Got to give it up(二)

[2] On August 9th, researchers found that the share of Americans who are considered “high risk” tipplers—women who, in any given week, have at least four drinks in a single day, or men who have five drinks—increased by nearly 30% in the period studied.
[3] Anne Case and Angus Deaton, two (married) economists at Princeton University, roll alcohol poisonings together with opioid deaths and suicides into what they call “deaths of despair”. Having suffered lurching economic and social change, they argue, white folk with high-school diplomas or less have turned to opioids and alcohol for comfort. Such anguish is what they believe underpins a rising mortality rate among middle-aged white Americans,even as that rate falls in other developed countries. Is the rise in problem drinking part of the same phenomenon?

单词注解

tippler ['tɪplə]

someone who drinks alcohol 喝酒的人,酒徒

anguish [ˈæŋɡwɪʃ]

mental or physical suffering caused by extreme pain or worry〔精神或身体上的〕极度痛苦
the anguish of not knowing what had happened to her 由于不知道她发生了什么事而痛苦不堪
anguished (adj)
an anguished cry for help 痛苦的呼救声
be in anguish 感到痛苦

underpin [‚ʌndə'pɪn]

1.to give strength or support to something and to help it succeed巩固,支持
the theories that underpin his teaching method 支持他的教学方法的理论
America’s wealth is underpinned by a global system which exploits the world’s poor. 美国的财富是靠一个剥削全世界穷人的全球体系来支撑的。
2.to put a solid piece of metal under a wall or house in order to make it stronger
加固〔墙体或房屋〕的地基

翻译

研究者在8月9号发现美国人被认为是“高风险”的人,在任何一个星期,女人每天至少喝四杯酒,男人每天至少喝五杯酒,在这个时期的研究中,它已经增加了30%。
普林斯顿大学的两名(已婚)的经济学家安妮·凯斯和安格斯·迪顿是将酒精中毒,类鸦片死亡和自杀统称为“绝望的死亡”。他们认为,因为遭受了经济突如其来的经济和社会变化,高学历或低学历的白人转向于喝酒和吃药寻求安慰。这种痛苦是他们认为美国中年白人死亡率上升的原因,尽管这一比率在其他发达国家是下降的。问题饮酒的上升是同一现象的一部分吗?

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