Android换肤(一)源码分析View的创建流程

读前须知:
读下面的内容的时候,读者们自己打看源码一步步跟下来,不然完全是看不懂的。还有这篇文章只会讲布局的原理及其层级关系,也就是setContent那一部分的源码,之前的actvity的新建、启动和AMS那些相关的源码,这篇文章不会涉及,想了解actvity的新建、启动和AMS那些相关源码的可以看我之前的文章。
还是那句话,我们看源码不能每一句都非常深入的去看,这样看,你看几个月肯定都出不来了,我们要带着问题去看,边看边思考该关心的一些代码,略过和本次问题关系不大的代码,梳理出整个大致流程框架,之后再慢慢深入各个点,再逐个击破。

换肤主要涉及的技术点有两个:1:源码View的创建流程。2、源码资源文件的加载流程。这篇文章先从源码分析第一个技术点开始

  • 第一步:从ActivityThread的performLaunchActivity开始
 /**  Core implementation of activity launch. */
    private Activity performLaunchActivity(ActivityClientRecord r, Intent customIntent) {
        ActivityInfo aInfo = r.activityInfo;
        if (r.packageInfo == null) {
            r.packageInfo = getPackageInfo(aInfo.applicationInfo, r.compatInfo,
                    Context.CONTEXT_INCLUDE_CODE);
        }

        ComponentName component = r.intent.getComponent();
        if (component == null) {
            component = r.intent.resolveActivity(
                mInitialApplication.getPackageManager());
            r.intent.setComponent(component);
        }

        if (r.activityInfo.targetActivity != null) {
            component = new ComponentName(r.activityInfo.packageName,
                    r.activityInfo.targetActivity);
        }

        ContextImpl appContext = createBaseContextForActivity(r);
        Activity activity = null;
        try {
            java.lang.ClassLoader cl = appContext.getClassLoader();
            activity = mInstrumentation.newActivity(
                    cl, component.getClassName(), r.intent);
            StrictMode.incrementExpectedActivityCount(activity.getClass());
            r.intent.setExtrasClassLoader(cl);
            r.intent.prepareToEnterProcess();
            if (r.state != null) {
                r.state.setClassLoader(cl);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(activity, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to instantiate activity " + component
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        try {
            Application app = r.packageInfo.makeApplication(false, mInstrumentation);

            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "Performing launch of " + r);
            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(
                    TAG, r + ": app=" + app
                    + ", appName=" + app.getPackageName()
                    + ", pkg=" + r.packageInfo.getPackageName()
                    + ", comp=" + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString()
                    + ", dir=" + r.packageInfo.getAppDir());

            if (activity != null) {
                CharSequence title = r.activityInfo.loadLabel(appContext.getPackageManager());
                Configuration config = new Configuration(mCompatConfiguration);
                if (r.overrideConfig != null) {
                    config.updateFrom(r.overrideConfig);
                }
                if (DEBUG_CONFIGURATION) Slog.v(TAG, "Launching activity "
                        + r.activityInfo.name + " with config " + config);
                Window window = null;
                if (r.mPendingRemoveWindow != null && r.mPreserveWindow) {
                    window = r.mPendingRemoveWindow;
                    r.mPendingRemoveWindow = null;
                    r.mPendingRemoveWindowManager = null;
                }
                appContext.setOuterContext(activity);
                activity.attach(appContext, this, getInstrumentation(), r.token,
                        r.ident, app, r.intent, r.activityInfo, title, r.parent,
                        r.embeddedID, r.lastNonConfigurationInstances, config,
                        r.referrer, r.voiceInteractor, window, r.configCallback);

                if (customIntent != null) {
                    activity.mIntent = customIntent;
                }
                r.lastNonConfigurationInstances = null;
                checkAndBlockForNetworkAccess();
                activity.mStartedActivity = false;
                int theme = r.activityInfo.getThemeResource();
                if (theme != 0) {
                    activity.setTheme(theme);
                }

                activity.mCalled = false;
                if (r.isPersistable()) {
                    mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state, r.persistentState);
                } else {
                    mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state);
                }
                if (!activity.mCalled) {
                    throw new SuperNotCalledException(
                        "Activity " + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString() +
                        " did not call through to super.onCreate()");
                }
                r.activity = activity;
            }
            r.setState(ON_CREATE);

            mActivities.put(r.token, r);

        } catch (SuperNotCalledException e) {
            throw e;

