neutron创建network执行的那些命令

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当搭建完openstack之后,在创建instance之前,第一件事情就是创建network,一个经典的流程如下:

TENANT_NAME="openstack"

TENANT_NETWORK_NAME="openstack-net"

TENANT_SUBNET_NAME="${TENANT_NETWORK_NAME}-subnet"

TENANT_ROUTER_NAME="openstack-router"

FIXED_RANGE="NEUTRON_FIXED_RANGE"

NETWORK_GATEWAY="NEUTRON_NETWORK_GATEWAY"

PUBLIC_GATEWAY="NEUTRON_PUBLIC_GATEWAY"

PUBLIC_RANGE="NEUTRON_PUBLIC_RANGE"

PUBLIC_START="NEUTRON_PUBLIC_START"

PUBLIC_END="NEUTRON_PUBLIC_END"

(1) 创建private network和subnet

TENANT_ID=$(keystone tenant-list | grep " $TENANT_NAME " | awk '{print $2}')

TENANT_NET_ID=$(neutron net-create --tenant_id $TENANT_ID $TENANT_NETWORK_NAME --provider:network_type gre --provider:segmentation_id 1 | grep " id " | awk '{print $4}')

TENANT_SUBNET_ID=$(neutron subnet-create --tenant_id $TENANT_ID --ip_version 4 --name $TENANT_SUBNET_NAME $TENANT_NET_ID $FIXED_RANGE --gateway $NETWORK_GATEWAY --dns_nameservers list=true 8.8.8.8 | grep " id " | awk '{print $4}')

当仅有private network的时候,会对这个private network创建一个DHCP Server

所以DHCP Agent会执行下面的命令:

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip -o link show tap452bdfab-31

这个命令试图从dhcp的namespace里面查找dhcp的网卡,但是很可惜找不到,返回error

Cannot open network namespace "qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0": No such file or directory

于是试图创建dhcp server的网卡,这个网卡会attach到br-int上,所以先查看br-int

ip -o link show br-int

如果br-int没有问题,于是创建dhcp server的网卡,并且attach到br-int上

ovs-vsctl -- --if-exists del-port tap452bdfab-31 -- add-port br-int tap452bdfab-31 -- set Interface tap452bdfab-31 type=internal -- set Interface tap452bdfab-31 external-ids:iface-id=452bdfab-3152-44d0-bd9c-40c94a6f8640 -- set Interface tap452bdfab-31 external-ids:iface-status=active -- set Interface tap452bdfab-31 external-ids:attached-mac=fa:16:3e:d7:08:67

为网卡设置mac

ip link set tap452bdfab-31 address fa:16:3e:d7:08:67

查看当前存在的namespace

ip -o netns list

返回

qrouter-26a45e0e-a58a-443b-a972-d62c0c5a1323

qdhcp-760d2c5e-4938-49b0-bffe-c77c5b141d18

发现没有这个dhcp所对应的namespace,需要创建一个

ip netns add qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0

将io网卡设置为up

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip link set lo up

将新建的dhcp server的网卡放在这个namespace里面

ip link set tap452bdfab-31 netns qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0

将DHCP server的网卡设置为up

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip link set tap452bdfab-31 up

查看这个网卡的ip地址

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip addr show tap452bdfab-31 permanent scope global

为这个网卡配置ip地址

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip -4 addr add 192.168.10.3/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global dev tap452bdfab-31

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip -4 addr add 169.254.169.254/16 brd 169.254.255.255 scope global dev tap452bdfab-31

第一个地址是dhcp server的地址,第二个地址是metadata server的地址

查看路由表

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip route list dev tap452bdfab-31

169.254.0.0/16  proto kernel  scope link  src 169.254.169.254

192.168.10.0/24  proto kernel  scope link  src 192.168.10.3

添加路由表

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip route replace default via 192.168.10.1 dev tap452bdfab-31

查看网卡的配置

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip addr show tap452bdfab-31

232: tap452bdfab-31: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default

link/ether fa:16:3e:d7:08:67 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

inet 192.168.10.3/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global tap452bdfab-31

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

inet 169.254.169.254/16 brd 169.254.255.255 scope global tap452bdfab-31

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

inet6 fe80::f816:3eff:fed7:867/64 scope link tentative

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

启动dhcp server

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 env NEUTRON_NETWORK_ID=66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 dnsmasq --no-hosts --no-resolv --strict-order --bind-interfaces --interface=tap452bdfab-31 --except-interface=lo --pid-file=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/pid --dhcp-hostsfile=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/host --addn-hosts=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/addn_hosts --dhcp-optsfile=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/opts --leasefile-ro --dhcp-range=set:tag0,192.168.10.0,static,86400s --dhcp-lease-max=256 --conf-file= --domain=openstacklocal

启动metadata proxy

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 neutron-ns-metadata-proxy --pid_file=/var/lib/neutron/external/pids/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0.pid --metadata_proxy_socket=/var/lib/neutron/metadata_proxy --network_id=66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 --state_path=/var/lib/neutron --metadata_port=80 --debug --verbose --log-file=neutron-ns-metadata-proxy-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0.log --log-dir=/var/log/neutron

最后查看一下网卡配置

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip addr show tap452bdfab-31

kill -HUP 17666

这个PID是什么呢?

