【剪影155号】从人到神是超级英雄,从神到人是人设崩塌

著名导演马丁·斯科塞斯说了一句话,把自己推到了舆论的风口浪尖。

他说:漫威电影不能称为电影(cinema),更像是主题公园的产物。

这句话给漫威电影宇宙打上了一个“非电影”的标签,引发了一场轩然大波。

一个响指毁灭半个宇宙和某类神剧中手撕鬼子,在本质上,其实是一样的。

有时候,“金手指”开得太大,远远超出人类的想象之极限,反而会觉得像一个【骗傻游戏】。


对超级英雄,另一位知名导演昆汀·塔伦蒂诺曾在其电影《杀死比尔2》中有一番独特的见解,大体意思如下:

所有超级英雄,他最感兴趣的是超人。其他的英雄,要穿上铠甲才能显示出他们与凡人的不同;而超人不一样,因为他天生就是超人,不是穿上某种铠甲才变成超人,他一出生就是超人,早晨醒来就是超人。而蜘蛛侠早上醒来首先是彼得·帕克,穿上蜘蛛侠的衣服才能成为蜘蛛侠。

与别的超级英雄相反,超人是穿上了凡人衣服,才能融入到凡人的世界。真正的英雄是拥有上帝的力量,却把自己低到尘埃里,怜悯世人的。

这一思考独辟蹊径,简而言之就是,有的超级英雄是天生的,是生而为神,有的则需要经历成神的过程,需要穿上马甲才能脱胎换骨,成为神。


对于凡人、普通观众而言,最喜欢看到的是人如何成为神,因为有很强的可代入性,给了凡人以希望。

生而为神,是凡人无法达到的,直接就灭了凡人的奢望和念想,所以凡是生而为神的,在民间只有敬畏,没有尊崇。

像超人一样,生而为神,却偏要做一个普通人,这就值得敬重甚至羡慕了。

然而,往往,人们乐于看到从人到神,而厌恶或者唾骂从神到人,这就是当下所说的“人设崩塌”。

从神到人,退去神圣光环,人们发现那个曾经的神,也要吃喝拉撒,也有七情六欲,也会恼羞成怒,他们是接受不了的。正所谓“得道高僧不能回老家”,一回老家,就会露出“狗蛋”的小名,曾偷鸡摸狗的劣迹。



下面附上《杀死比尔2》中[Bill 与 The bride/Kiddo 之间在对决前的英文版,以飨读者:

Bill: As you know, l'm quite keen on comic books. Especially the ones about superheroes. I find the whole mythology surrounding superheroes fascinating. Take my favorite superhero, Superman. Not a great comic book. Not particularly well-drawn. But the mythology... The mythology is not only great, it's unique.

The Bride: [who still has a needle in her leg] How long does this shit take to go into effect?

Bill: About two minutes, just long enough for me to finish my point. Now, a staple of the superhero mythology is, there's the superhero and there's the alter ego. Batman is actually Bruce Wayne, Spider-Man is actually Peter Parker. When that character wakes up in the morning, he's Peter Parker. He has to put on a costume to become Spider-Man. And it is in that characteristic Superman stands alone. Superman didn't become Superman. Superman was born Superman. When Superman wakes up in the morning, he's Superman. His alter ego is Clark Kent. His outfit with the big red "S", that's the blanket he was wrapped in as a baby when the Kents found him. Those are his clothes. What Kent wears - the glasses, the business suit - that's the costume. That's the costume Superman wears to blend in with us. Clark Kent is how Superman views us. And what are the characteristics of Clark Kent. He's weak... he's unsure of himself... he's a coward. Clark Kent is Superman's critique on the whole human race. Sorta like Beatrix Kiddo and Mrs. Tommy Plimpton.