNO hasPrefix:@"+"]) {
        phoneNO = [phoneNO substringFromIndex:3];
    }
    
    phoneNO = [phoneNO stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""];
    NSLog(@"%@", phoneNO);
    if (phone && [ZXValidateHelper checkTel:phoneNO]) {
        phoneNum = phoneNO;
        [self.tableView reloadData];
        [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];
        return NO;
    }
    return YES;
}
效果演示

场景二:读取通讯录

这里需要读取通讯录数据。
首先引入头文件
#import <AddressBook/AddressBook.h>

其次根据权限生成通讯录

- (void)loadPerson
{
    ABAddressBookRef addressBookRef = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL);
    
    if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) {
        ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBookRef, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error){
            
            CFErrorRef *error1 = NULL;
            ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, error1);
            [self copyAddressBook:addressBook];
        });
    }
    else if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized){
        
        CFErrorRef *error = NULL;
        ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, error);
        [self copyAddressBook:addressBook];
    }
    else {
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
            // 更新界面
            [hud turnToError:@"没有获取通讯录权限"];
        });
    }
}

然后循环获取每个联系人的信息,建议自己建个model存起来。

- (void)copyAddressBook:(ABAddressBookRef)addressBook
{
    CFIndex numberOfPeople = ABAddressBookGetPersonCount(addressBook);
    CFArrayRef people = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBook);
    
    for ( int i = 0; i < numberOfPeople; i++){
        ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(people, i);

        NSString *firstName = (__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty));
        NSString *lastName = (__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty));
        
      //读取middlename
        NSString *middlename = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonMiddleNameProperty);
        //读取prefix前缀
        NSString *prefix = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPrefixProperty);
        //读取suffix后缀
        NSString *suffix = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonSuffixProperty);
        //读取nickname呢称
        NSString *nickname = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonNicknameProperty);
        //读取firstname拼音音标
        NSString *firstnamePhonetic = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNamePhoneticProperty);
        //读取lastname拼音音标
        NSString *lastnamePhonetic = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNamePhoneticProperty);
        //读取middlename拼音音标
        NSString *middlenamePhonetic = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonMiddleNamePhoneticProperty);
        //读取organization公司
        NSString *organization = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonOrganizationProperty);
        //读取jobtitle工作
        NSString *jobtitle = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonJobTitleProperty);
        //读取department部门
        NSString *department = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonDepartmentProperty);
        //读取birthday生日
        NSDate *birthday = (NSDate*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonBirthdayProperty);
        //读取note备忘录
        NSString *note = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonNoteProperty);
        //第一次添加该条记录的时间
        NSString *firstknow = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonCreationDateProperty);
        NSLog(@"第一次添加该条记录的时间%@\n",firstknow);
        //最后一次修改該条记录的时间
        NSString *lastknow = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonModificationDateProperty);
        NSLog(@"最后一次修改該条记录的时间%@\n",lastknow);
        
        //获取email多值
        ABMultiValueRef email = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonEmailProperty);
        int emailcount = ABMultiValueGetCount(email);    
        for (int x = 0; x < emailcount; x++)
        {
            //获取email Label
            NSString* emailLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(email, x));
            //获取email值
            NSString* emailContent = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(email, x);
        }
        //读取地址多值
        ABMultiValueRef address = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonAddressProperty);
        int count = ABMultiValueGetCount(address);    
        
        for(int j = 0; j < count; j++)
        {
            //获取地址Label
            NSString* addressLabel = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(address, j);
            //获取該label下的地址6属性
            NSDictionary* personaddress =(NSDictionary*) ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(address, j);        
            NSString* country = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCountryKey];
            NSString* city = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCityKey];
            NSString* state = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressStateKey];
            NSString* street = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressStreetKey];
            NSString* zip = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressZIPKey];
            NSString* coutntrycode = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCountryCodeKey];
        }
        
        //获取dates多值
        ABMultiValueRef dates = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonDateProperty);
        int datescount = ABMultiValueGetCount(dates);    
        for (int y = 0; y < datescount; y++)
        {
            //获取dates Label
            NSString* datesLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(dates, y));
            //获取dates值
            NSString* datesContent = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(dates, y);
        }
        //获取kind值
        CFNumberRef recordType = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonKindProperty);
        if (recordType == kABPersonKindOrganization) {
            // it's a company
            NSLog(@"it's a company\n");
        } else {
            // it's a person, resource, or room
            NSLog(@"it's a person, resource, or room\n");
        }
        
        
        //获取IM多值
        ABMultiValueRef instantMessage = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonInstantMessageProperty);
        for (int l = 1; l < ABMultiValueGetCount(instantMessage); l++)
        {
            //获取IM Label
            NSString* instantMessageLabel = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(instantMessage, l);
            //获取該label下的2属性
            NSDictionary* instantMessageContent =(NSDictionary*) ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(instantMessage, l);        
            NSString* username = [instantMessageContent valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonInstantMessageUsernameKey];
            
            NSString* service = [instantMessageContent valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonInstantMessageServiceKey];     
        }
        
        //读取电话多值
        ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);
        for (int k = 0; k<ABMultiValueGetCount(phone); k++)
        {
            //获取电话Label
            NSString * personPhoneLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(phone, k));
            //获取該Label下的电话值
            NSString * personPhone = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, k);
                
        }
        
        //获取URL多值
        ABMultiValueRef url = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonURLProperty);
        for (int m = 0; m < ABMultiValueGetCount(url); m++)
        {
            //获取电话Label
            NSString * urlLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(url, m));
            //获取該Label下的电话值
            NSString * urlContent = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(url,m);
        }
        
        //读取照片
        NSData *image = (NSData*)ABPersonCopyImageData(person);
            
    }
}

效果:

2015-04-06 16_30_54.gif

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