Neo4j系列-新手入门(二)

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1.下载与安装

1.1安装Java JDK

由于Neo4j是基于Java的图形数据库,运行Neo4j需要启动JVM进程,因此必须安装JAVA SE的JDK。配置 JDK环境,为以后能适应Springboot,请选择最低JDK1.8的环境。

1.2安装Neo4j Desktop(这可以理解为一个脚手架工具,非常方便便捷)

neo4j官网

选择download

下载完毕后正常安装
自行正常配置

2.Neo4j Graph Database创建及配置

2.1 Neo4j Desktop启动验证

此处主要验证JDK环境是否正确,以及数据库的加载

双击启动,进入环境验证

成功加载
成功加载

2.2利用Neo4j Desktop创建一个本地Neo4j 数据库

按照如下gif图操作创建


创建一个本地Neo4j 数据库

2.3 启动工程下Neo4j 数据库以及配置设置

点击启动之后,再点击“manage”进行当前数据库的属性配置管理


2.gif

2.3.1 简单属性说明

数据库详情

2.3.2 版本管理

版本管理

2.3.3 Open Folder

此处即为Neo4j 的安装位置,每创建一个本地graph Database 即创建一个Neo4j的数据库实例。
windows环境下默认在c盘,开发时需要保持空间大小。

程序员习惯了的目录结构

主要的目录结构:

  1. bin目录:用于存储Neo4j的可执行程序;
  2. conf目录:用于控制Neo4j启动的配置文件;
  3. data目录:用于存储核心数据库文件;
  4. plugins目录:用于存储Neo4j的插件;

后期对Neo4j优化和高级应用再进行详细说明。

2.4 web 操作页面

点击open brower

管理页面

2.5 一个小demo

利用自带的demo进行操作展示:

2.5.1 如图以下步骤创建原始的"节点"和"关系"

以下代码前期无需喜看,知道大体流程即可

CREATE (TheMatrix:Movie {title:'The Matrix', released:1999, tagline:'Welcome to the Real World'})
CREATE (Keanu:Person {name:'Keanu Reeves', born:1964})
CREATE (Carrie:Person {name:'Carrie-Anne Moss', born:1967})
CREATE (Laurence:Person {name:'Laurence Fishburne', born:1961})
CREATE (Hugo:Person {name:'Hugo Weaving', born:1960})
CREATE (LillyW:Person {name:'Lilly Wachowski', born:1967})
CREATE (LanaW:Person {name:'Lana Wachowski', born:1965})
CREATE (JoelS:Person {name:'Joel Silver', born:1952})
CREATE
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Neo']}]->(TheMatrix),
  (Carrie)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Trinity']}]->(TheMatrix),
  (Laurence)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Morpheus']}]->(TheMatrix),
  (Hugo)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Agent Smith']}]->(TheMatrix),
  (LillyW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrix),
  (LanaW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrix),
  (JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(TheMatrix)

CREATE (Emil:Person {name:"Emil Eifrem", born:1978})
CREATE (Emil)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:["Emil"]}]->(TheMatrix)

CREATE (TheMatrixReloaded:Movie {title:'The Matrix Reloaded', released:2003, tagline:'Free your mind'})
CREATE
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Neo']}]->(TheMatrixReloaded),
  (Carrie)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Trinity']}]->(TheMatrixReloaded),
  (Laurence)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Morpheus']}]->(TheMatrixReloaded),
  (Hugo)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Agent Smith']}]->(TheMatrixReloaded),
  (LillyW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrixReloaded),
  (LanaW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrixReloaded),
  (JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(TheMatrixReloaded)

CREATE (TheMatrixRevolutions:Movie {title:'The Matrix Revolutions', released:2003, tagline:'Everything that has a beginning has an end'})
CREATE
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Neo']}]->(TheMatrixRevolutions),
  (Carrie)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Trinity']}]->(TheMatrixRevolutions),
  (Laurence)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Morpheus']}]->(TheMatrixRevolutions),
  (Hugo)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Agent Smith']}]->(TheMatrixRevolutions),
  (LillyW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrixRevolutions),
  (LanaW)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheMatrixRevolutions),
  (JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(TheMatrixRevolutions)

