win10 系统

win + x

apps and features 应用和功能



下载 纠错英 ['fiːtʃə] 美 ['fitʃɚ]n. 特色,特征;容貌;特写或专题节目vi. 起重要作用vt. 特写;以…为特色;由…主演过去式:featured; 过去分词:featured; 现在分词:featuring21世纪词典feature /'fi:tʃə/

n.1.面貌的一部分(如眼、鼻、口等)2.脸容;脸型3.[复数]面貌,相貌,容貌展开更多vt.1.是…的特色,是…的特征:Round-the-clock service features this store.日夜服务是这家商店的特色。2.使突出;作…的特征,以…为特色:a lathe featuring a new electonic control device一台具有新型电动控制装置的车床3.特写;(书刊)特载;(电影)由…主演;以…为号召物:a film that features famous actors由大明星们主演的电影The magazine is featuring his articles.这杂志正在特载他的文章。展开更多vi.[美国英语]起重要作用;作为主要角色,主演:The latest popular actress is featured in this new film.这位最近走红的女演员在这部新影片中主演重要角色。短语make a feature of 以…为特色;给…以显著位置变形vt. featured featuring以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义feature /'fi:tʃə/

n.1.a prominent aspect of somethingthe map showed roads and other features近义词:characteristic2.the characteristic parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chinan expression of pleasure crossed his features近义词:lineament3.the principal (full-length) film in a program at a movie theaterthe feature tonight is `Casablanca'近义词:feature film4.a special or prominent article in a newspaper or magazinethey ran a feature on retirement planning近义词:feature article of merchandise that is displayed or advertised more than other articlesv.1.have as a featureThis restaurant features the most famous chefs in France近义词:have2.wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner近义词:sportboast词组短语 同近义词1.

distinguishing feature特点;特征2.

main feature主要特征;主要特点;主景;功能特点3.

feature extraction 特征抽取

extraction 抽取

下载 纠错英 [ik'strækʃən] 美 [ɪk'strækʃən]n. 取出;抽出;拔出;抽出物;出身21世纪词典extraction /ik'strækʃən/

n.1.(牙的)拔出,抽出,取出;萃取,提取;浸出,榨出,榨取;采掘,开采;摘取;设法获得2.被拔出,被取出;被拔出(或被取出)的状态3.拔出物,抽出物,提取物,萃取物;精(华),汁;摘录,摘要,选录;引语,语录,精选展开更多以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义extraction /ik'strækʃən/

n.1.the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical attributable to your ancestry近义词:origindescent3.the act of pulling out (as a tooth)the dentist gave her a local anesthetic prior to the extraction词组短语 同近义词1.

feature extraction特征抽取2.

extraction method萃取法;抽出法;抽取法;抓取模式3.

solvent extraction溶剂萃取;溶剂抽提

mobility centrepower optionsevent viewersystemdevice managernetwork connectionsdisk managementcomputer managementwindows powershellwindows powershll (admin)

task managersettingfile explorersearchrun

shut down or sign outdesktop

win+x 应用和功能

offline maps 离线地图apps for websites 可使用网站打开的应用video playback 视频播放star-up 启动


下载 纠错英 ['pleɪbæk] 美 ['plebæk]重放;录音重放装置21世纪词典playback /'pleibæk/

n.1.(录音等的)播放;放音;放像2.放音(或放像)设备3.【电影】歌曲配音技术以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义playback /'pleibæk/

n.1.the act of reproducing recorded soundhe was allowed to hear the playback of his testimony2.electronic equipment comprising the part of a tape recorder that reproduces the recorded material

installing apps:安装应用

choose where you can get apps from .Only install apps from Store to help protect your PC and keep it running smoothly.选择你允许的应用来源。仅安装来自 应用商店的应用有助于保护你的电脑并让其稳定运行。

manage optional features 管理可选功能manage app execution aliases 管理应用执行别名

search ,sort and filter by drive. If you world like to uninstall or move an app,select it from the list.按驱动器搜索,排序和筛选。如果要卸载或移动某个应用,请从列表中选择它。

资源管理器,管理 选项

always show icons,never thumbnails始终显示图标,从不显示缩略图


下载 纠错21世纪词典thumbnail /'θʌmneil/

n.1.拇指指甲2.拇指指甲般大小的东西,极小的东西3.提要;短文展开更多adj.极小的,微型的;极少的;极短的;简略的vt.对…作简略的描写以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义thumbnail /'θʌmneil/

n.the nail of the thumb同近义词n.拇指指甲;极小的东西;短文minimadj.极小的,极短的itty-bittyteeny

display file icon on thumbnails在缩略图上显示图标

display file size information in folder tips在文件夹提示信息中显示文件大小

hide empty drives

hide extensions for known file types 隐藏已知文件类型的扩展名



hide folder merge conflicts 隐藏文件夹合并冲突

hide protected operating system files(Recommended)隐藏受保护的操作系统文件(推荐)


下载 纠错英 [rekə'mend] 美 ['rɛkə'mɛnd]vt. 推荐,介绍;劝告;使受欢迎;托付vi. 推荐;建议21世纪词典recommend /,rekə'mend/

vt.1.推荐,荐举;介绍;称赞:She recommended us another restaurant.她向我们推荐了另一家饭馆。He recommended Mr Smith as a good teacher.他称赞史密斯先生是位好教师。2.劝告;建议:He recommended me to change my way of life.他劝我改变生活方式。I recommend that you resign as soon as possible.我建议你尽快辞职。3.使…可取;使…受欢迎:His plan has very little to recommend it.他的计划没有什么可取之处。展开更多vi.推荐;提出建议:I have not any power in the firm except to recommend.我在公司里除了有建议之权外,什么实权也没有。以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义recommend /,rekə'mend/

v.1.push for somethingThe travel agent recommended strongly that we not travel on Thanksgiving Day近义词 a good opinion of近义词:commend3.make attractive or acceptableHonesty recommends any person

lanuch folder windows in a separate process在单独的进程中打开文件夹窗口

separate process:单独的进程



下载 纠错英 [prəˈses;(for n,)ˈprəʊses] 美 [proˈsɛs;(for n,)prɑsɛs]vt. 处理;加工n. 过程,进行;方法,步骤;作用;程序;推移vi. 列队前进adj. 经过特殊加工(或处理)的第三人称单数:processes; 过去式:processed; 过去分词:processed; 现在分词:processing21世纪词典process /'prəuses; 'prɔ-/

n.1.过程,进程[主要用于短语 in the process]2.(时间等的)变化过程3.(包含许多变化的)连续发展过程展开更多vt.1.加工:to process leather to make it softer鞣制皮革使其变得柔软2.处理;办理:to process polluted water处理污水3.初步分类;使接受检查(或审议):your application for a mortgage is now being processed.你要求抵押的申请正在审理之中。展开更多vi.加工(或处理)某种东西展开更多短语 process 在进行中 process of time 逐渐,渐渐,随着时间的推移 the process of 在…过程中,正在…之中,在…进行中

restore previous folder windows at log-on登录时还原上一个文件夹窗口


英 [rɪ'stɔː] 美 [rɪ'stɔr]vt. 恢复;修复;归还vi. 恢复;还原过去式:restored; 过去分词:restored; 现在分词:restoring21世纪词典restore /ri'stɔ:/

vt.1.恢复:The doctor restored him to his sight.医生恢复了他的视力。2.修复;重建:The old temple was restored during the early nineteenth century.这座古刹是在19世纪初期重建的。3.使(某人)复职(或复位):The chief engineer who was forced to resign last week has been restored to his post.上周被迫辞职的总工程师现已官复原职。展开更多变形vt. restored restoring近义词renewrestore

【计算机】n.复原vt.恢复以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义restore /ri'stɔ:/

v.1.return to its original or usable and functioning conditionrestore the forest to its original pristine condition近义词:reconstruct2.return to life; get or give new life or energyThe week at the spa restored me近义词:regeneraterejuvenate3.give or bring back近义词:restitute4.restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken近义词:repairmendfixbusheldoctorfurbish uptouch on5.bring back into original existence, use, function, or positionrestore law and orderrestore the emperor to the throne近义词:reinstatereestablish

show encrypted or compressed NTFS files in colour用彩色显示加密或压缩的ntfs文件




下载 纠错英 [kəm'pres] 美 [kəm'prɛs]vi. 受压缩小vt. 压缩,压紧;精简过去式:compressed; 过去分词:compressed; 现在分词:compressing21世纪词典compress /kəm'pres; 'kɔmpres/

vt.1.压紧;压缩;压榨:Wood cuttings and sawdust can be compressed into boards.木头的碎渣和锯末可以压成木板。2.把…打成包,压捆:Cotton has been compressed into bales.棉花已捆压成包。n.1.【医学】压布,敷布2.美国英语打包机;压缩机近义词contract以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义compress /kəm'pres, 'kɔmpres/

n.a cloth pad or dressing (with or without medication) applied firmly to some part of the body (to relieve discomfort or reduce fever)v.1.make more compact by or as if by pressingcompress the data近义词:compactpack together2.squeeze or press togethershe compressed her lips近义词:constrictsqueezecompactcontractpress

show pop-up description for folder and desktop items鼠标指向文件夹和桌面项时显示提示信息

show preview handlers in preview pane在预览窗格中显示预览控件

show status bar显示状态栏

show sync proveder notifications显示同步提供程序通知

use check boxes to select items使用复选框以选择项

use sharing wizard (recommended)使用共享向导

when typing into list view 在列表视图中键入时 automatically type into the search box 自动键入到搜索框中 select the typed item in the view 在视图中选中键入项

Navigation pane 导航窗格 always show abailability status 始终显示可用性状态

expand to open folder 显示所有文件夹

show libraries 显示库


IT Industry Outlook

The term technology commonly refers to society’s application of scientific knowledge to solve practical problems in industry or commerce. Technological innovation, or the application of technology, takes many forms and often involves the interplay of expertise across multiple disciplines and industry verticals. One framework for categorizing technology entails the use of five distinct groupings, namely, information technology (IT), life sciences, advanced manufacturing, advanced materials, and energy & environmental sciences.

refer to 英 [riˈfə: tu:] 美 [rɪˈfɚ tu] 涉及; 指的是; 适用于; 参考;

interplay 英 [ˈɪntəpleɪ] 美 [ˈɪntərpleɪ] GREn. 相互作用;

expertise 英 [ˌekspɜ:ˈti:z] 美 [ˌekspɜrˈtiz] 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 专门知识或技能; 专家的意见; 专家评价,鉴定;

Each segment of this technology framework has contributed to economic growth and the well-being of society. The magnitude of advances in medicine, transportation, safety, manufacturing, agriculture, media and communication are almost difficult to comprehend. Since the turn of the millennium though, the one segment that arguably has had the greatest impact on businesses, consumers and other industry sectors is information technology (IT)


though 英 [ðəʊ] 美 [ðoʊ] CET4 | CET6 | 考研conj. 虽然,尽管; 即使; 纵然;adv. 可是,但是; 不过; 然而; 话虽这样说;prep. 但;

comprehend 英 [ˌkɒmprɪˈhend] 美 [ˌkɑmprɪˈhend] CET6 | 考研 | TOEFL | GREvt. 理解,领会; 包含;变形 过去分词: comprehended 过去式: comprehended 现在分词: comprehending 第三人称单数: comprehends

millennium 英 [mɪˈleniəm] 美 [məˈlɛniəm] IELTS | GREn. 一千年; 千年期; 千禧年; 全人类未来的幸福时代;变形 复数: millennia

Information Technology (IT) can be defined as the utilization of computing via hardware, software, services and infrastructure to create, store, exchange and leverage information in its various forms to accomplish any number of objectives. Additionally, the term encompasses the workers that develop, implement, maintain and utilize information technology directly or indirectly.

infrastructure 英 [ˈɪnfrəstrʌktʃə(r)] 美 [ˈɪnfrəˌstrʌktʃɚ] 考研n. 基础设施; 基础建设;变形 复数: infrastructures

leverage 平衡英 [ˈli:vərɪdʒ] 美 [ˈlivərɪdʒ] n. 杠杆作用; 优势,力量; 影响力; 举债经营;v. 举债经营; 借贷收购;变形 过去分词: leveraged 过去式: leveraged 现在分词: leveraging 第三人称单数: leverages

objective 英 [əbˈdʒektɪv] 美 [əbˈdʒɛktɪv] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 客观的,实体的; 目标的; [语]宾格的; [医]他觉的;n. 目标,任务; [光]物镜; [语]宾语,宾格; [事]出击目标;变形 复数: objectives


encompass 英 [ɪnˈkʌmpəs] 美 [ɛnˈkʌmpəs] TOEFL | GREvt. 围绕,包围; 包含或包括某事物; 完成;变形 过去分词: encompassed 过去式: encompassed 现在分词: encompassing 第三人称单数: encompasses


implement 英 [ˈɪmplɪment] 美 [ˈɪmpləmənt] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt. 实施,执行; 使生效,实现; 落实(政策); 把…填满;n. 工具,器械; 家具; 手段; [法]履行(契约等);变形 过去分词: implemented 复数: implements 过去式: implemented 现在分词: implementing 第三人称单数: implements

At a macro level, the year ahead will once again feature the usual mix of optimism, progress, uncertainty and regressions.从宏观层面上讲 未来的一年 回归的交错 The amazing pace of innovation over the past five years will deliver new benefits to untapped users around the world, small businesses and other non-early adopter segments. 潜在使用者 非早期技术使用者 Businesses and users of all types will continue to seek value from technology in the form of capabilities, but also in its ability to reduce complexity rather than add to it. 功能方面 In the backdrop sits the ever-present hand of government policymakers. 背后, 政府决策者的手。。 In an increasingly interconnected world the stakes have never been higher for tech policy 风险

macro 英 [ˈmækrəʊ] 美 [ˈmækroʊ] n. [自]宏指令; 巨(计算机术语);adj. 巨大的; 大量使用的; 特别突出的; 极厚的;变形 复数: macros

regression 英 [rɪˈgreʃn] 美 [rɪˈɡrɛʃən] IELTSn. 衰退; (尤指因催眠或精神疾患,或为逃避目前忧虑)回到从前; 回归; (统计学) 回归;变形 复数: regressions


untapped 英 [ˌʌnˈtæpt] 美 [ʌnˈtæpt] TOEFL | GREadj. (有用或宝贵的东西)未开发的,未利用的; 未开塞的;

capability 英 [ˌkeɪpəˈbɪləti] 美 [ˌkeɪpə'bɪləti] CET6 | TOEFLn. 才能,能力; 容量; 性能; 生产率;变形 复数: capabilities


backdrop 英 [ˈbækdrɒp] 美 [ˈbækdrɑp] TOEFL | GREn. <戏>背景幕布; 背景; 交流声;变形 复数: backdrops


ever-present 英 ['evəˌprezənt] 美 ['evəˌprezənt] adj. 经常存在的;

policymaker 英 ['pɒləsɪmeɪkə(r)] 美 ['pɒləsɪˌmeɪkə] n. 政策制定者,决策人;变形 复数: policymakers

stake 英 [steɪk] 美 [stek] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREn. 桩; 刑柱; 股份; (在公司、计划等中的)重大利益;vt. 用桩支撑; 以…下注[打赌]; 用桩区分,界分;变形 过去分词: staked 复数: stakes 过去式: staked 现在分词: staking 第三人称单数: stakes


From a technology standpoint, many of the trends from previous years will enter a new phase of maturity in 2015. 技术角度来看 一个新的成熟期Businesses will begin using cloud and mobile to build advanced systems.高级系统The ability to manage data will become a critical and highly demanded skill.

The potential of many connected devices and sensors will lead to new areas of opportunity. 互联网的装置和传感器And over it all, security will have to change as technology evolves to drive new business prospects.新的业务

standpoint 英 [ˈstændpɔɪnt] 美 [ˈstændˌpɔɪnt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | TOEFLn. 立场,观点;变形 复数: standpoints

phase 英 [feɪz] 美 [fez] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLn. 相,周相; 阶段; [物理学]相位; 方面,侧面;vt. 分阶段实行; 调整相位;vi. 分阶段进行;变形 过去分词: phased 复数: phases 过去式: phased 现在分词: phasing 第三人称单数: phases


maturity 英 [məˈtʃʊərəti] 美 [məˈtʃʊrəti] GREn. 成熟; 完备; (票据等的)到期; [地]壮年期;变形 复数: maturities


advanced 英 [ədˈvɑ:nst] 美 [ədˈvænst] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | TOEFLadj. 先进的; 高等的,高深的; 年老的; 晚期的;v. 前进(advance的过去式和过去分词); 增加; 上涨;

sensor 英 [ˈsensə(r)] 美 [ˈsɛnsɚ, -ˌsɔr] CET6n. 传感器,灵敏元件;

prospect 英 [ˈprɒspekt] 美 [ˈprɑspekt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 前景; 期望; 眺望处; 景象;vi. 勘探; 勘察; (矿等)有希望; 有前途;vt. 找矿; 对…进行仔细调查;变形 过去分词: prospected 复数: prospects 过去式: prospected 现在分词: prospecting 第三人称单数: prospects


For the IT channel, 2015 stands to be the year to really up its game. 销售渠道 注定 不平凡的一年Business transformation will remain the buzz word of the moment as channel firms of all stripes continue to assess the direction of their companies in the age of cloud computing, mobility, managed services, big data, social media and other market and technology forces.企业转型 时代 Navigating new routes to market and evolving customer buying habits will challenge channel firms to focus ju t as much on their own branding and marketing as they will on elevating their tech skills.改善顾客购买习惯 关注技术的提升 自身品牌和营销策略

channel 英 [ˈtʃænl] 美 [ˈtʃænəl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研n. 频道,波道; 渠道; 途径; 海峡;vt. 引导,开导; 形成河道;变形 过去分词: channelled 复数: channels 过去式: channelled 现在分词: channelling 第三人称单数: channels


stand to 英 [stænd tu:] 美 [stænd tu] 准备行动; 不放弃…, 坚持…;

transformation 英 [ˌtrænsfəˈmeɪʃn] 美 [ˌtrænsfərˈmeɪʃn] CET4 | CET6 | TOEFLn. 变化; <核>转换; <语>转换; <电>变换;变形 复数: transformations


buzz word 英 [bʌz wə:d] 美 [bʌz wɚd] 行话,术语;

stripe 英 [straɪp] 美 [straɪp] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLn. 条纹; 种类; 军士军阶; 犯人穿的横条囚衣;vt. 使带有条纹;变形 过去分词: striped 复数: stripes 过去式: striped 现在分词: striping 第三人称单数: stripes



英 ['nævɪgeɪt] 美 ['nævə'get]vt. 驾驶,操纵;使通过;航行于vi. 航行,航空过去式:navigated; 过去分词:navigated; 现在分词:navigating


下载 纠错英 ['elɪveɪt] 美 ['ɛlɪvet]vt. 提升;举起;振奋情绪等;提升…的职位过去式:elevated; 过去分词:elevated; 现在分词:elevating

Globalization, driven largely by technology, becomes ever more pervasive and influential with each passing year. 普遍性 随着时间 The number of people with access to the Internet recently crossed the 3 billion threshold, representing 42% of the global population, according to Internet World Stats. 使用互联网的人口 突破30亿大关Less than two years ago, U.S. websites accounted for 9 of the top 10 slots worldwide. 美国网站在全球十大网站中占了九个席位Estimates now suggest the list includes far more international representation with sites such as Alibaba, Baidu and Tencent capturing huge market shares. 国际性网站 拥有巨大的市场份额Similarly, U.S. technology companies maintain a hold on many of the top slots in hardware, software and IT services.

