Day017 艺术——BBC经典重制:文明的轨迹(EP0227)


《文明的轨迹》(Civilisation)于1969年在 BBC 播出,由著名艺术历史学家克拉克爵士(Kenneth Clark)担任编剧与主持,被誉为 BBC“电视史上的里程碑”、当代艺术历史中最具雄心壮志的纪录片。克拉克爵士引人入胜的对白,再加上欧洲地标的动人画面,带领观众探索了自罗马帝国沦亡至工业革命及其后的文明发展。这种通过艺术、音乐来呈现历史观点的做法,成为日后无数纪录片看齐并努力超越的基准。在近半个世纪之后,BBC 为新一代的观众制作了全新的 Civilisations——不止一个文明,也不止一个视角。新的纪录片将于3月1日在 BBC 播出,由三位专攻不同领域的历史学家讲解。此次拍摄历时3年,跨越31个国家,并利用无人机等最新技术拍摄,讨论的主题包括但不限于:为什么裸体会成为西方艺术的一个标志,色彩在印度的意义,以及在殖民时期不同文化之间是如何相互借鉴的。



题目:Colorful stories, again: "Civilisations"


① Almost half a century after Kenneth Clark's ground-breaking【adj. 先锋性的;开创性的】 television series about the history of Western art helped to popularise colour television, the BBC's remake【n. 翻拍;重制】 begins airing【vi. 播放;播出 on air: 正在播出 in the air: 悬而未决】 on Thursday (a different version will be broadcast in America on PBS from April 17th).

② The update of the series is far more ambitious.

③ Three years in the making 制作 and filmed in 31 countries, it features sweeping drone【 n. 无人机】 footage【 n. 影片片段】 to help show off 炫耀 the art works under discussion.

④ Simon Schama, Mary Beard and David Olusoga—each a historian with a particular speciality—present their own episodes.

⑤ Among other themes, they focus on how the nude【n.裸体】 became the hallmark【n. 标志;特征】 of Western art, the meaning of colour in India and its absence in the war-time paintings of Francisco Goya, and how different cultures borrowed from one another during colonial【殖民地】 encounters in countries ranging from Mexico to Mali.

⑥ Expect to be surprised as well as enchanted【vt. 使着迷】.


civilisation/civilization /ˌsɪvɪlʌɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n/: n. 文明

ground-breaking /ˈɡraʊn(d)breɪkɪŋ/: adj. 先锋性的;开创性的

remake /ˈriːmeɪk/: n. 翻拍;重制

air /ɛː/: vi. 播放;播出

on air: 正在播出

in the air: 悬而未决

series /ˈsɪəri:z/: n. 剧集;系列

in the making: 制作(the process of developing or being made)

drone /drəʊn/: n. 无人机

footage /ˈfʊtɪdʒ/: n. 影片片段

nude /njuːd/: n. 裸体

hallmark /ˈhɔ:lmɑ:k/: n. 标志;特征

range from /reɪn(d)ʒ/: 从……到……的范围

enchant /ɪnˈtʃɑ:nt, ɛnˈtʃɑ:nt/: vt. 使着迷



《文明的轨迹》,英国 BBC 1969年首播,通过艺术呈现历史观点(也通过艺术作品的展示,来给彩色电视做了广告)

②Kenneth Clark:

艺术史学家,BBC 1969年版 Civilisation 的编剧及主持人

Kenneth Mackenzie Clark was a British art historian, museum director, and broadcaster.

③Simon Schama:

Simon Michael Schama is an English historian specialising in art history, Dutch history, and French history. He is a University Professor of History and Art History at Columbia University, New York.

④Mary Beard:

Winifred Mary Beard is an English scholar and classicist. The New Yorker characterises her as "learned but accessible".

⑤David Olusoga:

David Adetayo Olusoga is a British Nigerian historian, writer and broadcaster. He has presented a number of historical documentaries on the BBC and contributed to The One Show and The Guardian.

Francisco Goya:

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of late 18th and early 19th centuries and throughout his long career was a commentator and chronicler of his era.