spring boot 使用post方式实现excel模板下载功能(包括前后端代码)

spring boot实现以流的方式输出excel文件模板:

     /**
     * 模板下载
     *
     * @param response
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @RequestMapping(value = "/download/template")
    @ApiOperation("模板下载")
    public void downDivideTemplate(HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {

        String templateName = "convertTemplate.xls";
        response.reset();
        response.setContentType("application/octet-stream");
        response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
        response.setHeader("Access-Control-Expose-Headers", "*");
        // 文件名
        response.setHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + templateName);
        response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");


        InputStream in = null;
        OutputStream out = null;

        try {
            in = new FileInputStream(new File("/Users/pan/Desktop/2003.xls"));
            out = response.getOutputStream();
            byte[] b = new byte[200];
            int len;
            while ((len = in.read(b)) > 0) {
                response.getOutputStream().write(b, 0, len);
            }
            out.flush();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (null != in) {
                try {
                    in.close();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    in = null;
                }
            }
            if (out != null) {
                try {
                    out.close();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    out = null;
                }
            }
        }

    }

前端使用axios以post方式,实现文件下载:

  downloadByPost(url){
        axios({ // 用axios发送post请求
            method: 'post',
            url: 'http://localhost:8080/test/download/template', // 请求地址
            responseType: 'blob' // 表明返回服务器返回的数据类型
        })
            .then((resp) => { // 处理返回的文件流
                if (!resp) {
                    return
                }
                let url = window.URL.createObjectURL(new Blob([resp.data])) // 这里一定要使用resp.data的内容,否则excel中的内容为: [object][object], 而非实际的模板内容
                let link = document.createElement('a')
                link.style.display = 'none'
                link.href = url
                link.setAttribute('download', 'excel.xls')

                document.body.appendChild(link)
                link.click()
            })

    }

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