2017.10.16

1.extract

①V-T To extract a substance means to obtain it from something else, for example, by using industrial or chemical processes. 提炼; 提取

...the traditional method of pick and shovel to extract coal.

…用锄和铲采煤的传统方法。

Citric acid can be extracted from the juice of oranges, lemons, limes or grapefruit.

柠檬酸可以从橙汁、柠檬汁、酸橙汁或柚子汁中提取。

②V-T If you extract something from a place, you take it out or pull it out. 取出

He extracted a small notebook from his hip pocket.

他从臀后口袋拿出了一本小笔记簿。

③V-T When a dentist extracts a tooth, they remove it from the patient's mouth. 拔 (牙)

A dentist may decide to extract the tooth to prevent recurrent trouble.

牙医可能会决定拔掉这颗牙,以防复发。

④V-T If you say that someone extracts something, you disapprove of them because they take it for themselves to gain an advantage. 谋取表不满

He sought to extract the maximum political advantage from the cut in interest rates.

他力图从利息削减中谋取最大的政治利益。

④V-T If you extract information or a response from someone, you get it from them with difficulty, because they are unwilling to say or do what you want. 探取 (消息、反映)

He made the mistake of trying to extract further information from our director.

他犯了想从我们主任那里探取进一步信息的错误。

⑤V-T If you extract a particular piece of information, you obtain it from a larger amount or source of information. 摘取 (信息)

I've simply extracted a few figures.

我只是摘取了一些数据。

Britain's trade figures can no longer be extracted from export-and-import documentation at ports.

英国的贸易数字再也不能从各港口的进出口文件中摘取了。

⑥V-T PASSIVE If part of a book or text is extracted from a particular book, it is printed or published. (从书中) 摘录

This material has been extracted from "Collins Good Wood Handbook."

该资料摘自《柯林斯良木手册》。

⑦N-COUNT An extract from a book or piece of writing is a small part of it that is printed or published separately. 摘录; 选段

Read this extract from an information booklet about the work of an airline cabin crew.

阅读这个航空公司机务员工作信息手册的选段。⑧N-MASS Extract is a very concentrated liquid that is used for flavouring food or for its smell. 高浓缩汁液

Blend in the vanilla extract, lemon peel, and walnuts.

调和香草精、柠檬皮和核桃。

2.fraud

①N-VAR Fraud is the crime of gaining money or financial benefits by a trick or by lying. 诈骗罪

He was jailed for two years for fraud and deception.

他因诈骗与欺诈被监禁了两年。

②N-COUNT A fraud is something or someone that deceives people in a way that is illegal or dishonest. 骗人的东西; 骗子

He's a fraud and a cheat.

他是一个骗子。

3.hamper

①V-T If someone or something hampers you, they make it difficult for you to do what you are trying to do. 妨碍

The bad weather hampered rescue operations.

恶劣的天气阻碍了救助行动。

②N-COUNT A hamper is a basket containing food of various kinds that is given to people as a present. 礼品大篮子

...a luxury food hamper.

…一个豪华的食物礼品篮。

③N-COUNT A hamper is a storage container for soiled laundry. 洗衣篮

He tossed his damp towel into the laundry hamper.

他把湿毛巾抛入洗衣篮里。

4.impart

①V-T If you impart information to people, you tell it to them. 传授; 告知

The ability to impart knowledge and command respect is the essential qualification for teachers.

传授知识并博得尊敬的能力对老师们来说是基本的条件。

②V-T To impart a particular quality to something means to give it that quality. 给予 (特定品质)

She managed to impart great elegance to the unpretentious dress she was wearing.

她努力为自己朴素的衣着增添几分优雅。

5.incentive

N-VAR If something is an incentive to do something, it encourages you to do it. 鼓励

There is little or no incentive to adopt such measures.

几乎或根本没有鼓励来采取这样的措施。

6.incidentally

①ADV You use incidentally to introduce a point that is not directly relevant to what you are saying, often a question or extra information that you have just thought of. 顺便说及地

"I didn't ask you to come. Incidentally, why have you come?"

“我没有叫你来。顺便问一下,你为什么来呢?”

②ADV If something occurs only incidentally, it is less important than another thing or is not a major part of it. 附带地

The letter mentioned my great aunt and uncle only incidentally.

信里只是附带地提到我的叔祖母和叔祖父。

7.indignant

①ADJ If you are indignant, you are shocked and angry, because you think that something is unjust or unfair. 愤怒不平的

He is indignant at suggestions that they were secret agents.

他对关于他们是特务的暗示很愤慨。

He was indignant that his rival was offered the job.

他对他的对手得到了那份工作感到愤愤不平。

②ADV 愤怒地

"That is not true," Erica said indignantly.

“那不是真的,”埃丽卡气愤地说。

8.ingenious

ADJ Something that is ingenious is very clever and involves new ideas, methods, or equipment. 灵巧的; 新颖的

...a truly ingenious invention.

…一项的确新颖的发明。

9.instantaneous

①ADJ Something that is instantaneous happens immediately and very quickly. 即刻的

Death was not instantaneous because none of the bullets hit the heart.

因为没有一颗子弹射中心脏,所以没有即刻死亡。

②ADV 即刻地

Airbags inflate instantaneously on impact to form a cushion between the driver and the steering column.

安全气囊在碰撞时立刻膨胀,在司机和方向盘之间形成一个缓冲。

10.intelligible

ADJ Something that is intelligible can be understood. 容易理解的

The language of Darwin was intelligible to experts and non-experts alike.

达尔文的语言对专家和平常人来说都容易理解。

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