纯前端打造一个简易实时预览的markdown编辑器

先下载https://github.com/markedjs/markedhttps://github.com/ajaxorg/ace-builds/插件,还有JQuery也是不可少的
--在线markdown编辑器参考,https://www.zybuluo.com/mdeditor https://maxiang.io/

第一步 搭建布局:
1.构思布局(以下是总体布局)

总体样式.png

2.项目下新建个index.html页面,写入以下代码:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

    <head>
        <meta charset="UTF-8">
        <title>markdown编辑器</title>
        <style type="text/css">
            * {
                margin: 0;
                padding: 0;
                outline: none;
                border-radius: 0;
            }
            
            html,
            body {
                width: 100%;
                height: 100%;
                font-family: "Helvetica Neue", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
                background-color: #ebebeb;
            }
            #toolbar {
                height: 50px;
                background-color: #444;
                width: 100%;
                color: #fff;
                line-height: 50px;
            }
            #container {
                overflow: auto;
                position: absolute;
                bottom: 0;
                left: 0;
                right: 0;
                top: 50px;
            }
            #editor-column,
            #preview-column {
                width: 49.5%;
                height: 100%;
                overflow: auto;
                position: relative;
                background-color: #fff;
            }
            .pull-left {
                float: left;
            }
            
            .pull-right {
                float: right;
            }
        </style>
    </head>

    <body>
        <div id="toolbar"></div>
        <div id="container">
            <div id="editor-column" class="pull-left">
                <div id="panel-editor">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div id="preview-column" class="pull-right">
                <div id="panel-preview">
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </body>

</html>

效果预览

第二步 引入资源实现初步效果:
1.项目下创建js文件夹
2.解从下载好的压缩包解marked/lib下的marked.js到js文件夹
3.解从下载好的压缩包解ace-builds/src到js文件夹重命名为ace
4.引入js文件
(注:markdown.css是markdown样式文件,可以自行编写或从网上下载 比如:github-markdown-css)

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html> 
    <head>
        <meta charset='UTF-8'>
        <title>markdown编辑器</title>
        <script src="js/jquery-2.1.4.min.js"></script>
        <script src="js/marked.js"></script> 
        <script src="js/ace/ace.js"></script>
                <link href="markdown.css" rel="stylesheet" />
                <!--略-->

5初始化插件

(先添加编辑区和显示区代码)

 <!--略-->
#mdeditor,#preview,#panel-editor,#panel-preview{
                height: 100%;
                width: 100%;
            }
        </style>
    </head>

    <body>
        <div id='toolbar'></div>
        <div id='container'>
<div id='editor-column' class='pull-left'>
                <div id='panel-editor'>
                                        <!--编辑区-->
                    <div class="editor-content" id="mdeditor" ></div>

                </div> 
            </div>
            <div id='preview-column' class='pull-right'>
                <div id='panel-preview'>
                                        <!--显示区-->
                    <div id="preview" class="markdown-body"></div>

                </div>
            </div> 

 <!--略-->

(先添加初始化代码)

<!--略-->
<script>
            var acen_edit = ace.edit('mdeditor'); 
            acen_edit.setTheme('ace/theme/chrome');
            acen_edit.getSession().setMode('ace/mode/markdown');
            acen_edit.renderer.setShowPrintMargin(false);
            $("#mdeditor").keyup(function() {
                $("#preview").html(marked(acen_edit.getValue()));
            });
        </script>
    </body>

</html>
效果预览

第三步 添加工具到工具栏示例:

1.编写公用方法
(其实点击工具主要是在编辑器里自动插入本来手打的符号)

function insertText(val){
                acen_edit.insert(val);//光标位置插入
            }
<div id='toolbar'>
            <button onclick="insertText('**?**')">加粗</button>
            <button onclick="insertText('_?_')">斜体</button>
            <button onclick="insertText('>')">引用</button>
            .....
        </div>

第四步 ace.js API 实现编辑器设置功能:

<div id='toolbar'>
           <button onclick="insertText('**?**')">加粗</button>
           <button onclick="insertText('_?_')">斜体</button>
           <button onclick="insertText('>')">引用</button>
           .....
           
