历年高考英语作文之传统文化篇

近几年高考英语中,中国传统文化是个热门考点。所以,提前积累这方面的知识是十分必要的。

小编就近几年高考书面表达传统文化篇汇总如下,并附中国传统文化高频词汇,赶快背起来吧。

01

2018年全国 I 卷

假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗。请你回复邮件,内容包括:

1. 到达时间;

2. 合适的礼物;

3. 餐桌礼仪。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

One possible version:

Dear Terry,

How are you doing? In your last letter, you asked me about being a guest to a Chinese friend’s home. Now, I am writing to inform you of some relevant details.

To begin with, according to our tradition, you are supposed to arrive early, so that you can help the family prepare the dinner, which is not only meaningful but also interesting. Besides, you’d better bring some gifts, such as a book or a Chinese knot. What’s more, when you are enjoying the meal, you need to avoid making noises while chewing food.

Hopefully, these suggestions would be helpful for you. I have the confidence that you will have a great time. I am looking forward to your good news.

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

02

2017年全国 I 卷

假定你是李华,正在教你的英国朋友Leslie学习汉语。请你写封邮件告知下次上课的计划。内容包括:

1. 时间和地点;

2. 内容:学习唐诗;

3. 课前准备:简要了解唐朝的历史。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

One possible version:

Dear Leslie,

  How are you? Glad to see that you have made significant progress in Chinese learning. I’m now writing to tell you something about our next lesson.

  The lesson will start at 3 pm and finish at 5 pm next Sunday in Classroom 502. In the class, you will mainly learn Tang poetry, which reflects traditional Chinese culture and is deeply loved by the Chinese. You can feel the beauty of Chinese by learning Tang poetry. You’d better make full preparations before class and have a brief understanding of the history of Tang Dynasty, which makes it easy for you to go through the class.

  If there is anything that I can help you, please don’t hesitate to tell me. Looking forward to seeing you.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

03

2017年全国卷 II

假定你是李华,想邀请外教Henry一起参观中国剪纸 (paper-cutting) 艺术展。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1. 展览时间、地点;

2. 展览内容。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

One possible version:

Dear Henry,

  I’m Li Hua, the leader of the paper-cutting club in our school. Last time you told me you wished to learn more about traditional Chinese culture. Now I’m glad to tell you there will be a Chinese paper-cutting exhibition held by our school. I sincerely hope you can set aside some time for the art feast.

  The exhibition, the theme of which is “beauty of China”, will take place in the school hall from 2 to 5 on the afternoon of June 21. Not only will our club’s works be displayed, but we also have a valuable set of paper-cutting created by a famous artist in this field. Besides, there will be a lot of useful and interesting activities, from which you can have a clearer picture of Chinese culture.

  I would appreciate it if you could accept my invitation. I’m sure it can leave a wonderful impression on you! I’m looking forward to your reply.

  Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

04

2016年北京卷

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你的英国朋友Jim 在给你的邮件中提到他对中国历史很感兴趣,并请你介绍一位你喜欢的中国历史人物。请你给Jim回信,内容包括:

1. 该人物是谁;

2. 该人物的主要贡献;

3. 该人物对你的影响。

注意:

1. 词数不少于50;

2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Jim,

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua

One possible version:

Dear Jim,

Your letter came to me this morning. I’m delighted that you have developed an interest in Chinese history.

When it comes to my favourite figure in Chinese history, it must be Confucius, China’s most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist. Many of his words of wisdom that have been passed down from generation to generation have made a profound impact on the Chinese. In fact, he inspires me to become a teacher in the future for the purpose of cultivating talents.

If you want to know more about Confucius, please let me know. I can find you some books!

Yours,

Li Hua

05

2015年全国卷II

假定你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院 (nursing home) 陪老人们过重阳节 (the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教露西写封邮件,邀她一同前往,内容包括:

1. 出发及返回时间;

2. 活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 结语已为你写好。

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

One possible version:

Dear Lucy,

  The Double Ninth Festival, the day set aside for the elderly in our culture, is drawing near. Our class plan to visit the nursing home this Saturday in order to help the elderly there and enrich our after-class life at the same time.

  Here are some detailed arrangements during our stay there. We’ll make dumplings and cakes with the elderly people. We’ll also spend some fun time together singing, dancing and playing games, which will make them happy. We should be back around 4 o’clock in the afternoon as planned.  I’m convinced that the activity will be enjoyable and meaningful.

If you’d 1ike to join us, please let us know and we’ll wait for you at the school gate at 9 in the morning.

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

06

2015北京卷

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请给你的美国朋友Jim写一封邮件,告诉他你打算参加龙舟训练营,希望他一起参加。邮件的内容包括:

1. 介绍训练营的相关内容 (例如:时间、地点、参加者等);

2. 说明你打算参加的原因;

3. 询问对方的意向。

注意:

1. 词数不少于50;

2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

提示词:龙舟训练营 Dragon Boat Training Camp

Dear Jim,

                                                                                                                                                                               

Yours,

Li Hua

One possible version:

Dear Jim,

  How are you these days? Recently, I make a plan to take part in a Dragon Boat Training Camp so that I can broaden my horizons and enrich my school life.

