Android 架构师之路21 响应式编程RxJava 线程变换原理

Android 架构师之路 目录

前言

Scheduler体现了响应式编程思想:通过Scheduler实现了变化,并能向下传播。(变化传播)

线程变换功能模块:
  1. 让代码可以在不同的线程执行
  2. subscribeOn-订阅时的线程
  3. observeOn- 接收时的线程
  4. Scheduler - 实际做线程变换
1.RxJava1 线程变换
  1. Scheduler调度者
  2. Operator操作者符接口
  3. lift核心操作符
实例
   Observable.
                        create(new Observable.OnSubscribe<String>() {
                            @Override
                            public void call(Subscriber<? super String> subscriber) {
                                if (!subscriber.isUnsubscribed()) {
                                    Log.d(TAG, "currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                                    subscriber.onNext("test");
                                    subscriber.onCompleted();
                                }
                            }
                        }).
                        subscribeOn(Schedulers.newThread()).
                        observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread()).
                        subscribe(new Observer<String>() {
                            @Override
                            public void onCompleted() {

                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onError(Throwable e) {

                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onNext(String s) {
                                Log.d(TAG, "onNext:" + s + "currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                            }
                        });
运行
06-12 17:00:13.846 6227-6495/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: currentThread:Thread[RxNewThreadScheduler-1,5,main]
06-12 17:00:13.856 6227-6227/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: onNext:testcurrentThread:Thread[main,5,main]
2.RxJava2 线程变换
  1. Scheduler调度者
  2. AbstractObservableWithUpStream抽象类
                   /*---------无背压---------*/
                Observable.
                        create(new ObservableOnSubscribe<String>() {
                            @Override
                            public void subscribe(ObservableEmitter<String> emitter) throws Exception {
                                if (!emitter.isDisposed()) {
                                    Log.d(TAG, "Observable currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                                    emitter.onNext("test");
                                    emitter.onComplete();
                                }
                            }
                        }).
                        subscribeOn(Schedulers.newThread()).
                        observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread()).
                        subscribe(new Observer<String>() {
                            @Override
                            public void onSubscribe(Disposable d) {

                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onNext(String o) {
                                Log.d(TAG, "Observable onNext:" + o);
                                Log.d(TAG, "Observable currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());

                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onError(Throwable e) {

                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onComplete() {

                            }
                        });
                  /*---------有背压---------*/
                Flowable.create(new FlowableOnSubscribe<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void subscribe(FlowableEmitter<String> emitter) throws Exception {
                        if (!emitter.isCancelled()) {
                            Log.d(TAG, "Flowable currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                            emitter.onNext("test");
                            emitter.onComplete();
                        }
                    }
                }, BackpressureStrategy.DROP).
                        subscribeOn(Schedulers.newThread()).
                        observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread()).
                        subscribe(new Subscriber<String>() {
                            @Override
                            public void onSubscribe(Subscription s) {
                                s.request(Long.MAX_VALUE);
                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onNext(String s) {
                                Log.d(TAG, "Flowable onNext:" + s);
                                Log.d(TAG, "Flowable currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onError(Throwable t) {

                            }

                            @Override
                            public void onComplete() {

                            }
                        });

06-13 13:37:13.009 3063-3949/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: Observable currentThread:Thread[RxNewThreadScheduler-1,5,main]
06-13 13:37:13.019 3063-3063/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: Observable onNext:test
06-13 13:37:13.019 3063-3063/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: Observable currentThread:Thread[main,5,main]
06-13 13:37:13.019 3063-3950/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: Flowable currentThread:Thread[RxNewThreadScheduler-2,5,main]
06-13 13:37:13.029 3063-3063/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: Flowable onNext:test
06-13 13:37:13.029 3063-3063/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: Flowable currentThread:Thread[main,5,main]
3.RxJava1 Scheduler调度者源码分析
  1. Scheduler:抽象类
  2. Worker:真正做线程调度的类
  3. Action0: 在线程中执行的操作
  4. schedule: 实际做线程调度的方法,入参为Action0
public abstract class Scheduler {

    public abstract Worker createWorker();

    /**
     * Sequential Scheduler for executing actions on a single thread or event loop.
     * <p>
     * Unsubscribing the {@link Worker} cancels all outstanding work and allows resources cleanup.
     */
    public abstract static class Worker implements Subscription {

        /**
         * Schedules an Action for execution.
         *
         * @param action
         *            Action to schedule
         * @return a subscription to be able to prevent or cancel the execution of the action
         */
        public abstract Subscription schedule(Action0 action);


        public abstract Subscription schedule(final Action0 action, final long delayTime, final TimeUnit unit);


        public Subscription schedulePeriodically(final Action0 action, long initialDelay, long period, TimeUnit unit) {
            return SchedulePeriodicHelper.schedulePeriodically(this, action,
                    initialDelay, period, unit, null);
        }


        public long now() {
            return System.currentTimeMillis();
        }
    }


    public long now() {
        return System.currentTimeMillis();
    }


    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public <S extends Scheduler & Subscription> S when(Func1<Observable<Observable<Completable>>, Completable> combine) {
        return (S) new SchedulerWhen(combine, this);
    }
}
线程调度过程:
  1. 传入不同Scheduler来使用不同的线程
    public final Observable<T> subscribeOn(Scheduler scheduler) {
        return subscribeOn(scheduler, !(this.onSubscribe instanceof OnSubscribeCreate));
    }
    public final Observable<T> observeOn(Scheduler scheduler) {
        return observeOn(scheduler, RxRingBuffer.SIZE);
    }
  1. 用Scheduler创建Worker来使用真正的线程池

NewThreadWorker 中创建线程池

public class NewThreadWorker extends Scheduler.Worker implements Subscription {
    private final ScheduledExecutorService executor;
    volatile boolean isUnsubscribed;
    /** The purge frequency in milliseconds. */
    private static final String FREQUENCY_KEY = "rx.scheduler.jdk6.purge-frequency-millis";
    /** Force the use of purge (true/false). */
    private static final String PURGE_FORCE_KEY = "rx.scheduler.jdk6.purge-force";
    private static final String PURGE_THREAD_PREFIX = "RxSchedulerPurge-";
    private static final boolean SHOULD_TRY_ENABLE_CANCEL_POLICY;
    /** The purge frequency in milliseconds. */
    public static final int PURGE_FREQUENCY;
    private static final ConcurrentHashMap<ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor, ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor> EXECUTORS;
    private static final AtomicReference<ScheduledExecutorService> PURGE;
    /**
     * Improves performance of {@link #tryEnableCancelPolicy(ScheduledExecutorService)}.
     * Also, it works even for inheritance: {@link Method} of base class can be invoked on the instance of child class.
     */
    private static volatile Object cachedSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod;

    /**
     * Possible value of {@link #cachedSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod} which means that cancel policy is not supported.
     */
    private static final Object SET_REMOVE_ON_CANCEL_POLICY_METHOD_NOT_SUPPORTED = new Object();

    static {
        EXECUTORS = new ConcurrentHashMap<ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor, ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor>();
        PURGE = new AtomicReference<ScheduledExecutorService>();
        PURGE_FREQUENCY = Integer.getInteger(FREQUENCY_KEY, 1000);

        // Forces the use of purge even if setRemoveOnCancelPolicy is available
        final boolean purgeForce = Boolean.getBoolean(PURGE_FORCE_KEY);

        final int androidApiVersion = PlatformDependent.getAndroidApiVersion();

        // According to http://developer.android.com/reference/java/util/concurrent/ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.html#setRemoveOnCancelPolicy(boolean)
        // setRemoveOnCancelPolicy available since Android API 21
        SHOULD_TRY_ENABLE_CANCEL_POLICY = !purgeForce
                && (androidApiVersion == ANDROID_API_VERSION_IS_NOT_ANDROID || androidApiVersion >= 21);
    }
    /**
     * Registers the given executor service and starts the purge thread if not already started.
     * <p>{@code public} visibility reason: called from other package(s) within RxJava
     * @param service a scheduled thread pool executor instance
     */
    public static void registerExecutor(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor service) {
        do {
            ScheduledExecutorService exec = PURGE.get();
            if (exec != null) {
                break;
            }
            exec = Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(1, new RxThreadFactory(PURGE_THREAD_PREFIX));
            if (PURGE.compareAndSet(null, exec)) {
                exec.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        purgeExecutors();
                    }
                }, PURGE_FREQUENCY, PURGE_FREQUENCY, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

                break;
            } else {
                exec.shutdownNow();
            }
        } while (true);

        EXECUTORS.putIfAbsent(service, service);
    }
    /**
     * Deregisters the executor service.
     * <p>{@code public} visibility reason: called from other package(s) within RxJava
     * @param service a scheduled thread pool executor instance
     */
    public static void deregisterExecutor(ScheduledExecutorService service) {
        EXECUTORS.remove(service);
    }

    /** Purges each registered executor and eagerly evicts shutdown executors. */
    static void purgeExecutors() {
        try {
            // This prevents map.keySet to compile to a Java 8+ KeySetView return type
            // and cause NoSuchMethodError on Java 6-7 runtimes.
            Map<ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor, ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor> map = EXECUTORS;
            Iterator<ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor> it = map.keySet().iterator();
            while (it.hasNext()) {
                ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor exec = it.next();
                if (!exec.isShutdown()) {
                    exec.purge();
                } else {
                    it.remove();
                }
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            Exceptions.throwIfFatal(t);
            RxJavaHooks.onError(t);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tries to enable the Java 7+ setRemoveOnCancelPolicy.
     * <p>{@code public} visibility reason: called from other package(s) within RxJava.
     * If the method returns false, the {@link #registerExecutor(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor)} may
     * be called to enable the backup option of purging the executors.
     * @param executor the executor to call setRemoveOnCancelPolicy if available.
     * @return true if the policy was successfully enabled
     */
    public static boolean tryEnableCancelPolicy(ScheduledExecutorService executor) {
        if (SHOULD_TRY_ENABLE_CANCEL_POLICY) { // NOPMD
            final boolean isInstanceOfScheduledThreadPoolExecutor = executor instanceof ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor;

            Method methodToCall;

            if (isInstanceOfScheduledThreadPoolExecutor) {
                final Object localSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod = cachedSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod;

                if (localSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod == SET_REMOVE_ON_CANCEL_POLICY_METHOD_NOT_SUPPORTED) {
                    return false;
                }

                if (localSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod == null) {
                    Method method = findSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod(executor);

                    cachedSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod = method != null
                            ? method
                            : SET_REMOVE_ON_CANCEL_POLICY_METHOD_NOT_SUPPORTED;

                    methodToCall = method;
                } else {
                    methodToCall = (Method) localSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod;
                }
            } else {
                methodToCall = findSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod(executor);
            }

            if (methodToCall != null) {
                try {
                    methodToCall.invoke(executor, true);
                    return true;
                } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                    RxJavaHooks.onError(e);
                } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                    RxJavaHooks.onError(e);
                } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
                    RxJavaHooks.onError(e);
                }
            }
        }

        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Tries to find {@code "setRemoveOnCancelPolicy(boolean)"} method in the class of passed executor.
     *
     * @param executor whose class will be used to search for required method.
     * @return {@code "setRemoveOnCancelPolicy(boolean)"} {@link Method}
     * or {@code null} if required {@link Method} was not found.
     */
    static Method findSetRemoveOnCancelPolicyMethod(ScheduledExecutorService executor) {
        // The reason for the loop is to avoid NoSuchMethodException being thrown on JDK 6
        // which is more costly than looping through ~70 methods.
        for (final Method method : executor.getClass().getMethods()) {
            if (method.getName().equals("setRemoveOnCancelPolicy")) {
                final Class<?>[] parameterTypes = method.getParameterTypes();

                if (parameterTypes.length == 1 && parameterTypes[0] == Boolean.TYPE) {
                    return method;
                }
            }
        }

        return null;
    }

    /* package */
    public NewThreadWorker(ThreadFactory threadFactory) {
        ScheduledExecutorService exec = Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(1, threadFactory);
        // Java 7+: cancelled future tasks can be removed from the executor thus avoiding memory leak
        boolean cancelSupported = tryEnableCancelPolicy(exec);
        if (!cancelSupported && exec instanceof ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor) {
            registerExecutor((ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor)exec);
        }
        executor = exec;
    }

