iOS 通过HealthKit框架获取步数和步行+跑步距离

HeaalThKit框架介绍 http://www.cocoachina.com/ios/20140915/9624.html

iOS 10需要声明苹果健康使用权限

请求写入
<key>NSHealthUpdateUsageDescription</key>
<string>some string value stating the reason</string>
请求读取
<key>NSHealthShareUsageDescription</key>
 <string>some string value stating the reason</string>

打开HealthKit

HealthKit.png

HealthKitManage.h

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <HealthKit/HealthKit.h>
#import <UIKit/UIDevice.h>

#define HKVersion [[[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion] doubleValue]
#define CustomHealthErrorDomain @"com.sdqt.healthError"

@interface HealthKitManage : NSObject

@property (nonatomic, strong) HKHealthStore *healthStore;

+(id)shareInstance;
- (void)authorizeHealthKit:(void(^)(BOOL success, NSError *error))compltion;
- (void)getStepCount:(void(^)(double value, NSError *error))completion;
- (void)getDistance:(void(^)(double value, NSError *error))completion;

@end

HealthKitManage.m

#import "HealthKitManage.h"

@implementation HealthKitManage

+(id)shareInstance
{
    static id manager ;
    static dispatch_once_t onceToken;
    dispatch_once(&onceToken, ^{
        manager = [[[self class] alloc] init];
    });
    return manager;
}

/*
 *  @brief  检查是否支持获取健康数据
 */
- (void)authorizeHealthKit:(void(^)(BOOL success, NSError *error))compltion
{
    if(HKVersion >= 8.0)
    {
        if (![HKHealthStore isHealthDataAvailable]) {
            NSError *error = [NSError errorWithDomain: @"com.raywenderlich.tutorials.healthkit" code: 2 userInfo: [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:@"HealthKit is not available in th is Device"                                                                      forKey:NSLocalizedDescriptionKey]];
            if (compltion != nil) {
                compltion(false, error);
            }
            return;
        }
        if ([HKHealthStore isHealthDataAvailable]) {
            if(self.healthStore == nil)
                self.healthStore = [[HKHealthStore alloc] init];
            /*
             组装需要读写的数据类型
             */
            NSSet *writeDataTypes = [self dataTypesToWrite];
            NSSet *readDataTypes = [self dataTypesRead];
            
            /*
             注册需要读写的数据类型,也可以在“健康”APP中重新修改
             */
            [self.healthStore requestAuthorizationToShareTypes:writeDataTypes readTypes:readDataTypes completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
                
                if (compltion != nil) {
                    NSLog(@"error->%@", error.localizedDescription);
                    compltion (success, error);
                }
            }];
        }
    }
    else {
        NSDictionary *userInfo = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:@"iOS 系统低于8.0"                                                                      forKey:NSLocalizedDescriptionKey];
        NSError *aError = [NSError errorWithDomain:CustomHealthErrorDomain code:0 userInfo:userInfo];
        compltion(0,aError);
    }
}

/*!
 *  @brief  写权限
 *  @return 集合
 */
- (NSSet *)dataTypesToWrite
{
    HKQuantityType *heightType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierHeight];
    HKQuantityType *weightType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierBodyMass];
    HKQuantityType *temperatureType = [HKQuantityType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierBodyTemperature];
    HKQuantityType *activeEnergyType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierActiveEnergyBurned];
    
    return [NSSet setWithObjects:heightType, temperatureType, weightType,activeEnergyType,nil];
}

/*!
 *  @brief  读权限
 *  @return 集合
 */
- (NSSet *)dataTypesRead
{
    HKQuantityType *heightType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierHeight];
    HKQuantityType *weightType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierBodyMass];
    HKQuantityType *temperatureType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierBodyTemperature];
    HKCharacteristicType *birthdayType = [HKObjectType characteristicTypeForIdentifier:HKCharacteristicTypeIdentifierDateOfBirth];
    HKCharacteristicType *sexType = [HKObjectType characteristicTypeForIdentifier:HKCharacteristicTypeIdentifierBiologicalSex];
    HKQuantityType *stepCountType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierStepCount];
    HKQuantityType *distance = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierDistanceWalkingRunning];
    HKQuantityType *activeEnergyType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierActiveEnergyBurned];
    
    return [NSSet setWithObjects:heightType, temperatureType,birthdayType,sexType,weightType,stepCountType, distance, activeEnergyType,nil];
}

//获取步数
- (void)getStepCount:(void(^)(double value, NSError *error))completion
{
    HKQuantityType *stepType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierStepCount];
    NSSortDescriptor *timeSortDescriptor = [[NSSortDescriptor alloc] initWithKey:HKSampleSortIdentifierEndDate ascending:NO];
    
