考前来做一下阅读理解——带词汇解释

When I re-entered the full-time workforce /a few years ago /after a decade of /solitary self-employment, there was one thing /I was looking forward to /the most: the opportunity /to have work friends once again. (当我独自创业的几年后,我再一次进入了全职工作。这里有一件事我最期待,就是能够可以和工作上的伙伴有个交朋友的机会。)

It wasn’t until/ I entered the corporate world that/ I realized, for me at least, being friends with colleagues /didn’t emerge(出现) as a priority at all. (这不是我进入公司才意识到的,至少对我来说,和同事交朋友并不是最重要的事情)

This is surprising /when you consider the prevailing emphasis/ by scholars and trainers /and managers/ on the importance of /cultivating close interpersonal relationships /at work. (当你想到学者、培训师和经理们/普遍强调在工作中培养亲密的人际关系的重要性时,你会感到惊讶。)

So much research has explored the way /in which collegial (同事的)ties /can help overcome a range of/ workplace issues affecting productivity /and the quality of work output /such as team-based conflict, jealousy, undermining, anger, and more.(如此多的调查探索这种方法,就是同事之间的关系可以帮助克服一系列工作场所产生的问题影响和工作质量的输出,如团队冲突、嫉妒、破坏、愤怒等等。)

【so-litary:adj. 孤独的; 独居的; n. 独居者; 隐士;这个词和mi-litary,同样是立着腿,你是军队,我是soul立着腿,当然孤独了】

【corporate:adj. 法人的; 共同的,全体的; 社团的;带有co的一般都是把O吞了,合并了,表示共同的。如co-rrespond,co-mpany,co-rrelation,co-ntent】

【prevailing:adj. 流行的;一般的,最普通的;占优势的;盛行很广的;联系popular;pre本身带有“先”的意思,玩抖音、小红书啥啥流行的都被你先玩了,那么就是流行】

【undermining:破坏;拆词法,under-mine,把我压在下面,相当于攻击我呗,破坏我呗】

Perhaps my expectations of lunches, water-cooler gossip and caring, deep-and-meaningful conversations /were a legacy of the last time/ I was in that kind of office environment. (也许我对午餐、茶水间闲聊、关心他人、深入而有意义的谈话的期望/是我在那种办公室环境中留下的最后遗产。也就是说,最后的遗产只剩下这些了)

Whereas now, as I near the end of my fourth decade, I realize work /can be fully functional and entirely fulfilling /without needing to be best mates /with the people sitting next to you.

(然而现在,当我快到第四个十年的时候,我意识到工作/可以完全发挥作用,完全实现自我/不需要成为最好的伙伴/和坐在你旁边的人。)

【functional:adj. 功能的;】

In an academic analysis just published /in the profoundly-respected Journal of Management, researchers have looked at the concept of "indifferent relationships". It‘s a simple term that /encapsulates (概括) the fact that relationships /at work can reasonably be non-intimate, inconsequential, unimportant and even, dare I say it, disposable or substitutable.(一篇在这个杂志发表的学术文章,研究人员寻找这个“漠不关心的关系”的概念,它是一个简单的词汇涵盖了工作中的人际关系可以有缘由的变成不亲密,不重要,甚至不重要,我还敢说它是一次性或可替换的。)

【academic:adj. 学术的; 理论的; 学院的; n. 大学生,大学教师; 学者;】

【profoundly:adv. 深刻地;深深地;极度地;拆词法,pro-foundly,professor的发现,非常具有深远意义】

【encapsulates:/ɪnˈkæpsjuleɪt/ 概括;en-cap-sulates,进杯子里来咧,那不就是想把你涵盖了吗,我要吞了你这样】

【inconsequential:不重要的,不合理的;in-con-sequential,拆词法,不-合并的-连续的,首先看否定后面,合并的连续的,那么就是那些破案情节被拼凑一起的信息是不是非常重要,所以consequential表示重要的,加否定则】

【disposable:adj. 可任意处理的;可自由使用的;用完即可丢弃的;拆词法,dis-pos-able,前后都是前缀啦,后缀啦,中间的pos,是不是特像position、posture,这些位置啊姿势啊都是固定不变的,加上dis,否定表示可随意改动的】

【substitutable:可替换的;拆词法,前面讲过,sub表示附属、附赠的,那么sub-stitut-able这个词,表示附赠的“湿纸巾”吧(实在想不出),可以替换成其他东西】

Indifferent relationships are neither positive nor negative. The limited research/ conducted/ thus far /indicates they ‘re especially dominant /among those who value independence /over cooperation, and harmony over confrontation. Indifference is also the preferred option /among those who are socially lazy. Maintaining relationships /over the long term takes effort. For some of us, too much effort.(冷漠的关系既不是积极的也不是消极的。到目前为止/所做的/有限的研究表明,在那些重视独立甚于合作、重视和谐甚于对抗的人群中,他们尤其占主导地位。冷漠也是那些在社交上懒惰的人的首选。维持长期的关系需要努力,对我们中的一些人来说,付出了太多的努力。)