        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(activity, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to start activity " + component
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        return activity;
    }


performLaunchActivity里的代码很多,前一部分主要是Activity的新建和Application的新建,想要了解布局层级关系,我们主要要关注Window这块的代码,看到这一句window = r.mPendingRemoveWindow;,我们再ctrl+F查找 r.mPendingRemoveWindow的赋值,发现r.mPendingRemoveWindow = r.window;再ctrl+F查找r.window的赋值,发现 r.window = r.activity.getWindow();所以,综上window <=> r.activity.getWindow() <=>Activity类里的成员变mWindow,接下去看,实际真正建立关系的是在下面的 activity.attach方法里,
所以我们第二步直接看这个方法

  • 第二步:Activity#attach
final void attach(Context context, ActivityThread aThread,
            Instrumentation instr, IBinder token, int ident,
            Application application, Intent intent, ActivityInfo info,
            CharSequence title, Activity parent, String id,
            NonConfigurationInstances lastNonConfigurationInstances,
            Configuration config, String referrer, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
            Window window, ActivityConfigCallback activityConfigCallback) {
        attachBaseContext(context);

        mFragments.attachHost(null /*parent*/);

        mWindow = new PhoneWindow(this, window, activityConfigCallback);
        mWindow.setWindowControllerCallback(this);
        mWindow.setCallback(this);
        mWindow.setOnWindowDismissedCallback(this);
        mWindow.getLayoutInflater().setPrivateFactory(this);
        .....此处省略大段代码......
    }

我们看到mWindow = new PhoneWindow(this, window, activityConfigCallback);
在Activity里新建了一个PhoneWindow对象,把值赋给之前的mWindow,

结合1、2两步,我们可以得出结论:在Activity里是有个PhoneWindow对象的,就是mWindow。

我们知道,我们新建一个Activity的时候绑定布局就是通过setContentView方法进行的。所以第三步直接看到Activity的setContentView方法

  • 第三步:Acitivity#setContentView

  public void setContentView(@LayoutRes int layoutResID) {
        getWindow().setContentView(layoutResID);
        initWindowDecorActionBar();
    }

经过上面的分析,我们知道getWindow()这里返回的就是PhoneWindow,所以最终要进入PhoneWindow#setContentView


    @Override
    public void setContentView(View view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams params) {
        // Note: FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS may be set in the process of installing the window
        // decor, when theme attributes and the like are crystalized. Do not check the feature
        // before this happens.
        if (mContentParent == null) {
            installDecor();
        } else if (!hasFeature(FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS)) {
            mContentParent.removeAllViews();
        }

        if (hasFeature(FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS)) {
            view.setLayoutParams(params);
            final Scene newScene = new Scene(mContentParent, view);
            transitionTo(newScene);
        } else {
            mContentParent.addView(view, params);
        }
        mContentParent.requestApplyInsets();
        final Callback cb = getCallback();
        if (cb != null && !isDestroyed()) {
            cb.onContentChanged();
        }
        mContentParentExplicitlySet = true;
    }

我们看到有一个installDecor方法,我们进入installDecor看看

 private void installDecor() {
        mForceDecorInstall = false;
        if (mDecor == null) {
            mDecor = generateDecor(-1);
      }
     if (mContentParent == null) {
            mContentParent = generateLayout(mDecor);
    }
         。。。。。此处省略大段代码。。。
       
    }

我们进入installDecor方法里最关键的generateDecor方法

protected DecorView generateDecor(int featureId) {
        // System process doesn't have application context and in that case we need to directly use
        // the context we have. Otherwise we want the application context, so we don't cling to the
        // activity.
        Context context;
        if (mUseDecorContext) {
            Context applicationContext = getContext().getApplicationContext();
            if (applicationContext == null) {
                context = getContext();
            } else {
                context = new DecorContext(applicationContext, getContext());
                if (mTheme != -1) {
                    context.setTheme(mTheme);
                }
            }
        } else {
            context = getContext();
        }
        return new DecorView(context, featureId, this, getAttributes());
    }

我们看到,generateDecor方法最终返回一个new DecorView。所以我们可以得出结论:mDecor => DecorView。

所以结合前面两步,们可以得出结论:在Activity里是有个PhoneWindow对象(mWindow),在PhoneWindow里有个DecorView对象(mDecor )

再回到前面的installDecor()方法里,看到mContentParent =generateLayout(mDecor);这句代码,把DecorView传入到generateLayout方法里,所以再进入generateLayout()方法,

 protected ViewGroup generateLayout(DecorView decor) {
        // Apply data from current theme.

