20190815 robust

1. 这是个什么词?

词:robust

英英释义:a robust system, organization etc is strong and not likely to have problems

例句:China's economy has begun to slow after years of robust growth.

2. 为什么选这个词?

“robust”是形容词,有多个意思,我们今天学习它表示“强劲的、坚固的、健康的”的用法。很多人其实很早就见过这个词了,矿泉水品牌“乐百氏”的英文名就是 Robust。我们可以用 robust 来替换 strong,在口语和写作中都可以使用。下面我们通过几个例子掌握它的用法。

中国经济在经历了多年的强劲增长之后增速开始放缓了,可以说:

China's economy has begun to slow after years of robust growth.

在纳德拉接任微软 CEO 后,微软开始恢复强劲的增长,可以说:

After Mr Nadella took the helm of Microsoft, the company started to restore robust growth.

国家的政治体系非常健康,这确保了顺利的权利交替,就可以说:

The country's robust political system ensures smooth transition of power.

下面来看《经济学人》中的几个例子:

1)Retail sales were also robust, rising 9.8% in June compared with a year earlier, up from 8.6% in May.

2)Even the world’s oil colossus, Saudi Aramco, is making a bet on petrochemicals and refining, demand for which should remain robust even if a global carbon price one day depressed that for crude.

3)When Mr Bolsonaro took office in January investors thought he might let Mr Guedes, a free marketeer, reform the unaffordable pensions system, liberalise the economy and restore robust growth.

4) Between 2010 and 2018 two of the three fastest-growing metro areas in America were in Texas: greater Dallas and Houston each gained more than 1m people. The state has a robust oil and gas industry and has succeeded in diversifying its economy.

3. 怎样学会使用这个词?

1)翻译下面的句子: 班加罗尔(Bangalore)有一个非常健康的 IT 产业。

Bangalore is home to a robust IT industry.

(参考翻译:Bangalore has a robust IT industry. 或 Bangalore boasts a robust IT industry. 或 Bangalore is home to a robust IT industry.)

2)结合自己的生活、学习、工作、兴趣等,想象在什么语境下会用到这个表达。先简要描述这个场景,再造句。

例子: 国家的医疗体系非常健康,这确保了民众的健康。

场景:The country’s robust medical system ensures people’s health.

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