iOS总结了几个月的东西和大家分享一下

1、禁止手机睡眠

[UIApplication sharedApplication].idleTimerDisabled = YES;

2、隐藏某行cell

- (CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView heightForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

// 如果是你需要隐藏的那一行,返回高度为0

if(indexPath.row == YouWantToHideRow)

return 0;

return 44;

}

// 然后再你需要隐藏cell的时候调用

[self.tableView beginUpdates];

[self.tableView endUpdates];

3、禁用button高亮

button.adjustsImageWhenHighlighted = NO;

或者在创建的时候

UIButton *button = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeCustom];

4、tableview遇到这种报错failed to obtain a cell from its dataSource

是因为你的cell被调用的早了。先循环使用了cell,后又创建cell。顺序错了

可能原因:1、xib的cell没有注册 2、内存中已经有这个cell的缓存了(也就是说通过你的cellId找到的cell并不是你想要的类型),这时候需要改下cell的标识

5、cocoa pods报这个错误:unable to access ‘https://github.com/facebook/pop.git/': Operation timed out after 0 milliseconds with 0 out of 0 bytes received

解决办法:原因可能是网络问题,网络请求超时了,只需要重试就行了

6、cocoa pods 出现ERROR: While executing gem ... (Errno::EPERM)

解决办法:

https://segmentfault.com/q/1010000002926243

7、动画切换window的根控制器

// options是动画选项

[UIView transitionWithView:[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow duration:0.5f options:UIViewAnimationOptionTransitionCrossDissolve animations:^{

BOOL oldState = [UIView areAnimationsEnabled];

[UIView setAnimationsEnabled:NO];

[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow.rootViewController = [RootViewController new];

[UIView setAnimationsEnabled:oldState];

} completion:^(BOOL finished) {

}];

8、去除数组中重复的对象

NSArray *newArr = [oldArr valueForKeyPath:@“@distinctUnionOfObjects.self"];

9、编译的时候遇到 no such file or directory: /users/apple/XXX

是因为编译的时候,在此路径下找不到这个文件,解决这个问题,首先是是要检查缺少的文件是不是在工程中,如果不在工程中,需要从本地拖进去,如果发现已经存在工程中了,或者拖进去还是报错,这时候需要去build phases中搜索这个文件,这时候很可能会搜出现两个相同的文件,这时候,有一个路径是正确的,删除另外一个即可。如果删除了还是不行,需要把两个都删掉,然后重新往工程里拖进这个文件即可

10、iOS8系统中,tableView最好实现下-tableView: heightForRowAtIndexPath:这个代理方法,要不然在iOS8中可能就会出现显示不全或者无法响应事件的问题

11、iOS8中实现侧滑功能的时候这个方法必须实现,要不然在iOS8中无法侧滑

// 必须写的方法,和editActionsForRowAtIndexPath配对使用,里面什么不写也行

- (void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView commitEditingStyle:(UITableViewCellEditingStyle)editingStyle forRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath {

}

12、三个通知

NSSystemTimeZoneDidChangeNotification监听修改时间界面的两个按钮状态变化

UIApplicationSignificantTimeChangeNotification 监听用户改变时间 (只要点击自动设置按钮就会调用) NSSystemClockDidChangeNotification 监听用户修改时间(时间不同才会调用)

13、SDWebImage本地缓存有时候会害人。如果之前缓存过一张图片,即使下次服务器换了这张图片,但是图片url没换,用sdwebimage下载下来的还是以前那张,所以遇到这种问题,不要先去怼服务器,清空下缓存再试就好了。

14、上线前注意:

1、删掉代码中所有的测试代码

2、如果后台有审核模式,提醒后台开启此模式

3、主流程再跑一跑

4、全局搜索waring,检查所有标记waring的地方

15、跳进app权限设置

// 跳进app设置

if (UIApplicationOpenSettingsURLString != NULL) {

NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:UIApplicationOpenSettingsURLString];

[[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:url];

}

}

16、给一个view截图

UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(view.bounds.size, YES, 0.0);

[view.layer renderInContext:UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()];

UIImage *img = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

17、开发中如果要动态修改tableView的tableHeaderView或者tableFooterView的高度,需要给tableView重新设置,而不是直接更改高度。正确的做法是重新设置一下tableView.tableFooterView = 更改过高度的view。为什么?其实在iOS8以上直接改高度是没有问题的,在iOS8中出现了contentSize不准确的问题,这是解决办法。