    @Override
    public Subscription schedule(final Action0 action) {
        return schedule(action, 0, null);
    }

    @Override
    public Subscription schedule(final Action0 action, long delayTime, TimeUnit unit) {
        if (isUnsubscribed) {
            return Subscriptions.unsubscribed();
        }
        return scheduleActual(action, delayTime, unit);
    }

    /**
     * Schedules the given action by wrapping it into a ScheduledAction on the
     * underlying ExecutorService, returning the ScheduledAction.
     * @param action the action to wrap and schedule
     * @param delayTime the delay in execution
     * @param unit the time unit of the delay
     * @return the wrapper ScheduledAction
     */
    public ScheduledAction scheduleActual(final Action0 action, long delayTime, TimeUnit unit) {
        Action0 decoratedAction = RxJavaHooks.onScheduledAction(action);
        ScheduledAction run = new ScheduledAction(decoratedAction);
        Future<?> f;
        if (delayTime <= 0) {
            f = executor.submit(run);
        } else {
            f = executor.schedule(run, delayTime, unit);
        }
        run.add(f);

        return run;
    }
    public ScheduledAction scheduleActual(final Action0 action, long delayTime, TimeUnit unit, CompositeSubscription parent) {
        Action0 decoratedAction = RxJavaHooks.onScheduledAction(action);
        ScheduledAction run = new ScheduledAction(decoratedAction, parent);
        parent.add(run);

        Future<?> f;
        if (delayTime <= 0) {
            f = executor.submit(run);
        } else {
            f = executor.schedule(run, delayTime, unit);
        }
        run.add(f);

        return run;
    }

    public ScheduledAction scheduleActual(final Action0 action, long delayTime, TimeUnit unit, SubscriptionList parent) {
        Action0 decoratedAction = RxJavaHooks.onScheduledAction(action);
        ScheduledAction run = new ScheduledAction(decoratedAction, parent);
        parent.add(run);

        Future<?> f;
        if (delayTime <= 0) {
            f = executor.submit(run);
        } else {
            f = executor.schedule(run, delayTime, unit);
        }
        run.add(f);

        return run;
    }

    @Override
    public void unsubscribe() {
        isUnsubscribed = true;
        executor.shutdownNow();
        deregisterExecutor(executor);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
        return isUnsubscribed;
    }
}
  1. 传入具体操作Action0

  2. 通过scheduler方法来实现调度

ScheduledAction 中 action.call(); 执行具体操作

public final class ScheduledAction extends AtomicReference<Thread> implements Runnable, Subscription {
    /** */
    private static final long serialVersionUID = -3962399486978279857L;
    final SubscriptionList cancel;
    final Action0 action;

    public ScheduledAction(Action0 action) {
        this.action = action;
        this.cancel = new SubscriptionList();
    }
    public ScheduledAction(Action0 action, CompositeSubscription parent) {
        this.action = action;
        this.cancel = new SubscriptionList(new Remover(this, parent));
    }
    public ScheduledAction(Action0 action, SubscriptionList parent) {
        this.action = action;
        this.cancel = new SubscriptionList(new Remover2(this, parent));
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        try {
            lazySet(Thread.currentThread());
            action.call();
        } catch (OnErrorNotImplementedException e) {
            signalError(new IllegalStateException("Exception thrown on Scheduler.Worker thread. Add `onError` handling.", e));
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            signalError(new IllegalStateException("Fatal Exception thrown on Scheduler.Worker thread.", e));
        } finally {
            unsubscribe();
        }
    }

    void signalError(Throwable ie) {
        RxJavaHooks.onError(ie);
        Thread thread = Thread.currentThread();
        thread.getUncaughtExceptionHandler().uncaughtException(thread, ie);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
        return cancel.isUnsubscribed();
    }

    @Override
    public void unsubscribe() {
        if (!cancel.isUnsubscribed()) {
            cancel.unsubscribe();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Adds a general Subscription to this {@code ScheduledAction} that will be unsubscribed
     * if the underlying {@code action} completes or the this scheduled action is cancelled.
     *
     * @param s the Subscription to add
     */
    public void add(Subscription s) {
        cancel.add(s);
    }

    /**
     * Adds the given Future to the unsubscription composite in order to support
     * cancelling the underlying task in the executor framework.
     * @param f the future to add
     */
    public void add(final Future<?> f) {
        cancel.add(new FutureCompleter(f));
    }

    /**
     * Adds a parent {@link CompositeSubscription} to this {@code ScheduledAction} so when the action is
     * cancelled or terminates, it can remove itself from this parent.
     *
     * @param parent
     *            the parent {@code CompositeSubscription} to add
     */
    public void addParent(CompositeSubscription parent) {
        cancel.add(new Remover(this, parent));
    }

    /**
     * Adds a parent {@link CompositeSubscription} to this {@code ScheduledAction} so when the action is
     * cancelled or terminates, it can remove itself from this parent.
     *
     * @param parent
     *            the parent {@code CompositeSubscription} to add
     */
    public void addParent(SubscriptionList parent) {
        cancel.add(new Remover2(this, parent));
    }

    /**
     * Cancels the captured future if the caller of the call method
     * is not the same as the runner of the outer ScheduledAction to
     * prevent unnecessary self-interrupting if the unsubscription
     * happens from the same thread.
     */
    final class FutureCompleter implements Subscription {
        private final Future<?> f;

        FutureCompleter(Future<?> f) {
            this.f = f;
        }

        @Override
        public void unsubscribe() {
            if (ScheduledAction.this.get() != Thread.currentThread()) {
                f.cancel(true);
            } else {
                f.cancel(false);
            }
        }
        @Override
        public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
            return f.isCancelled();
        }
    }

    /** Remove a child subscription from a composite when unsubscribing. */
    static final class Remover extends AtomicBoolean implements Subscription {
        /** */
        private static final long serialVersionUID = 247232374289553518L;
        final ScheduledAction s;
        final CompositeSubscription parent;

        public Remover(ScheduledAction s, CompositeSubscription parent) {
            this.s = s;
            this.parent = parent;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
            return s.isUnsubscribed();
        }

        @Override
        public void unsubscribe() {
            if (compareAndSet(false, true)) {
                parent.remove(s);
            }
        }

    }
    /** Remove a child subscription from a composite when unsubscribing. */
    static final class Remover2 extends AtomicBoolean implements Subscription {
        /** */
        private static final long serialVersionUID = 247232374289553518L;
        final ScheduledAction s;
        final SubscriptionList parent;

        public Remover2(ScheduledAction s, SubscriptionList parent) {
            this.s = s;
            this.parent = parent;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
            return s.isUnsubscribed();
        }

        @Override
        public void unsubscribe() {
            if (compareAndSet(false, true)) {
                parent.remove(s);
            }
        }

    }
}
rxJava1: rxandroid中的Scheduler

通过Handler和Looper来实现执行在主线程

/** Android-specific Schedulers. */
public final class AndroidSchedulers {
    private static final AtomicReference<AndroidSchedulers> INSTANCE = new AtomicReference<>();

    private final Scheduler mainThreadScheduler;

    private static AndroidSchedulers getInstance() {
        for (;;) {
            AndroidSchedulers current = INSTANCE.get();
            if (current != null) {
                return current;
            }
            current = new AndroidSchedulers();
            if (INSTANCE.compareAndSet(null, current)) {
                return current;
            }
        }
    }

    private AndroidSchedulers() {
        RxAndroidSchedulersHook hook = RxAndroidPlugins.getInstance().getSchedulersHook();

        Scheduler main = hook.getMainThreadScheduler();
        if (main != null) {
            mainThreadScheduler = main;
        } else {
            mainThreadScheduler = new LooperScheduler(Looper.getMainLooper());
        }
    }

    /** A {@link Scheduler} which executes actions on the Android UI thread. */
    public static Scheduler mainThread() {
        return getInstance().mainThreadScheduler;
    }

    /** A {@link Scheduler} which executes actions on {@code looper}. */
    public static Scheduler from(Looper looper) {
        if (looper == null) throw new NullPointerException("looper == null");
        return new LooperScheduler(looper);
    }

    /**
     * Resets the current {@link AndroidSchedulers} instance.
     * This will re-init the cached schedulers on the next usage,
     * which can be useful in testing.
     */
    @Experimental
    public static void reset() {
        INSTANCE.set(null);
    }
}
class LooperScheduler extends Scheduler {
    private final Handler handler;

    LooperScheduler(Looper looper) {
        handler = new Handler(looper);
    }

    LooperScheduler(Handler handler) {
        this.handler = handler;
    }

    @Override
    public Worker createWorker() {
        return new HandlerWorker(handler);
    }

    static class HandlerWorker extends Worker {
        private final Handler handler;
        private final RxAndroidSchedulersHook hook;
        private volatile boolean unsubscribed;

        HandlerWorker(Handler handler) {
            this.handler = handler;
            this.hook = RxAndroidPlugins.getInstance().getSchedulersHook();
        }

        @Override
        public void unsubscribe() {
            unsubscribed = true;
            handler.removeCallbacksAndMessages(this /* token */);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
            return unsubscribed;
        }

        @Override
        public Subscription schedule(Action0 action, long delayTime, TimeUnit unit) {
            if (unsubscribed) {
                return Subscriptions.unsubscribed();
            }

            action = hook.onSchedule(action);

            ScheduledAction scheduledAction = new ScheduledAction(action, handler);

            Message message = Message.obtain(handler, scheduledAction);
            message.obj = this; // Used as token for unsubscription operation.

            handler.sendMessageDelayed(message, unit.toMillis(delayTime));

            if (unsubscribed) {
                handler.removeCallbacks(scheduledAction);
                return Subscriptions.unsubscribed();
            }

            return scheduledAction;
        }

        @Override
        public Subscription schedule(final Action0 action) {
            return schedule(action, 0, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
        }
    }

    static final class ScheduledAction implements Runnable, Subscription {
        private final Action0 action;
        private final Handler handler;
        private volatile boolean unsubscribed;

        ScheduledAction(Action0 action, Handler handler) {
            this.action = action;
            this.handler = handler;
        }

        @Override public void run() {
            try {
                action.call();
            } catch (Throwable e) {
                // nothing to do but print a System error as this is fatal and there is nowhere else to throw this
                IllegalStateException ie;
                if (e instanceof OnErrorNotImplementedException) {
                    ie = new IllegalStateException("Exception thrown on Scheduler.Worker thread. Add `onError` handling.", e);
                } else {
                    ie = new IllegalStateException("Fatal Exception thrown on Scheduler.Worker thread.", e);
                }
                RxJavaPlugins.getInstance().getErrorHandler().handleError(ie);
                Thread thread = Thread.currentThread();
                thread.getUncaughtExceptionHandler().uncaughtException(thread, ie);
            }
        }

        @Override public void unsubscribe() {
            unsubscribed = true;
            handler.removeCallbacks(this);
        }

        @Override public boolean isUnsubscribed() {
            return unsubscribed;
        }
    }
}

4.RxJava2 Scheduler调度者源码分析

public abstract class Scheduler {
  
    static final long CLOCK_DRIFT_TOLERANCE_NANOSECONDS;
    static {
        CLOCK_DRIFT_TOLERANCE_NANOSECONDS = TimeUnit.MINUTES.toNanos(
                Long.getLong("rx2.scheduler.drift-tolerance", 15));
    }
   
    public static long clockDriftTolerance() {
        return CLOCK_DRIFT_TOLERANCE_NANOSECONDS;
    }