CREATE (TheDevilsAdvocate:Movie {title:"The Devil's Advocate", released:1997, tagline:'Evil has its winning ways'})
CREATE (Charlize:Person {name:'Charlize Theron', born:1975})
CREATE (Al:Person {name:'Al Pacino', born:1940})
CREATE (Taylor:Person {name:'Taylor Hackford', born:1944})
CREATE
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Kevin Lomax']}]->(TheDevilsAdvocate),
  (Charlize)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Mary Ann Lomax']}]->(TheDevilsAdvocate),
  (Al)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['John Milton']}]->(TheDevilsAdvocate),
  (Taylor)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheDevilsAdvocate)

CREATE (AFewGoodMen:Movie {title:"A Few Good Men", released:1992, tagline:"In the heart of the nation's capital, in a courthouse of the U.S. government, one man will stop at nothing to keep his honor, and one will stop at nothing to find the truth."})
CREATE (TomC:Person {name:'Tom Cruise', born:1962})
CREATE (JackN:Person {name:'Jack Nicholson', born:1937})
CREATE (DemiM:Person {name:'Demi Moore', born:1962})
CREATE (KevinB:Person {name:'Kevin Bacon', born:1958})
CREATE (KieferS:Person {name:'Kiefer Sutherland', born:1966})
CREATE (NoahW:Person {name:'Noah Wyle', born:1971})
CREATE (CubaG:Person {name:'Cuba Gooding Jr.', born:1968})
CREATE (KevinP:Person {name:'Kevin Pollak', born:1957})
CREATE (JTW:Person {name:'J.T. Walsh', born:1943})
CREATE (JamesM:Person {name:'James Marshall', born:1967})
CREATE (ChristopherG:Person {name:'Christopher Guest', born:1948})
CREATE (RobR:Person {name:'Rob Reiner', born:1947})
CREATE (AaronS:Person {name:'Aaron Sorkin', born:1961})
CREATE
  (TomC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Lt. Daniel Kaffee']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (JackN)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Col. Nathan R. Jessup']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (DemiM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Lt. Cdr. JoAnne Galloway']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (KevinB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Capt. Jack Ross']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (KieferS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Lt. Jonathan Kendrick']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (NoahW)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Cpl. Jeffrey Barnes']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (CubaG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Cpl. Carl Hammaker']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (KevinP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Lt. Sam Weinberg']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (JTW)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Lt. Col. Matthew Andrew Markinson']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (JamesM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Pfc. Louden Downey']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (ChristopherG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dr. Stone']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (AaronS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Man in Bar']}]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (RobR)-[:DIRECTED]->(AFewGoodMen),
  (AaronS)-[:WROTE]->(AFewGoodMen)

CREATE (TopGun:Movie {title:"Top Gun", released:1986, tagline:'I feel the need, the need for speed.'})
CREATE (KellyM:Person {name:'Kelly McGillis', born:1957})
CREATE (ValK:Person {name:'Val Kilmer', born:1959})
CREATE (AnthonyE:Person {name:'Anthony Edwards', born:1962})
CREATE (TomS:Person {name:'Tom Skerritt', born:1933})
CREATE (MegR:Person {name:'Meg Ryan', born:1961})
CREATE (TonyS:Person {name:'Tony Scott', born:1944})
CREATE (JimC:Person {name:'Jim Cash', born:1941})
CREATE
  (TomC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Maverick']}]->(TopGun),
  (KellyM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Charlie']}]->(TopGun),
  (ValK)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Iceman']}]->(TopGun),
  (AnthonyE)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Goose']}]->(TopGun),
  (TomS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Viper']}]->(TopGun),
  (MegR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Carole']}]->(TopGun),
  (TonyS)-[:DIRECTED]->(TopGun),
  (JimC)-[:WROTE]->(TopGun)

