1. Fruit—— 水果类
(1) orange 橘子，橙子
I'd like to have an orange for lunch.
I want to drink orange juice.
(2) banana 香蕉
There are some bananas on the table.
There are four people in my family.
There are five baby ducks.
(3) pear 梨子
This pear smells good.
某些连系动词 (如look, sound, smell, feel, taste, prove等) 要用主动表被动，因为连系动词为不及物动词，它们没有被动语态形式。
It feels soft like silk.
Your idea sounds good.
Lemons and grapefruit taste a little sour.
(4) apple 苹果
She is eating an apple.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
1> apples and oranges 风马牛不相及的事物
例：Men and women are like apples and oranges.
chalk and cheese (迥然不同)
例：The elder brother loves extreme sports and the younger one enjoys fishing, they’re like chalk and cheese.
2> the apple of one's eye 掌上明珠，心肝宝贝
Lisa is the apple of her parents' eye.
3> the Big Apple (New York) 大苹果城，即纽约市
I live in the Big Apple.
New york is nicknamed" the Big Apple".
2. colours —— 颜色类
(1) colour 颜色，色彩
Which colour do you like best?
I like green, and you?
Do you have this shirt in red?
in red 穿红衣服的
Who's that girl in red dress?
We live under one blue sky.
We only have black spoons .
3. Numbers —— 数字类
We only have one planet.
I have two hands.
A triangle has three sides.
This chair has four legs.
There are five fingers on each hand.
I get up at six o'clock.
There are seven days in a week.
Half of eight is four.
I have nine dolls in the bedroom.
It happened about ten years ago.
4. Body Parts —— 身体部位
We see things with our eyes.
We have two eyes.
Lisa has a round face.
We smell with our nose.
Open your mouth.
We hear with our ears.
5. Stationeries —— 文具类
Rulers can be used to draw straight lines.
I use a pencil to write my diary.
What do you have in your schoolbag?
(1) like v. 喜欢
These two girls like to sing.
= These two girls like singing.
Lisa and Angela like to feed the fish.
I don't feel like cooking tonight.
A teacher teaches students.