20190417 resilience

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resilience

【英英释义】

n. the ability to become strong, happy, or successful again after a difficult situation or event. 恢复力,复原力,适应力

2. the ability of a substance such as rubber to return to its original shape after it has been pressed or bent. 弹性

【词义深度解析】

resilience是不可数名词,一般释义为“还原能力,适应能力”,但我们可以把它理解为“坚强”就好。从英英释义中可以看出,这个词强调的是能够经受考验,可以指个人、机构,也可以指制度和国家。这个词比toughness更准确,用在口语和写作中可以体现相当的词汇水平。

【例句学习】

1. New Yorkers demostrated extraordinary unity and resilience in the wake of 9/11. 911事件后,纽约市民展示出了惊人的团结和坚强。

2. Rescue work differs from other types of work in that it requires a tremendous level of mental resilience. 

3. Yet precisely because of these pressures, Israel offers an important test of the resilience of democracy. 然而,正是由于这些压力,以色列对民主的韧性(生命力)提出了一个重要考验。

4. Like the farmers of Western Australia, it is running out of resilience. 像西澳的农民一样,它就快撑不住了。

【词汇运用】

1.翻译:当地居民在地震中展示出了无比的坚强。

These local residents demostrated incomprable resilience in that earthquake. (自己)

Local residents showed remarkable resilience during the earthquake. / Local inhabitants demostrated amazing resiliance in the face of the earthquake. (参考翻译)

分析:我的不足之处:形容词选词还不能信手拈来,游刃有余,remarkable很好的又很熟悉的词都没有想到,incomparable/superlateive (才学过);介词运用能力差,仅想到了in,然而during/ in the face of都更合适;earthquake前没有用定冠词the,鬼使神差用了that,其实中文是没有这个含义的。还需要加油,边学习,边思考,要思考,会思考。

2.生活场景应用

在逆境中她表现出了强大的韧性(或适应能力)。

She showed great resilience in the face of adversity.

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