        TypedArray a = getWindowStyle();

        if (false) {
            System.out.println("From style:");
            String s = "Attrs:";
            for (int i = 0; i < R.styleable.Window.length; i++) {
                s = s + " " + Integer.toHexString(R.styleable.Window[i]) + "="
                        + a.getString(i);
            }
            System.out.println(s);
        }

        mIsFloating = a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowIsFloating, false);
        int flagsToUpdate = (FLAG_LAYOUT_IN_SCREEN|FLAG_LAYOUT_INSET_DECOR)
                & (~getForcedWindowFlags());
        if (mIsFloating) {
            setLayout(WRAP_CONTENT, WRAP_CONTENT);
            setFlags(0, flagsToUpdate);
        } else {
            setFlags(FLAG_LAYOUT_IN_SCREEN|FLAG_LAYOUT_INSET_DECOR, flagsToUpdate);
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowNoTitle, false)) {
            requestFeature(FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
        } else if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowActionBar, false)) {
            // Don't allow an action bar if there is no title.
            requestFeature(FEATURE_ACTION_BAR);
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowActionBarOverlay, false)) {
            requestFeature(FEATURE_ACTION_BAR_OVERLAY);
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowActionModeOverlay, false)) {
            requestFeature(FEATURE_ACTION_MODE_OVERLAY);
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowSwipeToDismiss, false)) {
            requestFeature(FEATURE_SWIPE_TO_DISMISS);
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowFullscreen, false)) {
            setFlags(FLAG_FULLSCREEN, FLAG_FULLSCREEN & (~getForcedWindowFlags()));
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowTranslucentStatus,
                false)) {
            setFlags(FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS, FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_STATUS
                    & (~getForcedWindowFlags()));
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowTranslucentNavigation,
                false)) {
            setFlags(FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION, FLAG_TRANSLUCENT_NAVIGATION
                    & (~getForcedWindowFlags()));
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowOverscan, false)) {
            setFlags(FLAG_LAYOUT_IN_OVERSCAN, FLAG_LAYOUT_IN_OVERSCAN&(~getForcedWindowFlags()));
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowShowWallpaper, false)) {
            setFlags(FLAG_SHOW_WALLPAPER, FLAG_SHOW_WALLPAPER&(~getForcedWindowFlags()));
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowEnableSplitTouch,
                getContext().getApplicationInfo().targetSdkVersion
                        >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB)) {
            setFlags(FLAG_SPLIT_TOUCH, FLAG_SPLIT_TOUCH&(~getForcedWindowFlags()));
        }

        a.getValue(R.styleable.Window_windowMinWidthMajor, mMinWidthMajor);
        a.getValue(R.styleable.Window_windowMinWidthMinor, mMinWidthMinor);
        if (DEBUG) Log.d(TAG, "Min width minor: " + mMinWidthMinor.coerceToString()
                + ", major: " + mMinWidthMajor.coerceToString());
        if (a.hasValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedWidthMajor)) {
            if (mFixedWidthMajor == null) mFixedWidthMajor = new TypedValue();
            a.getValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedWidthMajor,
                    mFixedWidthMajor);
        }
        if (a.hasValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedWidthMinor)) {
            if (mFixedWidthMinor == null) mFixedWidthMinor = new TypedValue();
            a.getValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedWidthMinor,
                    mFixedWidthMinor);
        }
        if (a.hasValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedHeightMajor)) {
            if (mFixedHeightMajor == null) mFixedHeightMajor = new TypedValue();
            a.getValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedHeightMajor,
                    mFixedHeightMajor);
        }
        if (a.hasValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedHeightMinor)) {
            if (mFixedHeightMinor == null) mFixedHeightMinor = new TypedValue();
            a.getValue(R.styleable.Window_windowFixedHeightMinor,
                    mFixedHeightMinor);
        }
        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowContentTransitions, false)) {
            requestFeature(FEATURE_CONTENT_TRANSITIONS);
        }
        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowActivityTransitions, false)) {
            requestFeature(FEATURE_ACTIVITY_TRANSITIONS);
        }

        mIsTranslucent = a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowIsTranslucent, false);

