Ansible 小手册系列 二(安装)

通过yum(CentOS, RHEL)安装


rpm -ivh  http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
wget --no-check-certificate -O  /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo  https://lug.ustc.edu.cn/wiki/_export/code/mirrors/help/epel?codeblock=0
yum install ansible

注:上列是centos 6.7的安装步骤,目前yum的版本是2.1的。

通过apt(Ubuntu )安装


$ sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
$ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ansible/ansible
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install ansible

在早期Ubuntu发行版中, “software-properties-common” 名为 “python-software-properties”.

通过 pkg (FreeBSD)安装


$ sudo pkg install ansible

通过pip安装


安装easy_install

yum –y install easy_install

修改easy_install源

cat >> ~/.pydistutils.cfg  <<EOF
[easy_install]
index-url = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/pypi/web/simple
EOF

修改pip源

mkdir ~/.pip
cat >>  ~/.pip/pip.conf  <<EOF
[global]
index-url = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/pypi/web/simple
format = columns
EOF

安装

easy_install pip
pip install ansible

通过源码安装


cetnos 6.7安装方式

修改epel源

wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo   https://lug.ustc.edu.cn/wiki/_export/code/mirrors/help/epel?codeblock=0

修改easy_install源

cat >> ~/.pydistutils.cfg  <<EOF
[easy_install]
index-url = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/pypi/web/simple
EOF

修改pip源

mkdir ~/.pip
cat >>  ~/.pip/pip.conf  <<EOF
[global]
index-url = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/pypi/web/simple
format = columns
EOF

安装依赖

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ make python-devel  python-setuptools  sshpass
easy_install pip
git clone git://github.com/ansible/ansible.git --recursive
cd ./ansible
python setup.py install
mkdir /etc/ansible/
cp examples/{ansible.cfg,hosts} /etc/ansible/

友情提醒:

如果下载得是release版本的zip/tar.gz文件。执行命令的时候如果出现:

localhost | FAILED! => {
    "failed": true, 
    "msg": "The module ping was not found in configured module paths. Additionally, core modules are missing. If this is a checkout, run 'git submodule update --init --recursive' to correct this problem."
}

那就 需要再次下载下面这两个仓库,放在/lib/ansible/modules/目录下,再进行安装

https://github.com/ansible/ansible-modules-core
https://github.com/ansible/ansible-modules-extras


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