18、注意对象为nil的时候,调用此对象分类的方法不会执行

19、collectionView的内容小于其宽高的时候是不能滚动的,设置可以滚动:

collectionView.alwaysBounceHorizontal = YES;

collectionView.alwaysBounceVertical = YES;

20、设置navigationBar上的title颜色和大小

[self.navigationController.navigationBar setTitleTextAttributes:@{NSForegroundColorAttributeName : [UIColor youColor], NSFontAttributeName : [UIFont systemFontOfSize:15]}]

21、颜色转图片

+ (UIImage *)cl_imageWithColor:(UIColor *)color {

CGRect rect = CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f);

UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(rect.size);

CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

CGContextSetFillColorWithColor(context, [color CGColor]);

CGContextFillRect(context, rect);

UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

return image;

}

22、view设置圆角

#define ViewBorderRadius(View, Radius, Width, Color)\

\

[View.layer setCornerRadius:(Radius)];\

[View.layer setMasksToBounds:YES];\

[View.layer setBorderWidth:(Width)];\

[View.layer setBorderColor:[Color CGColor]] // view圆角

23、强/弱引用

#define WeakSelf(type)  __weak typeof(type) weak##type = type; // weak

#define StrongSelf(type)  __strong typeof(type) type = weak##type; // strong

24、由角度转换弧度

#define DegreesToRadian(x) (M_PI * (x) / 180.0)

25、由弧度转换角度

#define RadianToDegrees(radian) (radian*180.0)/(M_PI)

26、获取图片资源

#define GetImage(imageName) [UIImage imageNamed:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@",imageName]]

27、获取temp

#define PathTemp NSTemporaryDirectory()

28、获取沙盒 Document

#define PathDocument [NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES) firstObject]

29、获取沙盒 Cache

#define PathCache [NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSCachesDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES) firstObject]

30、GCD代码只执行一次

#define kDISPATCH_ONCE_BLOCK(onceBlock) static dispatch_once_t onceToken; dispatch_once(&onceToken, onceBlock);

31、自定义NSLog

#ifdef DEBUG

#define NSLog(fmt, ...) NSLog((@"%s [Line %d] " fmt), __PRETTY_FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__)

#else

#define NSLog(...)

#endif

32、Font

#define FontL(s)            [UIFont systemFontOfSize:s weight:UIFontWeightLight]

#define FontR(s)            [UIFont systemFontOfSize:s weight:UIFontWeightRegular]

#define FontB(s)            [UIFont systemFontOfSize:s weight:UIFontWeightBold]

#define FontT(s)            [UIFont systemFontOfSize:s weight:UIFontWeightThin]

#define Font(s)              FontL(s)

33、FORMAT

#define FORMAT(f, ...)      [NSString stringWithFormat:f, ## __VA_ARGS__]

34、在主线程上运行

#define kDISPATCH_MAIN_THREAD(mainQueueBlock) dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), mainQueueBlock);

35、开启异步线程

#define kDISPATCH_GLOBAL_QUEUE_DEFAULT(globalQueueBlock) dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), globalQueueBlocl);

36、通知

#define NOTIF_ADD(n, f)    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(f) name:n object:nil]

#define NOTIF_POST(n, o)    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] postNotificationName:n object:o]

#define NOTIF_REMV()        [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self]

37、随机颜色

+ (UIColor *)RandomColor {

NSInteger aRedValue = arc4random() % 255;

NSInteger aGreenValue = arc4random() % 255;

NSInteger aBlueValue = arc4random() % 255;

UIColor *randColor = [UIColor colorWithRed:aRedValue / 255.0f green:aGreenValue / 255.0f blue:aBlueValue / 255.0f alpha:1.0f];

return randColor;

}

38、获取window

+(UIWindow*)getWindow {

UIWindow* win = nil; //[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow;

for (id item in [UIApplication sharedApplication].windows) {

if ([item class] == [UIWindow class]) {

if (!((UIWindow*)item).hidden) {

win = item;

break;

}

}

}

return win;

}

39、修改textField的placeholder的字体颜色、大小

[textField setValue:[UIColor redColor] forKeyPath:@"_placeholderLabel.textColor"];

[textField setValue:[UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:16] forKeyPath:@"_placeholderLabel.font"];

40、统一收起键盘

[[[UIApplication sharedApplication] keyWindow] endEditing:YES];

41、控制屏幕旋转,在控制器中写

/** 是否支持自动转屏 */

- (BOOL)shouldAutorotate {

return YES;