    
    @NonNull
    public abstract io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker createWorker();
    
    public long now(@NonNull TimeUnit unit) {
        return unit.convert(System.currentTimeMillis(), TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
    }
    
    public void start() {

    }

    public void shutdown() {

    }
    
    @NonNull
    public Disposable scheduleDirect(@NonNull Runnable run) {
        return scheduleDirect(run, 0L, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS);
    }

 
    @NonNull
    public Disposable scheduleDirect(@NonNull Runnable run, long delay, @NonNull TimeUnit unit) {
        final io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker w = createWorker();

        final Runnable decoratedRun = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);

        io.reactivex.Scheduler.DisposeTask task = new io.reactivex.Scheduler.DisposeTask(decoratedRun, w);

        w.schedule(task, delay, unit);

        return task;
    }

    @NonNull
    public Disposable schedulePeriodicallyDirect(@NonNull Runnable run, long initialDelay, long period, @NonNull TimeUnit unit) {
        final io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker w = createWorker();

        final Runnable decoratedRun = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);

        io.reactivex.Scheduler.PeriodicDirectTask periodicTask = new io.reactivex.Scheduler.PeriodicDirectTask(decoratedRun, w);

        Disposable d = w.schedulePeriodically(periodicTask, initialDelay, period, unit);
        if (d == EmptyDisposable.INSTANCE) {
            return d;
        }

        return periodicTask;
    }

  
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    @NonNull
    public <S extends io.reactivex.Scheduler & Disposable> S when(@NonNull Function<Flowable<Flowable<Completable>>, Completable> combine) {
        return (S) new SchedulerWhen(combine, this);
    }

   
    public abstract static class Worker implements Disposable {
        /**
         * Schedules a Runnable for execution without any time delay.
         *
         * <p>The default implementation delegates to {@link #schedule(Runnable, long, TimeUnit)}.
         *
         * @param run
         *            Runnable to schedule
         * @return a Disposable to be able to unsubscribe the action (cancel it if not executed)
         */
        @NonNull
        public Disposable schedule(@NonNull Runnable run) {
            return schedule(run, 0L, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS);
        }

        /**
         * Schedules an Runnable for execution at some point in the future specified by a time delay
         * relative to the current time.
         * <p>
         * Note to implementors: non-positive {@code delayTime} should be regarded as non-delayed schedule, i.e.,
         * as if the {@link #schedule(Runnable)} was called.
         *
         * @param run
         *            the Runnable to schedule
         * @param delay
         *            time to "wait" before executing the action; non-positive values indicate an non-delayed
         *            schedule
         * @param unit
         *            the time unit of {@code delayTime}
         * @return a Disposable to be able to unsubscribe the action (cancel it if not executed)
         */
        @NonNull
        public abstract Disposable schedule(@NonNull Runnable run, long delay, @NonNull TimeUnit unit);

 
        @NonNull
        public Disposable schedulePeriodically(@NonNull Runnable run, final long initialDelay, final long period, @NonNull final TimeUnit unit) {
            final SequentialDisposable first = new SequentialDisposable();

            final SequentialDisposable sd = new SequentialDisposable(first);

            final Runnable decoratedRun = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);

            final long periodInNanoseconds = unit.toNanos(period);
            final long firstNowNanoseconds = now(TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS);
            final long firstStartInNanoseconds = firstNowNanoseconds + unit.toNanos(initialDelay);

            Disposable d = schedule(new io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker.PeriodicTask(firstStartInNanoseconds, decoratedRun, firstNowNanoseconds, sd,
                    periodInNanoseconds), initialDelay, unit);

            if (d == EmptyDisposable.INSTANCE) {
                return d;
            }
            first.replace(d);

            return sd;
        }

        /**
         * Returns the 'current time' of the Worker in the specified time unit.
         * @param unit the time unit
         * @return the 'current time'
         * @since 2.0
         */
        public long now(@NonNull TimeUnit unit) {
            return unit.convert(System.currentTimeMillis(), TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
        }

        /**
         * Holds state and logic to calculate when the next delayed invocation
         * of this task has to happen (accounting for clock drifts).
         */
        final class PeriodicTask implements Runnable, SchedulerRunnableIntrospection {
            @NonNull
            final Runnable decoratedRun;
            @NonNull
            final SequentialDisposable sd;
            final long periodInNanoseconds;
            long count;
            long lastNowNanoseconds;
            long startInNanoseconds;

            PeriodicTask(long firstStartInNanoseconds, @NonNull Runnable decoratedRun,
                         long firstNowNanoseconds, @NonNull SequentialDisposable sd, long periodInNanoseconds) {
                this.decoratedRun = decoratedRun;
                this.sd = sd;
                this.periodInNanoseconds = periodInNanoseconds;
                lastNowNanoseconds = firstNowNanoseconds;
                startInNanoseconds = firstStartInNanoseconds;
            }

            @Override
            public void run() {
                decoratedRun.run();

                if (!sd.isDisposed()) {

                    long nextTick;

                    long nowNanoseconds = now(TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS);
                    // If the clock moved in a direction quite a bit, rebase the repetition period
                    if (nowNanoseconds + CLOCK_DRIFT_TOLERANCE_NANOSECONDS < lastNowNanoseconds
                            || nowNanoseconds >= lastNowNanoseconds + periodInNanoseconds + CLOCK_DRIFT_TOLERANCE_NANOSECONDS) {
                        nextTick = nowNanoseconds + periodInNanoseconds;
                        /*
                         * Shift the start point back by the drift as if the whole thing
                         * started count periods ago.
                         */
                        startInNanoseconds = nextTick - (periodInNanoseconds * (++count));
                    } else {
                        nextTick = startInNanoseconds + (++count * periodInNanoseconds);
                    }
                    lastNowNanoseconds = nowNanoseconds;

                    long delay = nextTick - nowNanoseconds;
                    sd.replace(schedule(this, delay, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS));
                }
            }

            @Override
            public Runnable getWrappedRunnable() {
                return this.decoratedRun;
            }
        }
    }

    static final class PeriodicDirectTask
            implements Disposable, Runnable, SchedulerRunnableIntrospection {

        @NonNull
        final Runnable run;

        @NonNull
        final io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker worker;

        volatile boolean disposed;

        PeriodicDirectTask(@NonNull Runnable run, @NonNull io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker worker) {
            this.run = run;
            this.worker = worker;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            if (!disposed) {
                try {
                    run.run();
                } catch (Throwable ex) {
                    Exceptions.throwIfFatal(ex);
                    worker.dispose();
                    throw ExceptionHelper.wrapOrThrow(ex);
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void dispose() {
            disposed = true;
            worker.dispose();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isDisposed() {
            return disposed;
        }

        @Override
        public Runnable getWrappedRunnable() {
            return run;
        }
    }

    static final class DisposeTask implements Disposable, Runnable, SchedulerRunnableIntrospection {

        @NonNull
        final Runnable decoratedRun;

        @NonNull
        final io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker w;

        @Nullable
        Thread runner;

        DisposeTask(@NonNull Runnable decoratedRun, @NonNull io.reactivex.Scheduler.Worker w) {
            this.decoratedRun = decoratedRun;
            this.w = w;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            runner = Thread.currentThread();
            try {
                decoratedRun.run();
            } finally {
                dispose();
                runner = null;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void dispose() {
            if (runner == Thread.currentThread() && w instanceof NewThreadWorker) {
                ((NewThreadWorker)w).shutdown();
            } else {
                w.dispose();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isDisposed() {
            return w.isDisposed();
        }

        @Override
        public Runnable getWrappedRunnable() {
            return this.decoratedRun;
        }
    }
}
  1. 传入不同的Scheduler来使用不同的线程
  2. 用Scheduler创建Worker来使用真正的线程池
public class NewThreadWorker extends Scheduler.Worker implements Disposable {
    private final ScheduledExecutorService executor;

    volatile boolean disposed;

    public NewThreadWorker(ThreadFactory threadFactory) {
        executor = SchedulerPoolFactory.create(threadFactory);
    }

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public Disposable schedule(@NonNull final Runnable run) {
        return schedule(run, 0, null);
    }

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public Disposable schedule(@NonNull final Runnable action, long delayTime, @NonNull TimeUnit unit) {
        if (disposed) {
            return EmptyDisposable.INSTANCE;
        }
        return scheduleActual(action, delayTime, unit, null);
    }

    /**
     * Schedules the given runnable on the underlying executor directly and
     * returns its future wrapped into a Disposable.
     * @param run the Runnable to execute in a delayed fashion
     * @param delayTime the delay amount
     * @param unit the delay time unit
     * @return the ScheduledRunnable instance
     */
    public Disposable scheduleDirect(final Runnable run, long delayTime, TimeUnit unit) {
        ScheduledDirectTask task = new ScheduledDirectTask(RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run));
        try {
            Future<?> f;
            if (delayTime <= 0L) {
                f = executor.submit(task);
            } else {
                f = executor.schedule(task, delayTime, unit);
            }
            task.setFuture(f);
            return task;
        } catch (RejectedExecutionException ex) {
            RxJavaPlugins.onError(ex);
            return EmptyDisposable.INSTANCE;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Schedules the given runnable periodically on the underlying executor directly
     * and returns its future wrapped into a Disposable.
     * @param run the Runnable to execute in a periodic fashion
     * @param initialDelay the initial delay amount
     * @param period the repeat period amount
     * @param unit the time unit for both the initialDelay and period
     * @return the ScheduledRunnable instance
     */
    public Disposable schedulePeriodicallyDirect(Runnable run, long initialDelay, long period, TimeUnit unit) {
        final Runnable decoratedRun = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);
        if (period <= 0L) {

            InstantPeriodicTask periodicWrapper = new InstantPeriodicTask(decoratedRun, executor);
            try {
                Future<?> f;
                if (initialDelay <= 0L) {
                    f = executor.submit(periodicWrapper);
                } else {
                    f = executor.schedule(periodicWrapper, initialDelay, unit);
                }
                periodicWrapper.setFirst(f);
            } catch (RejectedExecutionException ex) {
                RxJavaPlugins.onError(ex);
                return EmptyDisposable.INSTANCE;
            }

            return periodicWrapper;
        }
        ScheduledDirectPeriodicTask task = new ScheduledDirectPeriodicTask(decoratedRun);
        try {
            Future<?> f = executor.scheduleAtFixedRate(task, initialDelay, period, unit);
            task.setFuture(f);
            return task;
        } catch (RejectedExecutionException ex) {
            RxJavaPlugins.onError(ex);
            return EmptyDisposable.INSTANCE;
        }
    }


    /**
     * Wraps the given runnable into a ScheduledRunnable and schedules it
     * on the underlying ScheduledExecutorService.
     * <p>If the schedule has been rejected, the ScheduledRunnable.wasScheduled will return
     * false.
     * @param run the runnable instance
     * @param delayTime the time to delay the execution
     * @param unit the time unit
     * @param parent the optional tracker parent to add the created ScheduledRunnable instance to before it gets scheduled
     * @return the ScheduledRunnable instance
     */
    @NonNull
    public ScheduledRunnable scheduleActual(final Runnable run, long delayTime, @NonNull TimeUnit unit, @Nullable DisposableContainer parent) {
        Runnable decoratedRun = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);

        ScheduledRunnable sr = new ScheduledRunnable(decoratedRun, parent);

        if (parent != null) {
            if (!parent.add(sr)) {
                return sr;
            }
        }

        Future<?> f;
        try {
            if (delayTime <= 0) {
                f = executor.submit((Callable<Object>)sr);
            } else {
                f = executor.schedule((Callable<Object>)sr, delayTime, unit);
            }
            sr.setFuture(f);
        } catch (RejectedExecutionException ex) {
            if (parent != null) {
                parent.remove(sr);
            }
            RxJavaPlugins.onError(ex);
        }

        return sr;
    }

    @Override
    public void dispose() {
        if (!disposed) {
            disposed = true;
            executor.shutdownNow();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Shuts down the underlying executor in a non-interrupting fashion.
     */
    public void shutdown() {
        if (!disposed) {
            disposed = true;
            executor.shutdown();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isDisposed() {
        return disposed;
    }
}
  1. 传入具体操作Runnable
  2. 通过schedule方法来实现调度
RxJava2: rxandroid中的Scheduler

