Android LifeCycle原理分析

之前写过一篇Android LifeCycle

presenter实现LifecycleObserver接口观察生命周期变更,接下来以此为例,翻下源码。

Activity中通过

lifecycle.addObserver(presenter)

进行关联

先看lifecycle

ComponentActivity implements LifecycleOwner

    @Override
    public Lifecycle getLifecycle() {
        return mLifecycleRegistry;
    }

LifecycleRegistry extends Lifecycle 是Lifecycle的实现类

getLifecycle()方法所在类ComponentActivity

此处ComponentActivity为androidx.activity.ComponentActivity

public class ComponentActivity extends androidx.core.app.ComponentActivity

androidx.core.app.ComponentActivity

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        ReportFragment.injectIfNeededIn(this);
    }

这里带上包名,因为两个activity名称相同=。=

ReportFragment.injectIfNeededIn()

    public static void injectIfNeededIn(Activity activity) {
        // ProcessLifecycleOwner should always correctly work and some activities may not extend
        // FragmentActivity from support lib, so we use framework fragments for activities
        android.app.FragmentManager manager = activity.getFragmentManager();
        if (manager.findFragmentByTag(REPORT_FRAGMENT_TAG) == null) {
            manager.beginTransaction().add(new ReportFragment(), REPORT_FRAGMENT_TAG).commit();
            // Hopefully, we are the first to make a transaction.
            manager.executePendingTransactions();
        }
    }

生成ReportFragment并添加到当前Acitivity--->androidx.core.app.ComponentActivity

ReportFragment

    @Override
    public void onActivityCreated(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onActivityCreated(savedInstanceState);
        dispatchCreate(mProcessListener);
        dispatch(Lifecycle.Event.ON_CREATE);
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        dispatchStart(mProcessListener);
        dispatch(Lifecycle.Event.ON_START);
    }

    @Override
    public void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        dispatchResume(mProcessListener);
        dispatch(Lifecycle.Event.ON_RESUME);
    }

    @Override
    public void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        dispatch(Lifecycle.Event.ON_PAUSE);
    }

    @Override
    public void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        dispatch(Lifecycle.Event.ON_STOP);
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        dispatch(Lifecycle.Event.ON_DESTROY);
        // just want to be sure that we won't leak reference to an activity
        mProcessListener = null;
    }

在对应生命周期调用dispatch()方法

ReportFragment.dispatch()

    private void dispatch(Lifecycle.Event event) {
        Activity activity = getActivity();
        if (activity instanceof LifecycleRegistryOwner) {
            ((LifecycleRegistryOwner) activity).getLifecycle().handleLifecycleEvent(event);
            return;
        }

        if (activity instanceof LifecycleOwner) {
            Lifecycle lifecycle = ((LifecycleOwner) activity).getLifecycle();
            if (lifecycle instanceof LifecycleRegistry) {
                ((LifecycleRegistry) lifecycle).handleLifecycleEvent(event);
            }
        }
    }

Lifecycle lifecycle = ((LifecycleOwner) activity).getLifecycle()

此处getLifecycle()调用androidx.activity.ComponentActivity实现方法,对应本文例子中Activity.getLifecycle()

((LifecycleRegistry) lifecycle).handleLifecycleEvent(event)通过LifecycleRegistry分发对应生命周期事件Lifecycle.Event

LifecycleRegistry.handleLifecycleEvent()

    public void handleLifecycleEvent(@NonNull Lifecycle.Event event) {
        State next = getStateAfter(event);
        moveToState(next);
    }

LifecycleRegistry.getStateAfter(event)

    static State getStateAfter(Event event) {
        switch (event) {
            case ON_CREATE:
            case ON_STOP:
                return CREATED;
            case ON_START:
            case ON_PAUSE:
                return STARTED;
            case ON_RESUME:
                return RESUMED;
            case ON_DESTROY:
                return DESTROYED;
            case ON_ANY:
                break;
        }
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unexpected event value " + event);
    }