CREATE (JerryMaguire:Movie {title:'Jerry Maguire', released:2000, tagline:'The rest of his life begins now.'})
CREATE (ReneeZ:Person {name:'Renee Zellweger', born:1969})
CREATE (KellyP:Person {name:'Kelly Preston', born:1962})
CREATE (JerryO:Person {name:"Jerry O'Connell", born:1974})
CREATE (JayM:Person {name:'Jay Mohr', born:1970})
CREATE (BonnieH:Person {name:'Bonnie Hunt', born:1961})
CREATE (ReginaK:Person {name:'Regina King', born:1971})
CREATE (JonathanL:Person {name:'Jonathan Lipnicki', born:1996})
CREATE (CameronC:Person {name:'Cameron Crowe', born:1957})
CREATE
  (TomC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jerry Maguire']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (CubaG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Rod Tidwell']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (ReneeZ)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dorothy Boyd']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (KellyP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Avery Bishop']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (JerryO)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Frank Cushman']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (JayM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Bob Sugar']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (BonnieH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Laurel Boyd']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (ReginaK)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Marcee Tidwell']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (JonathanL)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Ray Boyd']}]->(JerryMaguire),
  (CameronC)-[:DIRECTED]->(JerryMaguire),
  (CameronC)-[:PRODUCED]->(JerryMaguire),
  (CameronC)-[:WROTE]->(JerryMaguire)

CREATE (StandByMe:Movie {title:"Stand By Me", released:1986, tagline:"For some, it's the last real taste of innocence, and the first real taste of life. But for everyone, it's the time that memories are made of."})
CREATE (RiverP:Person {name:'River Phoenix', born:1970})
CREATE (CoreyF:Person {name:'Corey Feldman', born:1971})
CREATE (WilW:Person {name:'Wil Wheaton', born:1972})
CREATE (JohnC:Person {name:'John Cusack', born:1966})
CREATE (MarshallB:Person {name:'Marshall Bell', born:1942})
CREATE
  (WilW)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Gordie Lachance']}]->(StandByMe),
  (RiverP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Chris Chambers']}]->(StandByMe),
  (JerryO)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Vern Tessio']}]->(StandByMe),
  (CoreyF)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Teddy Duchamp']}]->(StandByMe),
  (JohnC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Denny Lachance']}]->(StandByMe),
  (KieferS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Ace Merrill']}]->(StandByMe),
  (MarshallB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Mr. Lachance']}]->(StandByMe),
  (RobR)-[:DIRECTED]->(StandByMe)

CREATE (AsGoodAsItGets:Movie {title:'As Good as It Gets', released:1997, tagline:'A comedy from the heart that goes for the throat.'})
CREATE (HelenH:Person {name:'Helen Hunt', born:1963})
CREATE (GregK:Person {name:'Greg Kinnear', born:1963})
CREATE (JamesB:Person {name:'James L. Brooks', born:1940})
CREATE
  (JackN)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Melvin Udall']}]->(AsGoodAsItGets),
  (HelenH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Carol Connelly']}]->(AsGoodAsItGets),
  (GregK)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Simon Bishop']}]->(AsGoodAsItGets),
  (CubaG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Frank Sachs']}]->(AsGoodAsItGets),
  (JamesB)-[:DIRECTED]->(AsGoodAsItGets)

CREATE (WhatDreamsMayCome:Movie {title:'What Dreams May Come', released:1998, tagline:'After life there is more. The end is just the beginning.'})
CREATE (AnnabellaS:Person {name:'Annabella Sciorra', born:1960})
CREATE (MaxS:Person {name:'Max von Sydow', born:1929})
CREATE (WernerH:Person {name:'Werner Herzog', born:1942})
CREATE (Robin:Person {name:'Robin Williams', born:1951})
CREATE (VincentW:Person {name:'Vincent Ward', born:1956})
CREATE
  (Robin)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Chris Nielsen']}]->(WhatDreamsMayCome),
  (CubaG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Albert Lewis']}]->(WhatDreamsMayCome),
  (AnnabellaS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Annie Collins-Nielsen']}]->(WhatDreamsMayCome),
  (MaxS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['The Tracker']}]->(WhatDreamsMayCome),
  (WernerH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['The Face']}]->(WhatDreamsMayCome),
  (VincentW)-[:DIRECTED]->(WhatDreamsMayCome)