与RxJava1类似通过Handler和Looper来实现执行在主线程

public final class AndroidSchedulers {

    private static final class MainHolder {

        static final Scheduler DEFAULT = new HandlerScheduler(new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()));
    }

    private static final Scheduler MAIN_THREAD = RxAndroidPlugins.initMainThreadScheduler(
            new Callable<Scheduler>() {
                @Override public Scheduler call() throws Exception {
                    return MainHolder.DEFAULT;
                }
            });

    /** A {@link Scheduler} which executes actions on the Android main thread. */
    public static Scheduler mainThread() {
        return RxAndroidPlugins.onMainThreadScheduler(MAIN_THREAD);
    }

    /** A {@link Scheduler} which executes actions on {@code looper}. */
    public static Scheduler from(Looper looper) {
        if (looper == null) throw new NullPointerException("looper == null");
        return new HandlerScheduler(new Handler(looper));
    }

    private AndroidSchedulers() {
        throw new AssertionError("No instances.");
    }
}

final class HandlerScheduler extends Scheduler {
    private final Handler handler;

    HandlerScheduler(Handler handler) {
        this.handler = handler;
    }

    @Override
    public Disposable scheduleDirect(Runnable run, long delay, TimeUnit unit) {
        if (run == null) throw new NullPointerException("run == null");
        if (unit == null) throw new NullPointerException("unit == null");

        run = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);
        ScheduledRunnable scheduled = new ScheduledRunnable(handler, run);
        handler.postDelayed(scheduled, unit.toMillis(delay));
        return scheduled;
    }

    @Override
    public Worker createWorker() {
        return new HandlerWorker(handler);
    }

    private static final class HandlerWorker extends Worker {
        private final Handler handler;

        private volatile boolean disposed;

        HandlerWorker(Handler handler) {
            this.handler = handler;
        }

        @Override
        public Disposable schedule(Runnable run, long delay, TimeUnit unit) {
            if (run == null) throw new NullPointerException("run == null");
            if (unit == null) throw new NullPointerException("unit == null");

            if (disposed) {
                return Disposables.disposed();
            }

            run = RxJavaPlugins.onSchedule(run);

            ScheduledRunnable scheduled = new ScheduledRunnable(handler, run);

            Message message = Message.obtain(handler, scheduled);
            message.obj = this; // Used as token for batch disposal of this worker's runnables.

            handler.sendMessageDelayed(message, unit.toMillis(delay));

            // Re-check disposed state for removing in case we were racing a call to dispose().
            if (disposed) {
                handler.removeCallbacks(scheduled);
                return Disposables.disposed();
            }

            return scheduled;
        }

        @Override
        public void dispose() {
            disposed = true;
            handler.removeCallbacksAndMessages(this /* token */);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isDisposed() {
            return disposed;
        }
    }

    private static final class ScheduledRunnable implements Runnable, Disposable {
        private final Handler handler;
        private final Runnable delegate;

        private volatile boolean disposed;

        ScheduledRunnable(Handler handler, Runnable delegate) {
            this.handler = handler;
            this.delegate = delegate;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            try {
                delegate.run();
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                RxJavaPlugins.onError(t);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void dispose() {
            disposed = true;
            handler.removeCallbacks(this);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isDisposed() {
            return disposed;
        }
    }
}

5.RxJava1 Scheduler线程变换仿写

主要对象:
Switcher线程切换者
  1. 用于线程切换
  2. 有一个createWorker方法
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 用于线程切换
 */

public abstract  class Switcher {
    public abstract Worker createWorker();

    public static abstract class Worker implements Calling{
        public abstract Calling switches(Action0 action0);
    }
}
Worker
  1. 真正执行线程变换的类
  2. 通过switches方法执行变换
NewThreadSwitcher
  1. 切换到新线程的Switcher
  2. 实现createWorker方法
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 新线程的switcher
 */

public class NewThreadSwitcher extends Switcher {
    @Override
    public Worker createWorker() {
        return new NewThreadWorker();
    }
}
NewThreadWorker
  1. 有一个只有一个线程的线程池
  2. 实现切换线程的switches方法
  3. 将真正的操作用Runnable包裹丢入线程池执行
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc:新线程的工作类
 */

public class NewThreadWorker extends Switcher.Worker {

    //newScheduledThreadPool :创建一个大小无限的线程池。此线程池支持定时以及周期性执行任务的需求。
    private final ExecutorService mExecutor = Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(1, new ThreadFactory() {
        @Override
        public Thread newThread(@NonNull Runnable runnable) {
            return new Thread(runnable, " NewThreadWorker");
        }
    });
    private volatile boolean mIsUnCalled;

    @Override
    public void unCall() {
        mIsUnCalled = true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isUnCalled() {
        return mIsUnCalled;
    }

    @Override
    public Calling switches(Action0 action0) {
        SwitcherAction switcherAction = new SwitcherAction(action0);
        mExecutor.submit(switcherAction);
        return switcherAction;
    }

    private static class SwitcherAction implements Runnable, Calling {
        private final Action0 action0;
        private volatile boolean mIsUnCalled;

        public SwitcherAction(Action0 action0) {
            this.action0 = action0;
        }

        @Override
        public void unCall() {
            mIsUnCalled = true;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isUnCalled() {
            return mIsUnCalled;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            action0.call();
        }
    }
}
LooperSwitcher
 Android中切换到某个线程的Looper中
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 用于Android中Looper的Switcher
 */

public class LooperSwitcher extends Switcher {

    private Handler mHandler;

    public LooperSwitcher(Looper looper) {
        mHandler = new Handler(looper);
    }

    @Override
    public Worker createWorker() {
        return new HandlerWorker(mHandler);
    }
}
HandlerWorker

将具体操作发送到指定的Looper中执行

import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;

/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 用于Android 的Worker
 */

public class HandlerWorker extends Switcher.Worker {
    private final Handler mHandler;

    private volatile boolean mIsUnCalled;

    public HandlerWorker(Handler mHandler) {
        this.mHandler = mHandler;
    }

    @Override
    public void unCall() {
        mIsUnCalled = true;
        mHandler.removeCallbacksAndMessages(this);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isUnCalled() {
        return mIsUnCalled;
    }

    @Override
    public Calling switches(Action0 action0) {
        SwitcherAction switcherAction = new SwitcherAction(action0, mHandler);
        Message message = Message.obtain(mHandler, switcherAction);
        message.obj = this;
        mHandler.sendMessage(message);
        return switcherAction;
    }

    private static class SwitcherAction implements Runnable, Calling {
        private final Action0 action0;
        private final Handler handler;
        private volatile boolean mIsUnCalled;

        public SwitcherAction(Action0 action0, Handler handler) {
            this.action0 = action0;
            this.handler = handler;
        }

        @Override
        public void unCall() {
            mIsUnCalled = true;
            handler.removeCallbacks(this);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isUnCalled() {
            return mIsUnCalled;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            action0.call();
        }
    }
}

6.RxJava2 Scheduler线程变换仿写

Switcher线程切换者
  1. 用于线程切换
  2. 有一个createWorker方法
  3. 本身就包含一个switches方法(与RxJava1有区别)
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 用于线程切换的抽象类
 */

public abstract class Switcher {

    public abstract Worker createWorker();

    public Release switches(final Runnable runnable) {
        Worker worker = createWorker();
        worker.switches(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                runnable.run();
            }
        });
        return worker;
    }

    public static abstract class Worker implements Release {
        public abstract Release switches(Runnable runnable);
    }
}

Worker
  1. 真正执行线程变换的类
  2. 通过switches方法执行变换
NewThreadSwitcher
  1. 切换到新线程的Switcher
  2. 实现createWorker方法
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 新线程的switcher
 */

public class NewThreadSwitcher extends Switcher {
    @Override
    public Worker createWorker() {
        return new NewThreadWorker();
    }
}
NewThreadWorker
  1. 有一个只有一个线程的线程池
  2. 实现切换线程的switches方法
  3. 将真正的操作用Runnable包裹丢入线程池执行
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import java.util.concurrent.Callable;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
import java.util.concurrent.ThreadFactory;

/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc:新线程的工作类
 */

public class NewThreadWorker extends Switcher.Worker {
    private final ExecutorService mExecutor = Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(1, new ThreadFactory() {
        @Override
        public Thread newThread(@NonNull Runnable runnable) {
            return new Thread(runnable, "NewThreadWorker");
        }
    });
    private volatile boolean mIsReleased;

    @Override
    public boolean isReleased() {
        return mIsReleased;
    }

    @Override
    public void release() {
        mIsReleased = true;
    }

    @Override
    public Release switches(Runnable runnable) {
        SwitcherAction switcherAction = new SwitcherAction(runnable);
        mExecutor.submit((Callable<Object>) switcherAction);
        return switcherAction;
    }

    private static class SwitcherAction implements Runnable, Callable<Object>, Release {

        private final Runnable mRunnable;

        private volatile boolean mIsReleased;

        public SwitcherAction(Runnable mRunnable) {
            this.mRunnable = mRunnable;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isReleased() {
            return mIsReleased;
        }

        @Override
        public void release() {
            mIsReleased = true;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            mRunnable.run();
        }

        @Override
        public Object call() throws Exception {
            run();
            return null;
        }
    }
}
LooperSwitcher

Android 中切换到某个线程的Looper中

HandlerWorker

将具体操作发送到指定的Looper中执行

7.RxJava1 subscribeOn 原理分析

  1. 通过OnSubscribe来做原理
  2. 利用Scheduler将发出动作放到线程中执行
    public final Observable<T> subscribeOn(Scheduler scheduler, boolean requestOn) {
        if (this instanceof ScalarSynchronousObservable) {
            return ((ScalarSynchronousObservable<T>)this).scalarScheduleOn(scheduler);
        }
        return unsafeCreate(new OperatorSubscribeOn<T>(this, scheduler, requestOn));
    }
public final class OperatorSubscribeOn<T> implements OnSubscribe<T> {

    final Scheduler scheduler;
    final Observable<T> source;
    final boolean requestOn;

    public OperatorSubscribeOn(Observable<T> source, Scheduler scheduler, boolean requestOn) {
        this.scheduler = scheduler;
        this.source = source;
        this.requestOn = requestOn;
    }

    @Override
    public void call(final Subscriber<? super T> subscriber) {
        final Worker inner = scheduler.createWorker();

        SubscribeOnSubscriber<T> parent = new SubscribeOnSubscriber<T>(subscriber, requestOn, inner, source);
        subscriber.add(parent);
        subscriber.add(inner);

        inner.schedule(parent);
    }

    static final class SubscribeOnSubscriber<T> extends Subscriber<T> implements Action0 {

        final Subscriber<? super T> actual;

        final boolean requestOn;

        final Worker worker;

        Observable<T> source;

        Thread t;

        SubscribeOnSubscriber(Subscriber<? super T> actual, boolean requestOn, Worker worker, Observable<T> source) {
            this.actual = actual;
            this.requestOn = requestOn;
            this.worker = worker;
            this.source = source;
        }

        @Override
        public void onNext(T t) {
            actual.onNext(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable e) {
            try {
                actual.onError(e);
            } finally {
                worker.unsubscribe();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {
            try {
                actual.onCompleted();
            } finally {
                worker.unsubscribe();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void call() {
            Observable<T> src = source;
            source = null;
            t = Thread.currentThread();
            src.unsafeSubscribe(this);
        }