Although this too may change as new generations of global-minded entrepreneurs seek to make their mark新生代 全球视野 寻求成功


下载 纠错英 [pə'veɪsɪv] 美 [pɚ'vesɪv]adj. 普遍的;到处渗透的;流行的21世纪词典pervasive /pə:'veisiv; pə-/


adj.spreading or spread throughoutthe pervasive odor of garlican error is pervasive if it is material to more than one conclusion近义词:permeantpermeatingpermeative


下载 纠错英 ['ækses] 美 ['æksɛs]vt. 使用;存取;接近n. 进入;使用权;通路过去式:accessed; 过去分词:accessed; 现在分词:accessing21世纪词典access /'ækses; 'æksəs; æk'ses/

n.1.接近,临近;进入;(人的)可进见;(地的)可抵近2.接近(或进入,享用)的机会;接近(或进入,享用)权3.入口,入门,入径;通道;使用途径;接近(或进入,使用)的门路(或方法)展开更多vt.1.接近;利用:Bank customers can access their checking accounts instantly through the electronic system.银行户主可通过电子系统即刻查找自己的支票活期存款账户。(或:银行客户可通过电子系统立即取出活期存款。)2.【计算机】取得(数据);访问,存取(泛指取数或存数),在…上存取数据;取数;使用;接近;进网;接通(计算机);(信息)输入存储装置:to access data取数据Branch officials can access the central database.分行官员可利用中央数据库。3.取得到达…的通路;到达展开更多adj.【电视】向公众开放的短语1.access by remote 【计算机】远程访问(通过电话线路或电子链路从本机访问另一计算机的文件或系统)2.access denied 【计算机】拒绝访问(被拒绝访问某一计算机程序或网络)3.easy of access (某地)容易进入;(某人)容易接近展开更多以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义access /'ækses, 'æksəs, æk'ses/

n.1.the right to enter近义词:entreeaccessionadmittance2.the right to obtain or make use of or take advantage of something (as services or membership)3.a way of entering or leavinghe took a wrong turn on the access to the bridge近义词:approach4.a code (a series of characters or digits) that must be entered in some way (typed or dialed or spoken) to get the use of something (a telephone line or a computer or a local area network etc.)近义词:access code5.(computer science) the operation of reading or writing stored information近义词:memory access6.the act of approaching or enteringhe gained access to the buildingv.1.obtain or retrieve from a storage device; as of information on a computer2.reach or gain access toHow does one access the attic in this house?近义词:get at

threshold 大关

下载 纠错英 ['θreʃhəuld] 美 ['θrɛʃhold]n. 入口;门槛;开始;极限;临界值21世纪词典threshold /'θreʃhəuld/

n.1.门槛;门口,入口2.入门;开始,开端3.起点展开更多adj.1.阈值的,临界值的2.[英国英语]按物价指数变动工资的,工资极限的,级限的短语 (或on) the threshold of 在…的开始(或初期);在…快要开始的时候2.stumble at (或on) the threshold (事情)刚一着手就搞糟了以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义threshold /'θreʃhəuld/

n.1.the starting point for a new state or experienceon the threshold of manhood2.the smallest detectable sensation近义词:limen3.the entrance (the space in a wall) through which you enter or leave a room or building; the space that a door can close近义词:doorwaydoorroom access4.the sill of a door; a horizontal piece of wood or stone that forms the bottom of a doorway and offers support when passing through a doorway近义词:doorsilldoorstep5.a region marking a boundary近义词:brinkverge

account for 占

下载 纠错21世纪词典account for

1.说明(原因、理由等),是…的原因;解释,对…作出解释(或说明):Jack could not account for his foolish mistake.杰克无法解释自己的愚蠢错误。2.说出(钱物等)的处理经过,讲清(各项花费、亏空原因等),说明钱的去向,报账:He has to account to the chairman for all the money he spends.他必须向主席说明他所花掉所有钱的去向。3.导致,引起,起因于:The flood accounted for the bad crop.水灾导致歉收。展开更多以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义account for the reason or explanation for2.give reasons for


下载 纠错英 ['estɪmeɪt] 美 ['ɛstə,met]vi. 估计,估价n. 估计,估价;判断,看法vt. 估计,估量;判断,评价过去式:estimated; 过去分词:estimated; 现在分词:estimating21世纪词典estimate /'estimeit/

vt.1.(粗略)估计(…的距离、价值、数目、大小、重量、费用等);估量;预算:to estimate the cost of a college education估计上大学的费用We estimate the cost to be four thousand dollars.我们估计费用(或成本)为4 000美元。2.判断,评价;估计…的意义(或价值):He is highly estimated among his colleagues.同事们对他的评价很高。3.对(工程等)进行投标展开更多vi.作费用(或成本)估计;估价;投标;to estimate for the repair to the roof 估计修理房顶的费用n.1.

  1. (对距离、价值、数目、大小、重量、费用等的)估计,估算,估价;估计量,估计数,估计值;预算

  2. 【统计学】估计量2.(承包人的)估价单;成本估计单;投标3.(对人或物的品质特性的)意见,看法;判断;评价展开更多变形vt. estimated estimating近义词rate以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义estimate /'estimeit/ approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worthan estimate of what it would cost近义词:estimationapproximationidea2.a judgment of the qualities of something or somebodymany factors are involved in any estimate of human life近义词:estimation3.a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)近义词:appraisalestimation4.a statement indicating the likely cost of some jobhe got an estimate from the car repair shop5.the respect with which a person is held近义词:estimationv.1.judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds近义词:gaugeapproximateguessjudge2.judge to be probable近义词:calculatereckoncount onfigureforecast


下载 纠错英 [,reprɪzen'teɪʃ(ə)n] 美 ['rɛprɪzɛn'teʃən]n. 代表;表现;表示法;陈述21世纪词典representation /,reprizen'teiʃən/

n.1.代表;代理2.表示;表现;表达3.画像;肖像展开更多representation /,reprizen'teiʃən/

n.【人工智能】表达法以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义representation /,reprizen'teiʃən/

n.1.a presentation to the mind in the form of an idea or image近义词:mental representationinternal representation2.a creation that is a visual or tangible rendering of someone or something3.the act of representing; standing in for someone or some group and speaking with authority in their behalf4.the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent近义词:delegacyagency5.a body of legislators that serve in behalf of some constituencya Congressional vacancy occurred in the representation from California6.a factual statement made by one party in order to induce another party to enter into a contractthe sales contract contains several representations by the vendor7.a performance of play近义词:theatrical performancetheatricalhistrionics8.a statement of facts and reasons made in appealing or protestingcertain representations were made concerning police brutality9.the right of being represented by delegates who have a voice in some legislative activity that stands as an equivalent of something or results in an equivalent

mark: 成功


下载 纠错英 [mɑːk] 美 [mɑrk]n. 标志;马克;符号;痕迹;分数vi. 作记号vt. .标志;做标记于;打分数n. . 标志;做标记于;打分数21世纪词典mark /mɑ:k/

n.1.痕迹,污点,疤痕,斑,瘢,(画或涂的)线、点2.记号,符号;标签4.标志;特征5.刻度;标志;起跑线6.印记;邮戳7.(考试的)分数;(品行的)等级;评价8.(文件上代替签名的)花押;[戏谑语]签名9.显要,名声10.印象;影响11.靶子;目的,目标;讨论的问题;指标12.(攻击、批评、嘲笑的)对象;[俚语]敲诈的对象13.注意,留意14.[the m-]规范,标准;(健康的)常态15.【航海学】 (测深线上的)测标;【船舶学】 载重线标志16.(草地滚球戏中作靶子的)小白球(的位置);(草地滚球戏中的)一球全倒(所得分数)17.【英式橄榄球】 接球地点18.英国英语(与数字连用表示机器、武器等的)式,型19.【拳击】 心窝20.[俚语]容易受骗的人;辱骂(或攻击)对象21.【统计学】 数码,标志值22.[英国英语]股票出售记录23.【历史】 (中世纪日耳曼村社的)公地24.开火令(密码语命令开火)25.[英国英语]【证券】 交易执行价格26.[古语]边境,边界,边疆27.[废语]墓石28.[废语]界标收起vt.1.作记号于;留痕迹于:The hot cups have marked the table badly.这些热杯子把桌面都烫坏了。The disease marked his face for life.这种疾病在他的脸上留下了终身去不掉的疤痕。2.注意,留心:Mark what your mother is saying!注意听你母亲正在说什么!Mark my words, I will tell you the truth.留心听着,我要告诉你真相。3.给…打分数;给…评等级:He marked the paper leniently.他阅卷评分很宽。They have got a pile of exam papers to mark.他们有一大堆试卷要打分。展开更多vi.1.作记号;作符号;留下痕迹:marked by smallpox留下出天花的痕迹2.注意;留心3.评分:Our teacher marks strictly.我们老师评分很严。展开更多短语1.above the mark 高质量的,超过通常的标准,令人满意的2.a soft mark [俚语]易受欺骗的人,傻瓜3.bad mark

  1. 不好的评分,操行不好的标记

  2. 被别人记住的污点展开更多

Since the Great Recession, the “do more with less” mentality has dominated corporate strategy. 经济大萧条开始 少花钱,多办事 的思维方式 支配This undoubtedly led executives to pursue strategies such as simplification with the end goal of cost cutting in mind. 管理者 简化 消减 It should be noted that while simplification often goes hand-in-hand with cost cutting and the elimination of waste, it is not always the case. 值得注意的是 消除浪费 Simple, elegant solutions that are embraced by workers and customers alike typically require much more than trimming fat at the margins. 简洁的解决方案 不仅仅 降低利润Another factor driving the renewed push to simplify stems from innovations, such as cloud computing, mobility, business process automation (BPA), managed services, big data and other developments that have given businesses unprecedented access to tools to support simplification efforts.推动简化 业务流程自动化 提供前所未有的 支持手段 For IT companies, opportunities lie not only with implementation, but also with providing a true consultative experience to their customers. 真实的咨询经验Simplification may take the form of helping CIOs shift from maintenance mode to innovation mode, helping to balance the security needs of the organization and the needs of workers or helping customers navigate the sometimes overwhelming number of technology options帮助平衡企业安全需求和工人需求之间的关系,在数量多的让人奔溃技术选择面前,帮助顾客选择。


下载 纠错英 [rɪ'seʃ(ə)n] 美 [rɪ'sɛʃən]n. 衰退;不景气;后退;凹处21世纪词典recession /ri'seʃən/

n.1.后退,撤回2.(做完礼拜后牧师和唱诗班的)退场行列3.(墙壁等的)凹进之处展开更多recession /ri'seʃən/

n.(领土等的)归还;交还以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义recession /ri'seʃən/

n.1.the state of the economy declines; a widespread decline in the GDP and employment and trade lasting from six months to a year2.a small concavity近义词:recessnichecorner3.the withdrawal of the clergy and choir from the chancel to the vestry at the end of a church service近义词:recessional4.the act of ceding back近义词:ceding back5.the act of becoming more distant近义词:receding词组短语 同近义词economic recession经济衰退

mentality 理念

下载 纠错英 [men'tælɪtɪ] 美 [mɛn'tæləti]智力;精神力;头脑作用复数:mentalities21世纪词典mentality /men'tæləti/

n.1.智能;智心;脑力;智性;精神;思想;心理(状态)2.心性;心态变形n. mentalities以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义mentality /men'tæləti/

n.1.a habitual or characteristic mental attitude that determines how you will interpret and respond to situations近义词:outlookmindsetmind-set2.mental ability近义词:brainbrainpowerlearning abilitymental capacitywit词组短语 同近义词negative mentality逆反心理;消极心态



下载 纠错英 ['dɒmɪneɪt] 美 ['dɑmɪnet]vt. 控制;支配;占优势;在…中占主要地位vi. 占优势;处于支配地位过去式:dominated; 过去分词:dominated; 现在分词:dominating21世纪词典dominate /'dɔmineit/

vt.1.对…施加决定性影响;统治,支配,控制,管辖,主宰:He completely dominates the family.这个家完全由他做主。She must dominate her passions.她必须控制自己的情感。2.高耸(或耸立、高居)于(他物)之上,比…高,屹立;俯瞰,俯临,俯视:A tall pine dominated the landscape.一棵高耸的松树俯视全景。The church dominates the entire town.那座教堂俯临全城。3.在…中占首要地位;独占,(对…)占优势,占领先地位;充满,赋予特色(或特点):The issue of gun control will dominate the next election.枪支管制问题将在下次竞选活动中成为主题。展开更多vi.1.处于支配地位,占(或拥有)优势,占首要(或主导)地位;统治,支配:The superpower attempted to dominate over other countries.超级大国企图支配其他国家。2.高耸,居高临下,处于较高位,占据较优越的位置:the castle dominating over the river高耸于河边的古堡The television tower dominates over the city.电视塔俯视全城。变形vt. dominated dominating以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义dominate /'dɔmineit/ larger in number, quantity, power, status or importanceHispanics predominate in this neighborhood近义词 in controlHer husband completely dominates her3.have dominance or the power to defeat over近义词:master4.look down onThe villa dominates the town近义词:commandoverlookovertop词组短语 同近义词dominate the market欺行霸市



下载 纠错英 [ʌn'daʊtɪdlɪ] 美 [ʌn'daʊtɪdli]adv. 确实地,毋庸置疑的21世纪词典undoubtedly

adv.undoubted的变形undoubted /,ʌn'dautid/


adv.with certaintyit's undoubtedly very beautiful近义词:doubtlessbeyond questionwithout doubtbeyond any doubt同近义词adv.确实地,无庸置疑地strictlyreal



下载 纠错英 [ɪgˈzekjʊtɪv] 美 [ɪɡ'zɛkjətɪv]adj. 行政的;经营的;执行的,经营管理的n. 总经理;执行委员会;执行者;经理主管人员21世纪词典executive /iɡ'zekjutiv/

adj.1.实行的,执行的;有关执行的,实施的;经营管理的2.管理的,行政(上)的 [区别于 legislative (立法),judicial (司法)]3.执行者的;行政官员的;经理人员的;行政(或管理)职能的;供主管人员或行政长官使用的,为行政长官设计的展开更多n.1.执行者;(高级)行政官,高级官员2.管理人员,主管业务的人;经理3.擅长行政管理的人展开更多以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义executive

n.1.a person responsible for the administration of a business近义词:executive director2.persons who administer the law3.someone who manages a government agency or department近义词:administratoradj.having the function of carrying out plans or orders etc.the executive branch词组短语 同近义词1.

chief executive行政长官;董事长;美国总统;(美国的)州长2.

executive director执行理事;常务董事3.

executive committee执行委员会

hand in hand

下载 纠错21世纪词典hand in hand

1.手拉手地2.连在一起,联合地;形影不离地3.联合的;形影不离的以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义hand in hand

adv.1.together2.clasping each other's hands


下载 纠错英 [ɪ'lɪmɪneɪt] 美 [ɪ'lɪmɪnet]vt. 消除;排除过去式:eliminated; 过去分词:eliminated; 现在分词:eliminating21世纪词典eliminate /i'limineit/

vt.1.除掉,除去,消除,排除,根除,摆脱,消灭:to eliminate hunger消灭饥饿现象to eliminate risks排除危险2.不加以考虑;拒绝;摒弃;删去;省略;忽略:We have eliminated all statistical tables, which are of interest only to the specialist.我们删去了全部统计表格,因只有专家才对这些表格感兴趣。3.【体育】(比赛中)淘汰,刷掉:The team was eliminated.该队被淘汰了。展开更多变形vt. eliminated eliminating近义词exclude以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义eliminate /i'limineit/

v.1.terminate or take outLet's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics近义词:get rid ofdo away away with近义词:obviaterid of3.kill in large numbers近义词:annihilateextinguisheradicatewipe outdecimatecarry off4.dismiss from consideration or a contestThis possibility can be eliminated from our consideration近义词:rule outwinnow outreject5.eliminate from the body近义词:excreteegestpass6.remove from a contest or raceThe cyclist has eliminated all the competitors in the race7.remove (an unknown variable) from two or more equations词组短语 同近义词1.

eliminate poverty消除贫困2.

eliminate noise消除噪声3.

eliminate illiteracy扫盲,扫除文盲



下载 纠错英 ['elɪg(ə)nt] 美 ['ɛləgənt]adj. 高雅的,优雅的;讲究的;简炼的;简洁的21世纪词典elegant /'eliɡənt/


  1. (图案设计、式样、服饰等)优美的,漂亮的,雅致的,精致的

  2. (举止、风度、仪态、动作等)文雅的,高雅的,优雅的,风雅的

  3. (陈设、风格、生活方式等)讲究的;精美的

  4. (趣味、习惯、语言、文体等)典雅的,格调高的;精确的,简洁的,简练的,洗练的

  5. (配制或制作食物)精致的,质量优良的,上等的,第一流的2.[口语]极好的;优良的;精制的以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义elegant

adj.1.refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or styleelegant handwritingan elegant dark suitshe was elegant to her fingertipssmall churches with elegant white spiresan elegant mathematical solution--simple and precise and lucid2.suggesting taste, ease, and wealth近义词:gracefulrefined3.displaying effortless beauty and simplicity in movement or executionan elegant danceran elegant mathematical solution -- simple and precise词组短语 同近义词1.

elegant appearance美观大方2.

elegant demeanour风采3.

elegant shape式样优雅



下载 纠错英 ['mɑːdʒɪn] 美 ['mɑrdʒən]n. 边缘;利润,余裕;页边的空白vt. 加边于;加旁注于n. (Margin)人名;(俄、意)马尔金21世纪词典margin /'mɑ:dʒin/

n.1.边缘,边沿2.书页边的空白;栏外,页边,白边3.界限;极限展开更多vt.1.留边;成为…的边;加边于,围绕2.为…加旁注;(为书、文章等)作页边注释3.[美国英语]【商业】为…付保证金;用…作保证金;通过交付(或增加)保证金获得(股票、债券);以押金保证,付定金:They said they had margined up.他们说他们已付保证金了。短语1.narrow margin 没有多少余地,差点就超出界线2.wide margin 广泛的回旋余地;广泛的利于行事的权力近义词border以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义margin /'mɑ:dʒin/

n.1.the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary近义词 amount beyond the minimum necessarythe margin of victory3.the amount of collateral a customer deposits with a broker when borrowing from the broker to buy securities近义词:security deposit4.(finance) the net sales minus the cost of goods and services sold近义词:gross profitgross profit margin5.the blank space that surrounds the text on a page6.a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits近义词:allowanceleewaytolerance7.a strip near the boundary of an objecthe jotted a note on the margin of the page近义词:edge词组短语 同近义词1.

profit margin[经]利润率2.

continental margin大陆边缘3.

gross margin[经]毛利


下载 纠错英 [ʌn'presɪdentɪd] 美 [ʌn'prɛsɪdɛntɪd]adj. 空前的;无前例的21世纪词典unprecedented /,ʌn'presidəntid/

adj.前所未有的,空前的,无前例的;新奇的以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义unprecedented /,ʌn'presidəntid/

adj.having no precedent; novelan unprecedented expansion in population and industry词组短语 同近义词unprecedented scale史无前例的规模


下载 纠错英 [ɪmplɪmen'teɪʃ(ə)n]实现;履行;安装启用21世纪词典implementation /,implimen'teiʃən/

n.implement的变形implement /'implimənt; 'impliment/

n.1.工具;器具;用具2.家具;服装;装备3.手段;充当工具的人展开更多vt.1.执行,履行;贯彻,落实;使生效:to implement a promise履行诺言to implement a policy落实一项政策2.填充,补充,弥补3.为…提供器具(或手段)展开更多以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义implementation /,implimen'teiʃən/

n.1.the act of accomplishing some aim or executing some orderthe agency was created for the implementation of the policy近义词:executioncarrying out2.the act of implementing (providing a practical means for accomplishing something); carrying into effect近义词:effectuation词组短语 同近义词1.

project implementation项目执行;项目实现2.

system implementation系统实现3.

trial implementation试行


下载 纠错英 [kən'sʌlt] 美 [kən'sʌlt]vt. 查阅;商量;向…请教vi. 请教;商议;当顾问21世纪词典consult /kɔn'sʌlt; 'kɔnsʌlt/

vt.1.请教,求教于;征求…的意见;找…商议:I have to consult the manager about the matter.关于这件事我得向经理请示一下。2.向…咨询,查询,查考;翻阅:I have consulted a number of law books in our school library.我曾在我校图书馆里查阅过好些法律书籍。3.顾及,考虑到:We must consult his convenience.我们必须考虑到他的方便。展开更多vi.考虑;商议,协商:The two lawyers consulted on the case immediately.这两位律师立即对这个案件商量了一下。n.= consultation以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义consult /kɔn'sʌlt, 'kɔnsʌlt/

v.1.get or ask advice fromThey had to consult before arriving at a decision近义词:confer information fromYou should consult the dictionary近义词:referlook up3.have a conference in order to talk something over近义词:conferconfabulateconfab4.advise professionallyThe professor consults for industry词组短语 同近义词consult with商量,协商

overwhelm adj. 形容压倒性的。。。。


下载 纠错英 [əʊvə'welm] 美 [ovɚˈhwɛlm]vt. 淹没;压倒;受打击;覆盖;压垮21世纪词典overwhelm /,əuvə'hwelm/

vt.1.(尤指以军事力量)压倒,压服;击溃;粉碎:We overwhelmed the enemy by superior forces.我们以优势兵力打垮了敌军。to over-whelm the enemy's attacks击溃敌方的多次进攻2.制服;使不知所措;使受不了:I was overwhelmed by such a temptation.我经受不住那样的诱惑。3.使承受(过量之物),授予;对待:a child overwhelmed with presents得到大量礼物的孩子展开更多以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》英英释义overwhelm

v.1.overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli近义词:overpowersweep overwhelmovercomeovertake2.charge someone with too many tasks近义词:delugeflood out3.cover completely or make imperceptible近义词:submergedrown4.overcome by superior force近义词:overpowerovermaster同近义词vt.压倒;淹没;受打击floodflow