  I want to tell you some details about the camp first. The camp will be held in my school next Saturday. And many other middle school students will take part in the camp as well. Therefore, we can communicate with each other very well.

  Well, I have two main reasons why I want to join it. The first one is that the dragon boat race is one of the most important traditions in China. And people treasure it very much. You can know it’s a very funny and wonderful activity. What’s more, I can improve myself in the camp and learn many things that can’t be found in the books.

  Would you like to join me? Please give me a reply soon and let me know your decision, OK?

  Wish you good luck.

Yours,

Li Hua

07

2013全国卷II

假定你是李华,自制了一些中国结 (Chinese knot)。给开网店的美国朋友Tom写封信,请他代卖,要点包括:

1. 外观 (尺寸、颜色、材料);

2. 象征意义;

3. 价格 。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头语已为你写好。

Dear Tom,

How are you doing?                                                                       

                                                                               

Li Hua

One possible version:

Dear Tom,

How is it going? I hear you are running an online shop, so I wonder if you could sell some Chinese knots for me.

Those Chinese knots are made of red silk thread, cloth and other material. They look fairly pretty in the shape of a diamond, about 5 inches long and 4 inches wide.  In China, these knots are often used to express good wishes, including happiness, prosperity, love and the absence of evil. People can either give them as gifts to friends or hang them in their houses. They are only 12.99 US dollars each.

Do let me know if you need further information. Thank you!

Li Hua

08

2013辽宁卷

一个英文网站面向中学生征稿。请你写一篇英语稿件,介绍“中秋节”及这个节日里的主要活动。

写作要点:

1. 它是中国的传统节日之一; 

2. 家人团聚;

3. 赏月、吃月饼;

4. 还有旅游、访友等其他活动。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

中秋节 the Mid-Autumn Festival

农历 lunar calendar

赏月 enjoy the full moon           

月饼 moon cake

The Mid-Autumn Festival

  The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar.

                                                                                                                                                               

One possible version:

The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar. It is one of the most important traditional festivals in China.

On the evening there will be a big family dinner. People who work far away from their homes will try to come back for the reunion. After dinner, people will light the lanterns which are usually red and round.

After that people usually eat moon cakes, which stand for unity. Often, if the weather is fine, they will go out of the houses to enjoy the full moon, talking about something pleasant. In addition to these traditional activities, nowadays people tend to go traveling and visit relatives to celebrate the festival.

09

2012天津卷

假设你是李津,你的美国朋友Chris就读于天津某国际学校。他熟悉中国文化,特别是戏曲文化。8月5日下午2:00在新落成的天津大剧院将上演越剧《梁山伯与祝英台》。请你根据以下提示,用英语给Chris写一封电子邮件,邀请他一起观看演出。

* 提出邀请并简述原因;

* 提出观剧后活动建议 (如参观附近的博物馆或美术馆等);

* 请求对方回复。

注意:

1. 请使用规范英语,词数不少于100;

2. 可适当加入细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

越剧 Shaoxing Opera               

《梁山伯与祝英台》 Butterfly Lovers

天津大剧院 Tianjin Grand Theater

Dear Chris,

I have good news to tell you.                                                                                                                                         

Yours,

Li Jin

One possible version:

Dear Chris,

I have good news to tell you. There will be staged Shaoxing Opera “Butterfly Lovers” in new Tianjin Grand Theatre at 2 pm on August 5. I sincerely invite you to watch the show because you are familiar with Chinese culture. Especially you know more about Chinese opera culture.

After watching the show, we plan to arrange some other activities. For example, we can visit the nearby museums or art galleries in order to know much more about Chinese culture and art. We may enjoy them and share their artistic charm together.

If you have any suggestions, please contact me as soon as possible. I’m looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Jin

10

2011天津卷

假设你是晨光中学学生会主席李华。你校将于6月26日接待来自美国某中学的学生访问团。你受学校委托,负责安排其在津的一日活动。请根据以下提示,用英语给该团的领队Smith先生写一封电子邮件,介绍活动计划并简要说明理由,最后征求对方意见。

·上午与我校学生座谈 (话题如校园生活、文化差异等);

·中午与我校学生共同进餐 (午餐包括饺子、面条等);

·下午与我校学生游览海河。

注意:

1. 词数不少于100;

2. 可适当加入细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯;

3. 信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:

海河 the Haihe River

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chenguang High School.                                                                                                                                                                             

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

One possible version:

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chenguang High School. I’m very happy to tell you our plan of your visit to Tianjin on June 26th as follows.