        final Context context = getContext();
        final int targetSdk = context.getApplicationInfo().targetSdkVersion;
        final boolean targetPreHoneycomb = targetSdk < android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB;
        final boolean targetPreIcs = targetSdk < android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH;
        final boolean targetPreL = targetSdk < android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP;
        final boolean targetHcNeedsOptions = context.getResources().getBoolean(
                R.bool.target_honeycomb_needs_options_menu);
        final boolean noActionBar = !hasFeature(FEATURE_ACTION_BAR) || hasFeature(FEATURE_NO_TITLE);

        if (targetPreHoneycomb || (targetPreIcs && targetHcNeedsOptions && noActionBar)) {
            setNeedsMenuKey(WindowManager.LayoutParams.NEEDS_MENU_SET_TRUE);
        } else {
            setNeedsMenuKey(WindowManager.LayoutParams.NEEDS_MENU_SET_FALSE);
        }

        if (!mForcedStatusBarColor) {
            mStatusBarColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.Window_statusBarColor, 0xFF000000);
        }
        if (!mForcedNavigationBarColor) {
            mNavigationBarColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.Window_navigationBarColor, 0xFF000000);
            mNavigationBarDividerColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.Window_navigationBarDividerColor,
                    0x00000000);
        }

        WindowManager.LayoutParams params = getAttributes();

        // Non-floating windows on high end devices must put up decor beneath the system bars and
        // therefore must know about visibility changes of those.
        if (!mIsFloating) {
            if (!targetPreL && a.getBoolean(
                    R.styleable.Window_windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds,
                    false)) {
                setFlags(FLAG_DRAWS_SYSTEM_BAR_BACKGROUNDS,
                        FLAG_DRAWS_SYSTEM_BAR_BACKGROUNDS & ~getForcedWindowFlags());
            }
            if (mDecor.mForceWindowDrawsStatusBarBackground) {
                params.privateFlags |= PRIVATE_FLAG_FORCE_DRAW_STATUS_BAR_BACKGROUND;
            }
        }
        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowLightStatusBar, false)) {
            decor.setSystemUiVisibility(
                    decor.getSystemUiVisibility() | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LIGHT_STATUS_BAR);
        }
        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowLightNavigationBar, false)) {
            decor.setSystemUiVisibility(
                    decor.getSystemUiVisibility() | View.SYSTEM_UI_FLAG_LIGHT_NAVIGATION_BAR);
        }
        if (a.hasValue(R.styleable.Window_windowLayoutInDisplayCutoutMode)) {
            int mode = a.getInt(R.styleable.Window_windowLayoutInDisplayCutoutMode, -1);
            if (mode < LAYOUT_IN_DISPLAY_CUTOUT_MODE_DEFAULT
                    || mode > LAYOUT_IN_DISPLAY_CUTOUT_MODE_NEVER) {
                throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Unknown windowLayoutInDisplayCutoutMode: "
                        + a.getString(R.styleable.Window_windowLayoutInDisplayCutoutMode));
            }
            params.layoutInDisplayCutoutMode = mode;
        }

        if (mAlwaysReadCloseOnTouchAttr || getContext().getApplicationInfo().targetSdkVersion
                >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {
            if (a.getBoolean(
                    R.styleable.Window_windowCloseOnTouchOutside,
                    false)) {
                setCloseOnTouchOutsideIfNotSet(true);
            }
        }

        if (!hasSoftInputMode()) {
            params.softInputMode = a.getInt(
                    R.styleable.Window_windowSoftInputMode,
                    params.softInputMode);
        }

        if (a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_backgroundDimEnabled,
                mIsFloating)) {
            /* All dialogs should have the window dimmed */
            if ((getForcedWindowFlags()&WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DIM_BEHIND) == 0) {
                params.flags |= WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DIM_BEHIND;
            }
            if (!haveDimAmount()) {
                params.dimAmount = a.getFloat(
                        android.R.styleable.Window_backgroundDimAmount, 0.5f);
            }
        }

        if (params.windowAnimations == 0) {
            params.windowAnimations = a.getResourceId(
                    R.styleable.Window_windowAnimationStyle, 0);
        }