合并某些生命周期状态并返回State

LifecycleRegistry.moveToState(next)

   private void moveToState(State next) {
        if (mState == next) {
            return;
        }
        mState = next;
        if (mHandlingEvent || mAddingObserverCounter != 0) {
            mNewEventOccurred = true;
            // we will figure out what to do on upper level.
            return;
        }
        mHandlingEvent = true;
        sync();
        mHandlingEvent = false;
    }

LifecycleRegistry.sync()

    private void sync() {
        LifecycleOwner lifecycleOwner = mLifecycleOwner.get();
        if (lifecycleOwner == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("LifecycleOwner of this LifecycleRegistry is already"
                    + "garbage collected. It is too late to change lifecycle state.");
        }
        while (!isSynced()) {
            mNewEventOccurred = false;
            // no need to check eldest for nullability, because isSynced does it for us.
            if (mState.compareTo(mObserverMap.eldest().getValue().mState) < 0) {
                backwardPass(lifecycleOwner);
            }
            Entry<LifecycleObserver, ObserverWithState> newest = mObserverMap.newest();
            if (!mNewEventOccurred && newest != null
                    && mState.compareTo(newest.getValue().mState) > 0) {
                forwardPass(lifecycleOwner);
            }
        }
        mNewEventOccurred = false;
    }

forwardPass(lifecycleOwner)、backwardPass(lifecycleOwner)

    private void forwardPass(LifecycleOwner lifecycleOwner) {
        Iterator<Entry<LifecycleObserver, ObserverWithState>> ascendingIterator =
                mObserverMap.iteratorWithAdditions();
        while (ascendingIterator.hasNext() && !mNewEventOccurred) {
            Entry<LifecycleObserver, ObserverWithState> entry = ascendingIterator.next();
            ObserverWithState observer = entry.getValue();
            while ((observer.mState.compareTo(mState) < 0 && !mNewEventOccurred
                    && mObserverMap.contains(entry.getKey()))) {
                pushParentState(observer.mState);
                observer.dispatchEvent(lifecycleOwner, upEvent(observer.mState));
                popParentState();
            }
        }
    }

    private void backwardPass(LifecycleOwner lifecycleOwner) {
        Iterator<Entry<LifecycleObserver, ObserverWithState>> descendingIterator =
                mObserverMap.descendingIterator();
        while (descendingIterator.hasNext() && !mNewEventOccurred) {
            Entry<LifecycleObserver, ObserverWithState> entry = descendingIterator.next();
            ObserverWithState observer = entry.getValue();
            while ((observer.mState.compareTo(mState) > 0 && !mNewEventOccurred
                    && mObserverMap.contains(entry.getKey()))) {
                Event event = downEvent(observer.mState);
                pushParentState(getStateAfter(event));
                observer.dispatchEvent(lifecycleOwner, event);
                popParentState();
            }
        }
    }

迭代mObserverMap取到LifecycleObserver包装类调用

ObserverWithState.dispatchEvent()

    static class ObserverWithState {
        State mState;
        LifecycleEventObserver mLifecycleObserver;

        ObserverWithState(LifecycleObserver observer, State initialState) {
            mLifecycleObserver = Lifecycling.lifecycleEventObserver(observer);
            mState = initialState;
        }

        void dispatchEvent(LifecycleOwner owner, Event event) {
            State newState = getStateAfter(event);
            mState = min(mState, newState);
            mLifecycleObserver.onStateChanged(owner, event);
            mState = newState;
        }
    }

回看lifecycle.addObserver(presenter)也就是LifecycleRegistry.addObserver()

    @Override
    public void addObserver(@NonNull LifecycleObserver observer) {
        State initialState = mState == DESTROYED ? DESTROYED : INITIALIZED;
        ObserverWithState statefulObserver = new ObserverWithState(observer, initialState);
        ObserverWithState previous = mObserverMap.putIfAbsent(observer, statefulObserver);
        ...
    }