2018 8.6


Defining the IT WorkforceThere are two distinct elements of the IT workforce: 1) Employment <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">within</u></u> information technology companies, and 2) IT occupations.什么是 IT 劳动力IT 劳动力来自两个不同的方面: 1 是 IT 公司, 2 是 IT 职业

within /wɪˈðɪn, wɪθ-/ |CET4 TEM4

1.PREP If something is within a place, area, or object, it is inside it or surrounded by it. 在…里• Clients are entertained within private dining rooms. 客户们在私人餐厅里受到款待。2.ADV Within is also an adverb. 在里面• A small voice called from within. "Yes, just coming." 从里面传出一个很小的声音:“是的,就来了。”3.PREP Something that happens or exists within a society, organization, or system, happens or exists inside it. 在 (社会、组织或体系) 中• ...the spirit of self-sacrifice within an army. …军队里的自我牺牲精神。4.ADV Within is also an adverb. 在内部• The real dangers to these rebels came from within. 对于这些叛乱分子真正的危险来自内部。5.PREP If something is within a particular limit or set of rules, it does not go beyond it or is not more than what is allowed. 在 (某一限制或规则) 之内• Troops have agreed to stay within specific boundaries to avoid confrontations. 部队已同意驻扎在特定地界内,以避免冲突。6.PREP If you are within a particular distance of a place, you are less than that distance from it. 在 (一定距离) 之内• The man was within a few feet of him. 那名男子离他只有几英尺。7.PREP Within a particular length of time means before that length of time has passed. 在 (一定时间) 之内• About 40% of all students entering as freshmen graduate within 4 years. 所有新入学的学生中大约有40%在4年内毕业。8.PREP If something is within sight, within earshot, or within reach, you can see it, hear it, or reach it. 在 (视线、听力、手臂所及的范围) 之内• His twenty-five-foot boat was moored within sight of his house. 他那只25英尺长的小船停在他房子的视野范围之内。9.within reason → reason以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 之内 以内 内向 小时内短语1.Within 之内以内内向小时内2.fall within 属于适合于适合该当3.Music Within 心灵深处的音乐听不见的音符心中的音乐心底的音符更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源1.

within oneself 在心中;保留体力的2.

from within 从里面,从…的内部3.

come within 在…范围内


IT Occupation Employment• Includes technical occupations, such as software developers, network engineers,computer support specialists, etc. working in a range of industry <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">verticals</u></u>, such as <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">healthcare</u></u>, education, manufacturing, professional services and others.• Beyond core IT occupations, there are a range of technology- <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">intense</u></u> positions on the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">periphery</u></u>, typically <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">referred to</u></u> as knowledge workers.IT 职业劳动者• 包括技术职业,例如软件开发人员、网络工程师、计算机支持专家等等。他们工作在各类垂直门户行业,如医疗、教育、制造、专业服务等。• 除了核心 IT 职业,还有一系列的技术密集型的外围岗位,通常称为知识型工人


vertical /ˈvɜːtɪkəl/ |CET4 TEM41.ADJ Something that is vertical stands or points straight up. 垂直的• The climber inched up a vertical wall of rock. 那名登山者一点点爬上了一处垂直的岩石峭壁。2.ADV 垂直地• Cut each bulb in half vertically. 将每一个球茎垂直切成两半。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 垂直的 竖直 立式的 弹跳短语1.vertical 垂直的竖直立式的弹跳2.vertical angles 对顶角垂直角3.Flip Vertical 垂直翻转垂直方向翻转垂直反转垂直翻更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

vertical direction 垂直方向2.

vertical shaft 立井;立轴;立柱3.

vertical distribution 垂直分布;竖向分布更多词组短语


healthcare /'helθkεə/

n.1.[亦作 health care]2.康复医学,保健医学3.健康护理adj.[亦作 health-care]康复医学的,保健医学的以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》网络释义 专业释义 保健 医疗 医疗保健 医学管理人员短语1.HEALTHCARE 保健医疗医疗保健医学管理人员2.GE Healthcare 通用电气医疗集团通用电气医疗通用医疗医疗集团3.Healthcare Plan 医疗保健福利更多网络短语

intense /ɪnˈtɛns/ |CET4 TEM4

1.ADJ Intense is used to describe something that is very great or extreme in strength or degree. 剧烈的; 极度的• He was sweating from the intense heat. 由于剧烈的热量,他一直出汗。• Stevens's murder was the result of a deep-seated and intense hatred. 史蒂文斯凶杀案源于深仇大恨。2.ADV 剧烈地; 极度地• The fast-food business is intensely competitive. 快餐业竞争非常激烈。3.ADJ If you describe an activity as intense, you mean that it is very serious and concentrated, and often involves doing a lot in a short time. 集中的; 紧张的• The battle for third place was intense. 竞争第3名的较量很紧张。4.ADJ If you describe the way someone looks at you as intense, you mean that they look at you very directly and seem to know what you are thinking or feeling. 热切的• I felt so self-conscious under Luke's mother's intense gaze. 在卢克母亲热切的注视下,我感到很不自在。5.ADV 热切地• He sipped his drink, staring intensely at me. 他一边小口喝着饮料,一边热切地盯着我。6.ADJ If you describe a person as intense, you mean that they appear to concentrate very hard on everything that they do, and they feel their emotions very strongly. 很认真的• I know he's an intense player, but he does enjoy what he's doing. 我知道他是名很认真的选手,可他确实喜欢他所做的事情。7.N-UNCOUNT 过分认真• His intensity and the ferocity of his feelings alarmed me. 他的过分认真和激烈的感受令我恐慌。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 强烈的 激烈的 紧锣密鼓 非常的短语1.intense 强烈的激烈的紧锣密鼓非常的2.Fancy Intense 浓彩黄浓彩粉3.intense love 强烈的爱浓烈的爱强烈地爱着更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

intense competition 激烈的竞争2.

intense emotion 激情3.

intense pain 剧烈疼痛;剧痛更多词组短语


periphery /pəˈrɪfərɪ/ |TEM8N-COUNT If something is on the periphery of an area, place, or thing, it is on the edge of it. 边缘• Taste buds are concentrated at the tip and rear of the tongue and around its periphery. 味蕾集中在舌尖、舌根及舌边。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 外围 周边 周围 边缘短语1.Periphery 外围周边周围边缘2.Periphery parameter 外围参数3.periphery inclusions 边包体更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源n.外围,[地理]边缘;圆周;圆柱体表面marginsuburb

referred to

The addicts referred to treatment had an average of 40 convictions each, so if rehab curbs their habit even slightly, large benefits will be seen. 每40个定罪者有一个被交付治疗,所以只要康复治疗稍微控制一下他们的习惯,就会有很大的收益。dictsearch.appspot.com2.But whether the resulting framework will suffer the same fate as many previous declarations, and simply be referred to, rather than acted upon, is a worry. 但是会议制定的框架是否会面临与此前许多宣言相同的命运、它是否只是被提及,而非据此采取行动,这令人担忧。www.scidev.net3.In these contexts, the syndrome is rarely referred to without abbreviation, and the connotations of the reference are frequently more broad than the clinical definition. 在这些情况下,该综合症没有缩写字母几乎就没有参考意义,而且这个参考涵义比在临床定义上常常更加广泛。article.yeeyan.org4.He never referred to his sisters in his letters. 他在信里从未提到过他的姊妹。www.8875.org5.The discovery of America is generally referred to Columbus. 一般人都说美洲是哥伦布发现的。www.yxrfl.net6.It referred to the death of the prisoners. 这份记录还提到了死亡的囚犯。article.yeeyan.org7.I referred to this poster over and over again and it became one of our class mantras. 我一遍一遍地提到这个海报,因此这个海报成为我们班的真言之一。article.yeeyan.org8.The use of this free space is referred to as ‘white space’ marketing. 对这些空白位置的利用就是前面提到的“空白位置”行销。article.yeeyan.org9.This is a simple task to administer because it lets you to link in only those objects that are actually referred to at some point in the program. 对管理员来说, 这是一项简单的任务,因为它允许您对只在程序中的某个位置上实际引用的那些对象进行链接。 3 shows the general directory structure that will be referred to throughout this section. 图 3 显示了这个通用的目录结构,该结构会在本节中多次提到。 he referred to his ongoing discussions with NATO allies about his new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan. 奥巴马还提到就他关于阿富汗和巴基斯坦新战略正在跟北约盟国展开的讨论。www.hjenglish.com12.She was a person of quite extraordinary cheery religious fervour -- in almost every sentence she referred to the Lord. 科克尔夫人是一个极度虔诚的宗教信徒,她的每句话几乎都要提到上帝。www.englishtang.com13.The family has numerous stories about their brother, whom they referred to as Buddy, that exemplify the way he lived his life. 这家人提到他们的兄弟的许多往事。 作为他们的好友,他的生活体现了他做人的一贯的方式。article.yeeyan.org14.Only once, and then obliquely, were the uncounted mass of Iraqi dead referred to, when the archbishop prayed for "those whose memory we cherish, and those whose names we will never know". 大主教只有一次、而且是拐弯抹角地提到了不可胜数的死去的伊拉克人,他为“那些受我们怀念的人,以及那些我们永远都不知道名字的人”做了祈祷。article.yeeyan.org15.In my anecdote I referred to the "unexpected behavior" of the application, when in fact I just didn't understand how the system works. 在我的轶事集中,我提到了应用程序 “意料之外的行为”,而当时我并未真正理解系统的工作方式。, most XML editors, including those in the IBM tools referred to in this paper, have this capability built-in. 幸运的是,大多数 XML 编辑器,包括那些本文所提到的 IBM 工具,具有这一内置功能。


IT Industry Employment• Includes technical occupations, such as software developers, network engineers,computer support specialists, etc.• Includes non-technical professions, such as sales, marketing, HR, finance,operations and general management that support and <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">facilitate</u></u> the operation of IT companies.• Typically, technical positions account for 25% to 75% of an IT company’s workforce. There are a number of factors that affect this rate. For example, a start-up may initially be <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">comprised</u></u> of nearly all software architects, programmers and other technical workers. When the firm scales, it may begin to add sales and marketing staff, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">thereby</u></u> reducing the percentage of technical workers.

IT 行业劳动者• 包括技术职业,例如软件开发人员、网络工程师,计算机支持专家等。• 包括非技术岗位,如销售、市场营销、人力资源、财务、以及运营与管理等支持和促进 IT 公司运作的岗位。• 其特点是,技术职位在 IT 公司所有岗位中占的比例从 25%到 75%不等。影响这一比例的因素有很多。例如,新成立的公司中的首批员工几乎都是与软件工程师、程序员以及其他技术人员构成。随着公司规模的扩大,可能开始增加销售以及营销人员从而降低技术职位的比例。

facilitate /fəˈsɪlɪˌteɪt/ |CET4 TEM4

facilitatingfacilitatedfacilitatesV-T To facilitate an action or process, especially one that you would like to happen, means to make it easier or more likely to happen. 促进• The new airport will facilitate the development of tourism. 新机场将促进旅游业的发展。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 使容易 促进 使便利 便利短语1.facilitate 使容易促进使便利便利2.facilitate willmigerl 助长方便利便便利3.facilitate communication 促进沟通方便联系沟通沟通方便更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源vt.促进;帮助;使容易promoteboostfurther

comprise /kəmˈpraɪz/ |CET4 TEM4

comprisingcomprisedcomprisesV-T If you say that something comprises or is comprised of a number of things or people, you mean it has them as its parts or members. 包含; 由…组成• The special cabinet committee comprises Mr. Brown, Mr. Mandelson, and Mr. Straw. 这一特殊内阁委员会包括布朗先生、曼德尔森先生和斯特劳先生。• The task force is comprised of congressional leaders, cabinet heads and administration officials. 该任务队由国会领导人、内阁首脑和行政官员构成。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 包含 包括 构成 组成短语1.comprise 包含包括构成组成2.comprise vt 包含构成3.nient comprise 无所依据未列入更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源be comprised of 由…组成

thereby /ˌðɛəˈbaɪ/ |CET4 TEM4

ADV You use thereby to introduce an important result or consequence of the event or action you have just mentioned. 由此• Our bodies can sweat, thereby losing heat by evaporation. 我们的身体会流汗,由此能通过蒸发散热。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 英英释义 因此 从而 在那方面 由此短语1.thereby 因此从而在那方面由此2.Thereby Forming 从而形成3.thereby realizing 从而实现更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源adv.从而,因此;在那附近;在那方面hence accordingly thusconsequentlyas a result of


IT Occupation Employment – this segment of the IT workforce employs approximately 4.88 million workers as of year-end 2014. This translates to job growth of 2.4%, or nearly 116,000 additional IT jobs. The 2014 IT job growth rateis up slightly over the 2013 rate of 2.1%. To further put into context, 2.1%, or nearly 100,000 additional IT jobs. <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">In contrast</u></u>, total job growth across the U.S.economy in 2013 will likely end up in the 1.5% to 1.8% range.IT 职业劳动者--- 这一部分到 2014 年底共雇佣大约 488 万人,增加了 11.6 万个岗位,职位增长 2.4%。 2014 年职位增长略高于 2013年的 2.1%,即 10 万个岗位的增加。对比而言,美国整个 2013 年的所有行业的职位增长在 1.5%到 1.8 之间 .

in contrast:与之相比


IT occupation employment <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">span</u></u>s every industry vertical. For example, the IT department within a hospital will employ a range of senior-, mid- and staff-level IT workers to ensure <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">physicians</u></u>, nurses and administrators have <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">reliable</u></u> access to computers, networks, applications and so on

IT 职业劳动者遍布各个垂直门户行业。例如,某家医院的 IT 技术部门会雇佣各类高级、中级以及初级 IT 技术人员以保障医生、护士和医院的行政人员对计算机、网络以及应用软件的使用。


span /spæn/ |CET4 TEM4spanningspannedspans1.N-COUNT A span is the period of time between two dates or events during which something exists, functions, or happens. (两时间点之间的) 时间段• The batteries had a life span of six hours. 电池的使用寿命是6小时。2.N-COUNT Your concentration span or your attention span is the length of time you are able to concentrate on something or be interested in it. (注意力的) 持续时间• His ability to absorb information was astonishing, but his concentration span was short. 他吸收信息的能力让人惊讶,但他的注意力持续时间很短。3.V-T If something spans a long period of time, it lasts throughout that period of time or relates to that whole period of time. 持续• His professional career spanned 16 years. 他的职业生涯持续了16年。4.V-T If something spans a range of things, all those things are included in it. 包括• Bernstein's compositions spanned all aspects of music, from symphonies to musicals. 伯恩斯坦创作的乐曲包括了音乐的所有方面,从交响乐到音乐剧。5.N-COUNT The span of something that extends or is spread out sideways is the total width of it from one end to the other. 宽距• It is a very pretty butterfly, with a 2 inch wing span. 它是一只非常漂亮的蝴蝶,翅膀张开有2英寸宽。6.N a team of horses or oxen, esp two matched animals 马队或牛队7.V-T A bridge or other structure that spans something such as a river or a valley stretches right across it. 横跨• Travellers get from one side to the other by walking across a footbridge that spans a little stream. 旅游者通过一座横跨小溪的人行桥从一边走到另一边。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 跨度 跨距 常用内联容器 量程短语1.Span 跨度跨距常用内联容器量程2.side span 边跨旁跨侧孔3.span error 量程误差更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

life span 寿命;使用期限2.

long span 长跨度3.

time span 时间跨度


physician /fɪˈzɪʃən/ |CET4 TEM4N-COUNT A physician is a medical doctor. 内科医生• ...your family physician. …你的家庭医生。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 医生 内科医生 内科医师 主治医师短语1.physician 医生内科医生内科医师主治医师2.attending physician 主治医生主治医师草药医翻译 physician 家庭医师家庭医生家庭内科医师找一个好的家庭医生更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源1.

chief physician 主任医师2.

attending physician 主治医生3.

family physician 家庭医生;家庭医师


reliable /rɪˈlaɪəbəl/ |CET4 TEM41.ADJ People or things that are reliable can be trusted to work well or to behave in the way that you want them to. 可靠的• She was efficient and reliable. 她既能干又可靠。2.ADV 可靠地• It's been working reliably for years. 它多年来一直可靠地运转着。3.ADJ Information that is reliable or that is from a reliable source is very likely to be correct. (信息) 可靠的• There is no reliable information about civilian casualties. 还没有关于平民伤亡的可靠信息。4.ADV 可靠地• Sonia, we are reliably informed, loves her family very much. 我们得到可靠消息,索尼亚非常爱她的家人。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 可靠 可信赖的 值得信赖 可靠性短语1.Reliable 可靠可信赖的值得信赖可靠性2.reliable reputation 信誉可靠澴3.Reliable Mathematics 可靠性数学靠得住性数学牢靠性数学更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

reliable quality 质量可靠2.

reliable data 可靠数据3.

reliable information 可靠的信息

Top IT Growth Occupations in 2014 (Percent Change)

  1. Web Developers

  2. Information Security Analysts

  3. Computer Systems Analysts

  4. Software Developers, Applications

  5. Software Developers, Systems Software

  6. Computer User Support Specialists

  7. Computer and Information Systems Managers

  8. Database Administrators

2014 年 IT 职业岗位增长排名(按百分比排序)

  1. 网页开发工程师

  2. 信息安全分析师

  3. 计算机系统分析师

  4. 软件开发师(应用软件)

  5. 软件开发师(系统软件)

  6. 计算机用户支持专家

  7. 计算机及信息系统管理者

  8. 数据库管理


除了核心 IT 职位,还有许多周边技术密集型职位。例如 IT 项目管理、医疗信息技术人员、音视频技术人员、技术相关销售、文员、 计算机自动化制造操作员以及 IT 培训职位等,都需要不同技术方面的专业知识和经验。虽然这些职位不属于“IT 技术部门”,但确是 IT 劳动力的重要组成部分。由于标准的不同,外围和知识密集型岗位还会有 100 万到几百万不等。In addition to core IT positions, there are many technology--‐intense occupations on the periphery. For example, occupations such as IT project management, health information technicians, audio/video technicians, technical sales, technical writers,automated manufacturing computer operators and IT training positions, all require significant expertise and experience with various aspects of technology. While these positions are not typically found in an “IT Department” they are an important component of the IT workforce. Depending on the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">criteria</u></u> used, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">peripheral</u></u> or knowledge worker--‐type positions may number between 1 million and several million additional workers.


criterion /kraɪˈtɪərɪən/ |CET6 TEM4N-COUNT A criterion is a factor on which you judge or decide something. (判断的) 标准• The most important criterion for entry is that applicants must design and make their own work. 参加的最重要标准就是申请人必须设计并制作自己的作品。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 标准 条件 准则 判断标准短语1.criteria 标准条件准则判断标准2.Selection criteria 选择标准选拔准则选择准则挑选标准3.evaluation criteria 评标标准评定标准评估标准评价标准更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源1.

evaluation criteria 评估标准;评定标准2.

design criteria 设计准则;设计标准3.

quality criteria 质量判据;质量准则


peripheral /pəˈrɪfərəl/ |CET6+ TEM81.ADJ A peripheral activity or issue is one that is not very important compared with other activities or issues. 次要的• Companies are increasingly eager to contract out peripheral activities like training. 公司越来越渴望把像培训这样的次要活动外包出去。• ...peripheral and boring information. …无关紧要且无聊的信息。2.ADJ Peripheral areas of land are ones that are on the edge of a larger area. 周边的• ...urban development in the outer peripheral areas of large towns. …大城市外部周边地区的城市发展。3.N-COUNT Peripherals are devices that can be attached to computers. (计算机的) 外围设备• ...peripherals to expand the use of our computers. …扩展计算机用途的外围设备。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 外围设备 外围的 外部设备 外周的短语1.peripheral 外围设备外围的外部设备外周的2.peripheral neuropathy 周围神经病周围神经病变周围性神经疾患围神经病变3.peripheral blood 外周血周边血液周边血外周血液更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

peripheral blood 周边血液2.

