SpringBoot集成Shiro+Redis实现session共享

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一、前言

当我们的用户量到达一定程度的时候,单机的服务器已经支撑不了目前的访问量,我们肯定需要对服务器做集群来提高应用的负载能力.比如我们使用Nginx+Tomcat来实现集群,如果使用的是轮询的测试,我肯定需要涉及到Session共享的问题,解决Session共享有很多种方案,我们选择的是Shiro+Redis来实现。因为Shiro中本身就提供了sessionManager和sessionDAO,我们可以把shiro和redis集成起来,把session持久化到Redis中,然后需要使用的时候从Redis中获取对应的session.

二、实现步骤

步骤一:

在application.properties配置文件中添加Redis相关的配置

#redis
# Redis服务器地址
redis.host= localhost
# Redis服务器连接端口
redis.port= 6379
redis.jedis.pool.max-active=
# 连接池中的最大空闲连接
redis.pool.max-idle= 8
# 连接池中的最小空闲连接
redis.pool.min-idle= 0
# 连接池最大连接数(使用负值表示没有限制)
redis.pool.max-active= 8
# 连接池最大阻塞等待时间(使用负值表示没有限制)
redis.pool.max-wait= -1
# 连接超时时间(毫秒)
redis.timeout= 0
redis.password=
步骤二

我们需要在pom.xml中添加Shiro集成Redis的依赖

<dependency>
      <groupId>org.crazycake</groupId>
      <artifactId>shiro-redis</artifactId>
       <version>2.4.2.1-RELEASE</version>
      <exclusions>
            <exclusion>
                  <artifactId>shiro-core</artifactId>
                   <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
            </exclusion>
       </exclusions>
</dependency>

步骤三

在Shiro相关配置中添加SessionManager和SessionDAO

package cn.wolfcode.saas.pss.config.shiro;

import cn.wolfcode.saas.pss.config.redis.RedisConfig;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.security.interceptor.AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.web.config.DefaultShiroFilterChainDefinition;
import org.apache.shiro.spring.web.config.ShiroFilterChainDefinition;
import org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager;
import org.apache.shiro.web.servlet.AbstractShiroFilter;
import org.apache.shiro.web.session.mgt.DefaultWebSessionManager;
import org.crazycake.shiro.RedisCacheManager;
import org.crazycake.shiro.RedisManager;
import org.crazycake.shiro.RedisSessionDAO;
import org.springframework.aop.framework.autoproxy.DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionalOnMissingBean;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import javax.servlet.Filter;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by wolfcode-lanxw
 */
@Configuration
public class ShiroConfig {
    /**
     * 配置shiro redisManager
     * 使用的是shiro-redis开源插件
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public RedisManager redisManager(RedisConfig redisConfig) {
        RedisManager redisManager = new RedisManager();
        redisManager.setHost(redisConfig.getHost());
        redisManager.setPort(redisConfig.getPort());
        redisManager.setExpire(1800);// 配置缓存过期时间
        redisManager.setTimeout(redisConfig.getTimeout());
        return redisManager;
    }
    @Bean
    public RedisSessionDAO redisSessionDAO(RedisManager redisManager) {
        RedisSessionDAO redisSessionDAO = new RedisSessionDAO();
        redisSessionDAO.setRedisManager(redisManager);
        return redisSessionDAO;
    }
    /**
     * shiro session的管理
     */
    @Bean
    public DefaultWebSessionManager redisSessionManager(RedisSessionDAO redisSessionDAO) {
        DefaultWebSessionManager sessionManager = new DefaultWebSessionManager();
        sessionManager.setSessionDAO(redisSessionDAO);
        return sessionManager;
    }
    @Bean
    public RedisCacheManager redisCacheManager(RedisManager redisManager) {
        RedisCacheManager redisCacheManager = new RedisCacheManager();
        redisCacheManager.setRedisManager(redisManager);
        return redisCacheManager;
    }
    /*
    创建安全管理器对象,关联自定义Realm
     */
    @Bean
    public DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager(UserRealm userRealm,DefaultWebSessionManager redisSessionManager,RedisCacheManager redisCacheManager){
        DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager = new DefaultWebSecurityManager();
        securityManager.setRealm(userRealm);
        securityManager.setSessionManager(redisSessionManager);
        securityManager.setCacheManager(redisCacheManager);
        return securityManager;
    }
    @Bean(name = "shiroFilterFactoryBean")
    protected ShiroFilterFactoryBean shiroFilterFactoryBean(DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager) {
        ShiroFilterFactoryBean shiroFilterFactoryBean = new ShiroFilterFactoryBean();
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setSecurityManager(securityManager);

        Map<String, Filter> filterMap = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        filterMap.put("authc", new AjaxPermissionsAuthorizationFilter());
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setFilters(filterMap);

        Map<String, String> filterChainDefinitionMap = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/", "anon");
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/static/**", "anon");
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/error", "anon");
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/login", "anon");
        filterChainDefinitionMap.put("/**", "authc");

        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setFilterChainDefinitionMap(filterChainDefinitionMap);
        return shiroFilterFactoryBean;
    }
    /**
     *  开启Shiro的注解(如@RequiresRoles,@RequiresPermissions),需借助SpringAOP扫描使用Shiro注解的类,并在必要时进行安全逻辑验证
     * 配置以下两个bean(DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator和AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor)即可实现此功能
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator advisorAutoProxyCreator(){
        DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator advisorAutoProxyCreator = new DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator();
        advisorAutoProxyCreator.setProxyTargetClass(true);
        return advisorAutoProxyCreator;
    }

    /**
     * 开启aop注解支持
     * @param securityManager
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor(org.apache.shiro.mgt.SecurityManager securityManager) {
        AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor = new AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor();
        authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor.setSecurityManager(securityManager);
        return authorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor;
    }
}

主要是在DefaultWebSecurityManager中需要配置对应的sessionManager和CacheManager即可.
配置好之后,当登录完成,会在Redis中看到对应的key.而且此时的缓存也交给了redis来处理了

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