        @Override
        public void setProducer(final Producer p) {
            actual.setProducer(new Producer() {
                @Override
                public void request(final long n) {
                    if (t == Thread.currentThread() || !requestOn) {
                        p.request(n);
                    } else {
                        worker.schedule(new Action0() {
                            @Override
                            public void call() {
                                p.request(n);
                            }
                        });
                    }
                }
            });
        }
    }

利用了代理机制

8.RxJava2 subscribeOn 原理分析

8.1.RxJava2(无背压) subscribeOn
    @CheckReturnValue
    @SchedulerSupport(SchedulerSupport.CUSTOM)
    public final Observable<T> subscribeOn(Scheduler scheduler) {
        ObjectHelper.requireNonNull(scheduler, "scheduler is null");
        return RxJavaPlugins.onAssembly(new ObservableSubscribeOn<T>(this, scheduler));
    }
public final class ObservableSubscribeOn<T> extends AbstractObservableWithUpstream<T, T> {
    final Scheduler scheduler;

    public ObservableSubscribeOn(ObservableSource<T> source, Scheduler scheduler) {
        super(source);
        this.scheduler = scheduler;
    }

    @Override
    public void subscribeActual(final Observer<? super T> s) {
        final SubscribeOnObserver<T> parent = new SubscribeOnObserver<T>(s);

        s.onSubscribe(parent);

        parent.setDisposable(scheduler.scheduleDirect(new SubscribeTask(parent)));
    }

    static final class SubscribeOnObserver<T> extends AtomicReference<Disposable> implements Observer<T>, Disposable {

        private static final long serialVersionUID = 8094547886072529208L;
        final Observer<? super T> actual;

        final AtomicReference<Disposable> s;

        SubscribeOnObserver(Observer<? super T> actual) {
            this.actual = actual;
            this.s = new AtomicReference<Disposable>();
        }

        @Override
        public void onSubscribe(Disposable s) {
            DisposableHelper.setOnce(this.s, s);
        }

        @Override
        public void onNext(T t) {
            actual.onNext(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {
            actual.onError(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onComplete() {
            actual.onComplete();
        }

        @Override
        public void dispose() {
            DisposableHelper.dispose(s);
            DisposableHelper.dispose(this);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isDisposed() {
            return DisposableHelper.isDisposed(get());
        }

        void setDisposable(Disposable d) {
            DisposableHelper.setOnce(this, d);
        }
    }

    final class SubscribeTask implements Runnable {
        private final SubscribeOnObserver<T> parent;

        SubscribeTask(SubscribeOnObserver<T> parent) {
            this.parent = parent;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            source.subscribe(parent);
        }
    }
}
  1. 继承AbstractObservableWithUpstream
  2. 实现subscribeActual方法
  3. 利用Scheduler将发送动作放到线程中执行
8.2.RxJava2(有背压) subscribeOn
  @CheckReturnValue
    @BackpressureSupport(BackpressureKind.PASS_THROUGH)
    @SchedulerSupport(SchedulerSupport.CUSTOM)
    @Experimental
    public final Flowable<T> subscribeOn(@NonNull Scheduler scheduler, boolean requestOn) {
        ObjectHelper.requireNonNull(scheduler, "scheduler is null");
        return RxJavaPlugins.onAssembly(new FlowableSubscribeOn<T>(this, scheduler, requestOn));
    }

public final class FlowableSubscribeOn<T> extends AbstractFlowableWithUpstream<T , T> {

    final Scheduler scheduler;

    final boolean nonScheduledRequests;

    public FlowableSubscribeOn(Flowable<T> source, Scheduler scheduler, boolean nonScheduledRequests) {
        super(source);
        this.scheduler = scheduler;
        this.nonScheduledRequests = nonScheduledRequests;
    }

    @Override
    public void subscribeActual(final Subscriber<? super T> s) {
        Scheduler.Worker w = scheduler.createWorker();
        final SubscribeOnSubscriber<T> sos = new SubscribeOnSubscriber<T>(s, w, source, nonScheduledRequests);
        s.onSubscribe(sos);

        w.schedule(sos);
    }

    static final class SubscribeOnSubscriber<T> extends AtomicReference<Thread>
    implements FlowableSubscriber<T>, Subscription, Runnable {

        private static final long serialVersionUID = 8094547886072529208L;

        final Subscriber<? super T> actual;

        final Scheduler.Worker worker;

        final AtomicReference<Subscription> s;

        final AtomicLong requested;

        final boolean nonScheduledRequests;

        Publisher<T> source;

        SubscribeOnSubscriber(Subscriber<? super T> actual, Scheduler.Worker worker, Publisher<T> source, boolean requestOn) {
            this.actual = actual;
            this.worker = worker;
            this.source = source;
            this.s = new AtomicReference<Subscription>();
            this.requested = new AtomicLong();
            this.nonScheduledRequests = !requestOn;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            lazySet(Thread.currentThread());
            Publisher<T> src = source;
            source = null;
            src.subscribe(this);
        }

        @Override
        public void onSubscribe(Subscription s) {
            if (SubscriptionHelper.setOnce(this.s, s)) {
                long r = requested.getAndSet(0L);
                if (r != 0L) {
                    requestUpstream(r, s);
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onNext(T t) {
            actual.onNext(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {
            actual.onError(t);
            worker.dispose();
        }

        @Override
        public void onComplete() {
            actual.onComplete();
            worker.dispose();
        }

        @Override
        public void request(final long n) {
            if (SubscriptionHelper.validate(n)) {
                Subscription s = this.s.get();
                if (s != null) {
                    requestUpstream(n, s);
                } else {
                    BackpressureHelper.add(requested, n);
                    s = this.s.get();
                    if (s != null) {
                        long r = requested.getAndSet(0L);
                        if (r != 0L) {
                            requestUpstream(r, s);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        void requestUpstream(final long n, final Subscription s) {
            if (nonScheduledRequests || Thread.currentThread() == get()) {
                s.request(n);
            } else {
                worker.schedule(new Request(s, n));
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void cancel() {
            SubscriptionHelper.cancel(s);
            worker.dispose();
        }

        static final class Request implements Runnable {
            private final Subscription s;
            private final long n;

            Request(Subscription s, long n) {
                this.s = s;
                this.n = n;
            }

            @Override
            public void run() {
                s.request(n);
            }
        }
    }
}

  1. 继承AbstractFlowableWithUpstream
  2. 实现subscribeActual方法
  3. 利用Scheduler将发出动作放到线程中执行

9. RxJava1 subscribeOn仿写

    public final Caller<T> callOn(Switcher switcher) {
        return create(new OperatorCallOn<>(switcher, this));
    }
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 用于callOn的OnCall
 */

public class OperatorCallOn<T> implements Caller.OnCall<T> {

    private final Switcher switcher;
    private final Caller<T> tCaller;

    public OperatorCallOn(Switcher switcher, Caller<T> tCaller) {
        this.switcher = switcher;
        this.tCaller = tCaller;
    }

    @Override
    public void call(final Receiver<T> tReceiver) {
        Switcher.Worker worker = switcher.createWorker();
        worker.switches(new Action0() {
            @Override
            public void call() {
                Receiver<T> tReceiver1 = new Receiver<T>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {
                        tReceiver.onCompleted();
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {
                        tReceiver.onError(t);
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(T t) {
                        tReceiver.onReceive(t);
                    }
                };
                tCaller.call(tReceiver1);
            }
        });
    }
}

用于callOn的OnCall
  1. 持有原Caller和Switcher
  2. 创建新的Receiver包裹旧的丢入线程中
运行
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.Log;

import com.haocai.mylibrary.rxJava1.Caller;
import com.haocai.mylibrary.rxJava1.NewThreadSwitcher;
import com.haocai.mylibrary.rxJava1.Receiver;
import com.haocai.rxjavademo.R;

import butterknife.ButterKnife;
import butterknife.OnClick;

/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/11.
 * Desc: .RxJava1  subscribeOn仿写
 */

public class Lesson3_2Activity extends AppCompatActivity {
    public static final String TAG = "kpioneer";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_custom_test);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);

    }

    @OnClick(R.id.testDo)
    public void onViewClicked() {
        Caller.
                create(new Caller.OnCall<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void call(Receiver<String> stringReceiver) {
                        if (!stringReceiver.isUnCalled()) {
                            stringReceiver.onReceive("test");
                            stringReceiver.onCompleted();
                        }
                    }
                }).
                callOn(new NewThreadSwitcher()).
                call(new Receiver<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(String o) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "onReceive:" + o);
                        Log.d(TAG, "currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }
                });
    }
}
06-15 14:19:02.219 17153-17366/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: onReceive:test
06-15 14:19:02.219 17153-17366/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: currentThread:Thread[ NewThreadWorker,5,main]

10. RxJava2 subscribeOn仿写

10.1RxJava2(无背压)
   public Caller<T> callOn(Switcher switcher) {
        return new CallerCallOn<>(this, switcher);
    }
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/15.
 * Desc: 用于callOn
 */

public class CallerCallOn<T> extends CallerWithUpstream<T, T> {
    private Switcher mSwitcher;

    public CallerCallOn(Caller<T> source, Switcher mSwitcher) {
        super(source);
        this.mSwitcher = mSwitcher;
    }

    @Override
    protected void callActual(Callee<T> callee) {
        final CallOnCallee<T> tCallOnCallee = new CallOnCallee<>(callee);
        callee.onCall(tCallOnCallee);
        mSwitcher.switches(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                source.call(tCallOnCallee);
            }
        });
    }

    private static final class CallOnCallee<T> implements Callee<T>, Release {

        private final Callee<T> callee;

        public CallOnCallee(Callee<T> callee) {
            this.callee = callee;
        }

        @Override
        public void onCall(Release release) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onReceive(T t) {
            callee.onReceive(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {
            callee.onCompleted();
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {
            callee.onError(t);
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isReleased() {
            return false;
        }

        @Override
        public void release() {

        }
    }
}

CallerCallOn
  1. 继承自CallerWithUpstream
  2. 持有原Caller和Switcher
  3. 创建新的Callee包裹旧的丢入线程中
10.2RxJava2(有背压)
    public Telephoner<T> callOn(Switcher switcher) {
        return new TelephonerCallOn<>(this, switcher);
    }
import com.haocai.mylibrary.rxJava2.Switcher;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;

/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/15.
 * Desc:用于callOn
 */

public class TelephonerCallOn<T> extends TelephonerWithUpstream<T, T> {

    private final Switcher mSwitcher;

    public TelephonerCallOn(Telephoner<T> source, Switcher switcher) {
        super(source);
        mSwitcher = switcher;
    }

    @Override
    protected void callActual(Receiver<T> receiver) {
        final CallOnReceiver<T> tCallOnReceiver = new CallOnReceiver<>(receiver);
        receiver.onCall(tCallOnReceiver);
        mSwitcher.switches(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                source.call(tCallOnReceiver);
            }
        });

    }

    private static final class CallOnReceiver<T> extends AtomicLong implements Receiver<T>, Drop {

        private final Receiver<T> mReceiver;

        public CallOnReceiver(Receiver<T> receiver) {
            mReceiver = receiver;
        }

        @Override
        public void request(long n) {
            BackpressureHelper.add(this, n);
        }

        @Override
        public void drop() {

        }

        @Override
        public void onCall(Drop d) {
            mReceiver.onCall(d);
        }

        @Override
        public void onReceive(T t) {
            if (get() != 0) {
                mReceiver.onReceive(t);
                BackpressureHelper.produced(this, 1);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {
            mReceiver.onError(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {
            mReceiver.onCompleted();
        }
    }
}
TelephonerCallOn
  1. 继承自TelephonerWithUpstream
  2. 持有原Telephoner和Switcher
  3. 创建新的Receiver包裹旧的丢入线程中
10.3 运行
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/11.
 * Desc: .RxJava2  subscribeOn仿写
 */

public class Lesson3_3Activity extends AppCompatActivity {
    public static final String TAG = "kpioneer";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_custom_test);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);