peripheral nerve 末梢神经,外周神经3.

peripheral equipment 外部设备,外围设备


由于各个行业对技术的需求不断增长, IT 技术岗位已遍布全国各个地区。 虽说存在技术扎堆的情况,如硅谷集中了大量的技术工人,但很多不知名的地区也有数量庞大的技术工人。例如在美国的山脉州地区就有着超过 32.5 万名 IT 工人。Because the need for technology is so <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">pervasive</u></u> among businesses of all types, it follows that IT jobs are spread across every region of the country. While tech <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">clusters</u></u> do exist – think Silicon Valley or Silicon Alley, with high concentrations of IT workers, many <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">unassuming</u></u> regions have large numbers of IT workers as well.For example, more than 325,000 IT workers can be found in the Mountain states region.

pervasive /pɜːˈveɪsɪv/ |CET6

ADJ Something, especially something bad, that is pervasive is present or felt throughout a place or thing. (尤指不好的事物) 无处不在的• ...the pervasive influence of the army in national life. …军队在国民生活中无处不在的影响。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 普遍的 无处不在的 遍布的 普遍深入的短语1.pervasive 普遍的无处不在的遍布的普遍深入的2.pervasive connectivity 无所不在的连结普遍连接无所不在的连接3.ingl pervasive 无孔不入更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源pervasive computing 普遍计算技术

cluster /ˈklʌstə/ |CET6 TEM4

clustering clustered clusters1.N-COUNT A cluster of people or things is a small group of them close together. (人或物的) 群• ...clusters of men in formal clothes. …几组身着正装的男人。2.V-I If people cluster together, they gather together in a small group. (人) 结成群• The passengers clustered together in small groups. 乘客们聚集成小群体。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 群集 簇 群 计算机集群短语1.Cluster 群集簇群计算机集群2.cluster bomb 集束炸弹束炸弹集束弹子母弹3.cluster headache 丛集性头痛组合性头痛头痛群丛发性头痛更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

cluster analysis 聚类分析;群集分析2.

a cluster of 一群;一组;一串3.

cluster sampling 分组取样;类集抽样;巢式抽样

unassuming /ˌʌnəˈsjuːmɪŋ/ |TEM8

ADJ If you describe a person or their behaviour as unassuming, you approve of them because they are quiet and do not try to appear important. 不装腔作势的; 谦逊安静的• He's a man of few words, very polite and unassuming. 他不爱说话,非常有礼貌,也不装腔作势。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 谦逊的 不摆架子的 谦虚的 不装腔作势的短语1.unassuming 谦逊的不摆架子的谦虚的不装腔作势的 unassuming 不作预设不摆架子3.unassuming g 不摆架子的更多网络短语同近义词 词源adj.谦逊的;不装腔作势的;不出风头的modestunpretentious


根据百分比排序, 2014 年 IT 职位增长最快的州包括内华达州、德克萨斯州、蒙大拿州、佛罗里达州、北卡罗来州、北达科他州、特拉华州、犹他州以及西弗吉尼亚州。这些州中,每个州的岗位增长都在 4%及以上。对比而言,整体 IT 技术职位增长达到 2.4%。

On a percent change <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">basis</u></u>, the states with the fastest IT job growth in 2014 include:Nevada, Texas, Montana, Florida, North Carolina, North Dakota, Delaware, Utahand West Virginia. Each of these states experienced job growth of 4.0% or higher.<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">In comparison</u></u>, overall core IT job growth reached 2.4%.

basis /ˈbeɪsɪs/ |CET4 TEM4

1.N-SING If something is done on a particular basis, it is done according to that method, system, or principle. 按…原则; 以…方式• We're going to be meeting there on a regular basis. 我们将定期在那儿会面。• They want all groups to be treated on an equal basis. 他们要求所有的群体都能得到平等的对待。2.N-SING If you say that you are acting on the basis of something, you are giving that as the reason for your action. 以…为由• McGregor must remain confined, on the basis of the medical reports we have received. 基于我们所收到的医疗报告,麦格雷戈必须继续卧床休息。3.N-COUNT The basis of something is its starting point or an important part of it from which it can be further developed. 基础• Both factions have broadly agreed that the U.N. plan is a possible basis for negotiation. 两派已大致同意该联合国计划是谈判的可能基础。4.N-COUNT The basis for something is a fact or argument that you can use to prove or justify it. 依据• ...Japan's attempt to secure the legal basis to send troops overseas. …日本取得派遣军队的法律依据的企图。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 基础 根据 基 依据短语1.Basis 基础根据基依据2.Basis Point 基点点子基本点百分之一的一百分之一3.accounting basis 会计基础会计基准会计基本方法会计核算基础更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

on the basis of 根据;基于…2.

basis for 以…作基础;为…打基础3.

theoretical basis 理论基础

experienced /ɪkˈspɪərɪənst/ |TEM4

ADJ If you describe someone as experienced, you mean that they have been doing a particular job or activity for a long time, and therefore know a lot about it or are very skilful at it. 有经验的• ...lawyers who are experienced in these matters. …在这些事情上有经验的律师们。• It's a team packed with experienced and mature professionals. 这是一支经验丰富的,成熟的专家队伍。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 有经验的 经验丰富 老练 老成阅历久的短语1.experienced 有经验的经验丰富老练老成阅历久的2.undergone experienced 经历3.experienced curriculum 经验课程经验的课程更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

experienced in 有经验;在…方面有经验2.

experienced person 具备经验的人

in comparison

相比之下 比较起来 比较 在比较中短语 comparison 相比之下比较起来比较在比较中2.error in performance comparison 性能比较误差3.In General Comparison 在一般比较


IT 就业前景美国劳工统计局数据显示,截止到 2014 年 12 月,全国失业率为 5.5%,与 2013年同期的 6.6%相比有所下降。在过去的 36 个月里,美国的就业形势出现缓慢而持续的好转。劳工局的官方失业率并没有包括怯志工作者(不想就业的人)以及一边做兼职一边寻求全职职位的人。 若考虑到这些因素,失业和未充分就业率会更高,这使得整个就业情况不容客观。

IT Employment OutlookAccording to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the nationalunemployment rate stood at 5.5% as of December 2014, down from 6.6% duringthe same period in 2013. The U.S. employment situation has slowly and steadilyimproved over the past 36 months. The official BLS unemployment rate does notinclude <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">discouraged workers</u></u> – those that have stopped looking for work, as well asthose working part-time but seeking full-time employment. When considering thesesegments, the more expansive unemployment and <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">underemployment</u></u> rate portrays aless <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">rosy j</u></u>ob l<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">andscape</u></u>.

discouraged workers

discourage /dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/ |CET4 TEM4discouragingdiscourageddiscourages1.V-T If someone or something discourages you, they cause you to lose your enthusiasm about your actions. 使气馁• It may be difficult to do at first. Don't let this discourage you. 开始时做起来也许比较困难。不要让这个泄你的气。2.ADJ 气馁的• She was determined not to be too discouraged. 她下了决心不要太气馁。3.V-T To discourage an action or to discourage someone from doing it means to make them not want to do it. 阻拦• ...typhoons that discouraged shopping and leisure activities. …打消购物和休闲活动的念头的数起台风。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 泄气 灰心 气馁的 阑珊短语1.Discouraged 泄气灰心气馁的阑珊2.easily discouraged 容易气馁的容易泄气容易气馁3.Discouraged Ones 唱片名更多网络短语同近义词 同根词adj.气馁的crestfallenunnerved



underemployment 1

n.underemployed的变形underemployed 2 /,ʌndərim'plɔid/

adj.1.做非全日性工作的,只有部分时间被雇用的;未充分就业的2.未按专长雇用的;被雇用做低于本人技术水平的工作的n.[总称]大材小用的人以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 不充分就业 未充份就业 就业不足 低就业短语1.underemployment 不充分就业未充份就业就业不足低就业2.visible underemployment 显性低度就业3.underemployment rate 就业不足率未充分就

portray /pɔːˈtreɪ/ |CET6 TEM4

portrayingportrayedportrays1.V-T When an actor or actress portrays someone, he or she plays that person in a play or movie. 扮演• In 1975 he portrayed the king in a Los Angeles revival of "Camelot." 1975年他在洛杉矶重演的戏剧《卡米洛特》中扮演国王。2.V-T When a writer or artist portrays something, he or she writes a description or produces a painting of it. 描绘 (事物)• The film portrays a culture of young people who live in lower Manhattan. 这部电影描绘了在下曼哈顿地区生活的青年人文化。3.V-T If a movie, book, or television programme portrays someone in a certain way, it represents them in that way. (以某种方式) 刻画 (某人)• ...complaints about the way women are portrayed in ads. …不满于广告中对妇女的刻画方式。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 描绘 描画 画像短语1.portray 描绘描画画像2.portray l 描述布局描绘布局3.depicture portray 刻画更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源vt.描绘;扮演representplaytracefigure

rosy /ˈrəʊzɪ/ |TEM4

rosierrosiest1.ADJ If you say that someone has a rosy face, you mean that they have pink cheeks and look very healthy. (面色) 红润的• Bethan's round, rosy face seemed hardly to have aged at all. 贝森那张红润的圆脸看上去几乎一点儿也没有变老。2.ADJ If you say that a situation looks rosy or that the picture looks rosy, you mean that the situation seems likely to be good or successful. 乐观的• The job prospects for those graduating in engineering are far less rosy now than they used to be. 那些工科毕业生的就业前景远不如以往那么乐观。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 亮眼 玫瑰色的 乐观的 美好的短语1.Rosy 亮眼玫瑰色的乐观的美好的2.Rosy barb 玟瑰无须魮玫瑰鲫玫瑰鲃3.rosy clouds 绚丽的云彩彩色的云霞彩霞云霞更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源rosy clouds 彩霞

landscape /ˈlændˌskeɪp/ |CET4 TEM4

landscapinglandscapedlandscapes1.N-VAR The landscape is everything you can see when you look across an area of land, including hills, rivers, buildings, trees, and plants. 风景• ...Arizona's desert landscape. …亚利桑那州的沙漠风光。2.N-COUNT A landscape is all the features that are important in a particular situation. 局面• June's events completely altered the political landscape. 6月的事件完全改变了政治局面。3.N-COUNT A landscape is a painting which shows a scene in the countryside. 乡村风景画• Kenna's latest series of landscapes is on show at the Zelda Cheatle Gallery. 肯纳的乡村风景画系列正在塞尔达·奇特尔画廊展出。4.V-T If an area of land is landscaped, it is changed to make it more attractive, for example, by adding streams or ponds and planting trees and bushes. 对…做景观美化• The gravel pits have been landscaped and planted to make them attractive to wildfowl. 这些乱石坑已经被美化,种了树来吸引野生鸟类。• They had landscaped their property with trees, shrubs, and lawns. 他们种了树、灌木和草坪来美化家园。5.N-UNCOUNT 景观美化• The landowner insisted on a high standard of landscaping. 土地所有人执意要求高标准的景观美化。6.N-UNCOUNT If a sheet of paper is in landscape format or mode, the longer edge of the paper is horizontal and the shorter edge is vertical. 横排格式• Most powerpoint presentations are prepared for screens in landscape format. 大部分幻灯片演示在屏幕上都是横排格式。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 风景 景观 风景画 风景线短语1.Landscape 风景景观风景画风景线2.landscape architecture 景观设计风景园林景观建筑景观建筑学3.Landscape Arch 景观拱门风景拱门风景线拱景色拱门


劳工局对计算机和数学行业(基本上等同于 IT 职业)类别职业统计的失业率仍然远低于全国失业率。 2014 年 11 月,这一类别的失业率为 2.0%,比全国失业率的一半还要低。这一最新数据低于 2013 年和 2012 年的 3.3%。

The unemployment rate for the BLS computer and mathematical occupationcategory, a reasonable approximation of IT occupations, continues to remain farlower than the national rate. For November 2014, the category recorded anemployment rate of 2.0%, less than half the national rate. This recent percentage isdown from the already low rates of 3.3% in 2013 and 2012

IT 技术工人的低失业率以及对某些技术类型工人的强烈需求使得雇用环境相当具有挑战性。 68%的 IT 企业主管认为在 2015 年技术岗位的招聘将相当具有挑战性。The low unemployment rate for IT workers combined with strong demand forcertain skill sets can make for a challenging hiring environment. 68% of ITcompany executives say they expect to face a challenging or very challenginghiring environment for technical positions in 2015

根据美国 BGTLI 的统计, 2014 年第四季度,美国企业发布大约 58 万个核心 IT 技术职位招聘信息,比第三季度略有增长。According to Burning Glass Technologies Labor Insights, U.S. businesses postedjob notices for approximately 580,000 core IT jobs during Q4 of 2014, a slightincrease over Q3

如前所述, 2014 年,核心技术职业劳动力增长了 11.6 万。 这也说明了职位招聘数据的一部分内容。公司规模可能在扩大或转行,因此需要雇佣大量员工。

As indicated previously, the total core IT occupation workforce increased by116,000 jobs in 2014. This explains a <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">portion</u></u> of the job posting data. Companiesmay be expanding or moving into new areas and need to employ more workers.

portion /ˈpɔːʃən/ |CET4 TEM4

1.N-COUNT A portion of something is a part of it. 部分• Damage was confined to a small portion of the castle. 城堡仅有一小部分受到了损坏。• I have spent a considerable portion of my life here. 我已在这里度过了一生中的大部分时光。2.N-COUNT A portion is the amount of food that is given to one person at a meal. (食物的) 一份• Desserts can be substituted by a portion of fresh fruit. 甜点可以替换成一份新鲜水果。• The portions were generous. 份量很足。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 一部分 部分 很大一部分 一份短语1.Portion 一部分部分很大一部分一份 portion 资本部分3.test portion 试分试料试份更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源1.

central portion 中心部位2.

main portion 主要部分3.

portion something out 把(食品、土地、财产等)分成几份;把某物分成若干份;按比例分配


另外一个作用因素是劳动力流失,也叫劳动力流转。包括退休、跳槽以及进修、家庭原因的离职或开除、下岗等。这也说明为什么岗位招聘的数量超过了新增岗位的数量。The other factor at play is workforce <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">churn</u></u>, also referred to as labor turnover. Thismay include separations due to workers that retire, leave to pursue overemployment opportunities, leave to pursue additional education, leave for familyreasons, or are fired or <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">laid-off</u></u>. This helps explain why the number of job postingssexceeds the number of new IT jobs created.


churn /tʃɜːn/ |TEM8churningchurnedchurns1.N-COUNT A churn is a container which is used for making butter. (制黄油的) 搅乳器2.V-T If something churns water, mud, or dust, it moves it about violently. 剧烈搅动• ...dirt roads now churned into mud by the annual rains. …土路现在被一年一度的雨水搅和得一片泥泞。3.PHRASAL VERB Churn up means the same as . 剧烈搅动• The recent rain had churned up the waterfall into a muddy whirlpool. 近来的雨水把那条瀑布搅成了泥水漩涡。• Occasionally dolphins slap the water with their tails or churn it up in play. 海豚偶尔会在戏耍时用它们的尾巴拍打海水或剧烈地翻腾海水。4.V-T/V-I If you say that your stomach is churning, you mean that you feel sick. You can also say that something churns your stomach. 使恶心; 及物动词; 恶心; 不及物动词• My stomach churned as I stood up. 我站起身时,胃里一阵翻腾。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 搅乳器 搅拌 翻滚 搅动短语1.churn 搅乳器搅拌翻滚搅动2.barrel churn 圆筒式乳油制作桶式奶油裂造机圆筒式乳油建造桶式乳油搅动机3.customer churn 客户流失户流失流失率客户更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源churn out 艰苦地做出;大量炮制

laid-off 下岗



巨头IT gaints

dominant:英 [ˈdɒmɪnənt] 美 [ˈdɑmɪnənt] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 占优势的; 统治的,支配的; [生]显性的; 高耸的;n. [生]显性性状,显性基因; 优势物种; [乐]全阶第五音; 主因,要素

these dominant US high-tech players美国高科技大亨



antitrust suits against IBM反垄断起诉

The European Commission欧盟


英 [kəˈmɪʃn] 美 [kəˈmɪʃən] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 委员会,委员; [商]佣金,手续费; 任命,委任; 委任状;vt. 委任,授予; 使服役; 使(船)服役;


英 [səʊ kɔ:ld] 美 [ˈsoˈkɔld] CET4 | CET6adj. 所谓的,号称的;

so-called plug 即插即用的



in the PC era

英 [ˈɪərə] 美 [ˈɪrə] CET4 | CET6 | 考研n. 纪元,年代; 历史时期,时代; 重大事件;



英 [ˌmaɪkrəʊˈprəʊsesə(r)] 美 [ˌmaɪkroʊˈproʊsesə] CET6n. [计]微处理器;





defang the once fearsome Microsoft .



Google is now accused of favoring its Google shopping product in it's search result.

fearsome:英 [ˈfɪəsəm] 美 [ˈfɪrsəm] adj. 可怕的,吓人的; 害怕的,胆小的;

favor:英 ['feɪvə] 美 [ˈfevɚ] 考研n. 好感; 宠爱; 关切; 欢心;vt. 支持; 赞成; 照顾; 促成;


near-monopoly market control几近垄断的市场控制

英 [məˈnɒpəli] 美 [məˈnɑpəli] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 垄断; 专卖; 垄断者; 专利品;



英 [ˌɪntə'venʃn] 美 [ˌɪntə'venʃn] TOEFLn. 介入,干涉,干预; 调解,排解;


英 [ˌɪntəˈvi:n] 美 [ˌɪntərˈvin] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREvi. 阻碍; 出面; 插嘴; 介于…之间;



Google pledged to invest $ 1 billion in Elon Musks Space X

pledge 英 [pledʒ] 美 [plɛdʒ] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 保证,誓言; [法]抵押权; 公约; (表示友谊的)干杯;vt&vi. 使发誓,保证; 典当,抵押;vt. 许诺; 用…担保; 以誓言约束; 向…祝酒;vi. 作出庄重有约束力的誓言; 祝愿,祝酒;



Facebook hopes to bring wifi to the developing world via a fleet of unmanned and solar-powered aircraft

英 [ˈsəʊlə(r)] 美 [ˈsoʊlə(r)] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLadj. 太阳的,日光的; 利用太阳能的; 根据太阳决定或测定的;n. 日光浴室;

fleet:英 [fli:t] 美 [flit] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREn. 舰队; 船队; 车队; 港湾,小河;adj. 快速的,敏捷的; 转瞬即逝的;vi. 疾驰; 飞逝;vt. 使(时间)飞逝; 消磨;


英 [ˈfæbjələsli] 美 [ˈfæbjələsli] adv. 难以置信地,惊人地;

fabulously rich副词修饰形容词



英 [ˈmeɪnfreɪm] 美 [ˈmeɪnfreɪm] n. (大型电脑的)主机,中央处理机; [计] 主机; 大型机; 总配线架;

LAN:局域网local area networks

WAN:广域网wide area netorks

www:world wide web

17 JUN 2018

entry: [ˈentri]


n. 进入,入场; 入口处,门口; 登记,记录; 参加比赛的人;

linux man文档经常看到

sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuv nor --sort is specified.


英 [ˌælfə'betɪklɪ] 美 [ˌælfə'betɪklɪ] adv. 照字母顺序排列地;



英 [ˈmændətəri] 美 [ˈmændətɔri] IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 强制的; 命令的; 受委托的;n. 受托者;

mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too



英 [ˈklæsɪfaɪ] 美 [ˈklæsəˌfaɪ] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt. 分类,归类; 把…列为密件;

分类 嗯



英 [ˈɪndɪkeɪtə(r)] 美 [ˈɪndɪˌketɚ] IELTSn. 指示器; [化]指示剂; 指示者;



英 [rɪˈkɜ:sɪv] 美 [rɪˈkɜrsɪv] adj. 回归的,递归的;

list subdirectories recursively





access and modification


修改英 [ˌmɒdɪfɪˈkeɪʃn] 美 [ˌmɑdɪfɪˈkeɪʃn] CET6n. 修改,修正,变更,改良,改进,缓和,减轻,限制; [语]修饰,(用变音符号的)母音改变; [生]诱发变异,变态,变体,变型;



英 [ˈhændl] 美 [ˈhændl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREn. (织物、毛皮等的)手感; 手柄; 举动; 柄状物;vi. 操作,操控; 容易搬运;vt. 用双手触摸、举起或握住; 用手操作,操纵; 处理或负责,管理; 〈美〉买卖,经营;

handle specially


保留/存 区

英 [prɪˈzɜ:v] 美 [prɪˈzɜrv] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 保护; 保持,保存; 腌制食物; 防腐处理;vi. 保鲜; 保持原状; 做蜜饯; 禁猎;n. 蜜饯; 防护用品; 禁猎地; 独占的事物(或范围);

preserve the specified attributes.

specify special

specify specified英 ['spesɪfaɪd] 美 ['spesɪfaɪd] TOEFLv. 指定( specify的过去式和过去分词 ); 详述; 提出…的条件; 使具有特性

special英 [ˈspeʃl] 美 [ˈspɛʃəl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研adj. 特殊的; 专门的; 专用的; 重要的;n. 专车; 特价; 特刊; 特约稿;



英 [ˈæləkeɪt] 美 [ˈæləˌket] 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt. 分配,分派; 把…拨给;





英 [ˈəʊnəʃɪp] 美 [ˈoʊnərʃɪp] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSn. 物主身份; 所有权; 所有制; 所有;


时间戳英 ['destɪn] 美 [ˈdɛstɪn] CET6 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 注定; 指定; 命定; 预定;

英 [ˌdestɪˈneɪʃn] 美 [ˌdɛstəˈneʃən] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLn. 目的,目标; 目的地,终点; [罕用语]预定,指定;变形 复数: destinations

destine destination

注定 目的地

if an existing destination file cannot be opened.....