}

/** 支持哪些屏幕方向 */

- (UIInterfaceOrientationMask)supportedInterfaceOrientations {

return UIInterfaceOrientationMaskLandscapeLeft | UIInterfaceOrientationMaskLandscapeRight;

}

/** 默认的屏幕方向(当前ViewController必须是通过模态出来的UIViewController(模态带导航的无效)方式展现出来的,才会调用这个方法) */

- (UIInterfaceOrientation)preferredInterfaceOrientationForPresentation {

return UIInterfaceOrientationLandscapeLeft | UIInterfaceOrientationLandscapeRight;

}

42、获取app缓存大小

- (CGFloat)getCachSize {

NSUInteger imageCacheSize = [[SDImageCache sharedImageCache] getSize];

//获取自定义缓存大小

//用枚举器遍历 一个文件夹的内容

//1.获取 文件夹枚举器

NSString *myCachePath = [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Library/Caches"];

NSDirectoryEnumerator *enumerator = [[NSFileManager defaultManager] enumeratorAtPath:myCachePath];

__block NSUInteger count = 0;

//2.遍历

for (NSString *fileName in enumerator) {

NSString *path = [myCachePath stringByAppendingPathComponent:fileName];

NSDictionary *fileDict = [[NSFileManager defaultManager] attributesOfItemAtPath:path error:nil];

count += fileDict.fileSize;//自定义所有缓存大小

}

// 得到是字节  转化为M

CGFloat totalSize = ((CGFloat)imageCacheSize+count)/1024/1024;

return totalSize;

}

43、清理app缓存

- (void)handleClearView {

//删除两部分

//1.删除 sd 图片缓存

//先清除内存中的图片缓存

[[SDImageCache sharedImageCache] clearMemory];

//清除磁盘的缓存

[[SDImageCache sharedImageCache] clearDisk];

//2.删除自己缓存

NSString *myCachePath = [NSHomeDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"Library/Caches"];

[[NSFileManager defaultManager] removeItemAtPath:myCachePath error:nil];

}

44、模型转字典

static NSSet *classes;

- (NSMutableDictionary *)getParameterDictionary {

NSMutableDictionary *dict = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary];

Class c = self.class;

while (c) {

unsigned count;

objc_property_t *properties = class_copyPropertyList([c class], &count);

for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {

NSString *key = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:property_getName(properties[i])];

dict[key] = [self valueForKey:key];

}

free(properties);

// 获得父类

c = class_getSuperclass(c);

if ([self isClassFromFoundation:c]) break;

}

return dict;

}

- (BOOL)isClassFromFoundation:(Class)c

{

if (c == [NSObject class] || c == [NSManagedObject class]) return YES;

__block BOOL result = NO;

[[self foundationClasses] enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:^(Class foundationClass, BOOL *stop) {

if ([c isSubclassOfClass:foundationClass]) {

result = YES;

*stop = YES;

}

}];

return result;

}

- (NSSet *)foundationClasses

{

if (classes == nil) {

// 集合中没有NSObject,因为几乎所有的类都是继承自NSObject,具体是不是NSObject需要特殊判断

classes = [NSSet setWithObjects:

[NSURL class],

[NSDate class],

[NSValue class],

[NSData class],

[NSError class],

[NSArray class],

[NSDictionary class],

[NSString class],

[NSAttributedString class], nil];

}

return classes;

}

45、交换两个方法实现

Class aClass = [self class];

SEL originalSelector = @selector(viewWillAppear:);

SEL swizzledSelector = @selector(xxx_viewWillAppear:);

Method originalMethod = class_getInstanceMethod(aClass, originalSelector);

Method swizzledMethod = class_getInstanceMethod(aClass, swizzledSelector);

BOOL didAddMethod =

class_addMethod(aClass,

originalSelector,

method_getImplementation(swizzledMethod),

method_getTypeEncoding(swizzledMethod));

if (didAddMethod) {

class_replaceMethod(aClass,

swizzledSelector,

method_getImplementation(originalMethod),

method_getTypeEncoding(originalMethod));

} else {

method_exchangeImplementations(originalMethod, swizzledMethod);

}

46、打印百分号和引号

NSLog(@"%%");

NSLog(@"\"");

47、几个常用权限判断

if ([CLLocationManager authorizationStatus] ==kCLAuthorizationStatusDenied) {

NSLog(@"没有定位权限");

}

AVAuthorizationStatus statusVideo = [AVCaptureDevice authorizationStatusForMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo];

if (statusVideo == AVAuthorizationStatusDenied) {

NSLog(@"没有摄像头权限");