# ps aux | grep 17666

nobody   17666  0.0  0.0  28204  1112 ?        S    Jul14   0:00 dnsmasq --no-hosts --no-resolv --strict-order --bind-interfaces --interface=tap452bdfab-31 --except-interface=lo --pid-file=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/pid --dhcp-hostsfile=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/host --addn-hosts=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/addn_hosts --dhcp-optsfile=/var/lib/neutron/dhcp/66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0/opts --leasefile-ro --dhcp-range=set:tag0,192.168.10.0,static,86400s --dhcp-lease-max=256 --conf-file= --domain=openstacklocal

原来是我们的dhcp server

这个命令的作用是:如果想要更改配置而不需停止并重新启动服务,请使用该命令。在对配置文件作必要的更改后,发出该命令以动态更新服务配置。

最后查看一下路由配置

ip netns exec qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0 ip route list dev tap452bdfab-31

(2) 创建一个router,并且和private network相连

ROUTER_ID=$(neutron router-create --tenant_id $TENANT_ID $TENANT_ROUTER_NAME | grep " id " | awk '{print $4}')

neutron router-interface-add $ROUTER_ID $TENANT_SUBNET_ID

查看br-ex

ip -o link show br-ex

59: br-ex: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/ether a0:48:1c:ab:df:b5 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

查看所有的namespace

ip -o netns list

qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0

qrouter-26a45e0e-a58a-443b-a972-d62c0c5a1323

qdhcp-760d2c5e-4938-49b0-bffe-c77c5b141d18

发现没有这个router的namespace,创建一个

ip netns add qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82

将io网卡设为up

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip link set lo up

这是一个router,所以enable ip forward

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

初始化iptables

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 iptables-save –c

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Jul 17 01:37:57 2014

*nat

:PREROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]

:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]

COMMIT

# Completed on Thu Jul 17 01:37:57 2014

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Jul 17 01:37:57 2014

*mangle

:PREROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]

:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]

COMMIT

# Completed on Thu Jul 17 01:37:57 2014

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Jul 17 01:37:57 2014

*filter

:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

COMMIT

# Completed on Thu Jul 17 01:37:57 2014

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 iptables-restore –c

启动metadata proxy

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 neutron-ns-metadata-proxy --pid_file=/var/lib/neutron/external/pids/d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82.pid --metadata_proxy_socket=/var/lib/neutron/metadata_proxy --router_id=d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 --state_path=/var/lib/neutron --metadata_port=9697 --debug --verbose --log-file=neutron-ns-metadata-proxy-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82.log --log-dir=/var/log/neutron

查看router的网卡

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip -o link show qr-29003a09-e7

但是网卡不存在

Device "qr-29003a09-e7" does not exist.

查看br-int,router的网卡会attach到这个网卡上

ip -o link show br-int

58: br-int: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/ether 0a:9b:c6:54:ef:46 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

创建router的网卡,并且attach到br-int

ovs-vsctl -- --if-exists del-port qr-29003a09-e7 -- add-port br-int qr-29003a09-e7 -- set Interface qr-29003a09-e7 type=internal -

- set Interface qr-29003a09-e7 external-ids:iface-id=29003a09-e787-49dd-b5f4-11ad107159c7 -- set Interface qr-29003a09-e7 external-ids:iface-status=active -- set Interface qr-29003a09-e7 external-ids:attached-mac=fa:16:3e:84:6e:cc

设置router网卡的mac

ip link set qr-29003a09-e7 address fa:16:3e:84:6e:cc

查看所有的namespace

ip -o netns list

qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82

qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0

qrouter-26a45e0e-a58a-443b-a972-d62c0c5a1323

qdhcp-760d2c5e-4938-49b0-bffe-c77c5b141d18

有这个router的namespace

将这个网卡放在这个namespace里面

ip link set qr-29003a09-e7 netns qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82

将router的网卡设为up

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip link set qr-29003a09-e7 up

查看网卡的地址

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip addr show qr-29003a09-e7 permanent scope global

设置网卡的地址

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip -4 addr add 192.168.10.1/24 brd 192.168.10.255 scope global dev qr-2

9003a09-e7

查看所有的网卡

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip -o -d link list

1: lo: mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 promiscuity 0

241: qr-29003a09-e7: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/ether fa:16:3e:84:6e:cc brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 1

