2021-02-16 从mybatis的缓存中来看key的设计

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 *
 *    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *    you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *    You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
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package org.apache.ibatis.cache;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.StringJoiner;

import org.apache.ibatis.reflection.ArrayUtil;

/**
 * @author Clinton Begin
 */
public class CacheKey implements Cloneable, Serializable {

  private static final long serialVersionUID = 1146682552656046210L;

  public static final CacheKey NULL_CACHE_KEY = new CacheKey() {

    @Override
    public void update(Object object) {
      throw new CacheException("Not allowed to update a null cache key instance.");
    }

    @Override
    public void updateAll(Object[] objects) {
      throw new CacheException("Not allowed to update a null cache key instance.");
    }
  };

  private static final int DEFAULT_MULTIPLIER = 37;
  private static final int DEFAULT_HASHCODE = 17;

  private final int multiplier;
  private int hashcode;
  private long checksum;
  private int count;
  // 8/21/2017 - Sonarlint flags this as needing to be marked transient. While true if content is not serializable, this
  // is not always true and thus should not be marked transient.
  private List<Object> updateList;

  public CacheKey() {
    this.hashcode = DEFAULT_HASHCODE;
    this.multiplier = DEFAULT_MULTIPLIER;
    this.count = 0;
    this.updateList = new ArrayList<>();
  }

  public CacheKey(Object[] objects) {
    this();
    updateAll(objects);
  }

  public int getUpdateCount() {
    return updateList.size();
  }

  public void update(Object object) {
    int baseHashCode = object == null ? 1 : ArrayUtil.hashCode(object);

    count++;
    checksum += baseHashCode;
    baseHashCode *= count;

    hashcode = multiplier * hashcode + baseHashCode;

    updateList.add(object);
  }

  public void updateAll(Object[] objects) {
    for (Object o : objects) {
      update(o);
    }
  }

  @Override
  public boolean equals(Object object) {
    if (this == object) {
      return true;
    }
    if (!(object instanceof CacheKey)) {
      return false;
    }

    final CacheKey cacheKey = (CacheKey) object;

    if (hashcode != cacheKey.hashcode) {
      return false;
    }
    if (checksum != cacheKey.checksum) {
      return false;
    }
    if (count != cacheKey.count) {
      return false;
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < updateList.size(); i++) {
      Object thisObject = updateList.get(i);
      Object thatObject = cacheKey.updateList.get(i);
      if (!ArrayUtil.equals(thisObject, thatObject)) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    return true;
  }

  @Override
  public int hashCode() {
    return hashcode;
  }

  @Override
  public String toString() {
    StringJoiner returnValue = new StringJoiner(":");
    returnValue.add(String.valueOf(hashcode));
    returnValue.add(String.valueOf(checksum));
    updateList.stream().map(ArrayUtil::toString).forEach(returnValue::add);
    return returnValue.toString();
  }

  @Override
  public CacheKey clone() throws CloneNotSupportedException {
    CacheKey clonedCacheKey = (CacheKey) super.clone();
    clonedCacheKey.updateList = new ArrayList<>(updateList);
    return clonedCacheKey;
  }

}

key的设计思想可以看这个方法

  public void update(Object object) {
    int baseHashCode = object == null ? 1 : ArrayUtil.hashCode(object);

    count++;
    checksum += baseHashCode;
    baseHashCode *= count;

    hashcode = multiplier * hashcode + baseHashCode;

    updateList.add(object);
  }

从上面可以看出来,也就是说不是我们通常简单的 String value = value1+value2+value3这种做key。因为key的属性中不一定能找到一个合适的String类型变量。此外hashCode()java.lang.Object类的基础方法,所有的对象也就都有这个方法。

image.png

使用的时候是下面这个样的
org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor

  @Override
  public CacheKey createCacheKey(MappedStatement ms, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, BoundSql boundSql) {
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    CacheKey cacheKey = new CacheKey();
    cacheKey.update(ms.getId());
    cacheKey.update(rowBounds.getOffset());
    cacheKey.update(rowBounds.getLimit());
    cacheKey.update(boundSql.getSql());
    List<ParameterMapping> parameterMappings = boundSql.getParameterMappings();
    TypeHandlerRegistry typeHandlerRegistry = ms.getConfiguration().getTypeHandlerRegistry();
    // mimic DefaultParameterHandler logic
    for (ParameterMapping parameterMapping : parameterMappings) {
      if (parameterMapping.getMode() != ParameterMode.OUT) {
        Object value;
        String propertyName = parameterMapping.getProperty();
        if (boundSql.hasAdditionalParameter(propertyName)) {
          value = boundSql.getAdditionalParameter(propertyName);
        } else if (parameterObject == null) {
          value = null;
        } else if (typeHandlerRegistry.hasTypeHandler(parameterObject.getClass())) {
          value = parameterObject;
        } else {
          MetaObject metaObject = configuration.newMetaObject(parameterObject);
          value = metaObject.getValue(propertyName);
        }
        cacheKey.update(value);
      }
    }
    if (configuration.getEnvironment() != null) {
      // issue #176
      cacheKey.update(configuration.getEnvironment().getId());
    }
    return cacheKey;
  }

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