}

//是否有麦克风权限

AVAuthorizationStatus statusAudio = [AVCaptureDevice authorizationStatusForMediaType:AVMediaTypeAudio];

if (statusAudio == AVAuthorizationStatusDenied) {

NSLog(@"没有录音权限");

}

[PHPhotoLibrary requestAuthorization:^(PHAuthorizationStatus status) {

if (status == PHAuthorizationStatusDenied) {

NSLog(@"没有相册权限");

}

}];

48、获取手机型号

+ (NSString *)getDeviceInfo {

struct utsname systemInfo;

uname(&systemInfo);

NSString *platform = [NSString stringWithCString:systemInfo.machine encoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone1,1"]) return @"iPhone 2G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone1,2"]) return @"iPhone 3G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone2,1"]) return @"iPhone 3GS";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone3,1"]) return @"iPhone 4";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone3,2"]) return @"iPhone 4";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone3,3"]) return @"iPhone 4";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone4,1"]) return @"iPhone 4S";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone5,1"]) return @"iPhone 5";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone5,2"]) return @"iPhone 5";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone5,3"]) return @"iPhone 5c";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone5,4"]) return @"iPhone 5c";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone6,1"]) return @"iPhone 5s";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone6,2"]) return @"iPhone 5s";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone7,1"]) return @"iPhone 6 Plus";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone7,2"]) return @"iPhone 6";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone8,1"]) return @"iPhone 6s";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone8,2"]) return @"iPhone 6s Plus";

// 日行两款手机型号均为日本独占,可能使用索尼FeliCa支付方案而不是苹果支付

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone9,1"])    return @"国行、日版、港行iPhone 7";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone9,2"])    return @"港行、国行iPhone 7 Plus";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone9,3"])    return @"美版、台版iPhone 7";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone9,4"])    return @"美版、台版iPhone 7 Plus";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPhone8,4"]) return @"iPhone SE";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPod1,1"]) return @"iPod Touch 1G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPod2,1"]) return @"iPod Touch 2G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPod3,1"]) return @"iPod Touch 3G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPod4,1"]) return @"iPod Touch 4G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPod5,1"]) return @"iPod Touch 5G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad1,1"]) return @"iPad 1G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,1"]) return @"iPad 2";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,2"]) return @"iPad 2";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,3"]) return @"iPad 2";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,4"]) return @"iPad 2";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,5"]) return @"iPad Mini 1G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,6"]) return @"iPad Mini 1G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad2,7"]) return @"iPad Mini 1G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad3,1"]) return @"iPad 3";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad3,2"]) return @"iPad 3";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad3,3"]) return @"iPad 3";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad3,4"]) return @"iPad 4";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad3,5"]) return @"iPad 4";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad3,6"]) return @"iPad 4";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad4,1"]) return @"iPad Air";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad4,2"]) return @"iPad Air";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad4,3"]) return @"iPad Air";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad4,4"]) return @"iPad Mini 2G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad4,5"]) return @"iPad Mini 2G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"iPad4,6"]) return @"iPad Mini 2G";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"i386"]) return @"iPhone Simulator";

if ([platform isEqualToString:@"x86_64"]) return @"iPhone Simulator";

return platform;

}

49、长按复制功能

- (void)viewDidLoad{

[self.view addGestureRecognizer:[[UILongPressGestureRecognizer alloc] initWithTarget:self action:@selector(pasteBoard:)]];

}

- (void)pasteBoard:(UILongPressGestureRecognizer *)longPress {

if (longPress.state == UIGestureRecognizerStateBegan) {

UIPasteboard *pasteboard = [UIPasteboard generalPasteboard];

pasteboard.string = @"需要复制的文本";

}

}

50、cocoapods升级

在终端执行 sudo gem install -n / usr / local / bin cocoapods --pre

51、设置启动页后,依然显示之前的

删除app,手机重启,重新安装

52、判断图片类型

//通过图片Data数据第一个字节 来获取图片扩展名

- (NSString *)contentTypeForImageData:(NSData *)data

{

uint8_t c;

[data getBytes:&c length:1];

switch (c)

{

case 0xFF:

return @"jpeg";

case 0x89:

return @"png";

case 0x47:

return @"gif";

case 0x49:

case 0x4D:

return @"tiff";

case 0x52:

if ([data length] < 12) {

return nil;

}

NSString *testString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:[data subdataWithRange:NSMakeRange(0, 12)] encoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding];

if ([testString hasPrefix:@"RIFF"]