CREATE (SnowFallingonCedars:Movie {title:'Snow Falling on Cedars', released:1999, tagline:'First loves last. Forever.'})
CREATE (EthanH:Person {name:'Ethan Hawke', born:1970})
CREATE (RickY:Person {name:'Rick Yune', born:1971})
CREATE (JamesC:Person {name:'James Cromwell', born:1940})
CREATE (ScottH:Person {name:'Scott Hicks', born:1953})
CREATE
  (EthanH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Ishmael Chambers']}]->(SnowFallingonCedars),
  (RickY)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Kazuo Miyamoto']}]->(SnowFallingonCedars),
  (MaxS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Nels Gudmundsson']}]->(SnowFallingonCedars),
  (JamesC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Judge Fielding']}]->(SnowFallingonCedars),
  (ScottH)-[:DIRECTED]->(SnowFallingonCedars)

CREATE (YouveGotMail:Movie {title:"You've Got Mail", released:1998, tagline:'At odds in life... in love on-line.'})
CREATE (ParkerP:Person {name:'Parker Posey', born:1968})
CREATE (DaveC:Person {name:'Dave Chappelle', born:1973})
CREATE (SteveZ:Person {name:'Steve Zahn', born:1967})
CREATE (TomH:Person {name:'Tom Hanks', born:1956})
CREATE (NoraE:Person {name:'Nora Ephron', born:1941})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Joe Fox']}]->(YouveGotMail),
  (MegR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Kathleen Kelly']}]->(YouveGotMail),
  (GregK)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Frank Navasky']}]->(YouveGotMail),
  (ParkerP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Patricia Eden']}]->(YouveGotMail),
  (DaveC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Kevin Jackson']}]->(YouveGotMail),
  (SteveZ)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['George Pappas']}]->(YouveGotMail),
  (NoraE)-[:DIRECTED]->(YouveGotMail)

CREATE (SleeplessInSeattle:Movie {title:'Sleepless in Seattle', released:1993, tagline:'What if someone you never met, someone you never saw, someone you never knew was the only someone for you?'})
CREATE (RitaW:Person {name:'Rita Wilson', born:1956})
CREATE (BillPull:Person {name:'Bill Pullman', born:1953})
CREATE (VictorG:Person {name:'Victor Garber', born:1949})
CREATE (RosieO:Person {name:"Rosie O'Donnell", born:1962})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Sam Baldwin']}]->(SleeplessInSeattle),
  (MegR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Annie Reed']}]->(SleeplessInSeattle),
  (RitaW)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Suzy']}]->(SleeplessInSeattle),
  (BillPull)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Walter']}]->(SleeplessInSeattle),
  (VictorG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Greg']}]->(SleeplessInSeattle),
  (RosieO)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Becky']}]->(SleeplessInSeattle),
  (NoraE)-[:DIRECTED]->(SleeplessInSeattle)

CREATE (JoeVersustheVolcano:Movie {title:'Joe Versus the Volcano', released:1990, tagline:'A story of love, lava and burning desire.'})
CREATE (JohnS:Person {name:'John Patrick Stanley', born:1950})
CREATE (Nathan:Person {name:'Nathan Lane', born:1956})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Joe Banks']}]->(JoeVersustheVolcano),
  (MegR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['DeDe', 'Angelica Graynamore', 'Patricia Graynamore']}]->(JoeVersustheVolcano),
  (Nathan)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Baw']}]->(JoeVersustheVolcano),
  (JohnS)-[:DIRECTED]->(JoeVersustheVolcano)

