kunernets使用helm安装tiller踩坑

helm的安装参考:

https://www.kubernetes.org.cn/4619.html

Helm由客户端命helm令行工具和服务端tiller组成,Helm的安装十分简单。 下载helm命令行工具到master节点node1的/usr/local/bin下,这里下载的2.9.1版本:

wget https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-helm/helm-v2.11.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
tar -zxvf helm-v2.11.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
cd linux-amd64/
cp helm /usr/local/bin/

为了安装服务端tiller,还需要在这台机器上配置好kubectl工具和kubeconfig文件,确保kubectl工具可以在这台机器上访问apiserver且正常使用。 这里的node1节点以及配置好了kubectl。

因为Kubernetes APIServer开启了RBAC访问控制,所以需要创建tiller使用的service account: tiller并分配合适的角色给它。 详细内容可以查看helm文档中的Role-based Access Control。 这里简单起见直接分配cluster-admin这个集群内置的ClusterRole给它。创建rbac-config.yaml文件:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: tiller
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: tiller
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: tiller
    namespace: kube-system
kubectl create -f rbac-config.yaml
serviceaccount/tiller created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/tiller created

安装tiller
helm init --service-account tiller --skip-refresh

问题

到这一步就出现问题了,跟之前参考的博主写的不一样了。因为我使用的是国内的docker源,所以gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller这个镜像访问不到,所以查看pod的时候

kubectl get pods -n kube-system
显示:
NAME                             READY   STATUS             RESTARTS   AGE
tiller-deploy-6f6fd74b68-rkk5w   0/1     ImagePullBackOff   0          14h

pod的状态不对啊。作为刚入门的小白,开始摸索解决

解决思路

1、查看pod的事件

kubectl describe pod tiller-deploy-6f6fd74b68-rkk5w -n kube-system
显示

Events:
  Type     Reason   Age                    From            Message
  ----     ------   ----                   ----            -------
  Warning  Failed   52m (x3472 over 14h)   kubelet, test1  Error: ImagePullBackOff
  Normal   BackOff  2m6s (x3686 over 14h)  kubelet, test1  Back-off pulling image "gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller:v2.11.0"

显然是获取gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller:v2.11.0镜像失败

2、手动拉取镜像

docker search kubernetes-helm/tiller

cockpit/kubernetes                      This container provides a version of cockpit…   41                                      [OK]
fluent/fluentd-kubernetes-daemonset     Fluentd Daemonset for Kubernetes                24                                      [OK]
lachlanevenson/k8s-helm                 Helm client (https://github.com/kubernetes/h…   17                                      
dtzar/helm-kubectl                      helm and kubectl running on top of alpline w…   16                                      [OK]
jessestuart/tiller                      Nightly multi-architecture (amd64, arm64, ar…   4                                       [OK]
hypnoglow/kubernetes-helm               Image providing kubernetes kubectl and helm …   3                                       [OK]
linkyard/docker-helm                    Docker image containing kubernetes helm and …   3                                       [OK]
jimmysong/kubernetes-helm-tiller                                                        2                                       
ibmcom/tiller                           Docker Image for IBM Cloud private-CE (Commu…   1                                       
zhaosijun/kubernetes-helm-tiller        mirror from gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller:v2…   1                                       [OK]
zlabjp/kubernetes-resource              A Concourse resource for controlling the Kub…   1                                       
thebeefcake/concourse-helm-resource     concourse resource for managing helm deploym…   1                                       [OK]
timotto/rpi-tiller                      k8s.io/tiller for Raspberry Pi                  1                                       
fishead/gcr.io.kubernetes-helm.tiller   mirror of gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller         1                                       [OK]
victoru/concourse-helm-resource         concourse resource for managing helm deploym…   0                                       [OK]
bitnami/helm-crd-controller             Kubernetes controller for HelmRelease CRD       0                                       [OK]
z772458549/kubernetes-helm-tiller       kubernetes-helm-tiller                          0                                       [OK]
mnsplatform/concourse-helm-resource     Concourse resource for helm deployments         0                                       
croesus/kubernetes-helm-tiller          kubernetes-helm-tiller                          0                                       [OK]