&& [testString hasSuffix:@"WEBP"])

{

return @"webp";

}

return nil;

}

return nil;

}

53、获取手机和app信息

NSDictionary *infoDictionary = [[NSBundle mainBundle] infoDictionary];

CFShow(infoDictionary);

// app名称

NSString *app_Name = [infoDictionary objectForKey:@"CFBundleDisplayName"];

// app版本

NSString *app_Version = [infoDictionary objectForKey:@"CFBundleShortVersionString"];

// app build版本

NSString *app_build = [infoDictionary objectForKey:@"CFBundleVersion"];

//手机序列号

NSString* identifierNumber = [[UIDevice currentDevice] uniqueIdentifier];

NSLog(@"手机序列号: %@",identifierNumber);

//手机别名: 用户定义的名称

NSString* userPhoneName = [[UIDevice currentDevice] name];

NSLog(@"手机别名: %@", userPhoneName);

//设备名称

NSString* deviceName = [[UIDevice currentDevice] systemName];

NSLog(@"设备名称: %@",deviceName );

//手机系统版本

NSString* phoneVersion = [[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion];

NSLog(@"手机系统版本: %@", phoneVersion);

//手机型号

NSString* phoneModel = [[UIDevice currentDevice] model];

NSLog(@"手机型号: %@",phoneModel );

//地方型号  (国际化区域名称)

NSString* localPhoneModel = [[UIDevice currentDevice] localizedModel];

NSLog(@"国际化区域名称: %@",localPhoneModel );

NSDictionary *infoDictionary = [[NSBundle mainBundle] infoDictionary];

// 当前应用名称

NSString *appCurName = [infoDictionary objectForKey:@"CFBundleDisplayName"];

NSLog(@"当前应用名称:%@",appCurName);

// 当前应用软件版本  比如:1.0.1

NSString *appCurVersion = [infoDictionary objectForKey:@"CFBundleShortVersionString"];

NSLog(@"当前应用软件版本:%@",appCurVersion);

// 当前应用版本号码  int类型

NSString *appCurVersionNum = [infoDictionary objectForKey:@"CFBundleVersion"];

NSLog(@"当前应用版本号码:%@",appCurVersionNum);

54、获取一个类的所有属性

id LenderClass = objc_getClass("Lender");

unsigned int outCount, i;

objc_property_t *properties = class_copyPropertyList(LenderClass, &outCount);

for (i = 0; i < outCount; i++) {

objc_property_t property = properties[i];

fprintf(stdout, "%s %s\n", property_getName(property), property_getAttributes(property));

}

55、image圆角

- (UIImage *)circleImage

{

// NO代表透明

UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(self.size, NO, 1);

// 获得上下文

CGContextRef ctx = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

// 添加一个圆

CGRect rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.size.width, self.size.height);

// 方形变圆形

CGContextAddEllipseInRect(ctx, rect);

// 裁剪

CGContextClip(ctx);

// 将图片画上去

[self drawInRect:rect];

UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

return image;

}

56、image拉伸

+ (UIImage *)resizableImage:(NSString *)imageName

{

UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:imageName];

CGFloat imageW = image.size.width;

CGFloat imageH = image.size.height;

return [image resizableImageWithCapInsets:UIEdgeInsetsMake(imageH * 0.5, imageW * 0.5, imageH * 0.5, imageW * 0.5) resizingMode:UIImageResizingModeStretch];

}

57、JSON字符串转字典

+ (NSDictionary *)parseJSONStringToNSDictionary:(NSString *)JSONString {

NSData *JSONData = [JSONString dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

NSDictionary *responseJSON = [NSJSONSerialization JSONObjectWithData:JSONData options:NSJSONReadingMutableLeaves error:nil];

return responseJSON;

}

58、身份证号验证

- (BOOL)validateIdentityCard {

BOOL flag;

if (self.length <= 0) {

flag = NO;

return flag;

}

NSString *regex2 = @"^(\\d{14}|\\d{17})(\\d|[xX])$";

NSPredicate *identityCardPredicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@",regex2];

return [identityCardPredicate evaluateWithObject:self];

}

59、获取设备mac地址

+ (NSString *)macAddress {

int                mib[6];

size_t              len;

char                *buf;

unsigned char      *ptr;

struct if_msghdr    *ifm;

struct sockaddr_dl  *sdl;

mib[0] = CTL_NET;

mib[1] = AF_ROUTE;

mib[2] = 0;

mib[3] = AF_LINK;

mib[4] = NET_RT_IFLIST;

if((mib[5] = if_nametoindex("en0")) == 0) {

printf("Error: if_nametoindex error\n");

return NULL;