In the morning, you will have an informal discussion with us for a free talk about our school life, differences in cultures and customs. During the noon time, we will have lunch together. You can enjoy some Chinese food such as jiaozi and noodles. After lunch, you will have a break for a while. In the afternoon, we will show you around the Haihe River. I think you will have a good time there.

What do you think of the plan? If you have any suggestions, just tell me as soon as possible.

                                        Yours sincerely,

                                        Li Hua

传统文化高频词汇

1. 春节:the Spring Festival / Chinese New Year’s Day / Chinese Lunar New Year

2. 除夕:New Year’s Eve

3. 正月:lunar January

4. 初一:the beginning of New Year

5. 元宵节:the Lantern Festival

6. 春龙节:the Dragon-head-raising Festival (龙抬头)

7. 寒食节:the Cold Food Festival

8. 清明节:Tomb Sweeping Day

9. 端午节:the Dragon Boat Festival (龙舟节)

10. 七夕节:the Magpie Festival / Double Seventh Day (中国情人节)

11. 中元节:the Hungry Ghost Festival

12. 中秋节:the Mid-Autumn Festival

13. 重阳节:the Double Ninth Festival

14. 腊八节:the Laba Festival

15. 泼水节:the Water-Splashing Day

16. 剪纸:paper-cutting

17. 书法:calligraphy

18. 对联:couplets

19. 红双喜:double happiness

20. 红包(压岁钱):red envelope

21. 压岁钱:lucky money

22. 小吃摊:Snack Bar / Snack Stand

23. 元宵:sweet rice dumpling

24. 火锅:hot pot

25. 春卷:spring roll(s)

26. 莲藕:lotus(荷花 / 荷叶)root

27. 北京烤鸭:Beijing roast duck

28. 馄饨:wonton

29. 花卷:steamed twisted(扭曲的)rolls

30. 羊肉泡馍:pita bread soaked(浸)in lamb soup

31. 冰糖葫芦:a stick of sugar-coated haws

32. 鼻烟壶:snuff bottle

33. 粉丝:glass noodles

34. 豆腐脑:jellied(煮成胶冻状的)bean curd(凝乳)

35. 东坡肉:Dongpo Pork

36. 咸水鸭:boiled salted duck

37. 鸭血粉丝汤:duck blood and silk noodles soup

38. 长城:The Great Wall

39. 故宫博物院:The Palace Museum

40. 天坛:The Temple of Heaven

41. 敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves

42. 兵马俑:Cotta Warriors / Terracotta Army

43. 《诗经》:The Book of Songs

44. 《史记》:Historical Records / Records of the Grand Historian

45. 《红楼梦》:A Dream of Red Mansions (公馆)

46. 《西游记》:The Journey to the West

47. 孔子:Confucius

48. 孟子:Mencius

49. 京剧:Beijing Opera / Peking Opera

50. 黄梅戏:Huangmei Opera

51. 秦腔:Crying of Qin People / Qin Opera

52. 太极拳:t'ai chi

53. 文房四宝 (笔墨纸砚) :the Four Treasure of the Study / Brush, Ink stick, Paper, and Ink stone

54. 宣纸:rice paper

55. 相声:cross-talk / comic(滑稽的) dialogue

56. 木偶戏:puppet(木偶)show

57. 小品:witty(机智的)skits(滑稽剧)

58. 武术:Wushu / Chinese Martial Arts

59. 中庸:the way of medium / golden means

60. 火药:gunpowder

61. 指南针:compass

62. 造纸术:Papermaking

63. 印刷术:Printing Technique

64. 高铁:high-speed rail

65. 网购:online shopping

66. 电子支付系统:E-payment systems

67. 共享单车:bike-sharing services

68. 刺绣:Embroidery

69. 针灸:acupuncture

70. 五行:Five Phases

71. 旗袍:cheongsam

72. 叩头:kowtow

73. 秦淮河:Qinhuai River

74. 明孝陵:Ming Tomb

75. 云锦:Nanjing brocade

76. 中国结:Chinese knot

77. 皮影戏:shadow play

78. 壁画:mural

79. 水墨画:ink and wash painting

80. 青铜器:bronze ware

81. 漆器:lacquer ware

82. 彩陶:painted pottery

83. 彩塑:painted sculpture

84. 折扇:folding fan

85. 杂技:acrobatics

86. 踩高跷:stilt walking

87. 猜拳:finger-guessing game

88. 灯谜:lantern riddles

89. 庙会:temple fair

90. 四合院:siheyuan / quadrangle

91. 气功:Qigong

92. 甲骨文:Oracle Bone Inscriptions

93. 二人转:Errenzhuan

94. 八宝饭:eight-treasure rice pudding

95. 大扫除:year-end household cleaning

96. 老字号:China Time-honoured Brand

97. 说书:monologue story-telling

98. 拨浪鼓:shaking drum

99. 屏风:screen

100. 盆景:potted landscape