英语学习笔记:2017-05-13

96
马文Marvin
2017.05.14 01:59* 字数 475

Pros and Cons

n. 利弊; 正反两方面; 优缺点; 赞成和反对的理由;

开始以为是某两个词的缩写,但是没想到是源自于拉丁语的一种表达:

Pros and cons, a shortening of the Latin expression "pro et contra" (for and against)

Arguments or considerations for and against something, as in We'd best weigh all the pros and cons before we decide to add a new wing to the library. This idiom is taken from the Latin pro for “for” and con for “against.” [Late 1500s ]

Sinon

一个人前端工具用了这个名字,在单元测试的时候负责数据伪造,觉得有点奇特于是查了一下,是「特洛伊战争」中那个让特洛伊人把木马运进城的战俘,这个工具起名字还真挺贴切的:

In the Aeneid, Sinon pretended to have deserted the Greeks and, as a Trojan captive, told the Trojans that the giant wooden horse the Greeks had left behind was intended as a gift to the gods to ensure their safe voyage home. He told them that the horse was made so big that the Trojans would not be able to move it into their city, because if they did they would be invincible to later Achaean invasion. His story convinced the Trojans because it included the former details as well as an explanation that he was left behind to die by the doing of Odysseus, who was his enemy.

GCHQ

GCHQ

新闻看到这个图片,开始以为是苹果新总部,但是内容确完全不相关,一查原来是「英国情报机构政府通信总部」,相当有势力的机构:

The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is a British intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the British government and armed forces. Based in "The Doughnut", in the suburbs of Cheltenham, GCHQ is the responsibility of the UK Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, but it is not a part of the Foreign Office and its Director ranks as a Permanent Secretary.

mal-

看到 malware 是「恶意软件」的意思,果然 mal- 是一个词根,表示:

pref. 坏;不良;错误

英语学习笔记