(3) 创建外网,并且连接到router

neutron net-create public --router:external=True

neutron subnet-create --ip_version 4 --gateway $PUBLIC_GATEWAY public $PUBLIC_RANGE --allocation-pool start=$PUBLIC_START,end=$PUBLIC_END --disable-dhcp --name public-subnet

neutron router-gateway-set ${TENANT_ROUTER_NAME} public

查看br-ex

ip -o link show br-ex

59: br-ex: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/ether a0:48:1c:ab:df:b5 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

列出所有的网卡

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip -o -d link list

1: lo: mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 promiscuity 0

241: qr-29003a09-e7: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default

link/ether fa:16:3e:84:6e:cc brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff promiscuity 1

查看qg网卡

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip -o link show qg-556ca938-e1

但是网卡不存在

Device "qg-556ca938-e1" does not exist.

查看br-ex

ip -o link show br-ex

创建新的网卡qg,attach到br-ex

ovs-vsctl -- --if-exists del-port qg-556ca938-e1 -- add-port br-ex qg-556ca938-e1 -- set Interface qg-556ca938-e1 type=internal -- set Interface qg-556ca938-e1 external-ids:iface-id=556ca938-e11b-4246-bdc1-ef25c91b7593 -- set Interface qg-556ca938-e1 external-ids:iface-status=active -- set Interface qg-556ca938-e1 external-ids:attached-mac=fa:16:3e:68:12:c0

设置网卡mac

ip link set qg-556ca938-e1 address fa:16:3e:68:12:c0

查看所有的namespace

ip -o netns list

qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82

qdhcp-66b9930b-2871-414c-8c6f-991a6a8cffe0

qrouter-26a45e0e-a58a-443b-a972-d62c0c5a1323

qdhcp-760d2c5e-4938-49b0-bffe-c77c5b141d18

将qg网卡设置到namespace中

ip link set qg-556ca938-e1 netns qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82

将网卡设置为up

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip link set qg-556ca938-e1 up

查看网卡地址

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip addr show qg-556ca938-e1 permanent scope global

设置网卡地址

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip -4 addr add 16.158.165.105/22 brd 16.158.167.255 scope global dev qg

-556ca938-e1

添加router表

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 route add default gw 16.158.164.1

设置iptables

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 iptables-save –c

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Jul 17 01:58:30 2014

*nat

:PREROUTING ACCEPT [4:425]

:INPUT ACCEPT [1:229]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-OUTPUT - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-POSTROUTING - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-PREROUTING - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-float-snat - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-snat - [0:0]

:neutron-postrouting-bottom - [0:0]

[4:425] -A PREROUTING -j neutron-l3-agent-PREROUTING

[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-l3-agent-OUTPUT

[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j neutron-l3-agent-POSTROUTING

[0:0] -A POSTROUTING -j neutron-postrouting-bottom

[0:0] -A neutron-l3-agent-PREROUTING -d 169.254.169.254/32 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 9697

[0:0] -A neutron-l3-agent-snat -jneutron-l3-agent-float-snat

[0:0] -A neutron-postrouting-bottom -j neutron-l3-agent-snat

COMMIT

# Completed on Thu Jul 17 01:58:30 2014

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Jul 17 01:58:30 2014

*mangle

:PREROUTING ACCEPT [4:425]

:INPUT ACCEPT [1:229]

:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [0:0]

COMMIT

# Completed on Thu Jul 17 01:58:30 2014

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Jul 17 01:58:30 2014

*filter

:INPUT ACCEPT [1:229]

:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:neutron-filter-top - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-FORWARD - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-INPUT - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-OUTPUT - [0:0]

:neutron-l3-agent-local - [0:0]

[1:229] -A INPUT -j neutron-l3-agent-INPUT

[0:0] -A FORWARD -j neutron-filter-top

[0:0] -A FORWARD -j neutron-l3-agent-FORWARD

[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-filter-top

[0:0] -A OUTPUT -j neutron-l3-agent-OUTPUT

[0:0] -A neutron-filter-top -j neutron-l3-agent-local

[0:0] -A neutron-l3-agent-INPUT -d 127.0.0.1/32 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 9697 -j ACCEPT

COMMIT

# Completed on Thu Jul 17 01:58:30 2014

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 iptables-restore –c

显示网卡信息

ip netns exec qrouter-d62d417d-2005-46d7-a83b-b1e5c0a36d82 ip addr show qg-556ca938-e1

242: qg-556ca938-e1: mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default

link/ether fa:16:3e:68:12:c0 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

inet 16.158.165.105/22 brd 16.158.167.255 scope global qg-556ca938-e1

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

inet6 fe80::f816:3eff:fe68:12c0/64 scope link tentative

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

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