        // The rest are only done if this window is not embedded; otherwise,
        // the values are inherited from our container.
        if (getContainer() == null) {
            if (mBackgroundDrawable == null) {
                if (mBackgroundResource == 0) {
                    mBackgroundResource = a.getResourceId(
                            R.styleable.Window_windowBackground, 0);
                }
                if (mFrameResource == 0) {
                    mFrameResource = a.getResourceId(R.styleable.Window_windowFrame, 0);
                }
                mBackgroundFallbackResource = a.getResourceId(
                        R.styleable.Window_windowBackgroundFallback, 0);
                if (false) {
                    System.out.println("Background: "
                            + Integer.toHexString(mBackgroundResource) + " Frame: "
                            + Integer.toHexString(mFrameResource));
                }
            }
            if (mLoadElevation) {
                mElevation = a.getDimension(R.styleable.Window_windowElevation, 0);
            }
            mClipToOutline = a.getBoolean(R.styleable.Window_windowClipToOutline, false);
            mTextColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.Window_textColor, Color.TRANSPARENT);
        }

        // Inflate the window decor.

        int layoutResource;
        int features = getLocalFeatures();
        // System.out.println("Features: 0x" + Integer.toHexString(features));
        if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_SWIPE_TO_DISMISS)) != 0) {
            layoutResource = R.layout.screen_swipe_dismiss;
            setCloseOnSwipeEnabled(true);
        } else if ((features & ((1 << FEATURE_LEFT_ICON) | (1 << FEATURE_RIGHT_ICON))) != 0) {
            if (mIsFloating) {
                TypedValue res = new TypedValue();
                getContext().getTheme().resolveAttribute(
                        R.attr.dialogTitleIconsDecorLayout, res, true);
                layoutResource = res.resourceId;
            } else {
                layoutResource = R.layout.screen_title_icons;
            }
            // XXX Remove this once action bar supports these features.
            removeFeature(FEATURE_ACTION_BAR);
            // System.out.println("Title Icons!");
        } else if ((features & ((1 << FEATURE_PROGRESS) | (1 << FEATURE_INDETERMINATE_PROGRESS))) != 0
                && (features & (1 << FEATURE_ACTION_BAR)) == 0) {
            // Special case for a window with only a progress bar (and title).
            // XXX Need to have a no-title version of embedded windows.
            layoutResource = R.layout.screen_progress;
            // System.out.println("Progress!");
        } else if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_CUSTOM_TITLE)) != 0) {
            // Special case for a window with a custom title.
            // If the window is floating, we need a dialog layout
            if (mIsFloating) {
                TypedValue res = new TypedValue();
                getContext().getTheme().resolveAttribute(
                        R.attr.dialogCustomTitleDecorLayout, res, true);
                layoutResource = res.resourceId;
            } else {
                layoutResource = R.layout.screen_custom_title;
            }
            // XXX Remove this once action bar supports these features.
            removeFeature(FEATURE_ACTION_BAR);
        } else if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_NO_TITLE)) == 0) {
            // If no other features and not embedded, only need a title.
            // If the window is floating, we need a dialog layout
            if (mIsFloating) {
                TypedValue res = new TypedValue();
                getContext().getTheme().resolveAttribute(
                        R.attr.dialogTitleDecorLayout, res, true);
                layoutResource = res.resourceId;
            } else if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_ACTION_BAR)) != 0) {
                layoutResource = a.getResourceId(
                        R.styleable.Window_windowActionBarFullscreenDecorLayout,
                        R.layout.screen_action_bar);
            } else {
                layoutResource = R.layout.screen_title;
            }
            // System.out.println("Title!");
        } else if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_ACTION_MODE_OVERLAY)) != 0) {
            layoutResource = R.layout.screen_simple_overlay_action_mode;
        } else {
            // Embedded, so no decoration is needed.
            layoutResource = R.layout.screen_simple;
            // System.out.println("Simple!");
        }

        mDecor.startChanging();
        mDecor.onResourcesLoaded(mLayoutInflater, layoutResource);

        ViewGroup contentParent = (ViewGroup)findViewById(ID_ANDROID_CONTENT);
        if (contentParent == null) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Window couldn't find content container view");
        }

        if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_INDETERMINATE_PROGRESS)) != 0) {
            ProgressBar progress = getCircularProgressBar(false);
            if (progress != null) {
                progress.setIndeterminate(true);
            }
        }

        if ((features & (1 << FEATURE_SWIPE_TO_DISMISS)) != 0) {
            registerSwipeCallbacks(contentParent);
        }