CREATE (WhenHarryMetSally:Movie {title:'When Harry Met Sally', released:1998, tagline:'At odds in life... in love on-line.'})
CREATE (BillyC:Person {name:'Billy Crystal', born:1948})
CREATE (CarrieF:Person {name:'Carrie Fisher', born:1956})
CREATE (BrunoK:Person {name:'Bruno Kirby', born:1949})
CREATE
  (BillyC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Harry Burns']}]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (MegR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Sally Albright']}]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (CarrieF)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Marie']}]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (BrunoK)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jess']}]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (RobR)-[:DIRECTED]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (RobR)-[:PRODUCED]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (NoraE)-[:PRODUCED]->(WhenHarryMetSally),
  (NoraE)-[:WROTE]->(WhenHarryMetSally)

CREATE (ThatThingYouDo:Movie {title:'That Thing You Do', released:1996, tagline:'In every life there comes a time when that thing you dream becomes that thing you do'})
CREATE (LivT:Person {name:'Liv Tyler', born:1977})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Mr. White']}]->(ThatThingYouDo),
  (LivT)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Faye Dolan']}]->(ThatThingYouDo),
  (Charlize)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Tina']}]->(ThatThingYouDo),
  (TomH)-[:DIRECTED]->(ThatThingYouDo)

CREATE (TheReplacements:Movie {title:'The Replacements', released:2000, tagline:'Pain heals, Chicks dig scars... Glory lasts forever'})
CREATE (Brooke:Person {name:'Brooke Langton', born:1970})
CREATE (Gene:Person {name:'Gene Hackman', born:1930})
CREATE (Orlando:Person {name:'Orlando Jones', born:1968})
CREATE (Howard:Person {name:'Howard Deutch', born:1950})
CREATE
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Shane Falco']}]->(TheReplacements),
  (Brooke)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Annabelle Farrell']}]->(TheReplacements),
  (Gene)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jimmy McGinty']}]->(TheReplacements),
  (Orlando)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Clifford Franklin']}]->(TheReplacements),
  (Howard)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheReplacements)

CREATE (RescueDawn:Movie {title:'RescueDawn', released:2006, tagline:"Based on the extraordinary true story of one man's fight for freedom"})
CREATE (ChristianB:Person {name:'Christian Bale', born:1974})
CREATE (ZachG:Person {name:'Zach Grenier', born:1954})
CREATE
  (MarshallB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Admiral']}]->(RescueDawn),
  (ChristianB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dieter Dengler']}]->(RescueDawn),
  (ZachG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Squad Leader']}]->(RescueDawn),
  (SteveZ)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Duane']}]->(RescueDawn),
  (WernerH)-[:DIRECTED]->(RescueDawn)

CREATE (TheBirdcage:Movie {title:'The Birdcage', released:1996, tagline:'Come as you are'})
CREATE (MikeN:Person {name:'Mike Nichols', born:1931})
CREATE
  (Robin)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Armand Goldman']}]->(TheBirdcage),
  (Nathan)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Albert Goldman']}]->(TheBirdcage),
  (Gene)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Sen. Kevin Keeley']}]->(TheBirdcage),
  (MikeN)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheBirdcage)

CREATE (Unforgiven:Movie {title:'Unforgiven', released:1992, tagline:"It's a hell of a thing, killing a man"})
CREATE (RichardH:Person {name:'Richard Harris', born:1930})
CREATE (ClintE:Person {name:'Clint Eastwood', born:1930})
CREATE
  (RichardH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['English Bob']}]->(Unforgiven),
  (ClintE)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Bill Munny']}]->(Unforgiven),
  (Gene)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Little Bill Daggett']}]->(Unforgiven),
  (ClintE)-[:DIRECTED]->(Unforgiven)