英 [ˈpri:viəs] 美 [ˈpriviəs] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREadj. 先前的; 以前的; 过早的; (时间上)稍前的;adv. 在先,在…以前;

hard link




英 [ˌɪntərˈæktɪv] 美 [ˌɪntɚˈæktɪv] TOEFLadj. 互相作用的,相互影响的; [计]交互式的; 互动的;n. 交互式视频设备;



prompt before every removal

英 [rɪˈmu:vl] 美 [rɪˈmuvəl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSn. 免职; 除去; 移走; 搬迁;变形 复数: removals



I prompts the user for whether to proceed with the entire operation.

英 [prəˈsi:d] 美 [proʊˈsid] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvi. 进行; 前进; (沿特定路线)行进; (尤指打断后)继续说;n. 收入,获利;变形 过去分词: proceeded 过去式: proceeded 现在分词: proceeding 第三人称单数: proceeds

aborted abort


英 [əˈbɔ:t] 美 [əˈbɔrt] IELTS | TOEFLvt. 使流产; 使夭折; 使中止;vi. 流产; 堕胎; 发育不全;n. 流产; 中止计划;变形 过去分词: aborted 过去式: aborted 现在分词: aborting 第三人称单数: aborts

be aborted


提示符 提示

英 [prɒmpt] 美 [prɑmpt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 敏捷的; 迅速的; 立刻的; 准时的;v. 促使; 导致; 鼓励; 提示;n. 激励; 提示符; 提词; 提示;adv. 准时地;变形 过去分词: prompted 过去式: prompted 现在分词: prompting 第三人称单数: prompts





ignonexistent files and arguments

existent英 [ɪgˈzɪstənt] 美 [ɪɡˈzɪstənt] adj. 存在的,生存的,现存的;n. 存在的事物,生存者;


测试英 [test] 美 [test] CET4 | CET6 | 考研n. 试验; 考验; 测验; 化验;vt. 测验; 考查; 考验; 勘探;vi. 受试验; 受测验; 受考验; 测得结果;



execute英 [ˈeksɪkju:t] 美 [ˈɛksɪˌkjut] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt. 执行; 处死,处决; 履行; 完成;

executive英 [ɪgˈzekjətɪv] 美 [ɪɡˈzɛkjətɪv] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLn. 总经理; 行政部门; [计算机]执行指令;adj. 执行的; 管理的; 政府部门的;



英 [əˈtempt] 美 [əˈtɛmpt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 试图; 尝试;n. 进攻; 尝试,冲击;

magic number




perform 英 [pəˈfɔ:m] 美 [pərˈfɔrm] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt&vi. 执行; 履行; 表演; 扮演;vt. 工作; 做; 进行; 完成;vi. 运行,表现; (驯兽)玩把戏;

so they are performed last

in this order



包 档案

tar archive

system call


symbolic link




BIll Gates formed Teledesic in early 1990s成立

英 [fɔ:m] 美 [fɔrm] CET4 | CET6 | 考研n. 形状,形式; 外形; 方式; 表格;vt. 形成; 构成; 组织; 塑造;vi. 形成,产生; 排队,整队;

fix fixed


英 [fɪks] 美 [fɪks] CET4 | CET6 | 考研vt. 固定; 准备; 修理; 使牢固;vi. 固着; 变硬; 安定;n. 困境; 定位于; 受操纵的事; 应急措施;

be intuited


英 [ɪnˈtju:ɪt] 美 [ɪnˈtuɪt] v. 由直觉知道;


规范化英 [kəˈnɒnɪkl] 美 [kəˈnɑnɪkl] GREadj. 权威的; 见于<圣经>正经篇目的; 大教堂教士的; 按照教规的;n. (教规所定)教士(或牧师)礼拜时穿的法衣;

store in


英 [stɔ:(r)] 美 [stɔr, stor] CET4 | CET6 | 考研n. 商店; 贮存物; 仓库; 大量;v. 贮存; (在计算机里)存储;


特别的英 [pəˈtɪkjələ(r)] 美 [pərˈtɪkjələ(r)] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | GREadj. 特别的; 详细的; 独有的; 挑剔的;n. 特色,特点; (可分类,列举的)项目; 详细情节,细情,细目; 某一事项


其中英 [ˌðeərˈɒv] 美 [ˌðerˈɑv] CET6adv. 它的; 其; 关于那; 由此;


不变的 不变式



identify英 [aɪˈdentɪfaɪ] 美 [aɪˈdentɪfaɪ] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 识别,认出; 确定; 使参与; 把…看成一样;vi. 确定; 认同;


英 [ˈɒfset] 美 [ˈɔfset] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREvt. 抵消; 补偿; (为了比较的目的而)把…并列(或并置); 为(管道等)装支管;vi. 形成分支,长出分枝; 装支管;n. 开端; 出发; 平版印刷; 抵消,补偿;adj. 分支的; 偏(离中)心的; 抵消的; 开端的;

fix offset 固定位置fix format 固定格式


偏好,个性化preference to 优先于

英 [ˈprefrəns] 美 [ˈprɛfərəns, ˈprɛfrəns] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | TOEFLn. 偏爱; 优先权; 偏爱的事物; (债权人)受优先偿还的权利




构建,组建英 [ˈkɒnstɪtju:t] 美 [ˈkɑnstətut] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt. 构成,组成; 制定,设立; 等同于; 指派;



英 [ˈtɜ:mɪneɪt] 美 [ˈtɜrmɪneɪt] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt&vi. 结束; 使终结; 解雇; 到达终点站;adj. 结束的;



英 [ɪm'bed] 美 [ɛmˈbɛd] 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt&vi. 把…嵌入; 栽种; 深留(记忆中);

escape sequence






英 [dɪˈtɜ:mɪn] 美 [dɪˈtɜrmɪn] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSvt&vi. (使)下决心,(使)做出决定;vt. 决定,确定; 判定,判决; 使决定; 限定;vi. [主用于法律]了结,终止,结束;


出现appear 英 [əˈpɪə(r)] 美 [əˈpɪr] CET4 | CET6 | 考研vi. 出现,显现; 出庭,出场; 演出; 似乎;



英 [mɪˈseləni] 美 [ˈmɪsəleɪni] GREn. 混合物,大杂烩; 文学著作汇编;


压缩英 [səˈpres] 美 [səˈprɛs] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 镇压,压制; 止住,忍住; 禁止发表; 阻止…的生长(或发展);


相等的英 [ɪˈkwɪvələnt] 美 [ɪˈkwɪvələnt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 相等的,相当的,等效的; 等价的,等积的; [化学]当量的;n. 对等物; [化学]当量;

precede by dash


英 [prɪˈsi:d] 美 [prɪˈsid] CET6 | 考研 | TOEFL | GREvt&vi. 在…之前发生或出现,先于; 在…之上,优于; 给…作序; 处于…前面的位置;变形 过去分词: preceded 过去式: preceded 现在分词: preceding 第三人称

英 [dæʃ] 美 [dæʃ] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSvi. 猛冲; 赶紧离开;vt. 猛撞; 匆忙完成; 泼溅; 使…破灭;n. 少量,些许; 猛冲; 破折号; 短跑;



英 [sɪˈnɒnɪməs] 美 [sɪˈnɑnɪməs] TOEFLadj. 同义的,类义的; 同义词的;

synonym 英 [ˈsɪnənɪm] 美 [ˈsɪnəˌnɪm] IELTS | TOEFLn. 同义词;




英 [aɪˈdentɪkl] 美 [aɪˈdɛntɪkəl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLadj. 同一的; 完全同样的,相同的; 恒等的; 同卵的;n. 完全相同的事物; 同卵双胞;



PCMs:Plug Compatible Manufacturers配件生产商

compatible 英 [kəmˈpætəbl] 美 [kəmˈpætəbəl] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 兼容的,相容的; 和谐的,协调的; [生物学]亲和的; 可以并存的,能共处的



英 [nɪˈgeɪt] 美 [nɪˈɡet] TOEFL | GREvt. 取消,使无效; 否定,否认; 使作废;vi. 否定,否认; 无效;n. 反面,对立面;



英 [aɪˈdentɪfaɪ] 美 [aɪˈdentɪfaɪ] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 识别,认出; 确定; 使参与; 把…看成一样;vi. 确定; 认同;






英 [sɪˈnɒpsɪs] 美 [sɪˈnɑpsɪs] IELTS | GREn. 摘要,梗概; 大纲;





spawn by init

英 [spɔ:n] 美 [spɔn] TOEFL | GREvt&vi. (鱼、蛙等)大量产(卵); 引起,酿成;vt. 大量生产;n. (鱼、蛙等的)子,卵; (裂殖菌类植物的)丝,菌; 产物,结果;



英 [prɪˈzju:m] 美 [prɪˈzum] CET6 | 考研 | GREvt. 以为,认为; 假定,假设; 推测; 意味着;vi. 擅自行动; 相信; 敢于; 放肆;



英 [ˈdʒenrəl] 美 [ˈdʒɛnərəl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研adj. 大致的; 综合的; 总的,全体的; 普遍的;n. 上将; 一般; 一般原则; 常规;





英 [ˈwɒrənti] 美 [ˈwɔrənti] IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 保证,担保; [法](商品等的)保单; 根据,理由; 授权,批准

extent permitted




英 [ˈprɒpəli] 美 [ˈprɑpərli] CET4 | CET6adv. 适当地; 恰当地; 正确地; 完全,非常;



英 [ˈseprət] 美 ['sepəreɪt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREvt&vi. 分开; (使)分离; 区分; 隔开;vt. 分离(混合物); 分居; 分类; 割开;vi. 分手; 断裂; (夫妻)分居; 断绝关系;







英 [ɪnˈtɜ:prɪt] 美 [ɪnˈtɜrprɪt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSvt. 解释; 理解; 诠释,体现; 口译;vi. 作解释; 作口译;

18 JUN 2018


冬眠英 [ˈhaɪbəneɪt] 美 [ˈhaɪbərneɪt] TOEFL | GREvi. (某些动物)冬眠,蛰伏;



英 [dɪˈmɒkrəsi] 美 [dɪˈmɑkrəsi] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLn. 民众; 民主国家; 民主主义; 民主政治;

democracy science

the topic for this session is presentation etiquette

presentation: 演讲

etiquette:英 [ˈetɪket] 美 [ˈɛtɪˌkɛt, -kɪt] IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 礼仪,礼节; 规矩; 礼数;



英 [ju:ˈbɪkwɪtəs] 美 [juˈbɪkwɪtəs] IELTS | GREadj. 无所不在的; 普遍存在的;

it is ubiquitous in all workplaces



英 [ˈlektʃə(r)] 美 [ˈlɛktʃɚ] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSn. 演讲; 训斥,教训;vi. 作演讲;vt. 给…作演讲; 教训(通常是长篇大论的);


英 [dɪˈstɪŋkt] 美 [dɪˈstɪŋkt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREadj. 明显的,清楚的; 卓越的,不寻常的; 有区别的; 确切的;



it can be either persuasive or informative游说有力或信息丰富

英 [pəˈsweɪsɪv] 美 [pərˈsweɪsɪv] IELTS | TOEFLadj. 有说服力的; 劝诱的; 动听;

persuade:persuade 英 [pəˈsweɪd] 美 [pərˈsweɪd] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt&vi. 说服; 劝说; 使相信; 使信服;

to start broad ,get specific end broad


specific英 [spəˈsɪfɪk] 美 [spɪˈsɪfɪk] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLadj. 明确的; 特种的; 具体的; [免疫学]特效的;n. 特效药; 特性; 细节; 显著的性质,特性;

special英 [ˈspeʃl] 美 [ˈspɛʃəl] CET4 | CET6 | 考研adj. 特殊的; 专门的; 专用的; 重要的;n. 专车; 特价; 特刊; 特约稿;

broad 英 [brɔ:d] 美 [brɔd] CET4 | CET6 | 考研adj. 宽阔的; 广泛的; 概括的; 明显的;n. 婆娘;变形 复数: broads

narrow down


narrow down to a specific topic.

conclusion,back up


build your arguments with evidence,eventually end with a conclusion that back up the big question.用证据论述,最终得出结论,支持开场的普遍问题。

conclude 英 [kənˈklu:d] 美 [kənˈklud] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | TOEFLvt&vi. 结束,终止; 推断; 议定;vt. 得出结论; 缔结; 推断出; 决定;vi. 终了; 作出决定或达成协议;



the WOW statement to hook the audience within the first 30 seconds.观众发除赞叹的开场,一定要在30秒之内完成,牢牢吸引住观众。

within 英 [wɪˈðɪn] 美 [wɪðˈɪn, wɪθ-] CET4 | CET6 | 考研adv. 在内,在里面; 在屋内; 在心中,心里是;prep. 不超过,在…的范围内; 在…能达到的地方; 在…内,在…里面;n. 内部,里面;

audience 英 [ˈɔ:diəns] 美 [ˈɔdiəns] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREn. 观众; 读者; 接见; 听众;



英 [tekˈni:k] 美 [tɛkˈnik] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSn. 技巧; 技能; 技术; 技艺;变形 复数: techniques

the most-commonly-used techniques


a more productive presenon

productive 英 [prəˈdʌktɪv] 美 [prəˈdʌktɪv, pro-] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTSadj. 富有成效的; 多产的; 生产性的; 具有创造性的;

inspire with a quote


inspire 英 [ɪnˈspaɪə(r)] 美 [ɪnˈspaɪr] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLvt. 鼓舞; 激励; 赋予灵感; 启迪;vi. 吸,吸入;变形 过去分词: inspired 过去式: inspired 现在分词: inspiring 第三人称单数: inspires

quote 英 [kwəʊt] 美 [kwoʊt] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | GREvt&vi. 引述,引用;vt. 报价; 引述;vi. 引用;n. 引用; 报价; 引号;变形 过去分词: quoted 复数: quotes 过去式: quoted 现在分词: quoting 第三人称单数: quotes

quotes are so popular because they are nuggets of wisdomthat can be easily read, remembered, and repeated for instant inspiration.名人名言很受欢迎,因为它们简洁、充满智慧, 朗朗上口, 记起来容易, 说起来瞬间启智。

nugget 英 [ˈnʌgɪt] 美 [ˈnʌɡɪt] n. (天然)块金,块;变形 复数: nuggets


jargon 英 [ˈdʒɑ:gən] 美 [ˈdʒɑrgən] 考研 | GREn. 行话; 行业术语; 黑话;变形 复数: jargons

abbreviation 英 [əˌbri:viˈeɪʃn] 美 [əˌbriviˈeʃən] CET6 | IELTS | TOEFLn. 省略,缩写,简化,缩写词,略语; [数学]约分; [音乐]略号;变形 复数: abbreviations

distraction ,interferes ,facilitating

But it also can be a dangerous distraction that interferes with communication rather than facilitating it.

distraction 英 [dɪˈstrækʃn] 美 [dɪˈstrækʃən] IELTSn. 注意力分散; 娱乐,消遣; 心烦意乱; 精神错乱;变形 复数: distractions

interfere 英 [ˌɪntəˈfɪə(r)] 美 [ˌɪntərˈfɪr] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | TOEFLvi. 干预,干涉; 调停,排解; 妨碍,打扰;变形 过去分词: interfered 过去式: interfered 现在分词: interfering 第三人称单数: interferes

facilitate 英 [fəˈsɪlɪteɪt] 美 [fəˈsɪlɪˌtet] CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt. 促进,助长; 使容易; 帮助;变形 过去分词: facilitated 过去式: facilitated 现在分词: facilitating 第三人称单数: facilitates

contrasting color,complementary color



they clash and make your presentation fail miserably

miserable 英 [ˈmɪzrəbl] 美 [ˈmɪzərəbəl, ˈmɪzrə-] CET4 | CET6 | 考研 | IELTS | TOEFLadj. 悲惨的; 令人痛苦的; 太少的; 卑鄙的;


you may film yourself rehearsing and scrutinize the video for improvement.

film 英 [fɪlm] 美 [fɪlm] CET4 | CET6 | 考研n. 影片; 电影; 胶片; 薄层;vt&vi. (把…)拍摄(成)电影[电视等]; 上镜头;vt. (给…)覆上一薄层; 生薄膜; 变得朦胧;变形 复数: films 过去式: filmed 现在分词: filming 第三人称单数: films

rehearse 英 [rɪˈhɜ:s] 美 [rɪˈhɜrs] IELTS | TOEFL | GREvt&vi. 排练,排演; 公开练习;vt. 详述; 在排演中指挥; 经训练使熟练掌握; 复述,背诵;变形 过去分词: rehearsed 过去式: rehearsed 现在分词: rehearsing 第三人称单数: rehearses

scrutinize 英 [ˈskru:tənaɪz] 美 [ˈskrutnˌaɪz] GREvt. 仔细检查;n. 仔细或彻底检查;变形 过去分词: scrutinized 过去式: scrutinized 现在分词: scrutinizing 第三人称单数: scrutinizes



英 [vɑːst] 美 [væst]adj. 广阔的;巨大的;大量的;巨额的n. 浩瀚;广阔无垠的空间n. (Vast)人名;(法)瓦斯特比较级:vaster; 最高级:vastest

vast /vɑ:st, væst/

adj.unusually great in size or amount or degree or especially extent or scopeat vast (or immense) expensethe vast reaches of outer spacethe vast accumulation of knowledge...which we call civilization近义词:hugeimmenseBrobdingnagian

people were connected in a vast and distributed networks of computers.


the essence of their business

essence 英 [ˈesns] 美 [ˈɛsəns] CET6 | 考研 | IELTSn. 本质,实质; 精华,精髓; 香精;变形 复数: essences