        // Remaining setup -- of background and title -- that only applies
        // to top-level windows.
        if (getContainer() == null) {
            final Drawable background;
            if (mBackgroundResource != 0) {
                background = getContext().getDrawable(mBackgroundResource);
            } else {
                background = mBackgroundDrawable;
            }
            mDecor.setWindowBackground(background);

            final Drawable frame;
            if (mFrameResource != 0) {
                frame = getContext().getDrawable(mFrameResource);
            } else {
                frame = null;
            }
            mDecor.setWindowFrame(frame);

            mDecor.setElevation(mElevation);
            mDecor.setClipToOutline(mClipToOutline);

            if (mTitle != null) {
                setTitle(mTitle);
            }

            if (mTitleColor == 0) {
                mTitleColor = mTextColor;
            }
            setTitleColor(mTitleColor);
        }

        mDecor.finishChanging();

        return contentParent;
    }

generateLayout()方法代码非常多,一开始,定义一些属性TypedArray,
设置一些WindowManager.LayoutParams参数,然后根据features和一些位运算(左移、右移)设置不同的布局赋值给layoutResource,这些布局其实就是一开始新建项目的时候设置的初始布局


image.png

我们挑一个相对简单的布局文件layoutResource = R.layout.screen_simple;看看(可以直接在frameWorks层找到这个布局文件)


image.png

最后通过mDecor.onResourcesLoaded(mLayoutInflater, layoutResource);传入解析器mLayoutInflater,并把layoutResource加载到DecorView里,所以我们进入mDecor.onResourcesLoaded方法一看究竟,
void onResourcesLoaded(LayoutInflater inflater, int layoutResource) {
        if (mBackdropFrameRenderer != null) {
            loadBackgroundDrawablesIfNeeded();
            mBackdropFrameRenderer.onResourcesLoaded(
                    this, mResizingBackgroundDrawable, mCaptionBackgroundDrawable,
                    mUserCaptionBackgroundDrawable, getCurrentColor(mStatusColorViewState),
                    getCurrentColor(mNavigationColorViewState));
        }

        mDecorCaptionView = createDecorCaptionView(inflater);
        final View root = inflater.inflate(layoutResource, null);
        if (mDecorCaptionView != null) {
            if (mDecorCaptionView.getParent() == null) {
                addView(mDecorCaptionView,
                        new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(MATCH_PARENT, MATCH_PARENT));
            }
            mDecorCaptionView.addView(root,
                    new ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams(MATCH_PARENT, MATCH_PARENT));
        } else {

            // Put it below the color views.
            addView(root, 0, new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(MATCH_PARENT, MATCH_PARENT));
        }
        mContentRoot = (ViewGroup) root;
        initializeElevation();
    }

在这一句final View root = inflater.inflate(layoutResource, null);把刚刚的布局文件解析成view,最后通过addView把这个布局加载到DecorView里。

到此,我们可以得出一个层级关系:从外到内:Activity->PhoneWindow->DecorView->R.layout.screen_simple

执行完installDecor();我们再回到PhoneWindow#setContentView接下去看,看到mLayoutInflater.inflate(layoutResID, mContentParent);这一句代码,
layoutResID就是我们自定义Activity的setContentView传进来的布局文件的id,也就是例如:main_activity.xml,而mContentParent = generateLayout(mDecor);
因为generateLayout最终返回contentParent对象,contentParent又是通过ViewGroup contentParent = (ViewGroup)findViewById(ID_ANDROID_CONTENT);返回的,所以我们看到ID_ANDROID_CONTENT,public static final int ID_ANDROID_CONTENT = com.android.internal.R.id.content;ID_ANDROID_CONTENT其实就是刚刚R.layout.screen_simple布局里的一个FrameLayout


image.png

接着看到最关键的一句代码 mLayoutInflater.inflate(layoutResID,mContentParent);

  • 第四步:LayoutInflater#inflate
 public View inflate(XmlPullParser parser, @Nullable ViewGroup root, boolean attachToRoot) {
        synchronized (mConstructorArgs) {
            Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, "inflate");

            final Context inflaterContext = mContext;
            final AttributeSet attrs = Xml.asAttributeSet(parser);
            Context lastContext = (Context) mConstructorArgs[0];
            mConstructorArgs[0] = inflaterContext;
            View result = root;

            try {
                // Look for the root node.
                int type;
                while ((type = parser.next()) != XmlPullParser.START_TAG &&
                        type != XmlPullParser.END_DOCUMENT) {
                    // Empty
                }

                if (type != XmlPullParser.START_TAG) {
                    throw new InflateException(parser.getPositionDescription()
                            + ": No start tag found!");
                }

                final String name = parser.getName();

                if (DEBUG) {
                    System.out.println("**************************");
                    System.out.println("Creating root view: "
                            + name);
                    System.out.println("**************************");
                }

                if (TAG_MERGE.equals(name)) {
                    if (root == null || !attachToRoot) {
                        throw new InflateException("<merge /> can be used only with a valid "
                                + "ViewGroup root and attachToRoot=true");
                    }

                    rInflate(parser, root, inflaterContext, attrs, false);
                } else {
                    // Temp is the root view that was found in the xml
                    final View temp = createViewFromTag(root, name, inflaterContext, attrs);

