懂你英语Level 6 Unit 1 Part 2 Reading【Winter in Antarctic】

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1>>>

On Antarctica, the world's coldest continent, the average high temperature is -49 degrees Celsius. In the summer, the sun never sets, and in the winter, it never rises. Keeping sane there is its own special challenge.

Antarctic = 南极洲

set =  (日,月)落沉

rise = (太阳或月亮) 升起

sane = 理智的,神志正常的



2>>>

The McMurdo Station is a research base perched on the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf, the world's largest body of floating ice. The station is administered by the United States and is the largest community in Antarctic. Capable of supporting more than 1200 residents, the population of the station drops to 150 brave (perhaps foolish) people when winter begins in March. Their task is to maintain the station during the months of total night. The biologists, astronomers, geologists, and climate scientists who were there before, have gone, as any research is impossible in the brutal winter.

perch = 位于,使……坐落于

be administered by = 被……控制,被……管理

resident = 居民

brutal = 严酷的



3>>>

Every day the remaining staff of maintenance personnel perform their routine tasks and make repairs when needed. Sometimes they peer through the darkness toward their friends from New Zealand, at Scott Base, about two miles away. Though most of the time they're just voices on the radio, it's nice to have neighbors not too far away.

staff = 员工,职员

maintenance personnel = 维修人员

routine task = 常规任务,日常工作

peer = 凝视,盯着看;窥视



4>>>

Together, they share a power grid and one coast of a dark forbidding continent. Though the days are dark and freezing cold in the depths of winter, the moon will rest above the horizon for weeks at a time. Its pale light illuminates the cold, craggy landscape as if acknowledging a companion and reaffirming the bonds of life. So even for those who live in the darkest part of the Earth, there's light.

power grid = 电力网

forbidding = 令人生畏的;严峻的;险恶的

in the depths of winter = 在隆冬

illuminate = 照亮

craggy = 崎岖的;多峭壁的

landscape = 风景,景色

acknowledge = 对…表示感谢,答谢,向……致意

companion = 同伴




Questions:

1. — What is the tone of the piece of writing?

    — It's inspiring.

2. — Why do most of the researchers leave the research base when winter begins?

    — It's impossible to do research in winter.

3. To be brutal means to be harsh or cruel.

4. To illuminate something means to shine light on it.

5. Something is routine if it  is normal and expected.

6.  To keep sane means to not go insane or crazy.



Please tap the first correct sentence to appear:

1. What is the Ross Ice Shelf?

The McMurdo Station is a research base perched on the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf, the world's largest body of floating ice.

2. When does the Antarctic winter begin?

Capable of supporting more than 1200 residents, the population of the station drops to 150 brave (perhaps foolish) people when winter begins in March.

3. What rests above the horizon for weeks at a time?

Though the days are dark and freezing cold in the depths of winter, the moon will rest above the horizon for weeks at a time.



Fill in the blanks:

1. Every day the remaining staff of maintenance personnel perform their routine tasks and make repairs when needed.

2. Sometimes they peer through the darkness toward their friends from New Zealand, at Scott Base, about two miles away. Though most of the time they're just voices on the radio, it's nice to have neighbors not too far away. Together, they share a power grid and one coast of a dark forbidding continent.



Put the sentences below in order:

(1) The McMurdo Station is a research base perched on the edge of the Ross Ice Shelf, the world's largest body of floating ice.

(2) Capable of supporting more than 1200 residents, the population of the station drops to 150 brave (perhaps foolish) people when winter begins in March.

(3) Their task is to maintain the station during the months of total night.

(4) The station is administered by the United States and is the largest community in Antarctic.

Correct Order: (1) (4) (2) (3)



Repeat & Read Sentences:

1. Their task is to maintain the station during the months of total night.

2. Most of the researchers leave because it's impossible to do research during the winter.

3. To acknowledge something means to recognize or admit its existence.

4. The writer shares what it feels like to live and work in Antarctica.

5. Every day the remaining staff of maintenance personnel perform their routine tasks and make repairs when needed.

6. Though the days are dark and freezing cold in the depths of winter, the moon will rest above the horizon for weeks at a time.

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