2018 8.7


IT 产业历史再一次重演尤基贝拉的不朽之言“这一切似曾相识。 ”技术史学家们微笑着看着最近的新闻,谷歌(Google)在欧洲被起诉,诉其滥用占搜索引擎的市场主导地位,脸书(Facebook) 将利用 747 大小的太阳能无人飞行器将无线信号送到全球。IT Industry History Repeats Itself, AgainIn the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">immortal</u></u> words of Yogi Berra, “It’s déjà vu all over again.” Technologyhistorians had to smile at the recent news that Google is being <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">accused</u></u> in Europe of<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">abusing</u></u> its market-dominant search engine position, and that Facebook hopes tobring WiFi to the world <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">via</u></u> 747-sized, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">solar-powered drones.</u></u>

immortal /ɪˈmɔːtəl/ |CET6+ TEM4

1.ADJ Someone or something that is immortal is famous and likely to be remembered for a long time. 不朽的• ...Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte's immortal love story. …《呼啸山庄》,埃米莉·勃朗特不朽的爱情小说。2.N-COUNT An immortal is someone who will be remembered for a long time. 不朽人物• ...the players considered to be the immortals of the game. …被认为是该运动项目不朽人物的运动员们。3.N-UNCOUNT 不朽• Some people want to achieve immortality through their works. 有些人想通过他们的作品万古流芳。4.ADJ Someone or something that is immortal will live or last forever and never die or be destroyed. 不死的• The pharaohs, after all, were considered gods and therefore immortal. 法老毕竟被当作神,因而长生不死。5.N-COUNT An immortal is an immortal being. 神仙• ...porcelain figurines of the Chinese immortals. …中国神仙的小瓷像。6.N-UNCOUNT 永生• The Greeks accepted belief in the immortality of the soul. 希腊人接受灵魂不灭的信念。7.ADJ If you refer to someone's immortal words, you mean that what they said is well-known, and you are usually about to quote it. (语句) 著名的• Everyone knows Teddy Roosevelt's immortal words, "Speak softly and carry a big stick." 大家都知道特迪·罗斯福的名言:“说话温和,手持大棒。”以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 不朽的 不朽者 太阳 修成正果 吉他摇滚短语1.immortal 不朽的不朽者太阳修成正果2.İMMORTAL 吉他摇滚3.immortal love 永远的人不老传说永恒的人不死情人更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源adj.不朽的;神仙的;长生的eternalmonumental

n.神仙;不朽人物jinnee djinni

abuse |CET4 TEM4

abusingabusedabuses1.N-UNCOUNT Abuse of someone is cruel and violent treatment of them. 虐待• ...investigation of alleged child abuse. …对涉嫌虐待儿童的调查。• ...victims of sexual and physical abuse. …性虐待和肉体摧残的受害者们。2.N-UNCOUNT Abuse is extremely rude and insulting things that people say when they are angry. 辱骂• I was left shouting abuse as the car sped off. 当车加速离去时,我在那里破口大骂。3.N-VAR Abuse of something is the use of it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose. 滥用• What went on here was an abuse of power. 这里发生的情况是职权的滥用。4.V-T If someone is abused, they are treated cruelly and violently. 虐待• Janet had been abused by her father since she was eleven. 詹妮特自从11岁起就被她的父亲虐待。• ...parents who feel they cannot cope or might abuse their children. …感到自己不能应付或可能虐待孩子的家长们。5.V-T You can say that someone is abused if extremely rude and insulting things are said to them. 侮辱• He alleged that he was verbally abused by other soldiers. 他声称他被其他士兵们口头侮辱了。6.V-T If you abuse something, you use it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose. 滥用• He showed how the rich and powerful can abuse their position. 他揭露了有钱有势的人会如何滥用他们的地位。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 虐待 滥用 谩骂 辱骂短语1.abuse 虐待滥用谩骂辱骂2.psychological abuse 精神虐待心理上的虐待心理虐待理论的3.child abuse 虐待儿童儿童虐待儿童受虐症儿童受虐事件更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

drug abuse 药物滥用;毒品滥用2.

child abuse 虐待儿童,摧残儿童3.

substance abuse 物质滥用;滥用药物

accuse /əˈkjuːz/ |CET4 TEM4

accusingaccusedaccuses1.V-T If you accuse someone of doing something wrong or dishonest, you say or tell them that you believe that they did it. 指责• My mom was really upset because he was accusing her of having an affair with another man. 我妈妈真的很难过,因为他指责她和另一个男人有暧昧关系。2.V-T If you are accused of a crime, a witness or someone in authority states or claims that you did it, and you may be formally charged with it and put on trial. 指控• Her assistant was accused of theft and fraud by the police. 她的助手被警方指控偷窃和诈骗。• He faced a total of seven charges, all accusing him of lying in his testimony. 他面临共7项控告,都指控他作伪证。3.→see also accused4.PHRASE If someone stands accused of something, they have been accused of it. 被谴责• The candidate stands accused of breaking promises even before he's in office. 这位候选人甚至在他就职前就因违背诺言而被谴责。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 指责 控告 归咎于 指控短语1.accuse 指责控告归咎于指控2.accuse of 因某事控告某人控告指控指责3.accuse falsely 无中生有捏造事实害人更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源accuse of 谴责,控告

solar-powered drones

solar /ˈsəʊlə/ |CET4 TEM41.ADJ Solar is used to describe things relating to the sun. 太阳的• A total solar eclipse is due to take place some time tomorrow. 预计日全食会出现在明天的某个时候。2.ADJ Solar power is obtained from the sun's light and heat. 太阳产生的• ...the financial savings from solar energy. …使用太阳能带来的资金节约。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 太阳的 太阳能 日光的 太阳系行星短语 太阳的太阳能日光的太阳系行星 cell 太阳能电池太阳电池光电池电池 prominence 日珥更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

solar energy 太阳能2.

solar system 太阳系3.

solar power 太阳能;太阳能动力

drone /drəʊn/ |TEM8

droningdroneddrones1.V-I If something drones, it makes a low, continuous, dull noise. 发出单调连续的低鸣• Above him an invisible plane droned through the night sky. 在他头顶上空一架隐形飞机飞过夜空,不断发出低沉单调的声音。2.N-SING Drone is also a noun. 连续单调的低鸣• I hear the drone of an aeroplane as it banks across the bay. 飞机倾斜飞过海湾时,我听到它单调的低鸣。3.V-I If you say that someone drones, you mean that they keep talking about something in a boring way. 唠叨• Chambers' voice droned, maddening as an insect around his head. 钱伯斯唠唠叨叨,那声音像一只飞虫绕着他的头打转般令人发狂。4.N-SING Drone is also a noun. 唠叨• The minister's voice was a relentless drone. 该大臣的声音是无休止的絮叨。5.PHRASAL VERB Drone on means the same as . drone on同drone• Aunt Maimie's voice droned on. 麦密婶婶的声音唠叨个不休。6.N a male bee in a colony of social bees, whose sole function is to mate with the queen 雄蜂以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义秒懂释义 雄蜂 无人操作 无人机 雄蜂→无人驾驶飞机短语1.drone 雄蜂无人操作无人机雄蜂→无人驾驶飞机2.Combat Drone 战斗机器人战斗蜂浮游炮台格斗能力3.Drone Attack 无人驾驶攻击无人机攻击无人驾驶战斗机更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源target drone 目标靶机


信息技术产业总是以神秘的方式自我复制。在信息技术的三个主要领域内(大型机、个人电脑以及互联网), 具有行业支配地位的美国高新技术玩家们在欧洲不断的被起诉;他们都曾经梦想让技术照耀大地。不过这两件事情的结果都比较温和。

The IT industry keeps repeating itself in almost <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">uncanny</u></u> ways. In each ofthree major IT eras – mainframes, PCs and the internet – the dominant UShigh-tech players have <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">repeatedly</u></u> been <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">sued</u></u> in Europe; they have also all dreamedof beaming technology down from the sky. In both cases the results have been<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">relatively modest.</u></u>

uncanny /ʌnˈkænɪ/ |TEM8

1.ADJ If you describe something as uncanny, you mean that it is strange and difficult to explain. 出奇的• The hero, Danny, bears an uncanny resemblance to Kirk Douglas. 主人翁丹尼与柯克·道格拉斯出奇地相像。2.ADV 出奇地• They have uncannily similar voices. 他们有着出奇相似的嗓音。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义秒懂释义 神秘的 不可思议的 离奇的 可怕的短语1.uncanny 神秘的不可思议的离奇的可怕的2.uncanny dodge 直觉闪避离奇闪避怪异闪避离奇躲避3.offbeat uncanny 离奇的更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源adj.神秘的;离奇的;可怕的extraordinary mysterious terrible

repeatedly /rɪˈpiːtɪdlɪ/ |CET4 TEM4

ADV If you do something repeatedly, you do it many times. 反复地; 再三地• Both men have repeatedly denied the allegations. 两个人都再三地否认这些指控。

sue /sjuː/ |CET6 TEM4

suingsuedsuesV-T/V-I If you sue someone, you start a legal case against them, usually in order to claim money from them because they have harmed you in some way. 诉讼• Mr. Warren sued for libel over the remarks. 沃伦先生对那些评论提起诽谤诉讼。• The company could be sued for damages. 该公司会因所造成的损失被起诉。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 状告 诉至 吃官司 被诉短语1.Sued 状告诉至吃官司被诉2.Tuev Sued 德国南德认证3.Ork Sued 或叫出征更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词1.

sue for 控告2.

sue out 向法院请求得到

relatively modest



首先遭难的是 IBM。美国政府对 IBM 的反垄断案对早期的信息技术软件和服务业产生过很大的冲击,而在欧洲多发生在 20 世纪七八十年代的<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">旷日持</u></u><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">久的诉讼</u></u>,其目的更多是为了改良。欧盟给 IBM 施加压力,要求其放松限制,以便让那些<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">所谓的</u></u>即插兼容制造商(PCMs)生产的计算机和存储设备能更好的在 IBM 大型机环境下工作。欧盟对 IBM 施加的这一压力能为用户省钱,使得<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">日立集团</u></u>成了今天主要的存储设备供应商。但是最终导致 IBM 信息技术产业<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">霸主地位</u></u>丧失的并不是这些<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">诉讼案件</u></u>,而是微处理器和个人电脑。First, it was IBM’s turn. While the US government’s <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">antitrust</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">suits</u></u> againstIBM had a major impact on the early years of the IT software and servicesbusinesses, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">the long-running suits in Europe</u></u>, mostly during the 1970s and ’80s,were of a more <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">ameliorative</u></u> nature. The European Commission pressed IBM tomake it easier for the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">so-called</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">Plug Compatible Manufacturers (PCMs) t</u></u>o buildcomputer and storage equipment that worked well in IBM mainframeenvironments. Such pressure saved customers money and helped <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">Hitachi</u></u> becomethe major storage provider it is today. But, ultimately, it was the microprocessor andthe PC, not <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">lawsuits</u></u>,that marked the end of IBM’s IT industry <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">dominance</u></u>.

antitrust /ˌæntɪˈtrʌst/

ADJ In the United States, antitrust laws are intended to stop big companies taking over their competitors, fixing prices with their competitors, or interfering with free competition in any way. 反垄断的• The jury found that the NFL had violated antitrust laws. 该陪审团判定全美橄榄球联盟违反了反垄断法规。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 反垄断 夺命连线 反托拉斯行动 夺命联机短语1.Antitrust 反垄断夺命连线反托拉斯行动夺命联机2.antitrust law 反托拉斯法反垄断法反独占法3.Antitrust Division 反垄断局反托拉斯局反托拉斯署反托拉斯司更多网络短语词组短语 词源1.

antitrust law 反垄断法;反托拉斯法;反独占法2.

antitrust policy 反托拉斯政策

suit /suːt/ |CET4 TEM4

suitingsuitedsuits1.N-COUNT A man's suit consists of a jacket, trousers, and sometimes a vest, all made from the same fabric. (男) 套装• ...a dark pin-striped business suit. …一套黑色细条纹男职业装。2.N-COUNT A woman's suit consists of a jacket and skirt, or sometimes trousers, made from the same fabric. (女) 套装• I was wearing my tweed suit. 我那时穿着我的花呢套装。3.N-COUNT A particular type of suit is a piece of clothing that you wear for a particular activity. (特定活动时穿的) 服装• The six survivors only lived through their ordeal because of the special rubber suits they were wearing. 6位幸存者因穿着特殊橡胶服度过了大难。4.V-T If something suits you, it is convenient for you or is the best thing for you in the circumstances. (某事物) 适合 (某人)• They will only release information if it suits them. 他们只会发布合他们意的消息。5.V-T If something suits you, you like it. (某事物) 合 (某人) 心意• I don't think a sedentary life would altogether suit me. 我认为久坐不动的生活方式完全不适合我。6.V-T If a piece of clothing or a particular style or colour suits you, it makes you look attractive. (衣服、款式、颜色等) 适合 (某人)• Green suits you. 绿色适合你。7.V-T If you suit yourself, you do something just because you want to do it, without bothering to consider other people. 按照自己的意愿• People have tended to suit themselves, not paying much heed to the reformers. 人们已趋向于按自己的意愿行事,不太在意改革者们。8.N-COUNT In a court of law, a suit is a case in which someone tries to get a legal decision against a person or company, often so that the person or company will have to pay them money for having done something wrong to them. 诉讼案• Up to 2,000 former employees have filed personal injury suits against the company. 多达2千名前雇员已对该公司提起了个人伤害诉讼。9.N-UNCOUNT You can also say that someone files or brings suit against another person. 诉讼• One insurance company has already filed suit against the city of Chicago. 一家保险公司已对芝加哥市提起诉讼。10.→see also pantsuit11.PHRASE If people follow suit, they do the same thing that someone else has just done. 跟着做• Efforts to persuade the remainder to follow suit have continued. 说服其余的人也跟着做的努力在继续。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 套装 西装 西服 花色短语1.Suit 套装西装西服花色 suit 职业服西装职业装正式黑西装3.follow suit 学样子鹦鹉学舌学样跟着做更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

suit oneself 随自己的意愿做事2.

a suit of 一套3.

follow suit 跟着做;学样

ameliorative /ə'mi:ljərətiv,-təri/

改善的 土壤改良的短语1.ameliorative 改善的土壤改良的2.ameliorative measures 改良对策3.ameliorative methods 改善方法更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源adj.改善的meliorative



lawsuit /ˈlɔːˌsuːt/ |CET6 TEM8

N-COUNT A lawsuit is a case in a court of law which concerns a dispute between two people or organizations. 诉讼案• The dispute culminated last week in a lawsuit against the government. 这场针对政府诉讼案的争论在上星期达到了高潮。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 诉讼 诉讼律师 官司 法律诉讼短语1.lawsuit 诉讼诉讼律师官司法律诉讼2.Medical Lawsuit 医疗官司医疗诉讼3.Lawsuit sign 诉权更多网络短语同近义词 词源n.诉讼(尤指非刑事案件);诉讼案件litigation suit law


诱使 IBM 往空中发展的原因之一很可能是尽管其财力雄厚,但却在其许多核心市场上面临严重的法律限制。因此,在 1975 年, IBM 与<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">美国安泰和通</u></u><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">讯卫星</u></u>公司合作,<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">高调的成立了</u></u>卫星商业系统公司(SBS),认为跨国公司会利用卫星系统进行全球通信, 想用数据服务。曾经一度, SBS 被看做是当时强大的美国电话电报公司的主要竞争对手。但是由于前期的用户投资成本太高,最终在 1985 年, SBS 卖给了美国通讯国际(MCI)。Perhaps one of the reasons IBM was <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">tempted</u></u> to look upwards was because,while it had <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">vast</u></u> amounts of cash, it faced serious legal constraints in many of itscore markets. Thus, in 1975, to great <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">fanfare</u></u>, it launched (with <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">Aetna and Comsat</u></u>)Satellite Business Systems. The idea was that <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">multinational</u></u> firms would have<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">dedicated</u></u> satellite <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">dishes</u></u> and systems for <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">global voice</u></u> (mostly) and some dataservices. At one time, SBS was seen as a major challenge to the then <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">mighty</u></u> AT&T.But the initial customer investment costs were just too high, and SBS waseventually sold to MCI in 1985.

tempt /tɛmpt/ |CET6 TEM4

temptingtemptedtempts1.V-T Something that tempts you attracts you and makes you want it, even though it may be wrong or harmful. 引诱; 吸引• Cars like that may tempt drivers to speed. 那样的汽车可能会引诱司机超速行驶。• It is the fresh fruit that tempts me at this time of year. 只有新鲜的水果才会在每年的这个时候吸引我。2.V-T If you tempt someone, you offer them something they want in order to encourage them to do what you want them to do. 诱使• ...a million dollar marketing campaign to tempt American tourists back to Britain. …旨在诱使美国游客回到英国的、耗资一百万美元的营销活动。• Don't let credit tempt you to buy something you can't afford. 不要让赊购诱使你去购买你支付不起的东西。3.→see also tempted以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 引诱 吸引 诱惑 劝诱短语1.tempt 引诱吸引诱惑劝诱2.Tempt ltem 测试项目3.tempt fortune 冒险玩命翻译更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源vt.诱惑;引起;冒…的风险;使感兴趣attract produce cause operate occasion

vast /vɑːst/ |CET4 TEM4

vastervastestADJ Something that is vast is extremely large. 巨大的• ...Afrikaner farmers who own vast stretches of land. …拥有广阔土地的南非白人农场主们。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 巨大的 茫茫 广阔 辽阔短语1.vast 巨大的茫茫广阔辽阔2.vast creation 浩大的创作广大创造广阔的创作3.vast wasteland 大废墟更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

vast majority 绝大多数,大部份2.

vast scale 大规模;大比例3.

vast sums of money 巨额金钱

fanfare /'fænfεə/


dedicate /ˈdɛdɪˌkeɪt/ |CET6 TEM4

dedicatingdedicateddedicates1.V-T If you say that someone has dedicated themselves to something, you approve of the fact that they have decided to give a lot of time and effort to it because they think that it is important. 投身• For the next few years, she dedicated herself to her work. 随后的几年里,她全身心地投入工作。2.ADJ 投身于…的• He's quite dedicated to his students. 他奉献很多给他的学生们。3.V-T If someone dedicates something such as a book, play, or piece of music to you, they mention your name, for example, in the front of a book or when a piece of music is performed, as a way of showing affection or respect for you. (把创作品) 献给• She dedicated her first album to Woody Allen, who she says understands her obsession. 她把她的第一张唱片献给伍迪·艾伦,她说艾伦理解她的痴迷。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 奉献 献身 献给 做贡献短语1.Dedicate 奉献献身献给做贡献 dedicate 贡献奉献3.Dedicate cast 参加演出更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源vt.致力;献身;题献give oneselfdevote to

dish /dɪʃ/ |CET4 TEM4

dishingdisheddishes1.N-COUNT A dish is a shallow container with a wide uncovered top. You eat and serve food from dishes and cook food in them. 盘子• ...plastic bowls and dishes. …塑料碗和盘子。2.N-COUNT Food that is prepared in a particular style or combination can be referred to as a dish. (一道) 菜• There are plenty of vegetarian dishes to choose from. 有许多道素菜可供选择。3.N-COUNT You can use dish to refer to anything that is round and hollow in shape with a wide uncovered top. 盘形物• ...a dish used to receive satellite broadcasts. …一个用于接收卫星广播的圆盘天线。4.N-PLURAL All the objects that have been used to cook, serve, and eat a meal can be referred to as the dishes. 餐具• He'd cooked dinner and washed the dishes. 他做了晚餐,洗了餐具。5.→see also satellite dish6.PHRASE If you do the dishes, you wash the dishes. 洗碗• I hate doing the dishes. 我讨厌洗碗。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 碟子 菜肴 盘子 盘短语 碟子菜肴盘子盘2.fruit dish 水果盘水果碟生果盘锌合金果盘3.A dish 小菜一碟一碟盘子一道菜更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

do the dishes 洗餐具;洗碗碟2.

chafing dish 火锅;保暖锅3.

main dish 主菜;主碟

mighty /ˈmaɪtɪ/ |TEM4

mightiermightiest1.ADJ Mighty is used to describe something that is very large or powerful. 强大的• There was a flash and a mighty bang. 一道闪光伴随着一声轰然巨响。2.ADV Mighty is used in front of adjectives and adverbs to emphasize the quality that they are describing. 非常• It's something you'll be mighty proud of. 这是个你会非常骄傲的事。3.→see also high-and-mighty以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 威猛 强大的 巨大的 显赫一时短语1.Mighty 威猛强大的巨大的显赫一时2.Mighty Max 万能麦斯万能麦斯欧版万能麦斯美版3.Mighty Baby 绝世好B绝世好宝贝绝世宝贝表演者更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源high and mighty 趾高气扬的


个人电脑时代的模式非常类似。这一次,无论是美国对微软的反垄断案,还是欧洲各种针对把 IE 浏览器和其他个人电脑软件与 windows 捆绑的诉案都没有取得什么实质性结果。互联网的兴起对曾经实力恐怖的微软的削弱比任何一次政府行为都要狠。最终,所有的法律展和媒体战都证明是在浪费时间和金钱,就和当时的 IBM 一样。The PC era followed pretty much the same pattern. This time, both the USGovernment’s antitrust case vs. Microsoft and the various European lawsuits<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">regarding</u></u> the “bundling” of Internet Explorer and other PC software into Windowsreally didn’t accomplish much. The rise of the internet <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">defanged</u></u> the once <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">fearsome</u></u>Microsoft far more than any government action did. In the end, all the legal battlesand press <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">coverage</u></u> were pretty much a waste of time and money, much more sothan they were with IBM

regarding /rɪˈɡɑːdɪŋ/ |CET4 TEM8

PREP You can use regarding to indicate the subject that is being talked or written about. 关于; 至于• He refused to divulge any information regarding the man's whereabouts. 他拒绝透露任何关于那个男人下落的消息。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 关于 有关 参见 产品中心短语1.regarding 关于有关参见产品中心2.Regarding our 关于我们友情链接走进青禾3.Regarding Henry 意外的人生关于亨利还我情真意外人生更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源1.

