【android】Android系统判断CPU架构信息以及是32位还是64位

0.096字数 142阅读 3989

查看Android设备的CPU架构信息,可以使用命令来完成:

1、adb shell

2、cat /proc/cpuinfo


oem@zhang:~$ adb shell
shell@msm8610_s3_cp5311_c:/ $ cat /proc/cpuinfo
Processor   : ARMv7 Processor rev 3 (v7l)
processor   : 0
BogoMIPS    : 38.40
 
processor   : 1
BogoMIPS    : 38.40
 
Features    : swp half thumb fastmult vfp edsp neon vfpv3 tls vfpv4 idiva idivt 
CPU implementer : 0x41
CPU architecture: 7
CPU variant : 0x0
CPU part    : 0xc07
CPU revision    : 3
 
Hardware    : Qualcomm MSM 8610 (Flattened Device Tree)
Revision    : 0000
Serial      : 0000000000000000

Android系统判断CPU是32位还是64位

一、方法一,读取"/proc/cpuinfo"文件的第一行。

1、32bit

image.png

2、64bit

image.png

二、方法二,读取Android 的system/build.prop文件("ro.product.cpu.abilist64")

1、32bit

image.png

2、64bit

image.png

三、方法三,通过读取libc.so文件的ELF头部e_indent[]数组,根据数组第e_indent[4]的取值来判断,参考代码如下,没有亲自测试。

    public static final String CPU_ARCHITECTURE_TYPE_32 = "32";
    public static final String CPU_ARCHITECTURE_TYPE_64 = "64";
 
    /** ELF文件头 e_indent[]数组文件类标识索引 */
    private static final int EI_CLASS = 4;
    /** ELF文件头 e_indent[EI_CLASS]的取值:ELFCLASS32表示32位目标 */
    private static final int ELFCLASS32 = 1;
    /** ELF文件头 e_indent[EI_CLASS]的取值:ELFCLASS64表示64位目标 */
    private static final int ELFCLASS64 = 2;
    
    /** The system property key of CPU arch type */
    private static final String CPU_ARCHITECTURE_KEY_64 = "ro.product.cpu.abilist64";
    
    /** The system libc.so file path */
    private static final String SYSTEM_LIB_C_PATH = "/system/lib/libc.so";
    private static final String SYSTEM_LIB_C_PATH_64 = "/system/lib64/libc.so";
    private static final String PROC_CPU_INFO_PATH = "/proc/cpuinfo";
 
    private static boolean LOGENABLE = false;
 
    /**
     * Check if the CPU architecture is x86
     */
    public static boolean checkIfCPUx86() {
        //1. Check CPU architecture: arm or x86
        if (getSystemProperty("ro.product.cpu.abi", "arm").contains("x86")) {
            //The CPU is x86
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Get the CPU arch type: x32 or x64
     */
    public static String getArchType(Context context) {
        if (getSystemProperty(CPU_ARCHITECTURE_KEY_64, "").length() > 0) {
            if (LOGENABLE) {
                Log.d("###############getSystemProperty","CPU arch is 64bit");
            }
            return CPU_ARCHITECTURE_TYPE_64;
        } else if (isCPUInfo64()) {
            return CPU_ARCHITECTURE_TYPE_64;
        } else if (isLibc64()) {
            return CPU_ARCHITECTURE_TYPE_64;
        } else {
            if (LOGENABLE) {
                Log.d("###############getArchType()","return cpu DEFAULT 32bit!");
            }
            return CPU_ARCHITECTURE_TYPE_32;
        }
    }
    
    private static String getSystemProperty(String key, String defaultValue) {
        String value = defaultValue;
        try {
            Class<?> clazz= Class.forName("android.os.SystemProperties");
            Method get = clazz.getMethod("get", String.class, String.class);
            value = (String)(get.invoke(clazz, key, ""));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (LOGENABLE) {
                Log.d("getSystemProperty", "key = " + key + ", error = " + e.getMessage());
            }
        }
 
        if (LOGENABLE) {
            Log.d("getSystemProperty",  key + " = " + value);
        }
        return value;
    }
 
    /**
     * Read the first line of "/proc/cpuinfo" file, and check if it is 64 bit.
     */
    private static boolean isCPUInfo64() {
        File cpuInfo = new File(PROC_CPU_INFO_PATH);
        if (cpuInfo != null && cpuInfo.exists()) {
            InputStream inputStream = null;
            BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
            try {
                inputStream = new FileInputStream(cpuInfo);
                bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream), 512);
                String line = bufferedReader.readLine();
                if (line != null && line.length() > 0 && line.toLowerCase(Locale.US).contains("arch64")) {
                    if (LOGENABLE) {
                        Log.d("###############isCPUInfo64()", PROC_CPU_INFO_PATH + " contains is arch64");
                    }
                    return true;
                } else {
                    if (LOGENABLE) {
                        Log.d("###############isCPUInfo64()", PROC_CPU_INFO_PATH + " is not arch64");
                    }
                }
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                if (LOGENABLE) {
                    Log.d("###############isCPUInfo64()","read " + PROC_CPU_INFO_PATH + " error = " + t.toString());
                }
            } finally {
                try {
                    if (bufferedReader != null) {
                        bufferedReader.close();
                    }
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                
                try {
                    if (inputStream != null) {
                        inputStream.close();
                    }
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
    
    /**
     * Check if system libc.so is 32 bit or 64 bit
     */
    private static boolean isLibc64() {
        File libcFile = new File(SYSTEM_LIB_C_PATH);
        if (libcFile != null && libcFile.exists()) {
            byte[] header = readELFHeadrIndentArray(libcFile);
            if (header != null && header[EI_CLASS] == ELFCLASS64) {
                if (LOGENABLE) {
                    Log.d("###############isLibc64()", SYSTEM_LIB_C_PATH + " is 64bit");
                }
                return true;
            }
        } 
        
        File libcFile64 = new File(SYSTEM_LIB_C_PATH_64);
        if (libcFile64 != null && libcFile64.exists()) {
            byte[] header = readELFHeadrIndentArray(libcFile64);
            if (header != null && header[EI_CLASS] == ELFCLASS64) {
                if (LOGENABLE) {
                    Log.d("###############isLibc64()", SYSTEM_LIB_C_PATH_64 + " is 64bit");
                }
                return true;
            }
        }
        
        return false;
    }
    
    /**
     * ELF文件头格式是固定的:文件开始是一个16字节的byte数组e_indent[16]
     * e_indent[4]的值可以判断ELF是32位还是64位
     */
    private static byte[] readELFHeadrIndentArray(File libFile) {
        if (libFile != null && libFile.exists()) {
            FileInputStream inputStream = null;
            try {
                inputStream = new FileInputStream(libFile);
                if (inputStream != null) {
                    byte[] tempBuffer = new byte[16];
                    int count = inputStream.read(tempBuffer, 0, 16);
                    if (count == 16) {
                        return tempBuffer;
                    } else {
                        if (LOGENABLE) {
                            Log.e("readELFHeadrIndentArray", "Error: e_indent lenght should be 16, but actual is " +  count);
                        }
                    }
                }
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                if (LOGENABLE) {
                    Log.e("readELFHeadrIndentArray", "Error:" + t.toString());
                }
            } finally {
                if (inputStream != null) {
                    try {
                        inputStream.close();
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        
        return null;
    }

推荐阅读更多精彩内容