}

if(sysctl(mib, 6, NULL, &len, NULL, 0) < 0) {

printf("Error: sysctl, take 1\n");

return NULL;

}

if((buf = malloc(len)) == NULL) {

printf("Could not allocate memory. Rrror!\n");

return NULL;

}

if(sysctl(mib, 6, buf, &len, NULL, 0) < 0) {

printf("Error: sysctl, take 2");

return NULL;

}

ifm = (struct if_msghdr *)buf;

sdl = (struct sockaddr_dl *)(ifm + 1);

ptr = (unsigned char *)LLADDR(sdl);

NSString *outstring = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"X:X:X:X:X:X",

*ptr, *(ptr+1), *(ptr+2), *(ptr+3), *(ptr+4), *(ptr+5)];

free(buf);

return outstring;

}

60、导入自定义字体库

1、找到你想用的字体的 ttf 格式,拖入工程

2、在工程的plist中增加一行数组,“Fonts provided by application”

3、为这个key添加一个item,value为你刚才导入的ttf文件名

4、直接使用即可:label.font = [UIFont fontWithName:@"你刚才导入的ttf文件名" size:20.0];

61、拿到当前正在显示的控制器,不管是push进去的,还是present进去的都能拿到

- (UIViewController *)getVisibleViewControllerFrom:(UIViewController*)vc {

if ([vc isKindOfClass:[UINavigationController class]]) {

return [self getVisibleViewControllerFrom:[((UINavigationController*) vc) visibleViewController]];

}else if ([vc isKindOfClass:[UITabBarController class]]){

return [self getVisibleViewControllerFrom:[((UITabBarController*) vc) selectedViewController]];

} else {

if (vc.presentedViewController) {

return [self getVisibleViewControllerFrom:vc.presentedViewController];

} else {

return vc;

}

}

}

62、runtime为一个类动态添加属性

// 动态添加属性的本质是: 让对象的某个属性与值产生关联

objc_setAssociatedObject(self, WZBPlaceholderViewKey, placeholderView, OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC);

63、获取runtime为一个类动态添加的属性

objc_getAssociatedObject(self, WZBPlaceholderViewKey);

64、KVO监听某个对象的属性

// 添加监听者

[self addObserver:self forKeyPath:property options:NSKeyValueObservingOptionNew context:nil];

// 当监听的属性值变化的时候会来到这个方法

- (void)observeValueForKeyPath:(NSString *)keyPath ofObject:(id)object change:(NSDictionary *)change context:(void *)context {

if ([keyPath isEqualToString:@"property"]) {

[self textViewTextChange];

} else {

}

}

65、Reachability判断网络状态

NetworkStatus status = [[Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection] currentReachabilityStatus];

if (status == NotReachable) {

NSLog(@"当前设备无网络");

}

if (status == ReachableViaWiFi) {

NSLog(@"当前wifi网络");

}

if (status == NotReachable) {

NSLog(@"当前蜂窝移动网络");

}

66、AFNetworking监听网络状态

// 监听网络状况

AFNetworkReachabilityManager *mgr = [AFNetworkReachabilityManager sharedManager];

[mgr setReachabilityStatusChangeBlock:^(AFNetworkReachabilityStatus status) {

switch (status) {

case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusUnknown:

break;

case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusNotReachable: {

[SVProgressHUD showInfoWithStatus:@"当前设备无网络"];

}

break;

case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWiFi:

[SVProgressHUD showInfoWithStatus:@"当前Wi-Fi网络"];

break;

case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWWAN:

[SVProgressHUD showInfoWithStatus:@"当前蜂窝移动网络"];

break;

default:

break;

}

}];

[mgr startMonitoring];

67、透明颜色不影响子视图透明度

[UIColor colorWithRed: green: blue: alpha:];

68、取图片某一点的颜色

if (point.x < 0 || point.y < 0) return nil;

CGImageRef imageRef = self.CGImage;

NSUInteger width = CGImageGetWidth(imageRef);

NSUInteger height = CGImageGetHeight(imageRef);

if (point.x >= width || point.y >= height) return nil;

unsigned char *rawData = malloc(height * width * 4);

if (!rawData) return nil;

CGColorSpaceRef colorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();

NSUInteger bytesPerPixel = 4;

NSUInteger bytesPerRow = bytesPerPixel * width;

