由泽惠

枪支管理美国的沉重话题

据报道面对频发的枪支暴力事件,在美国又引发了新一轮的是否禁枪的大争论,“禁枪派”与“反禁派”都极尽所能,但始终坐不到一条板凳上。“禁枪派”甚至掀起了“禁枪立法运动”,强烈要求立法禁枪,认为正因为私人有了枪,才导致枪击死人,政府不能坐视国民生命而不顾;但“反禁派”认为私人有权持枪,政府无权禁枪。很多美国人赞同“反禁派”的观点,认为“人的因素第一”。

Gun control—the heavy topic in America

It is reported that a new round of a heated debate on whether gun should be banned has aroused in America in the face of frequent gun violence. Gun-supporters and protestants spare no efforts in defending their own standpoint but never succeed in reaching an agreement. The protestants even provoked the movement of legislation of banning guns, strongly urging that legislation be made to ban guns. They believe individuals’ gun-ownership is the trigger to the bloodshed and it is irresponsible for the government to do nothing regardless of people’s life. However, the supporters hold that gun ownership is individuals’ right, and the government has no right to ban guns. Many Americans resonate with the supporters’ views that human factors contribute the most.

美国“禁枪”与“反禁”的争论,不仅发生在民间组织和大众中间,更激烈的争论还存在于共和党和民主党两个党派之间,枪支问题成了两党政治分歧的一个焦点。民主党支持限枪、禁枪,共和党支持私有拥有枪支

the disputes on whether to ban guns not only take place among non-governmental organizations and the public but also in the Republicans and Democrats. Gun control issue has become a major focus in two parties’ political differences. Democrats support gun control and prohibition, while the Republicans advocate private gun ownership.

作为一个局外人,我始终坚持认为,人身的安全,社会的安定,绝不是靠枪械就能解决问题的。关键是要管好人,人人做个遵规守法的好公民。倘若这个社会充满各种不正义、邪恶、贪婪、恶毒、嫉妒、怨恨、诡诈、狂傲、冷血,即使禁了枪又如何?

As an outsider, I consistently insist that personal security and social stability cannot be solved merely through guns. Will gun prohibition make a difference if our community is congested with injustice, evil, greed, malice, jealousy, resentment, conspiracy, arrogance and cold blood?

看来,美国的禁枪问题不仅仅是政治选票博弈问题,更有深层次的传统、文化、法律等原因,也许“禁枪法案”是一个永远也不可能通过的法案,严格的枪支管理也是一项永远不可能完成的任务

it seems that gun control in America is not only a matter of political vote and gambling, but rather a profound matter of tradition, culture and laws. Perhaps gun control acts can never be passed and draconian gun control is a mission impossible to accomplish.


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