【thus far:迄今;现在为止】

【confrontation:n. 对抗;面对;对峙;拆词法,con-frontation,con记住啦合并的意思,一群人——面前,一群人来我家门口找我,不是干架是要相亲吗??】

As noted above, indifferent relationships/ may not always be the most helpful approach/ in resolving some of the issues/ that pop up /at work. But there are nonetheless /several empirically proven benefits. One of those is efficiency. Less time chatting and socializing means more time working.(如上所述,在解决工作中出现的一些常见问题时,冷漠的关系并不总是最有帮助的方法。尽管如此,还是有一些经验证明的好处。其中之一就是更少时间的交谈和社交意味着更多的时间工作)

The other is self-esteem. As human beings, we ‘re primed to /compare ourselves to each other in /what is an anxiety-inducing phenomenon. Apparently, we look down /on acquaintances more/ so than Mends. Since the former is most common /among those inclined /towards indifferent relationships, their predominance can bolster individuals ‘ sense of self-worth. (另一个是自尊。作为人类,我们倾向于将自己与他人进行比较,这是一种引起焦虑的现象。很明显,我们看不起熟人甚于看不起朋友。由于前者在那些倾向于冷漠关系的人群中最为常见,他们的优势可以增强个人的自我价值感。)

【approach:v. 走进;处理;n. 方法;相似的事物,这个死记硬背吧】

【there are nonetheless:仍有(作文写作,代替still)】

【empirically:adv. 以经验为主地;联系experience】

【induce: vt. 诱导;引起;引诱;感应;联系produce】

【inclined:v. 使…倾向;拆词法,in-c-lined不C的线,这个线大概就是会一边倒吧,所以产生了倾斜这个意思】

【predominance:优势;拆词法,pre-dominance,先-主,先入为主的优点不就是常说的优势吗】

Ego aside, a third advantage is that/ the emotional neutrality /of indifferent relationships/ has been found/ to enhance critical evaluation, to strengthen one ‘s focus on task resolution, and to gain greater access /to valuable information. None of that /might be as fun as /after-work socializing but, they’ll take it anyway.(除去这些,第三个好处是,人们发现,冷漠关系的情感中立性可以增强批判性评价,增强人们对任务解决的注意力,并获得更多有价值的信息。这些都不如下班后的社交活动有趣,但他们还是会参加。)

【neutrality:中立的】(诸君发力)

46. What did the author realize /when he re-entered the corporate world?

A) Making new Mends /with his workmates/ was not as easy as he had anticipated.【Anticipated】

B) Cultivating positive interpersonal relationships/ helped him expel/ solitary feelings.

C) Working in the corporate world /requires more interpersonal skills /than self-employment.

D) Building close relationships with his colleagues /was not as important /as he had ejected.

47. What do we learn from/ many studies /about collegial relationships?

A) Inharmonious relationships/ have an adverse effect /on productivity.

B) Harmonious relationships /are what many companies /aim to cultivate.

C) Close collegial relationships/ contribute very little /to product quality.

D) Conflicting relationships in the workplace/ exist /almost everywhere.

48. What can be inferred about relationships at work /from an academic analysis?

A) They should be cultivated.

B) They are virtually (事实上;联系actually)irrelevant.

C) They are vital /to corporate culture.

D) They should be/ reasonably intimate.

49. What does the author say about people/ who are socially lazy?

A) They feel uncomfortable /when engaging in social interactions.

B) They often find themselves /in confrontation with their colleagues.

C) They are unwilling to make efforts/ to maintain workplace relationships.

D) They lack basic communication skills/ in dealing with interpersonal issues.

60. What is one of the benefits of/ indifferent relationships?

A) They provide fun at work.

B) They help control emotions.

C) They help resolve differences.

D) They improve work efficiency.

推荐阅读更多精彩内容

  • The Inner Game of Tennis W Timothy Gallwey Jonathan Cape ...
    网事_79a3阅读 6,480评论 2 13
  • 丁丁也失踪了,丁丁是在当当失踪的第五个晚上失踪的。其实是去了其他地方寻找当当。到了一个地方的时候他饿得不行了,发现...
    段翔川2008阅读 789评论 0 1
  • 小雨给我发微信说是要说话,看的出来孩子有事,还好哟她的心门再次打开了,我是多想了,孩子是很信任我的。今天...
    少莉911阅读 277评论 4 7
  • 趁妈妈回老家,弟弟竟然想一 原创幸福女人亦东亦西 点击上方蓝字 , 关注娟娟 ,茶余饭后,分享生活的每一份感悟! ...
    中外风土人情阅读 75评论 1 0
  • 有幸遇见你,却无缘在一起,纵使无言也默契;如果事与愿违,我相信上天一定另有安排。 光阴好似流水飞快...
    冥裎阅读 325评论 1 13