                    ViewGroup.LayoutParams params = null;

                    if (root != null) {
                        if (DEBUG) {
                            System.out.println("Creating params from root: " +
                                    root);
                        }
                        // Create layout params that match root, if supplied
                        params = root.generateLayoutParams(attrs);
                        if (!attachToRoot) {
                            // Set the layout params for temp if we are not
                            // attaching. (If we are, we use addView, below)
                            temp.setLayoutParams(params);
                        }
                    }

                    if (DEBUG) {
                        System.out.println("-----> start inflating children");
                    }

                    // Inflate all children under temp against its context.
                    rInflateChildren(parser, temp, attrs, true);

                    if (DEBUG) {
                        System.out.println("-----> done inflating children");
                    }

                    // We are supposed to attach all the views we found (int temp)
                    // to root. Do that now.
                    if (root != null && attachToRoot) {
                        root.addView(temp, params);
                    }

                    // Decide whether to return the root that was passed in or the
                    // top view found in xml.
                    if (root == null || !attachToRoot) {
                        result = temp;
                    }
                }

            } catch (XmlPullParserException e) {
                final InflateException ie = new InflateException(e.getMessage(), e);
                ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
                throw ie;
            } catch (Exception e) {
                final InflateException ie = new InflateException(parser.getPositionDescription()
                        + ": " + e.getMessage(), e);
                ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
                throw ie;
            } finally {
                // Don't retain static reference on context.
                mConstructorArgs[0] = lastContext;
                mConstructorArgs[1] = null;

                Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
            }

            return result;
        }
    }

inflate里的方法也挺多的,我们直接倒推,因为inflate最终返回的是result,我们看result是怎么赋值的,result = temp; =>final View temp = createViewFromTag(root, name, inflaterContext, attrs);
所以我们直接进入createViewFromTag方法,

View createViewFromTag(View parent, String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs,
            boolean ignoreThemeAttr) {
        if (name.equals("view")) {
            name = attrs.getAttributeValue(null, "class");
        }

        // Apply a theme wrapper, if allowed and one is specified.
        if (!ignoreThemeAttr) {
            final TypedArray ta = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, ATTRS_THEME);
            final int themeResId = ta.getResourceId(0, 0);
            if (themeResId != 0) {
                context = new ContextThemeWrapper(context, themeResId);
            }
            ta.recycle();
        }

        if (name.equals(TAG_1995)) {
            // Let's party like it's 1995!
            return new BlinkLayout(context, attrs);
        }

        try {
            View view;
            if (mFactory2 != null) {
                view = mFactory2.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs);
            } else if (mFactory != null) {
                view = mFactory.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
            } else {
                view = null;
            }

            if (view == null && mPrivateFactory != null) {
                view = mPrivateFactory.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs);
            }

            if (view == null) {
                final Object lastContext = mConstructorArgs[0];
                mConstructorArgs[0] = context;
                try {
                    if (-1 == name.indexOf('.')) {
                        view = onCreateView(parent, name, attrs);
                    } else {
                        view = createView(name, null, attrs);
                    }
                } finally {
                    mConstructorArgs[0] = lastContext;
                }
            }

            return view;
        } catch (InflateException e) {
            throw e;

        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class " + name, e);
            ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
            throw ie;