with regard to adv. 关于;至于2.

in this regard 就这一点而言3.

in regard to 关于

defang /di:'fæŋ/

vt.1.拔(毒蛇等)的牙,拔掉…的尖牙,除去…的毒牙:to defang a snake拔掉蛇的尖牙2.缴…的械,解除…的武装;削弱;使无害;缓和(敌意):to defang their military operations削弱他们的军事行动以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》网络释义 英英释义 拔去尖牙短语1.defang 拔去尖牙2.DeFang Shi 史德芳3.DeFang Li 李德芳更多网络短语词源1.defangde- +‎ fang


fearsome /ˈfɪəsəm/

ADJ Fearsome is used to describe things that are frightening, for example, because of their large size or extreme nature. 可怕的• He had developed a fearsome reputation for intimidating people. 他因恐吓他人而得了一个可怕的名声。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 可怕的 吓人的 十分可怕的 恐惧短语1.fearsome 可怕的吓人的十分可怕的恐惧2.Fearsome Warrior 狂战士3.FEARSOME FLOORS 凶煞回廊恐怖回廊恐怖大逃亡恐惧来廊更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源adj.可怕的;害怕的;极大的afraid tremendous terrible horrible awesome

coverage /'kʌvəridʒ/



但是,手里有钱,又想要再征服新世界,比尔盖茨同样把目光投到了天空,于 20 世纪 90 年代初成立了 <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">Teledesic 公司(合伙人包括从事手机行业的</u></u><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">西雅图人克雷格麦考以及沙特王子)</u></u>,想通过几百个近地卫星提供高速双向语音与数据链接。 这个项目从未得以实施, Teledesic 在 2002 年被解散。无数其他卫星语音数据公司破产。But with his <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">pockets</u></u> full of cash and seeking new worlds to conquer, BillGates also looked to the sky and in the early 1990s formed <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">Teledesic (with cell</u></u><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">phone entrepreneur and fellow Seattle native, Craig McCaw, as well as a Saudi</u></u><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">prince).</u></u> The idea was to <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">surround</u></u> the globe with hundreds of low earth-<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">orbiting</u></u>(LEO) satellites to provide voice and data links i<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">n the multi-megabits/second</u></u> range.The project never went operational, and Teledesic was abandoned in 2002.Numerous other satellite voice/data ventures also went <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">bust.</u></u>

pocket /ˈpɒkɪt/ |CET4 TEM4

pocketingpocketedpockets1.N-COUNT A pocket is a kind of small bag that forms part of a piece of clothing, and that is used for carrying small things such as money or a handkerchief. 衣兜• He took his flashlight from his jacket pocket and switched it on. 他从上衣口袋里拿出手电筒并将其打开。2.N-COUNT You can use pocket in a lot of different ways to refer to money that people have, get, or spend. For example, if someone gives or pays a lot of money, you can say that they dig deep into their pocket. If you approve of something because it is very cheap to buy, you can say that it suits people's pockets. 财力• When you come to choosing a dining table, it really is worth digging deep into your pocket for the best you can afford. 说到选择餐桌,的确值得尽你的财力买张最好的。• ...ladies' fashions to suit all shapes, sizes, and pockets. …适合所有体形、尺寸和价格选择的女士时装。3.ADJ You use pocket to describe something that is small enough to fit into a pocket, often something that is a smaller version of a larger item. 袖珍的• ...a pocket calculator. …一个袖珍计算器。4.N-COUNT A pocket of something is a small area where something is happening, or a small area which has a particular quality, and which is different from the other areas around it. (与周围区域不同或孤立的) 小块地区• Trapped in a pocket of air, they had only 40 minutes before the tide flooded the chamber. 他们被困在有一点空气的弹丸之地,再过40分钟洪水就会淹没这间屋子了。5.V-T If someone who is in possession of something valuable such as a sum of money pockets it, they steal it or take it for themselves, even though it does not belong to them. 将…据为己有• Banks have passed some of the savings on to customers and pocketed the rest. 银行将部分存款转给顾客,其余的则据为己有。6.V-T If you say that someone pockets something such as a prize or sum of money, you mean that they win or obtain it, often without needing to make much effort or in a way that seems unfair. (轻松或不公正地) 获得 (奖赏、金钱等)• He pocketed more money from this tournament than in his entire three years as a professional. 他从这次锦标赛中捞到的钱比他作为一名职业运动员整整3年赚的还要多。7.V-T If someone pockets something, they put it in their pocket, for example, because they want to steal it or hide it. 把…放入衣袋• Anthony snatched his letters and pocketed them. 安东尼抓过他的信,放进了衣袋中。8.PHRASE If you say that a person or organization has deep pockets, you mean that they have a lot of money with which to pay for something. 雄厚的财力• The church will do anything to avoid scandal – and everyone knows it has deep pockets. 教会将不惜一切来避开丑闻–大家都知道它有的是钱。• ...investors with deep pockets. …财力雄厚的投资者们。9.PHRASE If you are out of pocket, you have less money than you should have or than you intended, for example, because you have spent too much or because of a mistake. 缺钱的• Make sure you are not out of pocket for your expenses. 你要确保别把日常开销的钱都花没了。10.PHRASE If someone picks your pocket, they steal something from your pocket, usually without you noticing. 扒窃• They were more in danger of having their pockets picked than being shot at. 他们遭遇扒窃的危险大于遭受枪击。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 口袋 衣袋 囊中 兜里短语1.Pocket 口袋衣袋囊中兜里2.POCKET FLAP 袋盖服装部位英语袋掀门袋盖3.POCKET COVER 袋盖更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

in the pocket 美国俚语处于心醉神迷的佳境中2.

pocket money 零用钱3.

back pocket 后兜

surround /səˈraʊnd/ |CET4 TEM4

surroundingsurroundedsurrounds1.V-T/V-I If a person or thing is surrounded by something, that thing is situated all around them. 围绕• The small churchyard was surrounded by a rusted wrought-iron fence. 这个小墓地被一道生锈的锻铁栅栏围着。• The shell surrounding the egg has many important functions. 包着蛋的外壳有很多重要功能。• ...Chicago and the surrounding area. …芝加哥及其周边地区。2.V-T If you are surrounded by soldiers or police, they spread out so that they are in positions all the way around you. 包围• When the car stopped in the town square it was surrounded by soldiers and militiamen. 当这辆车在城镇广场停下时,它被战士和民兵们包围了。3.V-T The circumstances, feelings, or ideas which surround something are those that are closely associated with it. 与…紧密联系• The decision had been agreed in principle before today's meeting, but some controversy surrounded it. 在今天的会议之前该决定原则上已获同意,但围绕这项决定还存在一些争议。4.V-T If you surround yourself with certain people or things, you make sure that you have a lot of them near you all the time. 确保身边总有• He had made it his business to surround himself with a hand-picked group of bright young officers. 他把确保身边有自己亲手挑选的一群聪明的年轻军官当作自己的职责。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 包围 环绕声 环绕 围绕短语1.surround 包围环绕声环绕围绕2.surround speaker 环绕声音箱小音箱应该接在环绕声环绕声的尺寸尺寸到环绕声3.abiotic surround 无生命环境无生命的环境更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源surround sound 环绕立体声

orbit /ˈɔːbɪt/ |CET4 TEM4

orbitingorbitedorbits1.N-COUNT An orbit is the curved path in space that is followed by an object going around and around a planet, moon, or star. (天体运行的) 轨道• Mars and Earth have orbits which change with time. 火星和地球的轨道随着时间而发生改变。2.V-T If something such as a satellite orbits a planet, moon, or sun, it moves around it in a continuous, curving path. 环绕…的轨道运行• In 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first satellite to orbit the earth. 1957年,苏联发射了第一颗环绕地球运行的人造卫星。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 轨道 档案传输 欧宝迪 运行轨道短语1.orbit 轨道档案传输欧宝迪运行轨道2.polar orbit 极轨道极地轨道两极轨道3.Horseshoe orbit 马蹄形轨道马蹄轨道更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

in orbit 在轨道上;在轨道上运行;[俚语]飘飘然2.

earth orbit 地球轨道3.

orbit determination 轨道计算,定轨

bust /bʌst/ |CET6 TEM4

bustingbustedbusts1.V-T If you bust something, you break it or damage it so badly that it cannot be used. 打碎• They will have to bust the door to get him out. 他们将不得不砸碎门把他弄出来。2.V-T If someone is busted, the police arrest them. 逮捕• They were busted for possession of cannabis. 他们因持有大麻而被逮捕。3.V-T If police bust a place, they go to it in order to arrest people who are doing something illegal. 突袭• Police busted an underground network of illegal sports gambling. 警察突袭了一个非法体育赌博的地下网络。4.N-COUNT Bust is also a noun. 突袭行动• Six tons of cocaine were seized last week in Panama's biggest drug bust. 上周在巴拿马最大的毒品突袭行动中收缴了6吨可卡因。5.ADJ A company or fund that is bust has no money left and has been forced to close down. 破产的• It is taxpayers who will pay most of the bill for bailing out bust banks. 帮助破产银行摆脱困境的大部分费用将由纳税人支付。6.PHRASE If a company goes bust, it loses so much money that it is forced to close down. 倒闭• ...a Swiss company which went bust last May. …去年5月倒闭的一家瑞士公司。7.N-COUNT A bust is a statue of the head and shoulders of a person. 半身像• ...a bronze bust of Thomas Jefferson. …一座托马斯·杰斐逊的半身铜像。8.N-COUNT You can use bust to refer to a woman's breasts, especially when you are describing their size. (女性的) 胸部• Good posture helps your bust look bigger. 好的姿势可以使你的胸部看起来更丰满。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 胸围 叫爆掉 半身像 破了产的短语1.Bust 胸围叫爆掉半身像破了产的2.bust line 胸围线服装部位英语3.bust treatment 胸部护理护理更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

boom and bust 繁荣与萧条2.

bust point 胸点


是什么把我们带入互联网<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">时代</u></u>? IBM 确是倾向于自己的磁盘磁带驱动器,微软倾向于在 windows 桌面系统中使用自己的应用软件,谷歌也由于在其搜索结果中倾向于谷歌商店的产品而受到起诉。令人惊奇的是,谷歌还由于滥用安卓相关产品而受到起诉。再一次,欧洲的干预似乎剥夺了某些商业行为的特权 ,但并没有真正改变被告几近垄断的市场控制。谷歌在欧洲搜索引擎市场所占份额达到 90%多。Which brings us to the internet era? Just as IBM did indeed <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">favor</u></u> its own diskand tape drives, and Microsoft did favor its own applications on the Windowsdesktop screen, Google is now accused of favoring its Google Shopping product inits search results. (Somewhat more surprisingly, it is also accused of variousAndroid-related abuses.) Once again, the European <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">intervention</u></u> seems likely tocurtail certain practices without seriously altering the defendant’s <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">near-monopoly</u></u> market control. Google’s share of the search engine market in Europe is estimatedto be over 90 percent.


the American spelling of favourfavour的美式拼法

favour /ˈfeɪvə/ |CET4 TEM4favouringfavouredfavours1.N-UNCOUNT If you regard something or someone with favour, you like or support them. 喜爱; 支持• It remains to be seen if the show will find favour with an audience. 这场演出是否将获得观众喜爱还要拭目以待。• No one would look with favour on the continuing military rule. 没有人会支持继续的军事统治。2.N-COUNT If you do someone a favour, you do something for them even though you do not have to. 恩惠• I've come to ask you to do me a favour. 我是来请你帮我一个忙的。3.V-T If you favour something, you prefer it to the other choices available. 更喜欢• The French say they favour a transition to democracy. 法国人说他们更喜欢向民主的过渡。4.V-T If you favour someone, you treat them better or in a kinder way than you treat other people. 偏袒• The company has no rules about favouring U.S. citizens during layoffs. 该公司没有在裁员期间偏袒美国公民的规定。5.PHRASE If you are in favour of something, you support it and think that it is a good thing. 支持• I wouldn't be in favour of income tax cuts. 我不会支持削减所得税。• Yet this is a Government which proclaims that it is all in favour of openness. 然而这是一个宣称全力支持开放的政府。6.PHRASE If someone makes a judgment in your favour, they say that you are right about something. 认为…正确• The Supreme Court ruled in Fitzgerald's favour. 最高法院判定菲茨杰拉德胜诉。7.PHRASE If something is in your favour, it helps you or gives you an advantage. 有助于; 有利于• The protection that farmers have enjoyed amounts to a bias in favour of the countryside. 农民们享受到的保护几乎就是对农村有利的一种偏袒。8.PHRASE If one thing is rejected in favour of another, the second thing is done or chosen instead of the first. (两物相比之下) 宁愿选择• The policy was rejected in favour of a more cautious approach. 这一政策未被采纳,而是选择了一个更谨慎的方法。9.PHRASE If someone or something is in favour, people like or support them. If they are out of favour, people no longer like or support them. 得宠/失宠; 得到/失去…的支持• Governments and party leaders can only hope to remain in favour with the public for so long. 政府和政党领导人们只能希望一直得到公众的支持。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 赞同 有利于 支持 宠爱短语1.favour 赞同有利于支持宠爱2.favour with 支持3.favour people 惠民更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

in favour of 支持,赞成2.

in favour 赞成;支持;有利于3.

favour with 给…(做一件好事)

intervention /ˌɪntəˈvɛnʃən/ |CET6+ TEM4

N-VAR Intervention is the act of intervening in a situation. 干涉• ...the role of the United States and its intervention in the internal affairs of many countries. …美国所扮演的角色及其对许多国家内政的干涉。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 干预 辅导 介入 干涉短语1.Intervention 干预辅导介入干涉2.Siberian Intervention 西伯利亚干涉3.armed intervention 武装干涉武装干预武装干涉干与干与武装干涉干涉更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

government intervention 政府干预;政府干涉2.

surgical intervention 手术治疗;外科手术3.

crisis intervention [心]危机干预;危机处理;危机介入

monopoly /məˈnɒpəlɪ/ |CET6 TEM4

1.N-VAR If a company, person, or state has a monopoly on something such as an industry, they have complete control over it, so that it is impossible for others to become involved in it. 垄断• ...Russian moves to end a state monopoly on land ownership. …俄罗斯人提议结束国家对土地所有权的垄断。2.N-COUNT A monopoly is a company which is the only one providing a particular product or service. 垄断企业• ...a state-owned monopoly. …一个国有垄断企业。3.N-SING If you say that someone does not have a monopoly on something, you mean that they are not the only person who has that thing. 独有• Women do not have a monopoly on feelings of betrayal. 背叛感并非是女人独有的。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 垄断 地产大亨 大富翁 强手大亨短语1.Monopoly 垄断地产大亨大富翁强手大亨2.coercive monopoly 强迫性垄断3.Monopoly Enterprise 独占企业垄断垄断企业把持更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

natural monopoly 自然独占;天然垄断2.

monopoly position 垄断地位3.

monopoly power 垄断势力


就像之前的那些公司一样,谷歌也听到了“<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">海妖的呼唤</u></u>”。据说谷歌已许诺与富达投资一起投资 10 亿美元给艾伦马斯克的 Space X 公司。这么做的理由是他们认为如今尺寸更小,成本更低但却更强大的卫星将会证明这一技术的时代已经到来。同样的,脸书也面临自己的来自欧洲的法律方面的挑战,这些挑战大多和个人隐私有关。脸书也希望通过无人驾驶的太阳能飞行舰队将无线网络带给发展中国家。And like its <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">predecessors</u></u>, Google has also heard the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">siren’s call,</u></u> and is said tohave <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">pledged</u></u> to invest $1 billion (along with Fidelity) in Elon Musk’s SpaceX. Theidea is that today’s smaller, less expensive yet more powerful satellites will provethat this technology has finally come of age. Similarly, Facebook, with its own setof European (mostly privacy related) legal challenges, hopes to bring WiFi to thedeveloping world via <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">a fleet of</u></u> unmanned and solar-powered aircraft.

predecessor /ˈpriːdɪˌsɛsə/ |CET6 TEM4

1.N-COUNT Your predecessor is the person who had your job before you. 前任• He maintained that he learned everything he knew from his predecessor. 他坚称他所知道的一切都是从他的前任那儿学到的。2.N-COUNT The predecessor of an object or machine is the object or machine that came before it in a sequence or process of development. 前一代• Although the car is some 2 inches shorter than its predecessor, its boot is 20 percent larger. 尽管这款汽车比其上一代产品短2英寸,但它的行李箱大了20%。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 前任 前辈 前身 前趋短语1.Predecessor 前任前辈前身前趋2.Predecessor Task 前导任务翻译 predecessor 我的前任更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 词源predecessor company 被接管公司

siren's call 海妖的召唤

siren /'saiərən/

n.1.[S-]【希腊神话】塞任(半人半鸟的女海妖,常用美妙歌声引诱水手,令船触礁沉没)2.歌声迷人的女歌手3.迷人的女子;妖妇展开更多adj.1.女海妖(似)的;妖妇似的2.迷人的,引诱人的vi.(警车、消防车等)鸣笛行驶:The fire trucks sirened by.消防车鸣着警笛开了过去。

fleet /fliːt/ |CET4 TEM4

1.N-COUNT A fleet is a group of ships organized to do something together, for example, to fight battles or to catch fish. 舰队; 船队• A fleet sailed for New South Wales to establish the first European settlement in Australia. 一支舰队驶向新南威尔士去建立欧洲在澳大利亚的第一个移民地。2.N-COUNT A fleet of vehicles is a group of them, especially when they all belong to a particular organization or business, or when they are all going somewhere together. 车队• With its own fleet of trucks, the company delivers most orders overnight. 因为有自己的运输车队,该公司的大部分订货可以第二天就送到。3.ADJ rapid in movement; swift 疾驰的以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 海军舰队 舰队 船队 富力特短语1.fleet 海军舰队舰队船队富力特2.Combined Fleet 联合舰队的中文解释3.Baltic Fleet 波罗的海舰队更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

a fleet of 机群;一队…2.

fleet management 车队管理;船队管理3.

fleet street 佛里特街(英国几家报馆办事处所在地);伦敦报业;伦敦新闻界


这是否意味着谷歌和脸书的电信梦想会和过去那些公司<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">一样注定辉煌的</u></u><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">失败</u></u>?当然不是。 但是有一点可以肯定,那就是虽然今天的互联网巨头把大量的钱投入到各种独特的项目中来,包括数字钱包、机器人、电气化汽车、网络带宽、服装、无人飞行器、生物技术等等,但这并不意味着他们一定会成功。计算机商业史就是行业市场的领导者们超级富有,极有野心。这是经过各种冒险和失败证明过的公式。 IBM、微软和英特尔都经历过,但却无法持久。

Does this mean that Google and Facebook’s <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">telecom</u></u> dreams are <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">destined</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">tofail</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">spect</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">acularly</u></u> as others have in the past? Of course not. But what it does mean is that just because today’s <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;"> giants</u></u> are pouring money into all kinds of <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">exotic</u></u>projects – digital wallets, robots, electric cars, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">network bandwidth</u></u>, clothing, drones,<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">biotech</u></u> and so on – doesn’t mean that they will succeed. The history of thecomputer business is that its market leaders are both fabulously rich and highlyambitious. This is a proven <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">formula</u></u> for all manner of grand <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">adventures</u></u> and<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">misadventures</u></u>. IBM, Microsoft and Intel have all been through it, with surprisinglyfew <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">lasting</u></u> results.

telecom /ˈtɛlɪˌkɒm/ |CET6

N-UNCOUNT Telecom is short for . 电信• The entire telecom sector has been suffering from a lack of sales. 整个电信部门一直在经受销售不景气之苦。• The telecom industry in Australia is very small in comparison with the rest of the world. 澳大利亚电信业与世界其他地区电信业相比规模很小。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 电信 服务 信服务 新西兰电信短语1.Telecom 电信服务信服务新西兰电信2.City Telecom 城市电讯香港城市电讯公司3.Chunghwa Telecom 中华电信中华电讯中华电信股份有限公司中华电信公司更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

china telecom 中国电信2.

telecom operators 电信运营商3.