这么多镜像,看描述,我看中了
fishead/gcr.io.kubernetes-helm.tiller mirror of gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller 1 [OK]
意思是fishead/gcr.io.kubernetes-helm.tiller 这个镜像是 根据
mirror of gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller Build而成

接下来去dockerhub上确认下

dockerhub.jpg

果然是我们需要的镜像,然后查看版本:


tag.jpg

下载镜像:
docker pull fishead/gcr.io.kubernetes-helm.tiller:v2.11.0
改tag
docker tag fishead/gcr.io.kubernetes-helm.tiller:v2.11.0 gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller:v2.11.0
查看本地镜像

images.jpg

3、重新部署

萌新这步折腾了很久,参考网上方法,有试过
删除tiller
helm reset -f
初始化,重新部署tiller
helm init --service-account tiller --tiller-image gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller:v2.11.0 --skip-refresh

查看pod,还是错误的状态
kubectl get pods -n kube-system

NAME                             READY   STATUS             RESTARTS   AGE
tiller-deploy-6f6fd74b68-qvlzx   0/1     ImagePullBackOff   0          8m43s

啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊,崩溃了。为什么还是显示拉取镜像失败呢。(;′⌒`)

冷静下来想想,是不是配置文件中写了总是获取仓库镜像呢

编辑下配置文件
kubectl edit deployment tiller-deploy -n kube-system

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  annotations:
    deployment.kubernetes.io/revision: "2"
  creationTimestamp: 2018-11-16T08:03:53Z
  generation: 2
  labels:
    app: helm
    name: tiller
  name: tiller-deploy
  namespace: kube-system
  resourceVersion: "133136"
  selfLink: /apis/extensions/v1beta1/namespaces/kube-system/deployments/tiller-deploy
  uid: 291c2a71-e976-11e8-b6eb-8cec4b591b6a
spec:
  progressDeadlineSeconds: 2147483647
  replicas: 1
  revisionHistoryLimit: 10
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: helm
      name: tiller
  strategy:
    rollingUpdate:
      maxSurge: 1
      maxUnavailable: 1
    type: RollingUpdate
  template:
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: null
      labels:
        app: helm
        name: tiller
    spec:
      automountServiceAccountToken: true
      containers:
      - env:
        - name: TILLER_NAMESPACE
          value: kube-system
        - name: TILLER_HISTORY_MAX
          value: "0"
        image: gcr.io/kubernetes-helm/tiller:v2.11.0
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        livenessProbe:
          failureThreshold: 3
          httpGet:
            path: /liveness
            port: 44135
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 1
          periodSeconds: 10
          successThreshold: 1
          timeoutSeconds: 1
        name: tiller
        ports:
        - containerPort: 44134
          name: tiller
          protocol: TCP
        - containerPort: 44135

果然找到了镜像拉取策略:
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
看看官网怎么说的

https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/containers/images/
By default, the kubelet will try to pull each image from the specified registry. However, if the imagePullPolicy property of the container is set to IfNotPresent or Never, then a local image is used (preferentially or exclusively, respectively).
#默认情况是会根据配置文件中的镜像地址去拉取镜像,如果设置为IfNotPresent 和Never就会使用本地镜像。
IfNotPresent :如果本地存在镜像就优先使用本地镜像。
Never:直接不再去拉取镜像了,使用本地的;如果本地不存在就报异常了

按道理来说,我这个配置没问题啊,为什么不先检索本地的镜像呢,难道是我后来下载的原因。不管了,我先改成never
imagePullPolicy:Never

保存下,查看pod状态
tiller-deploy-f844bd879-p6m8x 1/1 Running 0 62s

终于好了,开心
(。・∀・)ノ゙

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