Beyond Feelings，中文译作《超越感觉》，是讲独立思考（critical thinking，也译作批判性思维）的很重要的一本书，大学的教材，里面语言的风格很好：论述通俗易懂，案例经典精彩。
章节名 basic activities in critical thinking
The basic activities in critical thinking are investigation, interpretation, and judgment, in that order.
Investigation: finding evidence to answer key questions about that issue
Interpretation: deciding what the evidence means
Judgment: reaching a conclusion of that issue and meeting the test of logic
As we noted previously, irresponsible thinkers first choose their conclusions and then seek out evidence to justify their choices.
The crucial thing is not to let hunches and hypotheses manipulate our thinking and dictate our conclusion in advance.
章节名 critical thinking and writing
Writing may be used for either of two broad purposes: do discover ideas or to communicate them. Most of the writing you have done in school is undoubtedly the latter kind. But the former can be very helpful, not only in sorting out ideas you’ve already produced, but also in stimulating the flow of new ideas. For some reason, the very act of writing down one idea seems to generate additional ideas.
Whenever you write to discover ideas, focus on the issue you are examining and record all your thoughts, questions, and assertions. Don’t worry about organization or correctness. If ideas come slowly, be patient. If they come suddenly, in a rush, don’t try to slow down the process and develop any one of them; simply jot them all down. (there will be time for elaboration and correction later.) Direct your mind’s effort, but be sensitive to ideas on the fringe of consciousness. Often they, too, will probe valuable.
If you have done your discovery writing very well and have thought critically about the ideas you have produced, the task of writing to communicate will be easier and more enjoyable. You will have many more ideas – carefully evaluated ones – to develop and organize.