如何在运行时动态添加和删除Qt Widgets

如何在运行时动态添加和删除Qt Widgets

在油管上看到一篇关于Qt的视频:How to Add & Remove Qt Widgets Dynamically at Runtime

作者是Velcode

In this video I show you how to add any widget or layouts containing widgets to another widow or another layout.

Code repository: VelazcoJD/QtDynamicWidgets

Qt Widgets Theme: https://youtu.be/zjWfDEUsobQ

我使用的系统是Windows10系统,首先使用Qt Creator创建一个基于QMainWindows的Qt GUI窗体程序,界面如下图所示:

image
image.gif

源代码

main.cpp文件源代码如下:

#include "dynamicwidget.h"

#include <QApplication>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    QApplication a(argc, argv);
    DynamicWidget w;
    w.show();
    return a.exec();
}

image.gif

dynamicwidget.h头文件如下图所示:

#ifndef DYNAMICWIDGET_H
#define DYNAMICWIDGET_H

#include <QMainWindow>
#include <QHash>
#include <QPushButton>
#include <QHBoxLayout>

QT_BEGIN_NAMESPACE
namespace Ui { class DynamicWidget; }
QT_END_NAMESPACE

class DynamicWidget : public QMainWindow
{
    Q_OBJECT

public:
    /// @brief Construcotr.
    DynamicWidget(QWidget *parent = nullptr);

    /// @brief Destructor.
    ~DynamicWidget();

    /// @brief Handles user clicking on "add widget" button.
    void onAddWidget();

    /// @brief Handles user clicking on a remove widget button.
    void onRemoveWidget();

private:
    Ui::DynamicWidget *ui;

    QHash<QPushButton*, QHBoxLayout*> mButtonToLayoutMap;
};
#endif // DYNAMICWIDGET_H

image.gif

dynamicwidget.cpp源文件如下图所示:

#include "dynamicwidget.h"
#include "ui_dynamicwidget.h"
#include <QVBoxLayout>
#include <QHBoxLayout>
#include <QPushButton>
#include <QCheckBox>

DynamicWidget::DynamicWidget(QWidget *parent)
    : QMainWindow(parent)
    , ui(new Ui::DynamicWidget)
{
    ui->setupUi(this);

    QObject::connect(ui->addWidget_button, &QPushButton::clicked,
                     this, &DynamicWidget::onAddWidget);
}

DynamicWidget::~DynamicWidget()
{
    delete ui;
}

void DynamicWidget::onAddWidget()
{
    QVBoxLayout* layout = qobject_cast<QVBoxLayout*>(ui->widget_frame->layout());
    if (layout == nullptr)
    {
        return;
    }

    QHBoxLayout* newLayout = new QHBoxLayout(ui->widget_frame);

    QString buttonText = tr("Button: #%1").arg(layout->count());
    QPushButton* button = new QPushButton(buttonText, ui->widget_frame);
    //layout->insertWidget(0, button);
    newLayout->addWidget(button);

    mButtonToLayoutMap.insert(button, newLayout);

    QCheckBox* checkBox = new QCheckBox("Check me!", ui->widget_frame);
    newLayout->addWidget(checkBox);

    layout->insertLayout(0, newLayout);

    QObject::connect(button, &QPushButton::clicked,
                     this, &DynamicWidget::onRemoveWidget);
}

void DynamicWidget::onRemoveWidget()
{
//    QPushButton* button = qobject_cast<QPushButton*>(sender());
//    if (button)
//    {
//        delete  button;
//    }
    QPushButton* button = qobject_cast<QPushButton*>(sender());
    QHBoxLayout* layout = mButtonToLayoutMap.value(button);

    while (layout->count() != 0)
    {
        QLayoutItem* item = layout->takeAt(0);

        if (item)
        {
            delete item->widget();
            delete item;
        }
    }
    delete layout;
}

image.gif

程序运行结果如下图所示:

image
image.gif

点击【Click to Add Widget!】按钮,下面的widget_frame窗体会增加一个QPushButton和QCheckBox,如下图所示:

image
image.gif

点击某一行的按钮,会删除该行对应的水平布局以及其中的QPushButton、QCheckBox控件。

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