    }

    @OnClick(R.id.testDo)
    public void onViewClicked() {
         /*---------无背压---------*/
        Caller.
                create(new CallerOnCall<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void call(CallerEmitter<String> callerEmitter) {
                        callerEmitter.onReceive("test");
                        callerEmitter.onCompleted();
                    }
                }).
                callOn(new NewThreadSwitcher()).
                call(new Callee<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCall(Release release) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(String string) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "无背压:onReceive:" + string);
                        Log.d(TAG, "无背压:currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {

                    }
                });

        /*---------有背压---------*/
        Telephoner.
                create(new TelephonerOnCall<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void call(TelephonerEmitter<String> telephonerEmitter) {
                        telephonerEmitter.onReceive("test");
                        telephonerEmitter.onCompleted();
                    }
                }).
                callOn(new NewThreadSwitcher()).
                call(new Receiver<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCall(Drop d) {
                        d.request(Long.MAX_VALUE);
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(String s) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "有背压:onReceive:" + s);
                        Log.d(TAG, "有背压:currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {

                    }
                });
    }
}

06-15 16:13:27.002 813-1150/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 无背压:onReceive:test
06-15 16:13:27.003 813-1150/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 无背压:currentThread:Thread[NewThreadWorker,5,main]
06-15 16:13:27.011 813-1151/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 有背压:onReceive:test
06-15 16:13:27.011 813-1151/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 有背压:currentThread:Thread[NewThreadWorker,5,main]

11 RxJava1 observeOn原理分析

    public final Observable<T> observeOn(Scheduler scheduler, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
        if (this instanceof ScalarSynchronousObservable) {
            return ((ScalarSynchronousObservable<T>)this).scalarScheduleOn(scheduler);
        }
        return lift(new OperatorObserveOn<T>(scheduler, delayError, bufferSize));
    }

public final class OperatorObserveOn<T> implements Operator<T, T> {

    private final Scheduler scheduler;
    private final boolean delayError;
    private final int bufferSize;

    /**
     * @param scheduler the scheduler to use
     * @param delayError delay errors until all normal events are emitted in the other thread?
     */
    public OperatorObserveOn(Scheduler scheduler, boolean delayError) {
        this(scheduler, delayError, RxRingBuffer.SIZE);
    }

    /**
     * @param scheduler the scheduler to use
     * @param delayError delay errors until all normal events are emitted in the other thread?
     * @param bufferSize for the buffer feeding the Scheduler workers, defaults to {@code RxRingBuffer.MAX} if <= 0
     */
    public OperatorObserveOn(Scheduler scheduler, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
        this.scheduler = scheduler;
        this.delayError = delayError;
        this.bufferSize = (bufferSize > 0) ? bufferSize : RxRingBuffer.SIZE;
    }

    @Override
    public Subscriber<? super T> call(Subscriber<? super T> child) {
        if (scheduler instanceof ImmediateScheduler) {
            // avoid overhead, execute directly
            return child;
        } else if (scheduler instanceof TrampolineScheduler) {
            // avoid overhead, execute directly
            return child;
        } else {
            ObserveOnSubscriber<T> parent = new ObserveOnSubscriber<T>(scheduler, child, delayError, bufferSize);
            parent.init();
            return parent;
        }
    }

    public static <T> Operator<T, T> rebatch(final int n) {
        return new Operator<T, T>() {
            @Override
            public Subscriber<? super T> call(Subscriber<? super T> child) {
                ObserveOnSubscriber<T> parent = new ObserveOnSubscriber<T>(Schedulers.immediate(), child, false, n);
                parent.init();
                return parent;
            }
        };
    }

    /** Observe through individual queue per observer. */
    static final class ObserveOnSubscriber<T> extends Subscriber<T> implements Action0 {
        final Subscriber<? super T> child;
        final Scheduler.Worker recursiveScheduler;
        final boolean delayError;
        final Queue<Object> queue;
        /** The emission threshold that should trigger a replenishing request. */
        final int limit;

        // the status of the current stream
        volatile boolean finished;

        final AtomicLong requested = new AtomicLong();

        final AtomicLong counter = new AtomicLong();

        /**
         * The single exception if not null, should be written before setting finished (release) and read after
         * reading finished (acquire).
         */
        Throwable error;

        /** Remembers how many elements have been emitted before the requests run out. */
        long emitted;

        // do NOT pass the Subscriber through to couple the subscription chain ... unsubscribing on the parent should
        // not prevent anything downstream from consuming, which will happen if the Subscription is chained
        public ObserveOnSubscriber(Scheduler scheduler, Subscriber<? super T> child, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
            this.child = child;
            this.recursiveScheduler = scheduler.createWorker();
            this.delayError = delayError;
            int calculatedSize = (bufferSize > 0) ? bufferSize : RxRingBuffer.SIZE;
            // this formula calculates the 75% of the bufferSize, rounded up to the next integer
            this.limit = calculatedSize - (calculatedSize >> 2);
            if (UnsafeAccess.isUnsafeAvailable()) {
                queue = new SpscArrayQueue<Object>(calculatedSize);
            } else {
                queue = new SpscAtomicArrayQueue<Object>(calculatedSize);
            }
            // signal that this is an async operator capable of receiving this many
            request(calculatedSize);
        }

        void init() {
            // don't want this code in the constructor because `this` can escape through the
            // setProducer call
            Subscriber<? super T> localChild = child;

            localChild.setProducer(new Producer() {

                @Override
                public void request(long n) {
                    if (n > 0L) {
                        BackpressureUtils.getAndAddRequest(requested, n);
                        schedule();
                    }
                }

            });
            localChild.add(recursiveScheduler);
            localChild.add(this);
        }

        @Override
        public void onNext(final T t) {
            if (isUnsubscribed() || finished) {
                return;
            }
            if (!queue.offer(NotificationLite.next(t))) {
                onError(new MissingBackpressureException());
                return;
            }
            schedule();
        }

        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {
            if (isUnsubscribed() || finished) {
                return;
            }
            finished = true;
            schedule();
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(final Throwable e) {
            if (isUnsubscribed() || finished) {
                RxJavaHooks.onError(e);
                return;
            }
            error = e;
            finished = true;
            schedule();
        }

        protected void schedule() {
            if (counter.getAndIncrement() == 0) {
                recursiveScheduler.schedule(this);
            }
        }

        // only execute this from schedule()
        @Override
        public void call() {
            long missed = 1L;
            long currentEmission = emitted;

            // these are accessed in a tight loop around atomics so
            // loading them into local variables avoids the mandatory re-reading
            // of the constant fields
            final Queue<Object> q = this.queue;
            final Subscriber<? super T> localChild = this.child;

            // requested and counter are not included to avoid JIT issues with register spilling
            // and their access is is amortized because they are part of the outer loop which runs
            // less frequently (usually after each bufferSize elements)

            for (;;) {
                long requestAmount = requested.get();

                while (requestAmount != currentEmission) {
                    boolean done = finished;
                    Object v = q.poll();
                    boolean empty = v == null;

                    if (checkTerminated(done, empty, localChild, q)) {
                        return;
                    }

                    if (empty) {
                        break;
                    }

                    localChild.onNext(NotificationLite.<T>getValue(v));

                    currentEmission++;
                    if (currentEmission == limit) {
                        requestAmount = BackpressureUtils.produced(requested, currentEmission);
                        request(currentEmission);
                        currentEmission = 0L;
                    }
                }

                if (requestAmount == currentEmission) {
                    if (checkTerminated(finished, q.isEmpty(), localChild, q)) {
                        return;
                    }
                }

                emitted = currentEmission;
                missed = counter.addAndGet(-missed);
                if (missed == 0L) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        boolean checkTerminated(boolean done, boolean isEmpty, Subscriber<? super T> a, Queue<Object> q) {
            if (a.isUnsubscribed()) {
                q.clear();
                return true;
            }

            if (done) {
                if (delayError) {
                    if (isEmpty) {
                        Throwable e = error;
                        try {
                            if (e != null) {
                                a.onError(e);
                            } else {
                                a.onCompleted();
                            }
                        } finally {
                            recursiveScheduler.unsubscribe();
                        }
                    }
                } else {
                    Throwable e = error;
                    if (e != null) {
                        q.clear();
                        try {
                            a.onError(e);
                        } finally {
                            recursiveScheduler.unsubscribe();
                        }
                        return true;
                    } else
                    if (isEmpty) {
                        try {
                            a.onCompleted();
                        } finally {
                            recursiveScheduler.unsubscribe();
                        }
                        return true;
                    }
                }

            }

            return false;
        }
    }
}
用于observeOn的Operator
  1. 是observeOn的Operator
  2. 通过lift去变换这个Operator
  3. 在Operator中返回一个用于observeOn的Subscriber
用于observeOn的Subscriber

在调用到onNext等方法时丢到线程中去执行

12 RxJava2 observeOn原理分析

12.1 RxJava2(无背压) observeOn原理分析
    public final Observable<T> observeOn(Scheduler scheduler, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
        ObjectHelper.requireNonNull(scheduler, "scheduler is null");
        ObjectHelper.verifyPositive(bufferSize, "bufferSize");
        return RxJavaPlugins.onAssembly(new ObservableObserveOn<T>(this, scheduler, delayError, bufferSize));
    }
public final class ObservableObserveOn<T> extends AbstractObservableWithUpstream<T, T> {
    final Scheduler scheduler;
    final boolean delayError;
    final int bufferSize;
    public ObservableObserveOn(ObservableSource<T> source, Scheduler scheduler, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
        super(source);
        this.scheduler = scheduler;
        this.delayError = delayError;
        this.bufferSize = bufferSize;
    }

    @Override
    protected void subscribeActual(Observer<? super T> observer) {
        if (scheduler instanceof TrampolineScheduler) {
            source.subscribe(observer);
        } else {
            Scheduler.Worker w = scheduler.createWorker();

            source.subscribe(new ObserveOnObserver<T>(observer, w, delayError, bufferSize));
        }
    }

    static final class ObserveOnObserver<T> extends BasicIntQueueDisposable<T>
    implements Observer<T>, Runnable {

        private static final long serialVersionUID = 6576896619930983584L;
        final Observer<? super T> actual;
        final Scheduler.Worker worker;
        final boolean delayError;
        final int bufferSize;

        SimpleQueue<T> queue;

        Disposable s;

        Throwable error;
        volatile boolean done;

        volatile boolean cancelled;

        int sourceMode;

        boolean outputFused;

        ObserveOnObserver(Observer<? super T> actual, Scheduler.Worker worker, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
            this.actual = actual;
            this.worker = worker;
            this.delayError = delayError;
            this.bufferSize = bufferSize;
        }

        @Override
        public void onSubscribe(Disposable s) {
            if (DisposableHelper.validate(this.s, s)) {
                this.s = s;
                if (s instanceof QueueDisposable) {
                    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                    QueueDisposable<T> qd = (QueueDisposable<T>) s;

                    int m = qd.requestFusion(QueueDisposable.ANY | QueueDisposable.BOUNDARY);

                    if (m == QueueDisposable.SYNC) {
                        sourceMode = m;
                        queue = qd;
                        done = true;
                        actual.onSubscribe(this);
                        schedule();
                        return;
                    }
                    if (m == QueueDisposable.ASYNC) {
                        sourceMode = m;
                        queue = qd;
                        actual.onSubscribe(this);
                        return;
                    }
                }

                queue = new SpscLinkedArrayQueue<T>(bufferSize);

                actual.onSubscribe(this);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void onNext(T t) {
            if (done) {
                return;
            }

            if (sourceMode != QueueDisposable.ASYNC) {
                queue.offer(t);
            }
            schedule();
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {
            if (done) {
                RxJavaPlugins.onError(t);
                return;
            }
            error = t;
            done = true;
            schedule();
        }

        @Override
        public void onComplete() {
            if (done) {
                return;
            }
            done = true;
            schedule();
        }