    // Since we are interested in retrieving the user's latest sample, we sort the samples in descending order, and set the limit to 1. We are not filtering the data, and so the predicate is set to nil.
    HKSampleQuery *query = [[HKSampleQuery alloc] initWithSampleType:stepType predicate:[HealthKitManage predicateForSamplesToday] limit:HKObjectQueryNoLimit sortDescriptors:@[timeSortDescriptor] resultsHandler:^(HKSampleQuery *query, NSArray *results, NSError *error) {
        if(error)
        {
            completion(0,error);
        }
        else
        {
            NSInteger totleSteps = 0;
            for(HKQuantitySample *quantitySample in results)
            {
                HKQuantity *quantity = quantitySample.quantity;
                HKUnit *heightUnit = [HKUnit countUnit];
                double usersHeight = [quantity doubleValueForUnit:heightUnit];
                totleSteps += usersHeight;
            }
            NSLog(@"当天行走步数 = %ld",(long)totleSteps);
            completion(totleSteps,error);
        }
    }];
    
    [self.healthStore executeQuery:query];
}

//获取公里数
- (void)getDistance:(void(^)(double value, NSError *error))completion
{
    HKQuantityType *distanceType = [HKObjectType quantityTypeForIdentifier:HKQuantityTypeIdentifierDistanceWalkingRunning];
    NSSortDescriptor *timeSortDescriptor = [[NSSortDescriptor alloc] initWithKey:HKSampleSortIdentifierEndDate ascending:NO];
    HKSampleQuery *query = [[HKSampleQuery alloc] initWithSampleType:distanceType predicate:[HealthKitManage predicateForSamplesToday] limit:HKObjectQueryNoLimit sortDescriptors:@[timeSortDescriptor] resultsHandler:^(HKSampleQuery * _Nonnull query, NSArray<__kindof HKSample *> * _Nullable results, NSError * _Nullable error) {
        
        if(error)
        {
            completion(0,error);
        }
        else
        {
            double totleSteps = 0;
            for(HKQuantitySample *quantitySample in results)
            {
                HKQuantity *quantity = quantitySample.quantity;
                HKUnit *distanceUnit = [HKUnit meterUnitWithMetricPrefix:HKMetricPrefixKilo];
                double usersHeight = [quantity doubleValueForUnit:distanceUnit];
                totleSteps += usersHeight;
            }
            NSLog(@"当天行走距离 = %.2f",totleSteps);
            completion(totleSteps,error);
        }
    }];
    [self.healthStore executeQuery:query];
}

/*!
 *  @brief  当天时间段
 *
 *  @return 时间段
 */
+ (NSPredicate *)predicateForSamplesToday {
    NSCalendar *calendar = [NSCalendar currentCalendar];
    NSDate *now = [NSDate date];
    NSDateComponents *components = [calendar components:NSCalendarUnitYear|NSCalendarUnitMonth|NSCalendarUnitDay fromDate:now];
    [components setHour:0];
    [components setMinute:0];
    [components setSecond: 0];
    
    NSDate *startDate = [calendar dateFromComponents:components];
    NSDate *endDate = [calendar dateByAddingUnit:NSCalendarUnitDay value:1 toDate:startDate options:0];
    NSPredicate *predicate = [HKQuery predicateForSamplesWithStartDate:startDate endDate:endDate options:HKQueryOptionNone];
    return predicate;
}

@end

步数

    HealthKitManage *manage = [HealthKitManage shareInstance];
    [manage authorizeHealthKit:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        
        if (success) {
            NSLog(@"success");
            [manage getStepCount:^(double value, NSError *error) {
                NSLog(@"1count-->%.0f", value);
                NSLog(@"1error-->%@", error.localizedDescription);
                dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
                    NSLog(@"步数:%.0f步", value);
//                    stepLabel.text = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"步数:%.0f步", value];
                });
                
            }];
        }
        else {
            NSLog(@"fail");
        }
    }];

公里数

    HealthKitManage *manage = [HealthKitManage shareInstance];
    [manage authorizeHealthKit:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        
        if (success) {
            NSLog(@"success");
            [manage getDistance:^(double value, NSError *error) {
                NSLog(@"2count-->%.2f", value);
                NSLog(@"2error-->%@", error.localizedDescription);
                dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
                    NSLog(@"公里数:%.2f公里", value);
//                    distanceLabel.text = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"公里数:%.2f公里", value];
                });
                
            }];
        }
        else {
            NSLog(@"fail");
        }
    }];

参考
http://www.cnblogs.com/luoxiaofu/p/5259320.html
http://blog.csdn.net/u012265444/article/details/51861085
http://www.jianshu.com/p/1dd6ad5b1520

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