LifecycleObserver最终包装成LifecycleEventObserver

回调LifecycleEventObserver.onStateChanged()

mLifecycleObserver = Lifecycling.lifecycleEventObserver(observer)

    static LifecycleEventObserver lifecycleEventObserver(Object object) {
        boolean isLifecycleEventObserver = object instanceof LifecycleEventObserver;
        boolean isFullLifecycleObserver = object instanceof FullLifecycleObserver;
        if (isLifecycleEventObserver && isFullLifecycleObserver) {
            return new FullLifecycleObserverAdapter((FullLifecycleObserver) object,
                    (LifecycleEventObserver) object);
        }
        if (isFullLifecycleObserver) {
            return new FullLifecycleObserverAdapter((FullLifecycleObserver) object, null);
        }

        if (isLifecycleEventObserver) {
            return (LifecycleEventObserver) object;
        }

        final Class<?> klass = object.getClass();
        int type = getObserverConstructorType(klass);
        if (type == GENERATED_CALLBACK) {
            List<Constructor<? extends GeneratedAdapter>> constructors =
                    sClassToAdapters.get(klass);
            if (constructors.size() == 1) {
                GeneratedAdapter generatedAdapter = createGeneratedAdapter(
                        constructors.get(0), object);
                return new SingleGeneratedAdapterObserver(generatedAdapter);
            }
            GeneratedAdapter[] adapters = new GeneratedAdapter[constructors.size()];
            for (int i = 0; i < constructors.size(); i++) {
                adapters[i] = createGeneratedAdapter(constructors.get(i), object);
            }
            return new CompositeGeneratedAdaptersObserver(adapters);
        }
        return new ReflectiveGenericLifecycleObserver(object);
    }
  • FullLifecycleObserverAdapter
  • LifecycleEventObserver
  • SingleGeneratedAdapterObserver
  • CompositeGeneratedAdaptersObserver
  • ReflectiveGenericLifecycleObserver

通过以上实现类执行onStateChanged()

FullLifecycleObserverAdapter
    @Override
    public void onStateChanged(LifecycleOwner source, Lifecycle.Event event) {
        switch (event) {
            case ON_CREATE:
                mFullLifecycleObserver.onCreate(source);
                break;
            case ON_START:
                mFullLifecycleObserver.onStart(source);
                break;
            case ON_RESUME:
                mFullLifecycleObserver.onResume(source);
                break;
            case ON_PAUSE:
                mFullLifecycleObserver.onPause(source);
                break;
            case ON_STOP:
                mFullLifecycleObserver.onStop(source);
                break;
            case ON_DESTROY:
                mFullLifecycleObserver.onDestroy(source);
                break;
            case ON_ANY:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("ON_ANY must not been send by anybody");
        }
        if (mLifecycleEventObserver != null) {
            mLifecycleEventObserver.onStateChanged(source, event);
        }
    }

//观察所有生命周期可直接实现此类
interface FullLifecycleObserver extends LifecycleObserver {

    void onCreate(LifecycleOwner owner);

    void onStart(LifecycleOwner owner);

    void onResume(LifecycleOwner owner);

    void onPause(LifecycleOwner owner);

    void onStop(LifecycleOwner owner);

    void onDestroy(LifecycleOwner owner);
}
LifecycleEventObserver
//onStateChanged中通过event判断对应生命周期事件回调
public interface LifecycleEventObserver extends LifecycleObserver {
    void onStateChanged(@NonNull LifecycleOwner source, @NonNull Lifecycle.Event event);
}
SingleGeneratedAdapterObserver、CompositeGeneratedAdaptersObserver

注解方法后APT生成,本文例子presenter走此流程

ReflectiveGenericLifecycleObserver

反射调用

原理比较清晰:Activity/Fragment实现LifecycleOwner接口,通过LifecycleRegistry在对应生命周期分发事件Lifecycle.Event,回调到生命周期观察者LifecycleObserver对应订阅方法。

看完源码发现写注解方法好麻烦呀,实现FullLifecycleObserver/LifecycleEventObserver接口岂不美哉。