        @Override
        public void dispose() {
            if (!cancelled) {
                cancelled = true;
                s.dispose();
                worker.dispose();
                if (getAndIncrement() == 0) {
                    queue.clear();
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isDisposed() {
            return cancelled;
        }

        void schedule() {
            if (getAndIncrement() == 0) {
                worker.schedule(this);
            }
        }

        void drainNormal() {
            int missed = 1;

            final SimpleQueue<T> q = queue;
            final Observer<? super T> a = actual;

            for (;;) {
                if (checkTerminated(done, q.isEmpty(), a)) {
                    return;
                }

                for (;;) {
                    boolean d = done;
                    T v;

                    try {
                        v = q.poll();
                    } catch (Throwable ex) {
                        Exceptions.throwIfFatal(ex);
                        s.dispose();
                        q.clear();
                        a.onError(ex);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }
                    boolean empty = v == null;

                    if (checkTerminated(d, empty, a)) {
                        return;
                    }

                    if (empty) {
                        break;
                    }

                    a.onNext(v);
                }

                missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                if (missed == 0) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        void drainFused() {
            int missed = 1;

            for (;;) {
                if (cancelled) {
                    return;
                }

                boolean d = done;
                Throwable ex = error;

                if (!delayError && d && ex != null) {
                    actual.onError(error);
                    worker.dispose();
                    return;
                }

                actual.onNext(null);

                if (d) {
                    ex = error;
                    if (ex != null) {
                        actual.onError(ex);
                    } else {
                        actual.onComplete();
                    }
                    worker.dispose();
                    return;
                }

                missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                if (missed == 0) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            if (outputFused) {
                drainFused();
            } else {
                drainNormal();
            }
        }

        boolean checkTerminated(boolean d, boolean empty, Observer<? super T> a) {
            if (cancelled) {
                queue.clear();
                return true;
            }
            if (d) {
                Throwable e = error;
                if (delayError) {
                    if (empty) {
                        if (e != null) {
                            a.onError(e);
                        } else {
                            a.onComplete();
                        }
                        worker.dispose();
                        return true;
                    }
                } else {
                    if (e != null) {
                        queue.clear();
                        a.onError(e);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return true;
                    } else
                    if (empty) {
                        a.onComplete();
                        worker.dispose();
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }
            return false;
        }

        @Override
        public int requestFusion(int mode) {
            if ((mode & ASYNC) != 0) {
                outputFused = true;
                return ASYNC;
            }
            return NONE;
        }

        @Nullable
        @Override
        public T poll() throws Exception {
            return queue.poll();
        }

        @Override
        public void clear() {
            queue.clear();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isEmpty() {
            return queue.isEmpty();
        }
    }
}

  1. 继承自AbstractObservableWithUpstream
  2. 利用subscribeActual方法
  3. 创建一个新的Observer包裹旧的
  4. 在调用到onNext等方法时丢到线程中去执行
12.2 RxJava2(有背压) observeOn原理分析
    @CheckReturnValue
    @BackpressureSupport(BackpressureKind.FULL)
    @SchedulerSupport(SchedulerSupport.CUSTOM)
    public final Flowable<T> observeOn(Scheduler scheduler, boolean delayError, int bufferSize) {
        ObjectHelper.requireNonNull(scheduler, "scheduler is null");
        ObjectHelper.verifyPositive(bufferSize, "bufferSize");
        return RxJavaPlugins.onAssembly(new FlowableObserveOn<T>(this, scheduler, delayError, bufferSize));
    }
public final class FlowableObserveOn<T> extends AbstractFlowableWithUpstream<T, T> {
final Scheduler scheduler;

    final boolean delayError;

    final int prefetch;

    public FlowableObserveOn(
            Flowable<T> source,
            Scheduler scheduler,
            boolean delayError,
            int prefetch) {
        super(source);
        this.scheduler = scheduler;
        this.delayError = delayError;
        this.prefetch = prefetch;
    }

    @Override
    public void subscribeActual(Subscriber<? super T> s) {
        Worker worker = scheduler.createWorker();

        if (s instanceof ConditionalSubscriber) {
            source.subscribe(new ObserveOnConditionalSubscriber<T>(
                    (ConditionalSubscriber<? super T>) s, worker, delayError, prefetch));
        } else {
            source.subscribe(new ObserveOnSubscriber<T>(s, worker, delayError, prefetch));
        }
    }

    abstract static class BaseObserveOnSubscriber<T>
    extends BasicIntQueueSubscription<T>
    implements FlowableSubscriber<T>, Runnable {
        private static final long serialVersionUID = -8241002408341274697L;

        final Worker worker;

        final boolean delayError;

        final int prefetch;

        final int limit;

        final AtomicLong requested;

        Subscription s;

        SimpleQueue<T> queue;

        volatile boolean cancelled;

        volatile boolean done;

        Throwable error;

        int sourceMode;

        long produced;

        boolean outputFused;

        BaseObserveOnSubscriber(
                Worker worker,
                boolean delayError,
                int prefetch) {
            this.worker = worker;
            this.delayError = delayError;
            this.prefetch = prefetch;
            this.requested = new AtomicLong();
            this.limit = prefetch - (prefetch >> 2);
        }

        @Override
        public final void onNext(T t) {
            if (done) {
                return;
            }
            if (sourceMode == ASYNC) {
                trySchedule();
                return;
            }
            if (!queue.offer(t)) {
                s.cancel();

                error = new MissingBackpressureException("Queue is full?!");
                done = true;
            }
            trySchedule();
        }

        @Override
        public final void onError(Throwable t) {
            if (done) {
                RxJavaPlugins.onError(t);
                return;
            }
            error = t;
            done = true;
            trySchedule();
        }

        @Override
        public final void onComplete() {
            if (!done) {
                done = true;
                trySchedule();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public final void request(long n) {
            if (SubscriptionHelper.validate(n)) {
                BackpressureHelper.add(requested, n);
                trySchedule();
            }
        }

        @Override
        public final void cancel() {
            if (cancelled) {
                return;
            }

            cancelled = true;
            s.cancel();
            worker.dispose();

            if (getAndIncrement() == 0) {
                queue.clear();
            }
        }

        final void trySchedule() {
            if (getAndIncrement() != 0) {
                return;
            }
            worker.schedule(this);
        }

        @Override
        public final void run() {
            if (outputFused) {
                runBackfused();
            } else if (sourceMode == SYNC) {
                runSync();
            } else {
                runAsync();
            }
        }

        abstract void runBackfused();

        abstract void runSync();

        abstract void runAsync();

        final boolean checkTerminated(boolean d, boolean empty, Subscriber<?> a) {
            if (cancelled) {
                clear();
                return true;
            }
            if (d) {
                if (delayError) {
                    if (empty) {
                        Throwable e = error;
                        if (e != null) {
                            a.onError(e);
                        } else {
                            a.onComplete();
                        }
                        worker.dispose();
                        return true;
                    }
                } else {
                    Throwable e = error;
                    if (e != null) {
                        clear();
                        a.onError(e);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return true;
                    } else
                    if (empty) {
                        a.onComplete();
                        worker.dispose();
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }

            return false;
        }

        @Override
        public final int requestFusion(int requestedMode) {
            if ((requestedMode & ASYNC) != 0) {
                outputFused = true;
                return ASYNC;
            }
            return NONE;
        }

        @Override
        public final void clear() {
            queue.clear();
        }

        @Override
        public final boolean isEmpty() {
            return queue.isEmpty();
        }
    }

    static final class ObserveOnSubscriber<T> extends BaseObserveOnSubscriber<T>
    implements FlowableSubscriber<T> {

        private static final long serialVersionUID = -4547113800637756442L;

        final Subscriber<? super T> actual;

        ObserveOnSubscriber(
                Subscriber<? super T> actual,
                Worker worker,
                boolean delayError,
                int prefetch) {
            super(worker, delayError, prefetch);
            this.actual = actual;
        }

        @Override
        public void onSubscribe(Subscription s) {
            if (SubscriptionHelper.validate(this.s, s)) {
                this.s = s;

                if (s instanceof QueueSubscription) {
                    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                    QueueSubscription<T> f = (QueueSubscription<T>) s;

                    int m = f.requestFusion(ANY | BOUNDARY);

                    if (m == SYNC) {
                        sourceMode = SYNC;
                        queue = f;
                        done = true;

                        actual.onSubscribe(this);
                        return;
                    } else
                    if (m == ASYNC) {
                        sourceMode = ASYNC;
                        queue = f;

                        actual.onSubscribe(this);

                        s.request(prefetch);

                        return;
                    }
                }

                queue = new SpscArrayQueue<T>(prefetch);

                actual.onSubscribe(this);

                s.request(prefetch);
            }
        }

        @Override
        void runSync() {
            int missed = 1;

            final Subscriber<? super T> a = actual;
            final SimpleQueue<T> q = queue;

            long e = produced;

            for (;;) {

                long r = requested.get();

                while (e != r) {
                    T v;

                    try {
                        v = q.poll();
                    } catch (Throwable ex) {
                        Exceptions.throwIfFatal(ex);
                        s.cancel();
                        a.onError(ex);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }

                    if (cancelled) {
                        return;
                    }
                    if (v == null) {
                        a.onComplete();
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }

                    a.onNext(v);

                    e++;
                }

                if (cancelled) {
                    return;
                }

                if (q.isEmpty()) {
                    a.onComplete();
                    worker.dispose();
                    return;
                }

                int w = get();
                if (missed == w) {
                    produced = e;
                    missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                    if (missed == 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    missed = w;
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        void runAsync() {
            int missed = 1;

            final Subscriber<? super T> a = actual;
            final SimpleQueue<T> q = queue;

            long e = produced;

            for (;;) {

                long r = requested.get();

                while (e != r) {
                    boolean d = done;
                    T v;

                    try {
                        v = q.poll();
                    } catch (Throwable ex) {
                        Exceptions.throwIfFatal(ex);

                        s.cancel();
                        q.clear();

                        a.onError(ex);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }

                    boolean empty = v == null;

                    if (checkTerminated(d, empty, a)) {
                        return;
                    }

                    if (empty) {
                        break;
                    }

                    a.onNext(v);

                    e++;
                    if (e == limit) {
                        if (r != Long.MAX_VALUE) {
                            r = requested.addAndGet(-e);
                        }
                        s.request(e);
                        e = 0L;
                    }
                }

                if (e == r && checkTerminated(done, q.isEmpty(), a)) {
                    return;
                }

                int w = get();
                if (missed == w) {
                    produced = e;
                    missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                    if (missed == 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    missed = w;
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        void runBackfused() {
            int missed = 1;

            for (;;) {

                if (cancelled) {
                    return;
                }

                boolean d = done;

                actual.onNext(null);

                if (d) {
                    Throwable e = error;
                    if (e != null) {
                        actual.onError(e);
                    } else {
                        actual.onComplete();
                    }
                    worker.dispose();
                    return;
                }

                missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                if (missed == 0) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        @Nullable
        @Override
        public T poll() throws Exception {
            T v = queue.poll();
            if (v != null && sourceMode != SYNC) {
                long p = produced + 1;
                if (p == limit) {
                    produced = 0;
                    s.request(p);
                } else {
                    produced = p;
                }
            }
            return v;
        }

    }

    static final class ObserveOnConditionalSubscriber<T>
    extends BaseObserveOnSubscriber<T> {

        private static final long serialVersionUID = 644624475404284533L;

        final ConditionalSubscriber<? super T> actual;

        long consumed;

        ObserveOnConditionalSubscriber(
                ConditionalSubscriber<? super T> actual,
                Worker worker,
                boolean delayError,
                int prefetch) {
            super(worker, delayError, prefetch);
            this.actual = actual;
        }

