varnish实战

新博客网站1

新博客网站2

环境

  1.两台contos7 的虚拟机分别为node1,node2
  2.关闭防火和selinux

安装

#varnish 在epel
[root@node1 yum.repos.d]# wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
[root@node1 yum.repos.d]# rpm -ivh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
[root@node1 ~]# yum install varnish -y

varnish如何存储缓存对象

  file:单个文件,不支持持久机制
  malloc:内存
  persistent:基于文件的持久存储

配置varnish的三种应用

  1.varnishd应用程序的命令行参数(主程序)
    监听的socket,使用的存储类型等等,额外的配置参数
      -p param=value
      -r param,param,... 设置只读参数列表
      /etc/varnish/varnish.params
    -p选项指明的参数
  2.运行时参数
      可在程序运行中,通过cli接口进行配置
  3.vcl 配置缓存系统缓存机制
    通过vcl配置文件进行配置 ,先编译,后应用,依赖gcc

编辑配置文件

[root@node1 varnish]# vim varnish.params  (配置主程序)
# Varnish environment configuration description. This was derived from
# the old style sysconfig/defaults settings

# Set this to 1 to make systemd reload try to switch VCL without restart.
RELOAD_VCL=1

# Main configuration file. You probably want to change it.
VARNISH_VCL_CONF=/etc/varnish/default.vcl

# Default address and port to bind to. Blank address means all IPv4
# and IPv6 interfaces, otherwise specify a host name, an IPv4 dotted
# quad, or an IPv6 address in brackets.
# VARNISH_LISTEN_ADDRESS=192.168.1.5
VARNISH_LISTEN_PORT=6081

# Varnish environment configuration description. This was derived from
# the old style sysconfig/defaults settings

# Set this to 1 to make systemd reload try to switch VCL without restart.
RELOAD_VCL=1

# Main configuration file. You probably want to change it.
VARNISH_VCL_CONF=/etc/varnish/default.vcl

# Default address and port to bind to. Blank address means all IPv4
# and IPv6 interfaces, otherwise specify a host name, an IPv4 dotted
# quad, or an IPv6 address in brackets.
# VARNISH_LISTEN_ADDRESS=192.168.1.5
VARNISH_LISTEN_PORT=6081

# Admin interface listen address and port
VARNISH_ADMIN_LISTEN_ADDRESS=127.0.0.1
VARNISH_ADMIN_LISTEN_PORT=6082

# Shared secret file for admin interface
VARNISH_SECRET_FILE=/etc/varnish/secret  #连接配置接口,用的域认证文件

# Backend storage specification, see Storage Types in the varnishd(5)
# man page for details.
VARNISH_STORAGE="malloc,256M"   这里是内存方式,可以改为文件

# User and group for the varnishd worker processes
VARNISH_USER=varnish
VARNISH_GROUP=varnish

# Other options, see the man page varnishd(1)
DAEMON_OPTS="-p thread_pool_min=5 -p thread_pool_max=500 -p thread_pool_timeout=300"    #开启线程池,管理最多可以启动的线程数量

.............................................................................
#配置vcl,缓存
[root@node1 varnish]# vim default.vcl 
#
# This is an example VCL file for Varnish.
#
# It does not do anything by default, delegating control to the
# builtin VCL. The builtin VCL is called when there is no explicit
# return statement.
#
# See the VCL chapters in the Users Guide at https://www.varnish-cache.org/docs/
# and http://varnish-cache.org/trac/wiki/VCLExamples for more examples.

# Marker to tell the VCL compiler that this VCL has been adapted to the
# new 4.0 format.
vcl 4.0;

# Default backend definition. Set this to point to your content server.
backend default {
    .host = "192.168.66.130";    #配置后端服务器
    .port = "80";
}

sub vcl_recv {
    # Happens before we check if we have this in cache already.
    #
    # Typically you clean up the request here, removing cookies you don't need,
    # rewriting the request, etc.
}

sub vcl_backend_response {
    # Happens after we have read the response headers from the backend.
    #
    # Here you clean the response headers, removing silly Set-Cookie headers
    # and other mistakes your backend does.
}

sub vcl_deliver {
    # Happens when we have all the pieces we need, and are about to send the
    # response to the client.
    #
    # You can do accounting or modifying the final object here.
}

配置node2

  node2 作为后端主机 ,这里使用httpd
  安装配置这里不说了
  生成测试文件并启动httpd

root@node2 ~]# for i in {1..10}; do echo "page $i on web1" > /var/www/html/test$i.html; done
[root@node2 ~]# ll /var/www/
cgi-bin/ html/    
[root@node2 ~]# ll /var/www/html/
总用量 44
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  18 15:17 index.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 16 4月  19 11:12 test10.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test1.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test2.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test3.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test4.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test5.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test6.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test7.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test8.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 15 4月  19 11:12 test9.html
[root@node2 ~]# systemctl start httpd

在node1启动varnish服务

[root@node1 varnish]# systemctl start varnish

测试

  访问http://192.168.66.129:6081/test1.html 6081可以在主程序配置文件中修改为80

管理接口

#使用varnishadm -S 指明认证文件, 如果要远程连接,需要修改主程序的监听地址为公网地址
[root@node1 varnish]# varnishadm -S /etc/varnish/secret -T 127.0.0.1:6082   guanl 

日志接口

共享内存日志工具
[root@node1 varnish]# varnishlog      #可以用systemctl start varnishlog 启动周期性的日志服务
[root@node1 varnish]# varnishncsa   #可以用systemctl start varnishncsa 启动周期性的日志服务
[root@node1 varnish]# varnishtop
[root@node1 varnish]# varnishstat

至此varnish已经完成,至于vcl的用法和解释,请参考下节https://www.jianshu.com/writer#/notebooks/24512432/notes/26857644

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