CREATE (JohnnyMnemonic:Movie {title:'Johnny Mnemonic', released:1995, tagline:'The hottest data on earth. In the coolest head in town'})
CREATE (Takeshi:Person {name:'Takeshi Kitano', born:1947})
CREATE (Dina:Person {name:'Dina Meyer', born:1968})
CREATE (IceT:Person {name:'Ice-T', born:1958})
CREATE (RobertL:Person {name:'Robert Longo', born:1953})
CREATE
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Johnny Mnemonic']}]->(JohnnyMnemonic),
  (Takeshi)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Takahashi']}]->(JohnnyMnemonic),
  (Dina)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jane']}]->(JohnnyMnemonic),
  (IceT)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['J-Bone']}]->(JohnnyMnemonic),
  (RobertL)-[:DIRECTED]->(JohnnyMnemonic)

CREATE (CloudAtlas:Movie {title:'Cloud Atlas', released:2012, tagline:'Everything is connected'})
CREATE (HalleB:Person {name:'Halle Berry', born:1966})
CREATE (JimB:Person {name:'Jim Broadbent', born:1949})
CREATE (TomT:Person {name:'Tom Tykwer', born:1965})
CREATE (DavidMitchell:Person {name:'David Mitchell', born:1969})
CREATE (StefanArndt:Person {name:'Stefan Arndt', born:1961})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Zachry', 'Dr. Henry Goose', 'Isaac Sachs', 'Dermot Hoggins']}]->(CloudAtlas),
  (Hugo)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Bill Smoke', 'Haskell Moore', 'Tadeusz Kesselring', 'Nurse Noakes', 'Boardman Mephi', 'Old Georgie']}]->(CloudAtlas),
  (HalleB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Luisa Rey', 'Jocasta Ayrs', 'Ovid', 'Meronym']}]->(CloudAtlas),
  (JimB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Vyvyan Ayrs', 'Captain Molyneux', 'Timothy Cavendish']}]->(CloudAtlas),
  (TomT)-[:DIRECTED]->(CloudAtlas),
  (LillyW)-[:DIRECTED]->(CloudAtlas),
  (LanaW)-[:DIRECTED]->(CloudAtlas),
  (DavidMitchell)-[:WROTE]->(CloudAtlas),
  (StefanArndt)-[:PRODUCED]->(CloudAtlas)

CREATE (TheDaVinciCode:Movie {title:'The Da Vinci Code', released:2006, tagline:'Break The Codes'})
CREATE (IanM:Person {name:'Ian McKellen', born:1939})
CREATE (AudreyT:Person {name:'Audrey Tautou', born:1976})
CREATE (PaulB:Person {name:'Paul Bettany', born:1971})
CREATE (RonH:Person {name:'Ron Howard', born:1954})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dr. Robert Langdon']}]->(TheDaVinciCode),
  (IanM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Sir Leight Teabing']}]->(TheDaVinciCode),
  (AudreyT)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Sophie Neveu']}]->(TheDaVinciCode),
  (PaulB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Silas']}]->(TheDaVinciCode),
  (RonH)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheDaVinciCode)

CREATE (VforVendetta:Movie {title:'V for Vendetta', released:2006, tagline:'Freedom! Forever!'})
CREATE (NatalieP:Person {name:'Natalie Portman', born:1981})
CREATE (StephenR:Person {name:'Stephen Rea', born:1946})
CREATE (JohnH:Person {name:'John Hurt', born:1940})
CREATE (BenM:Person {name: 'Ben Miles', born:1967})
CREATE
  (Hugo)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['V']}]->(VforVendetta),
  (NatalieP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Evey Hammond']}]->(VforVendetta),
  (StephenR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Eric Finch']}]->(VforVendetta),
  (JohnH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['High Chancellor Adam Sutler']}]->(VforVendetta),
  (BenM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dascomb']}]->(VforVendetta),
  (JamesM)-[:DIRECTED]->(VforVendetta),
  (LillyW)-[:PRODUCED]->(VforVendetta),
  (LanaW)-[:PRODUCED]->(VforVendetta),
  (JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(VforVendetta),
  (LillyW)-[:WROTE]->(VforVendetta),
  (LanaW)-[:WROTE]->(VforVendetta)