        @Override
        public void onSubscribe(Subscription s) {
            if (SubscriptionHelper.validate(this.s, s)) {
                this.s = s;

                if (s instanceof QueueSubscription) {
                    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                    QueueSubscription<T> f = (QueueSubscription<T>) s;

                    int m = f.requestFusion(ANY | BOUNDARY);

                    if (m == SYNC) {
                        sourceMode = SYNC;
                        queue = f;
                        done = true;

                        actual.onSubscribe(this);
                        return;
                    } else
                    if (m == ASYNC) {
                        sourceMode = ASYNC;
                        queue = f;

                        actual.onSubscribe(this);

                        s.request(prefetch);

                        return;
                    }
                }

                queue = new SpscArrayQueue<T>(prefetch);

                actual.onSubscribe(this);

                s.request(prefetch);
            }
        }

        @Override
        void runSync() {
            int missed = 1;

            final ConditionalSubscriber<? super T> a = actual;
            final SimpleQueue<T> q = queue;

            long e = produced;

            for (;;) {

                long r = requested.get();

                while (e != r) {
                    T v;
                    try {
                        v = q.poll();
                    } catch (Throwable ex) {
                        Exceptions.throwIfFatal(ex);
                        s.cancel();
                        a.onError(ex);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }

                    if (cancelled) {
                        return;
                    }
                    if (v == null) {
                        a.onComplete();
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }

                    if (a.tryOnNext(v)) {
                        e++;
                    }
                }

                if (cancelled) {
                    return;
                }

                if (q.isEmpty()) {
                    a.onComplete();
                    worker.dispose();
                    return;
                }

                int w = get();
                if (missed == w) {
                    produced = e;
                    missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                    if (missed == 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    missed = w;
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        void runAsync() {
            int missed = 1;

            final ConditionalSubscriber<? super T> a = actual;
            final SimpleQueue<T> q = queue;

            long emitted = produced;
            long polled = consumed;

            for (;;) {

                long r = requested.get();

                while (emitted != r) {
                    boolean d = done;
                    T v;
                    try {
                        v = q.poll();
                    } catch (Throwable ex) {
                        Exceptions.throwIfFatal(ex);

                        s.cancel();
                        q.clear();

                        a.onError(ex);
                        worker.dispose();
                        return;
                    }
                    boolean empty = v == null;

                    if (checkTerminated(d, empty, a)) {
                        return;
                    }

                    if (empty) {
                        break;
                    }

                    if (a.tryOnNext(v)) {
                        emitted++;
                    }

                    polled++;

                    if (polled == limit) {
                        s.request(polled);
                        polled = 0L;
                    }
                }

                if (emitted == r && checkTerminated(done, q.isEmpty(), a)) {
                    return;
                }

                int w = get();
                if (missed == w) {
                    produced = emitted;
                    consumed = polled;
                    missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                    if (missed == 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    missed = w;
                }
            }

        }

        @Override
        void runBackfused() {
            int missed = 1;

            for (;;) {

                if (cancelled) {
                    return;
                }

                boolean d = done;

                actual.onNext(null);

                if (d) {
                    Throwable e = error;
                    if (e != null) {
                        actual.onError(e);
                    } else {
                        actual.onComplete();
                    }
                    worker.dispose();
                    return;
                }

                missed = addAndGet(-missed);
                if (missed == 0) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        @Nullable
        @Override
        public T poll() throws Exception {
            T v = queue.poll();
            if (v != null && sourceMode != SYNC) {
                long p = consumed + 1;
                if (p == limit) {
                    consumed = 0;
                    s.request(p);
                } else {
                    consumed = p;
                }
            }
            return v;
        }
    }
}
  1. 继承自AbstractFlowableWithUpstream
  2. 利用subscribeActual方法
  3. 创建一个新的Subscriber包裹旧的.
  4. 在调用到onNext等方法时丢到线程中去执行

13 RxJava1 observeOn仿写

/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/14.
 * Desc: 用于CallbackOn
 */

public class OperatorCallbackOn<T> implements Caller.Operator<T, T> {

    private final Switcher switcher;

    public OperatorCallbackOn(Switcher switcher) {
        this.switcher = switcher;
    }

    @Override
    public Receiver<T> call(final Receiver<T> tReceiver) {

        return new CallbackOnReceiver<>(tReceiver, switcher);
    }

    private static final class CallbackOnReceiver<T> extends Receiver<T> implements Action0 {

        private final Receiver<T> tReceiver;
        private final Switcher.Worker worker;
        private final Queue<T> tQueue = new LinkedList<>();

        public CallbackOnReceiver(Receiver<T> tReceiver, Switcher switcher) {
            this.tReceiver = tReceiver;
            this.worker = switcher.createWorker();
        }

        @Override
        public void call() {
            T t = tQueue.poll(); //移除元素,如果队列为空,则返回null
            tReceiver.onReceive(t);
        }

        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {
        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onReceive(T t) {
            tQueue.offer(t);// offer:添加一个元素并返回true        如果队列已满,则返回false
            switches();
        }

        private void switches() {
            worker.switches(this);
        }
    }
}
OperatorCallbackOn
  1. 持有Switcher
  2. call方法中返回用于callbackOn的Receiver
CallbackOnReceiver
  1. 持有原Caller和Switcher
  2. 在onReceive等方法中做调度
  3. 调度后用原Receiver再调用onReceive
实例
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/11.
 * Desc: .RxJava1  observeOn
 */

public class Lesson3_4Activity extends AppCompatActivity {
    public static final String TAG = "kpioneer";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_custom_test);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);

    }

    @OnClick(R.id.testDo)
    public void onViewClicked() {
        Caller.
                create(new Caller.OnCall<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void call(Receiver<String> stringReceiver) {
                        stringReceiver.onReceive("test");
                        Log.d(TAG, "currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                        stringReceiver.onCompleted();
                    }
                }).
                callOn(new NewThreadSwitcher()).
                callbackOn(new LooperSwitcher(getMainLooper())).
                call(new Receiver<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(String s) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "onReceive:" + s);
                        Log.d(TAG, "currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }
                });
    }
}
06-19 10:05:36.245 11194-11346/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: currentThread:Thread[ NewThreadWorker,5,main]
06-19 10:05:36.265 11194-11194/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: onReceive:test
06-19 10:05:36.265 11194-11194/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: currentThread:Thread[main,5,main]

14 RxJava2 observeOn仿写

14.1 RxJava2(无背压) observeOn
    public Caller<T> callbackOn(Switcher switcher) {
        return new CallerCallbackOn<>(this, switcher);
    }
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/19.
 * Desc: 用于callbackon
 */

public class CallerCallbackOn<T> extends CallerWithUpstream<T, T> {

    private final Switcher mSwitcher;

    public CallerCallbackOn(Caller<T> source, Switcher mSwitcher) {
        super(source);
        this.mSwitcher = mSwitcher;
    }

    @Override
    protected void callActual(Callee<T> callee) {
        source.call(new CallbackOnCallee<T>(callee, mSwitcher));
    }

    private static final class CallbackOnCallee<T> implements Callee<T>, Runnable {
        private final Callee<T> mCallee;
        private final Switcher.Worker worker;
        private final Queue<T> tQueue = new LinkedList<>();

        public CallbackOnCallee(Callee<T> mCallee, Switcher switcher) {
            this.mCallee = mCallee;
            this.worker = switcher.createWorker();
        }

        @Override
        public void onCall(Release release) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onReceive(T t) {
            tQueue.offer(t);
            switches();
        }


        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {

        }

        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {

        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            T t = tQueue.poll();
            mCallee.onReceive(t);
        }

        private void switches() {
            worker.switches(this);
        }
    }
}

CallerCallbackOn
  1. 持有Switcher
  2. 实现callActual方法
  3. 用原有Caller去call一个用于线程切换的Callee
CallbackOnCallee
  1. 持有原Callee和Switcher
  2. 在onReceive等方法中做调度
  3. 调度后用原Callee在调用onReceive
14.2 RxJava2(有背压) observeOn
    public Telephoner<T> callbackOn(Switcher switcher){
     return new TelephonerCallbackOn<>(this,switcher);
    }
/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/19.
 * Desc:用于callbackon
 */

public class TelephonerCallbackOn<T> extends TelephonerWithUpstream<T, T> {

    private final Switcher mSwitcher;

    public TelephonerCallbackOn(Telephoner<T> source, Switcher mSwitcher) {
        super(source);
        this.mSwitcher = mSwitcher;
    }

    @Override
    protected void callActual(Receiver<T> receiver) {
        source.call(new CallbackOnReceiver<>(receiver, mSwitcher));
    }

    private static final class CallbackOnReceiver<T> implements Receiver<T>, Runnable {
        private final Receiver<T> tReceiver;
        private final Switcher.Worker worker;
        private final Queue<T> tQueue = new LinkedList<>();

        public CallbackOnReceiver(Receiver<T> tReceiver, Switcher switcher) {
            this.tReceiver = tReceiver;
            this.worker = switcher.createWorker();
        }

        @Override
        public void onCall(Drop d) {
            tReceiver.onCall(d);
        }

        @Override
        public void onReceive(T t) {
            tQueue.offer(t);
            switches();
        }


        @Override
        public void onError(Throwable t) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onCompleted() {

        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            T t = tQueue.poll();
            tReceiver.onReceive(t);

        }

        private void switches() {
            worker.switches(this);
        }
    }
}
TelephonerCallbackOn
  1. 持有Switcher
  2. 实现callActual方法
  3. 用原Telephoner去call一个用于线程切换的Receiver
CallbackOnReceiver
  1. 持有原Telephoner和Switcher
  2. 在onReceive等方法中做调度
  3. 调度后用原Receiver再调用onReceive
实例

/**
 * Created by Xionghu on 2018/6/11.
 * Desc: .RxJava2  observeOn仿写
 */

public class Lesson3_5Activity extends AppCompatActivity {
    public static final String TAG = "kpioneer";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(final Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_custom_test);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);

    }

    @OnClick(R.id.testDo)
    public void onViewClicked() {
           /*---------无背压---------*/
        Caller.
                create(new CallerOnCall<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void call(CallerEmitter<String> callerEmitter) {
                        callerEmitter.onReceive("test");
                        Log.d(TAG, "无背压 currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                        callerEmitter.onCompleted();
                    }
                }).
                callOn(new NewThreadSwitcher()).
                callbackOn(new LooperSwitcher(getMainLooper())).
                call(new Callee<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCall(Release release) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(String s) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "无背压 onReceive:" + s);
                        Log.d(TAG, "无背压 currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {

                    }
                });

                   /*---------有背压---------*/
        Telephoner.
                create(new TelephonerOnCall<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void call(TelephonerEmitter<String> telephonerEmitter) {
                        telephonerEmitter.onReceive("test");
                        Log.d(TAG, "有背压 currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }
                }).
                callOn(new NewThreadSwitcher()).
                callbackOn(new LooperSwitcher(getMainLooper())).
                call(new Receiver<String>() {
                    @Override
                    public void onCall(Drop d) {
                        d.request(Long.MAX_VALUE);
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onReceive(String s) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "有背压 onReceive:" + s);
                        Log.d(TAG, "有背压 currentThread:" + Thread.currentThread());
                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onError(Throwable t) {

                    }

                    @Override
                    public void onCompleted() {

                    }
                });
    }
}

06-19 13:19:29.185 25626-25771/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 无背压 currentThread:Thread[NewThreadWorker,5,main]
06-19 13:19:29.195 25626-25626/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 无背压 onReceive:test
06-19 13:19:29.195 25626-25626/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 无背压 currentThread:Thread[main,5,main]
06-19 13:19:29.205 25626-25772/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 有背压 currentThread:Thread[NewThreadWorker,5,main]
06-19 13:19:29.205 25626-25626/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 有背压 onReceive:test
06-19 13:19:29.205 25626-25626/com.haocai.rxjavademo D/kpioneer: 有背压 currentThread:Thread[main,5,main]

源码下载

https://github.com/kpioneer123/RxJavaLearning

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