           设置:
           <select id="theme" size="1">
               <optgroup label="Bright">
                   <option value="ace/theme/chrome">Chrome</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/clouds">Clouds</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/crimson_editor">Crimson Editor</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/dawn">Dawn</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/dreamweaver">Dreamweaver</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/eclipse">Eclipse</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/github">GitHub</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/iplastic">IPlastic</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/solarized_light">Solarized Light</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/textmate">TextMate</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/tomorrow">Tomorrow</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/xcode">XCode</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/kuroir">Kuroir</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/katzenmilch">KatzenMilch</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/sqlserver">SQL Server</option>
               </optgroup>
               <optgroup label="Dark">
                   <option value="ace/theme/ambiance">Ambiance</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/chaos">Chaos</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/clouds_midnight">Clouds Midnight</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/cobalt">Cobalt</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/gruvbox">Gruvbox</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/idle_fingers">idle Fingers</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/kr_theme">krTheme</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/merbivore">Merbivore</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/merbivore_soft">Merbivore Soft</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/mono_industrial">Mono Industrial</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/monokai">Monokai</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/pastel_on_dark">Pastel on dark</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/solarized_dark">Solarized Dark</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/terminal">Terminal</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/tomorrow_night">Tomorrow Night</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/tomorrow_night_blue">Tomorrow Night Blue</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/tomorrow_night_bright">Tomorrow Night Bright</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/tomorrow_night_eighties">Tomorrow Night 80s</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/twilight">Twilight</option>
                   <option value="ace/theme/vibrant_ink">Vibrant Ink</option>
               </optgroup>
           </select>
           字体大小
           <select id="fontsize" size="1">
               <option value="10px">10px</option>
               <option value="11px">11px</option>
               <option value="12px" selected="selected">12px</option>
               <option value="13px">13px</option>
               <option value="14px">14px</option>
               <option value="16px">16px</option>
               <option value="18px">18px</option>
               <option value="20px">20px</option>
               <option value="24px">24px</option>
           </select> 
           代码折行
           <select id="folding" size="1">
               <option value="manual">manual</option>
               <option value="markbegin" selected="selected">mark begin</option>
               <option value="markbeginend">mark begin and end</option>
           </select>
           自动换行
           <select id="soft_wrap" size="1">
               <option value="off">Off</option>
               <option value="40">40 Chars</option>
               <option value="80">80 Chars</option>
               <option value="free">Free</option>
           </select>
           全选样式<input type="checkbox" name="select_style" id="select_style" checked=""> 
           光标行高光<input type="checkbox" name="highlight_active" id="highlight_active" checked="">
           显示行号<input type="checkbox" id="show_gutter" checked=""> 
           打印边距<input type="checkbox" id="show_print_margin" checked="">
       </div>
<!---略--->
......
           $("#theme").change(function() {
               acen_edit.setTheme($(this).val());
           })
           $("#fontsize").change(function() {
               acen_edit.setFontSize($(this).val());
           }) 
           $("#folding").change(function() {
               session.setFoldStyle($(this).val());
           })
           $("#select_style").change(function() {
               acen_edit.setOption("selectionStyle", this.checked ? "line" : "text");
           })
           $("#highlight_active").change(function() {
               acen_edit.setHighlightActiveLine(this.checked);
           })
           $("#soft_wrap").change(function() {
               acen_edit.setOption("wrap", $(this).val());
           })
           $("#show_print_margin").change(function() {
                   acen_edit.renderer.setShowPrintMargin(this.checked);
           })
效果

(更多API查看ace.js官网)

ok!我就说道这里了。感兴趣的小伙伴自行DIY吧!

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