单词这样记不会忘

Selfie Wrist /on the Rise /in Bid to /Take Perfect Picture

为了拍出完美的照片,“自拍腕”在上升

Wrist;手腕,腕关节(形体词:W不发音,恰恰这个不发音的词造就了它的意思)

in Bid to:为了(联系 in order to)

A growing number of young people /are having treatment, some even undergoing surgery,for pain caused/ by taking selfies. Dubbed "Selfie wrist", the condition /is a form of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)caused /by repeated inward flexing /of the wrist/ to capture a perfect picture.

越来越多的年轻人因为自拍引起的疼痛正在接受治疗,有些人甚至正在接受手术。这种症状被称为“自拍腕关节”,是一种腕管综合症(CTS)的一种表现形式,患者反复向内弯曲手腕来捕捉完美的画面。

Undergoing:遭受,接受。(under-go,在下面走,其实这个词不是主动愿意的,谁也不愿意走在下面,都想往高处走,so…)

Surgery:外科手术(词汇联想:这个词和survey很像,调查一个未知的项目,特别像做一个未知的开刀手术)

Carpal:腕骨(形体词)

Tunnel:轨道,隧道(形体词,unn…的特别像那些隧道)

Syndrome:综合征(词汇联想词:synthetic合成的)

Inward:向内的(拆词法:In-ward,in代表里的)

In an interview/ with The Sunday Times, Dr Raj Ragoowansi, a consultant plastic surgeon /based in Harley Street, said he has noted a rise/ in young patients suffering from the condition. He also warned of an increase of "iPhone thumb", or tendonitis /caused by repeated use of the thumb/ when using mobiles.

在接受《星期日泰晤士报》采访时,哈里街的整形外科顾问拉吉·拉古万西医生说,他注意到越来越多的年轻病人患有这种疾病。他还警告说,“iPhone拇指”的增多,也就是使用手机时反复使用拇指导致的肌腱炎。

Tendonitis:肌腱炎(这个就当作一个专有名词来解释吧)

Explaining "selfie wrist", Dr Ragoowansi said/ it is caused by holding the camera "flexed" and "unfavourable position", and if this is done repeatedly/ the blood supply /of the median nerve/ which travels through /the carpal tunnel/ into the hand /will be "compromised, causing pain and numbness".

在解释“自拍手腕”时,拉古万斯医生说/这是由于拿着相机“弯曲”和“姿势不佳”造成的,如果反复这样做/正中神经的血液供应/穿过/腕管/进入手部/将会“受损,导致疼痛和麻木”。

Compromised:妥协,让步,连累(拆词法:com-promised,合起来一起答应的,就像是结婚了,女方家要彩礼钱,还不便宜,然后男方由于太喜欢这个女生了,和这个父母商量后一起合起伙来答应,叫妥协。换句话说就是男方连累了他爸妈)

He added that the carpal tunnel "is an unforgiving space". Carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated /by refraining from/ the activity that/caused it, wearing splints and carrying out hand /and wrist exercises, and can take months to get better.

他补充说,腕管“是一个无情的空间”。腕管综合症可以通过避免引起这种症状的活动、戴夹板、进行手部和腕部锻炼来治疗,而且可能需要几个月的时间才能好转。

Unforgiving:不原谅人的(拆词法un-forgiving,延伸为无情的,我就玩一下手机都不行嘛,动不动就让我得CTS,太无情了吧)

refraining from:克制,抑制避免(拆词法; re-frain再一次的怎么怎么,再一次“服你”,避免和你发生正面冲突)

splints:夹板。碎钻石(这个钻石是不是真的我不知道,但是夹板“是普林”牌的,好啦开玩笑)

In severe cases /it can required steroid injections/ and even surgery. Dr Ragoowansi said he has had to /operate on patients /to cut the carpal tunnel /to relieve pressure on the nerve.  “In one 26-year-old/ I saw/ a month ago /the numbness /was so severe that /she couldn’t grip," he explained, adding that earlier this month another woman, who also told him she regularly /took selfies, presented with /“severely numb fingertips”.

在严重的情况下,可能需要类固醇注射甚至手术。拉古万斯医生说,他不得不给病人做手术,切断腕管以减轻对神经的压力。他解释说:“一个月前,我看到一个26岁的人,她的麻木程度非常严重,根本抓不住。”

Grip;紧握(形体词:小写的g有点像那个凤爪,用爪子抓东西)

numbness /ˈnʌmnəs/:麻木(音标法,一读这个词就特别压抑,不像big这样,爽爽朗朗就读出来了。特别呆木)

Dr Ragoowansi said both patients /required steroid injections/ to bring down/ the swelling of the nerve, but he believes one /may still require surgery /due to the severity of her condition. The surgeon stressed that /he could not conclusively prove symptoms had been caused/ by taking too many selfies, but believed /it was the most plausible explanation. 

拉古万西医生说,这两位病人都需要注射类固醇来抑制神经的肿胀,但他认为,由于病情的严重,其中一位可能仍需要手术治疗。这位外科医生强调说,他不能确切地证明这些症状是由于自拍过多引起的,但他认为这是最合理的解释。

bring down:抑制

swelling;肿胀(词汇联想:swimming多了,身体就swelling了)

conclusively:最后地,决定性的(拆词法:conclu-sively→conclude-sively总结性的)

plausible:合理的,貌似有理的

“I’ve seen a 30% to 40% increase/ in patients, men and women, between the ages of 18 and 35 /presenting with carpal tunnel syndrome, which I rarely used/ to see." “It’s not just selfies but texting too, about how/ you hold the phone and type.” "We’re also seeing ‘iPhone thumb’, whereby if you keep on using your thumb, you will get thumb-based pain, due to joint or /tend on inflammation.”

“我发现,在18岁至35岁之间出现腕管综合症的患者中,男性和女性的比例增加了30%至40%,我以前很少看到这种情况。这不仅仅是自拍,也包括短信,关于你拿手机和打字的方式。“我们还看到了‘iPhone拇指’,如果你继续用拇指,你会因为关节或发炎而导致拇指疼痛。”

Joint:关节,结合处(音标法:“脚的”脚上有很多关节;词汇联想法:join-t加入,也就是合并的意思,延伸为结合处)

inflammation.发炎,燃烧(拆词法:in-flamma-tion看中间一个词,如果头脚都是些前缀后缀,那么词汇意思很可能和中间这个主词有关联,flame:火焰的意思.这里有个燃烧的意思,看发炎的炎也是和火有关)


照骗诚可贵,手腕价更高。朋友们,不要太自拍喔!

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