20190415 laggard

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laggard /ˈlæɡəd/

【英英释义】

n. if you describe a country, company, or product as a laggard, you mean that it is not performing as well as its competitors. 可数名词  落后者,技不如人者

also an adjective. 落后的

a person who makes slow progress and falls behind others

【词义深度解析】

laggard是可数名词,意思是“落后者”,从动词lag(落后)衍化而来。这个词是《经济学人》的常客,可以指一个人、一家公司、一支球队、一个国家等。

go from a leader to a laggard 从领头羊变成了落后者

【例句学习】

1. This cut-throat contest in not for losers and laggards.

2. The Chinese national football team has long been a laggard, an embarrassment to many Chinese.

3. Britain's economy has gone from a leader fo a laggard internationally, as GDP growth has slowed sharply. 随着国内生产总值增长骤然减缓,英国经济已经从国际上的领导者变成了落后者。

4. Indeed, half a millennium ago Europe might justly have been considered a laggard. 事实上,半个世纪以前,欧洲可能被理所当然认为是一个落后者。

millennium /mɪˈlɛnɪəm/ n. 一千年,千年  Millennium 特指千禧年,2000年

5. On its current path, the country will remain a growth laggard.增长落后的国家

【词汇运用】

1.翻译:这个国家的经济一度落后,不过现在已经开始迎头赶上了。

This country's economy was once a laggard, but now it has begun to catch up to others from behind. (自己)

Once a laggard, the economy of this country is starting to catch up. / Long a laggard, this country's economy is beginning to pick up.(参考翻译)

分析:已经开始迎头赶上,参考翻译用了现在进行时,且句式有省略。迎头赶上,catch up或pick up。

2.生活场景应用

I won't be a laggard in this interview.

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