france telecom 法国电信公司

destine /'destin/

vt.1.预定,指定;打算使…(成)为,指派,委托(for):His parents destined him for a career at the Bar.他父母打算要他从事律师业。Those books were destined for her.这些书是指定给她的。2.(命运)注定,命定[常用于被动语态]:He was destined from his birth to enter into the church.他生来就注定要当牧师。Their attempt is destined to failure.他们的企图注定要失败。变形vt. destined destining以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 预定 洽谈室 注定 命定短语1.destine 预定洽谈室注定命定2.MY DESTINE 我的命运3.destine detail 预定将来更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源vt.注定;命定;预定fate engage budget

exotic /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/ |CET6 TEM8

1.ADJ Something that is exotic is unusual and interesting, usually because it comes from or is related to a distant country. (常因来自遥远的他国而显得) 奇异的• ...brilliantly coloured, exotic flowers. …色彩绚丽的奇异花卉。2.ADV 奇异地• ...exotically beautiful scenery. …奇异美景。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 异国的 外来 独特性 异国情调的短语1.exotic 异国的外来独特性异国情调的2.Exotic Shorthair 异国短毛猫异种短毛猫短毛猫外来种短毛猫3.exotic species 外来的物种外来种外来物种外地种更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

exotic plant 外来植物;引入的植物2.

exotic dancer 脱衣舞女

formula /ˈfɔːmjʊlə/ |CET4 TEM4

1.N-COUNT A formula is a plan that is invented in order to deal with a particular problem. 方案• ...a peace formula. …一项和平方案。2.N-COUNT A formula is a group of letters, numbers, or other symbols which represents a scientific or mathematical rule. 公式• He developed a mathematical formula describing the distances of the planets from the Sun. 他提出了一个描述各行星与太阳之间距离的数学公式。3.N-COUNT In science, the formula for a substance is a list of the amounts of various substances which make up that substance, or an indication of the atoms that it is composed of. 分子式• Glucose and fructose have the same chemical formula but have very different properties. 葡萄糖和果糖具有相同的化学分子式但有很不同的特性。4.N-SING A formula for a particular situation, usually a good one, is a course of action or a combination of actions that is certain or likely to result in that situation. (达成通常为好的结局的) 行动方案• After he was officially pronounced the world's oldest man, he offered this simple formula for a long and happy life. 在他被正式宣布为世界上最老的人之后,他提供了这一长寿和幸福生活的简单方法。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 公式 分子式 配方 数学公式短语1.Formula 公式分子式配方数学公式2.empirical formula 实验式经验公式实验公式经验式3.Infant formula 配方奶粉婴儿配方奶粉婴儿配方婴儿配方食品更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

empirical formula 经验式;实验式2.

infant formula 婴儿配方;婴儿配方食品3.

formula one 一级方程式赛车

N-COUNT If someone has an adventure, they become involved in an unusual, exciting, and somewhat dangerous trip or series of events. 冒险经历

• I set off for a new adventure in Alaska on the first day of the new year. 我在新年第一天出发去阿拉斯加进行一次新的冒险。2.N-UNCOUNT Adventure is excitement and willingness to do new, unusual, or somewhat dangerous things. 冒险精神• Their cultural backgrounds gave them a spirit of adventure. 他们的文化背景赋予了他们一种冒险精神。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 冒险 奇遇 惊险活动 尝试偶尔冒险短语1.Adventure 冒险奇遇惊险活动尝试偶尔冒险2.Adventure Game 冒险游戏冒险类游戏冒险类冒险解谜游戏3.Plymouth Adventure 怒海雄风更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源adventure film 惊险片

misadventure /ˌmɪsədˈvɛntʃə/ |TEM8

N-VAR A misadventure is an unfortunate incident. 不幸事件; 灾难• ...a series of misadventures. ...一连串的不幸事件。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 灾难 运气不佳的遭遇 意外事故 不佳的短语1.misadventure 灾难运气不佳的遭遇意外事故不佳的 misadventure 安全事故3.medication misadventure 药害事件更多网络短语同近义词 词源n.灾难;不辛遭遇disaster tragedy calamity meltdown

lasting /ˈlɑːstɪŋ/ |TEM4

1.ADJ You can use lasting to describe a situation, result, or agreement that continues to exist or have an effect for a very long time. 持久的• We are well on our way to a lasting peace. 我们正迈向持久的和平。2.→see also last以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 持久 夹子 钳帮 入楦术短语1.Lasting 持久夹子钳帮入楦术2.side lasting 腰帮机腰帮腰邦3.Lasting tacks 攀鞋用手头钉攀鞋用手边钉攀鞋钉更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

long lasting 持久的,耐用的2.

lasting impression 长久的印象;不可磨灭的印象3.

lasting appeal 持久的吸引力;耐玩度


这种事业上的奢侈浪费也不完全是坏事儿。这些巨额的风险投资可以被看做是成功企业和个人从你这个消费者身上集中起来的巨额资金的再循环。把财富<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">重新部署</u></u>到追求天空中的突破性的梦想,好过花在宫殿般的豪华公司大楼、私人海岛、更大的游艇以及巨额慈善捐款。当然,这些事情他们都在做。

This sort of <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">entrepreneurial</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">extravagance</u></u> is not a bad thing at all. These vastand risky investments can be seen as essentially a way of recycling the enormousfunds that successful firms and individuals have accumulated from you, thecustomer. Better to <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">re-deploy</u></u> one’s <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">fortune</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">chasing</u></u> breakthrough dreams in the skythan on <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">palatial corporate</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">headquarters</u></u>, private islands, ever larger <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">yachts</u></u>, andsometimes even huge <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">charitable</u></u> contributions. But of course, they do all thosethings too.(

entrepreneurial 1 /,ɔntrəprə'nə:riəl/

adj.1.entrepreneur的变形2.企业家的entrepreneur 2 /,ɔntrəprə'nə:/

n.1.(工商)企业家,实业家2.承包人,包办人,承揽人,中间商3.(任何活动的)主办者,倡导者展开更多变形n. entrepreneurs以上来源于《21世纪大英汉词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 企业家的 创业的 企业型 与企业有关的短语1.entrepreneurial 企业家的创业的企业型与企业有关的2.entrepreneurial strategy 企业家战略创业战略创业型战略企业家计谋3.entrepreneurial organization 企业家组织结构企业体制创业型组织更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源entrepreneurial management 创业管理;企业家管理

extravagance /ɪkˈstrævəɡəns/ |TEM4

1.N-UNCOUNT Extravagance is the spending of more money than is reasonable or than you can afford. 奢侈• When the company went under, tales of his extravagance surged through the industry. 这家公司破产时,有关他的奢靡的传言传遍了整个业界。2.N-COUNT An extravagance is something that you spend money on but cannot really afford. 奢侈品• Why waste money on such extravagances? 为什么在这样的奢侈品上浪费钱?以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 过度 奢侈 铺张 无节制短语1.extravagance 过度奢侈铺张无节制2.primary extravagance 初级越轨3.with extravagance 过度地更多网络短语同近义词 同根词 词源n.奢侈,浪费;过度;放肆的言行luxury waste excess dissipation

fortune /ˈfɔːtʃən/ |CET4 TEM4

1.N-COUNT You can refer to a large sum of money as a fortune or a small fortune to emphasize how large it is. 大笔钱• He made a small fortune in the property boom. 他在房地产繁荣期发了一小笔财。2.N-COUNT Someone who has a fortune has a very large amount of money. 很大数额的钱• He made his fortune in car sales. 他在汽车销售中发了财。3.N-UNCOUNT Fortune or good fortune is good luck. Ill fortune is bad luck. 好运; 运气• Investors are starting to wonder how long their good fortune can last. 投资者们开始怀疑他们的好运还能持续多久。4.N-PLURAL If you talk about someone's fortunes or the fortunes of something, you are talking about the extent to which they are doing well or being successful. 运势• The company had to do something to reverse its sliding fortunes. 该公司不得不采取措施来逆转其下滑的运势。5.PHRASE When someone tells your fortune, they tell you what they think will happen to you in the future, which they say is shown, for example, by the lines on your hand. 算命• I was just going to have my fortune told by a gypsy. 我正要去找一个吉普赛人给我算命。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 财富 财富杂志 财星杂志 命运短语1.Fortune 财富财富杂志财星杂志命运2.Fortune Cookie 幸运饼干签语饼幸运饼签饼3.Quinton Fortune 昆顿·福琼福琼奎因顿·福琼科东尼更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

good fortune 好财运,好运;顺景2.

make a fortune 发财,赚大钱3.

a small fortune [口,谑]一笔巨款;很多钱

chase /tʃeɪs/ |CET4 TEM4

chasingchasedchases1.V-T/V-I If you chase someone, or chase after them, you run after them or follow them quickly in order to catch or reach them. 追赶• She chased the thief for 100 yards. 她追了小偷100码远。2.N-COUNT Chase is also a noun. 追赶• He was reluctant to give up the chase. 他不愿意放弃追逐。3.V-T/V-I If you are chasing something you want, such as work or money, or are chasing after it, you are trying hard to get it. 追求 (事业、金钱等)• In some areas, 14 people are chasing every job. 在某些地区,14个人角逐每一个岗位。• There are too many schools chasing after too few students. 有太多的学校争抢太少的学生。4.N-SING Chase is also a noun. (对事业、金钱等的) 追求• They took an invincible lead in the chase for the championship. 他们在冠军角逐中遥遥领先。5.V-T/V-I If someone chases someone that they are attracted to, or chases after them, they try hard to persuade them to have a sexual relationship with them. 追求 (异性)• Women also have another reason for not chasing men too hard, of course. 当然,妇女还有另一个不紧追男人的理由。6.N-SING Chase is also a noun. (对异性的) 追求• The chase is always much more exciting than the conquest anyway. 无论如何,追求总比征服更令人兴奋。7.V-T If someone chases you from a place, they force you to leave by using threats or violence. 驱逐• Many farmers will then chase you off their land quite aggressively. 到那时,许多农民便会毫不留情地将你逐出他们的土地。8.V-T To chase someone from a job or a position or from power means to force them to leave it. 逼迫卸职• In the '70s he had been chased out of his job. 在70年代他被迫离开了他的职位。9.V-I If you chase somewhere, you run or rush there. 冲• They chased down the stairs into the narrow, dirty street. 他们冲下楼梯,跑到狭窄肮脏的街道上。10.V to cut a groove, furrow, or flute in (a surface, column, etc) 雕刻(表面、柱子等) (Also chamfer)11.PHRASE If someone cuts to the chase, they start talking about or dealing with what is important, instead of less important things. 切入主题• Hi everyone, we all know why we are here today, so let's cut to the chase. 大家好,我们都知道今天为何来此,让我们切入主题吧。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 追逐 美国大通银行 追逐赛 追击短语1.Chase 追逐美国大通银行追逐赛追击2.Hyena chase 鬣狗图3.CHASE MANHATTAN 大通银行大通曼哈顿大通曼哈顿银行曼哈顿更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

chase after 追逐;追赶2.

cut to the chase 开门见山;提到关键问题;转入(或切入)正题3.

jpmorgan chase 摩根大通公司

palatial /pəˈleɪʃəl/

ADJ A palatial house, hotel, or office building is very large and impressive. 宫殿般的• ...a palatial Hollywood mansion. ...一座宫殿般的好莱坞大厦。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 英英释义 宫殿似的 宏伟的 壮丽的 宫殿般的短语1.palatial 宫殿似的宏伟的壮丽的宫殿般的2.palatial architecture 宫殿式建筑3.palatial wall 宫殿城墙更多网络短语同近义词 词源adj.宫殿似的;宏伟的;壮丽的grand magnificent noble

headquarter /ˌhɛdˈkwɔːtə/

V to place in or establish as headquarters 设立总部以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 总部 总公司 指挥部 司令部短语1.headquarter 总部总公司指挥部司令部2.Siemens Headquarter 西门子总部大楼3.CCB Headquarter 中国建设银行总行

yacht /jɒt/ |CET6 TEM4

N-COUNT A yacht is a large boat with sails or a motor, used for racing or pleasure trips. 赛艇; 游艇• His 36 ft yacht sank suddenly last summer. 他的36英尺游艇去年夏天突然沉没了。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 游艇 快艇 帆船 乘快艇短语1.Yacht 游艇快艇帆船乘快艇 yacht 赛艇赛艇赛艇竞赛帆船竞赛船3.Yacht Design 游艇设计更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源yacht club 游艇俱乐部

charitable /ˈtʃærɪtəbəl/ |CET6 TEM4

1.ADJ A charitable organization or activity helps and supports people who are ill, disabled, or very poor. 慈善的• ...charitable work for the handicapped. …为残疾人做的慈善工作。2.ADJ Someone who is charitable to people is kind or understanding toward them. 仁慈的• They were less than charitable toward the referee. 他们对裁判员毫不仁慈。以上来源于《柯林斯英汉双解大词典》网络释义 专业释义 英英释义 秒懂释义 宽厚的 慈善 仁慈的 慈善事业的短语1.charitable 宽厚的慈善仁慈的慈善事业的2.charitable organization 慈善组织慈善机构慈善团体慈善社团3.charitable funds 慈善基金慈善更多网络短语词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源1.

charitable foundation 慈善基金,慈善机构2.

charitable donation 慈善捐款

2018 8.11

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mainframe 大型机
Local Area Networks (LANs) 局域网
Wide Area Networks (WANs) 广域网
operation systems 操作系统
semi conductors 半导体
build-to-order PCs 定制的个人电脑
World Wide Web 万维网
The Internet of Things 物联网




第一批巨型计算器对数字进行数字化加工和处理标志着(信息技术)产业的诞生,随之发展为其他工作的数字化,大多数与<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">交易类活动相关</u></u>,如机票的预定等。但是直到 20 世纪 80 年代,所有与计算机相关的活动都是围绕人机互动进行的,从个人电脑出现时,一直如此。 A Very Short History of Information TechnologyThe industry was born with the first giant calculators digitally processing and <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">manipulating</u></u> numbers and then expanded to <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">digitize</u></u> other, mostly <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">transaction-oriented</u></u> activities, such as airline <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">reservations</u></u>. But until the 1980s, all computer-related activities <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">revolved</u></u> around interactionsbetween a person and a computer. That did not change when the first PCs arrived on the scene.


个人电脑就是放在桌子上的<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">一台主机</u></u>。当然,这台主机为我们ᨀ供一系列ᨀ高个人生产力的应用程序,这些应用程序<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">反过来</u></u>促进了业务数据的增长并开始了<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">以家庭基础的娱乐活动的数字化</u></u>。但我认为,只有当个人电脑通过以以太网为标准的局域网以及后来的远距离的广域网实现了彼此连接之后,才是这一产业的<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">数量上和质量上</u></u>的跨越式发展。利用个人电脑,可以把之前用打字机打出来的资料进行数字化备份,但是如果想要散发,还需要打印出纸质版。计算机网络以及电子邮件这一无敌应用使得整个过程数字化,在保证信息扩散的同时,极大的ᨀ高了产生、存储、移动以及消费的数据量。The PC was simply a <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">mainframe</u></u> on your desk. Of course it <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">unleashed</u></u> a wonderful stream of personal productivity applications that <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">in turn</u></u> contributed greatly to the growth of enterprise data and the start of digitizing <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">leisure-related</u></u>, home-based activities. But I would argue that the major <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">quantitative and qualitative</u></u> <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">leap</u></u> occurred only when work PCs were connected to each other via Local Area Networks (LANs)—where Ethernet became the standard—and then long-distance via Wide Area Networks (WANs). With the PC, you could digitally create the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">memo</u></u> you <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">previously</u></u> typed on a <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">typewriter</u></u>, but to distribute it, you still had to print it and make paper copies. Computer networks (and their “killer app,” email) made the entire process digital, ensuring the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">proliferation</u></u> of the message, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">drastically</u></u> increasing the amount of data created, stored, moved, and consumed.


将人连接到一个巨大的分布式计算机网络中,不仅增加了数据产生的数量,还ᨀ供了无数的新方法ᨀ<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">高数据的价值</u></u>,<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">带来</u></u>许多新的业务应用程序,以及一股新的<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">数据挖掘热情</u></u>。这一发展改变了竞争的本质,促进了“水平”玩家的发展,他们关注单独信息技术部件,<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">而并非</u></u>之前一直主导这一行业的<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">垂直集成的</u></u>“<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">从头到尾的解决方</u></u>案”的业务模式。半导体方面的因特尔、操作系统方面的微软、数据库方面的甲骨文(oracle)、互联方面的思科、个人电脑(<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">或者说个人定制电脑</u></u>) 方面的戴尔以及数据存储方面的易安信等使得 20世纪 90 年代成为不同的十年。在这个十年里,信息技术的消费者们认为最好的“产品类型”是把从不同的专业的信息技术供应商里购买的部件组装起来的基础设备。Connecting people in a vast and distributed network of computers not only increased the amount of data generated but also led to numerous new ways of <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">getting value out of it</u></u>, <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">unleashing many</u></u> new enterprise applications and a new passion for “<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">data mining</u></u>.” This in turn changed the nature of competition and gave rise to new “horizontal” players, focused on one IT component <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">as opposed to</u></u> the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">vertically integrated</u></u>, “<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">end-to-end solution</u></u>” business model that has dominated the industry until then. Intel in semiconductors, Microsoft in operating systems, Oracle in databases,Cisco in networking, Dell in PCs (<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">or rather, build-to-order PCs</u></u>), and EMC in storage have made the 1990s the decade in which “<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">best-of-breed</u></u>” was what many IT buyers believed in, assembling their IT <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">infrastructures</u></u> from components sold by focused, specialized IT <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">vendors</u></u>.


这一产业发展的下一个阶段,即下一个数据产生量以及我们怎样使用网络计算机的数量和质量上的飞跃阶段的标志是万维网的发明(经常与因特网混淆)。万维网使得新应用程序的扩散不再局限于业务活动,数字化几乎涵盖了我们生活的各个方面。最重要的是,万维网成为我们的工具,极大的帮助了信息的产生以及与任何能接入因特网的人分享信息。而在万维网出现前,很少人关注和了解因特网这一开放自由的广域网。原来在打字机上打出来的工作记录变成了数字化文件并在企业及其他组织间传送,现在变成了我的生活日记,我可以与别人一起讨论。和我一起讨论的人包括远在地球另一面的我从未见过的人。随着计算机网络把信息技术从财务部分拓展到企业的各个角落,万维网把信息技术带到了地球的各个角落,将成百上千万的人联系起来。这些人之间的互动对话和信息分享取代了原有的数据传播方式,并扩大了数据的传播,同时再一次极大的ᨀ高了数据产生、存储、移动及消费的数量。就像之前那个阶段一样,又一批新的玩家出现了, 他们出生在网络时代,他们并不把信息技术看作是专门用来运行设备的,而是其业务的核心,数据以及数据分析是其竞争点所在。The next <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">phase</u></u> in the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">evolution</u></u> of the industry, the next quantitative and qualitative leap in the amount of data generated and how we use networked computers, came with the invention of the World Wide Web (commonly <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">mislabeled</u></u> as “the Internet”). It led to the <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">proliferation</u></u> of new applications which were no longer limited to <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">enterprise-related</u></u> activities but digitized almost any activity in our lives. Most important, it provided us with tools that greatly facilitated the creation and sharing of information by anyone with access to the Internet (the open and almost free wide area network only few people cared or knew about before the invention of the World Wide Web). The work memo I typed on a typewriter which became a digital document sent across the enterprise and beyond now became my life journal which I could discuss with others, including people on the other side of the globe I have never met. While computer networks took IT from <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">the accounting department</u></u> to all corners of the enterprise, the World Wide Web took IT to all corners of the globe, connecting millions of people. Interactive conversations and sharing of information among these millions replaced and augmented <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">broadcasting</u></u> and <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">drastically</u></u> increased (again) the amount of data created, stored, moved, and consumed. And just as in the previous phase, a bunch of new players emerged, all of them born on the Web, all of them regarding “IT” not as specific function responsible for running the infrastructure but as the essence of their business, data and its analysis becoming their <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">competitive edge</u></u>.


我们很可能在不久的将来就能看到——或者我们正在<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">经历</u></u>——信息技术发展的另一个新的阶段,一个数据发展的新的<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">数量和质量上的飞跃</u></u>:云技术(实现信息技术的新方法),大数据(数据及其潜在价值的新观念),以及物联网(将数以亿计的监控及测量设备连接对所有事物<u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">进行量化</u></u>)共同᧿绘了信息技术的未来。We are probably going to see soon—and maybe already <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">are experiencing</u></u>—a new phase in the evolution of IT and a new quantitative and qualitative leap in the growth of data. The cloud—a new way to deliver IT, big data—a new attitude towards data and its potential value, and The Internet of Things—connecting billions of <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">monitoring</u></u> and <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">measurement</u></u> devices <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">quantifying</u></u> everything, combine to <u style="box-sizing: border-box;"><u style="box-sizing: border-box;">sketch</u></u> for us the future of IT.


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