NSUInteger bitsPerComponent = 8;

CGContextRef context = CGBitmapContextCreate(rawData,

width,

height,

bitsPerComponent,

bytesPerRow,

colorSpace,

kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedLast

| kCGBitmapByteOrder32Big);

if (!context) {

free(rawData);

return nil;

}

CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpace);

CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0, 0, width, height), imageRef);

CGContextRelease(context);

int byteIndex = (bytesPerRow * point.y) + point.x * bytesPerPixel;

CGFloat red  = (rawData[byteIndex]    * 1.0) / 255.0;

CGFloat green = (rawData[byteIndex + 1] * 1.0) / 255.0;

CGFloat blue  = (rawData[byteIndex + 2] * 1.0) / 255.0;

CGFloat alpha = (rawData[byteIndex + 3] * 1.0) / 255.0;

UIColor *result = nil;

result = [UIColor colorWithRed:red green:green blue:blue alpha:alpha];

free(rawData);

return result;

69、判断该图片是否有透明度通道

- (BOOL)hasAlphaChannel

{

CGImageAlphaInfo alpha = CGImageGetAlphaInfo(self.CGImage);

return (alpha == kCGImageAlphaFirst ||

alpha == kCGImageAlphaLast ||

alpha == kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedFirst ||

alpha == kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedLast);

}

70、获得灰度图

+ (UIImage*)covertToGrayImageFromImage:(UIImage*)sourceImage

{

int width = sourceImage.size.width;

int height = sourceImage.size.height;

CGColorSpaceRef colorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceGray();

CGContextRef context = CGBitmapContextCreate (nil,width,height,8,0,colorSpace,kCGImageAlphaNone);

CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpace);

if (context == NULL) {

return nil;

}

CGContextDrawImage(context,CGRectMake(0, 0, width, height), sourceImage.CGImage);

CGImageRef contextRef = CGBitmapContextCreateImage(context);

UIImage *grayImage = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:contextRef];

CGContextRelease(context);

CGImageRelease(contextRef);

return grayImage;

}

71、根据bundle中的文件名读取图片

+ (UIImage *)imageWithFileName:(NSString *)name {

NSString *extension = @"png";

NSArray *components = [name componentsSeparatedByString:@"."];

if ([components count] >= 2) {

NSUInteger lastIndex = components.count - 1;

extension = [components objectAtIndex:lastIndex];

name = [name substringToIndex:(name.length-(extension.length+1))];

}

// 如果为Retina屏幕且存在对应图片,则返回Retina图片,否则查找普通图片

if ([UIScreen mainScreen].scale == 2.0) {

name = [name stringByAppendingString:@"@2x"];

NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:name ofType:extension];

if (path != nil) {

return [UIImage imageWithContentsOfFile:path];

}

}

if ([UIScreen mainScreen].scale == 3.0) {

name = [name stringByAppendingString:@"@3x"];

NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:name ofType:extension];

if (path != nil) {

return [UIImage imageWithContentsOfFile:path];

}

}

NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:name ofType:extension];

if (path) {

return [UIImage imageWithContentsOfFile:path];

}

return nil;

}

72、合并两个图片

+ (UIImage*)mergeImage:(UIImage*)firstImage withImage:(UIImage*)secondImage {

CGImageRef firstImageRef = firstImage.CGImage;

CGFloat firstWidth = CGImageGetWidth(firstImageRef);

CGFloat firstHeight = CGImageGetHeight(firstImageRef);

CGImageRef secondImageRef = secondImage.CGImage;

CGFloat secondWidth = CGImageGetWidth(secondImageRef);

CGFloat secondHeight = CGImageGetHeight(secondImageRef);

CGSize mergedSize = CGSizeMake(MAX(firstWidth, secondWidth), MAX(firstHeight, secondHeight));

UIGraphicsBeginImageContext(mergedSize);

[firstImage drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, firstWidth, firstHeight)];

[secondImage drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, secondWidth, secondHeight)];

UIImage *image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

return image;

}

73、根据bundle中的图片名创建imageview

+ (id)imageViewWithImageNamed:(NSString*)imageName

{

return [[UIImageView alloc] initWithImage:[UIImage imageNamed:imageName]];

}

74、为imageView添加倒影

CGRect frame = self.frame;

frame.origin.y += (frame.size.height + 1);

UIImageView *reflectionImageView = [[UIImageView alloc] initWithFrame:frame];

self.clipsToBounds = TRUE;

reflectionImageView.contentMode = self.contentMode;