        } catch (Exception e) {
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class " + name, e);
            ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
            throw ie;
        }
    }

createViewFromTag就是根据你传进来的布局文件里各个view控件的标签名字tag(例如TextView、ImageView),来创建view的过程。我们先看如果view =null的情况,会执行createViewFromTag方法的view = createView(name, null, attrs);所以再进入createView,我们看到createView最终返回View就是真正创建view的方法,

 public final View createView(String name, String prefix, AttributeSet attrs)
            throws ClassNotFoundException, InflateException {
        Constructor<? extends View> constructor = sConstructorMap.get(name);
        if (constructor != null && !verifyClassLoader(constructor)) {
            constructor = null;
            sConstructorMap.remove(name);
        }
        Class<? extends View> clazz = null;

        try {
            Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, name);

            if (constructor == null) {
                // Class not found in the cache, see if it's real, and try to add it
                clazz = mContext.getClassLoader().loadClass(
                        prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name).asSubclass(View.class);

                if (mFilter != null && clazz != null) {
                    boolean allowed = mFilter.onLoadClass(clazz);
                    if (!allowed) {
                        failNotAllowed(name, prefix, attrs);
                    }
                }
                constructor = clazz.getConstructor(mConstructorSignature);
                constructor.setAccessible(true);
                sConstructorMap.put(name, constructor);
            } else {
                // If we have a filter, apply it to cached constructor
                if (mFilter != null) {
                    // Have we seen this name before?
                    Boolean allowedState = mFilterMap.get(name);
                    if (allowedState == null) {
                        // New class -- remember whether it is allowed
                        clazz = mContext.getClassLoader().loadClass(
                                prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name).asSubclass(View.class);

                        boolean allowed = clazz != null && mFilter.onLoadClass(clazz);
                        mFilterMap.put(name, allowed);
                        if (!allowed) {
                            failNotAllowed(name, prefix, attrs);
                        }
                    } else if (allowedState.equals(Boolean.FALSE)) {
                        failNotAllowed(name, prefix, attrs);
                    }
                }
            }

            Object lastContext = mConstructorArgs[0];
            if (mConstructorArgs[0] == null) {
                // Fill in the context if not already within inflation.
                mConstructorArgs[0] = mContext;
            }
            Object[] args = mConstructorArgs;
            args[1] = attrs;

            final View view = constructor.newInstance(args);
            if (view instanceof ViewStub) {
                // Use the same context when inflating ViewStub later.
                final ViewStub viewStub = (ViewStub) view;
                viewStub.setLayoutInflater(cloneInContext((Context) args[0]));
            }
            mConstructorArgs[0] = lastContext;
            return view;

        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class " + (prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name), e);
            ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
            throw ie;

        } catch (ClassCastException e) {
            // If loaded class is not a View subclass
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Class is not a View " + (prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name), e);
            ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
            throw ie;
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            // If loadClass fails, we should propagate the exception.
            throw e;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(
                    attrs.getPositionDescription() + ": Error inflating class "
                            + (clazz == null ? "<unknown>" : clazz.getName()), e);
            ie.setStackTrace(EMPTY_STACK_TRACE);
            throw ie;
        } finally {
            Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
        }
    }

我们知道创建一个类可以根据它的构造方法来创建,在createView方法的一开始从sConstructorMap.get缓存中拿,Constructor<? extends View> constructor = sConstructorMap.get(name);如果拿不到再去创建,通过下面的代码,我们看到,一开始通过view的name拿到这个view的class字节码clazz,再通过clazz.getConstructor拿到view的constructor构造方法,再最后通过constructor.newInstance(args);获取真正的view,这一系列都是通过反射来完成的。

再回到createViewFromTag,因为之前说的是view =null的情况,我们现在看如果view不等于空的情况,

if (mFactory2 != null) {
    view = mFactory2.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs);
} else if (mFactory != null) {
    view = mFactory.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
} else {
    view = null;
}

if (view == null && mPrivateFactory != null) {
    view = mPrivateFactory.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs);
}

if (view == null) {
    执行view = createView(name, null, attrs);流程
}

我们看到代码,一开始会先从mFactory2或者mFactory.先获取view,如果获取不到view,才会调用createView方法,

Factory和Factory2其实就是两个接口,我们可以实现这两个接口自己去创建view,这样就不会走下面的系统的createView方法去创建view了,
这样就达到了很多应用的“换肤”的效果。

所以mLayoutInflater.inflate(layoutResID, mContentParent);这整句代码的意思就是把我们自己定义的xml(例如activity_main.xml)和id为content的FrameLayout传到mLayoutInflater.inflate方法里进行布局的解析,具体就是把例如activity_main.xml的view布局到id为content的FrameLayout上。

至此整个布局的大流程我们就分析完了,布局的层级关系和真正创建view的流程。我们还找到了一个“应用换肤”的实现思路。

最后给出一张布局层级关系的结构图来总结整篇文章的思想

image.png