[reflectionImageView setImage:self.image];

reflectionImageView.transform = CGAffineTransformMakeScale(1.0, -1.0);

CALayer *reflectionLayer = [reflectionImageView layer];

CAGradientLayer *gradientLayer = [CAGradientLayer layer];

gradientLayer.bounds = reflectionLayer.bounds;

gradientLayer.position = CGPointMake(reflectionLayer.bounds.size.width / 2, reflectionLayer.bounds.size.height * 0.5);

gradientLayer.colors = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:

(id)[[UIColor clearColor] CGColor],

(id)[[UIColor colorWithRed:1.0 green:1.0 blue:1.0 alpha:0.3] CGColor], nil];

gradientLayer.startPoint = CGPointMake(0.5,0.5);

gradientLayer.endPoint = CGPointMake(0.5,1.0);

reflectionLayer.mask = gradientLayer;

[self.superview addSubview:reflectionImageView];

75、画水印

// 画水印

- (void) setImage:(UIImage *)image withWaterMark:(UIImage *)mark inRect:(CGRect)rect

{

if ([[[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion] floatValue] >= 4.0)

{

UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(self.frame.size, NO, 0.0);

}

//原图

[image drawInRect:self.bounds];

//水印图

[mark drawInRect:rect];

UIImage *newPic = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

UIGraphicsEndImageContext();

self.image = newPic;

}

76、让label的文字内容显示在左上/右上/左下/右下/中心顶/中心底部

自定义UILabel

// 重写label的textRectForBounds方法

- (CGRect)textRectForBounds:(CGRect)bounds limitedToNumberOfLines:(NSInteger)numberOfLines {

CGRect rect = [super textRectForBounds:bounds limitedToNumberOfLines:numberOfLines];

switch (self.textAlignmentType) {

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeLeftTop: {

rect.origin = bounds.origin;

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeRightTop: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake(CGRectGetMaxX(bounds) - rect.size.width, bounds.origin.y);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeLeftBottom: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake(bounds.origin.x, CGRectGetMaxY(bounds) - rect.size.height);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeRightBottom: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake(CGRectGetMaxX(bounds) - rect.size.width, CGRectGetMaxY(bounds) - rect.size.height);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeTopCenter: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake((CGRectGetWidth(bounds) - CGRectGetWidth(rect)) / 2, CGRectGetMaxY(bounds) - rect.origin.y);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeBottomCenter: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake((CGRectGetWidth(bounds) - CGRectGetWidth(rect)) / 2, CGRectGetMaxY(bounds) - CGRectGetMaxY(bounds) - rect.size.height);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeLeft: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake(0, rect.origin.y);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeRight: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake(rect.origin.x, 0);

}

break;

case WZBTextAlignmentTypeCenter: {

rect.origin = CGPointMake((CGRectGetWidth(bounds) - CGRectGetWidth(rect)) / 2, (CGRectGetHeight(bounds) - CGRectGetHeight(rect)) / 2);

}

break;

default:

break;

}

return rect;

}

- (void)drawTextInRect:(CGRect)rect {

CGRect textRect = [self textRectForBounds:rect limitedToNumberOfLines:self.numberOfLines];

[super drawTextInRect:textRect];

}

77、scrollView上的输入框,键盘挡住的问题

推荐用IQKeyboardManager这个框架!

手动解决如下

1、监听键盘弹出/消失的通知

2、在通知中加入代码:

NSDictionary* info = [aNotification userInfo];

CGRect keyPadFrame=[[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow convertRect:[[info objectForKey:UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] CGRectValue] fromView:self.view];

CGSize kbSize =keyPadFrame.size;

CGRect activeRect=[self.view convertRect:activeField.frame fromView:activeField.superview];

CGRect aRect = self.view.bounds;

aRect.size.height -= (kbSize.height);

CGPoint origin =  activeRect.origin;

origin.y -= backScrollView.contentOffset.y;

if (!CGRectContainsPoint(aRect, origin)) {

CGPoint scrollPoint = CGPointMake(0.0,CGRectGetMaxY(activeRect)-(aRect.size.height));

[backScrollView setContentOffset:scrollPoint animated:YES];

}

78、frame布局的cell动态高度

这种通常在你的模型中添加一个辅助属性cellHeight,在模型中重写这个属性的get方法,根据你的布局和模型中的其他属性值计算出总高度。最后在tableView:heightForRow方法中,根据indexPath找出对应的模型,返回这个高度即可。

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