CREATE (SpeedRacer:Movie {title:'Speed Racer', released:2008, tagline:'Speed has no limits'})
CREATE (EmileH:Person {name:'Emile Hirsch', born:1985})
CREATE (JohnG:Person {name:'John Goodman', born:1960})
CREATE (SusanS:Person {name:'Susan Sarandon', born:1946})
CREATE (MatthewF:Person {name:'Matthew Fox', born:1966})
CREATE (ChristinaR:Person {name:'Christina Ricci', born:1980})
CREATE (Rain:Person {name:'Rain', born:1982})
CREATE
  (EmileH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Speed Racer']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (JohnG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Pops']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (SusanS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Mom']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (MatthewF)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Racer X']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (ChristinaR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Trixie']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (Rain)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Taejo Togokahn']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (BenM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Cass Jones']}]->(SpeedRacer),
  (LillyW)-[:DIRECTED]->(SpeedRacer),
  (LanaW)-[:DIRECTED]->(SpeedRacer),
  (LillyW)-[:WROTE]->(SpeedRacer),
  (LanaW)-[:WROTE]->(SpeedRacer),
  (JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(SpeedRacer)

CREATE (NinjaAssassin:Movie {title:'Ninja Assassin', released:2009, tagline:'Prepare to enter a secret world of assassins'})
CREATE (NaomieH:Person {name:'Naomie Harris'})
CREATE
  (Rain)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Raizo']}]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (NaomieH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Mika Coretti']}]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (RickY)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Takeshi']}]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (BenM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Ryan Maslow']}]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (JamesM)-[:DIRECTED]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (LillyW)-[:PRODUCED]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (LanaW)-[:PRODUCED]->(NinjaAssassin),
  (JoelS)-[:PRODUCED]->(NinjaAssassin)

CREATE (TheGreenMile:Movie {title:'The Green Mile', released:1999, tagline:"Walk a mile you'll never forget."})
CREATE (MichaelD:Person {name:'Michael Clarke Duncan', born:1957})
CREATE (DavidM:Person {name:'David Morse', born:1953})
CREATE (SamR:Person {name:'Sam Rockwell', born:1968})
CREATE (GaryS:Person {name:'Gary Sinise', born:1955})
CREATE (PatriciaC:Person {name:'Patricia Clarkson', born:1959})
CREATE (FrankD:Person {name:'Frank Darabont', born:1959})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Paul Edgecomb']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (MichaelD)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['John Coffey']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (DavidM)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Brutus "Brutal" Howell']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (BonnieH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jan Edgecomb']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (JamesC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Warden Hal Moores']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (SamR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['"Wild Bill" Wharton']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (GaryS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Burt Hammersmith']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (PatriciaC)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Melinda Moores']}]->(TheGreenMile),
  (FrankD)-[:DIRECTED]->(TheGreenMile)

CREATE (FrostNixon:Movie {title:'Frost/Nixon', released:2008, tagline:'400 million people were waiting for the truth.'})
CREATE (FrankL:Person {name:'Frank Langella', born:1938})
CREATE (MichaelS:Person {name:'Michael Sheen', born:1969})
CREATE (OliverP:Person {name:'Oliver Platt', born:1960})
CREATE
  (FrankL)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Richard Nixon']}]->(FrostNixon),
  (MichaelS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['David Frost']}]->(FrostNixon),
  (KevinB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jack Brennan']}]->(FrostNixon),
  (OliverP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Bob Zelnick']}]->(FrostNixon),
  (SamR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['James Reston, Jr.']}]->(FrostNixon),
  (RonH)-[:DIRECTED]->(FrostNixon)

CREATE (Hoffa:Movie {title:'Hoffa', released:1992, tagline:"He didn't want law. He wanted justice."})
CREATE (DannyD:Person {name:'Danny DeVito', born:1944})
CREATE (JohnR:Person {name:'John C. Reilly', born:1965})
CREATE
  (JackN)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Hoffa']}]->(Hoffa),
  (DannyD)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Robert "Bobby" Ciaro']}]->(Hoffa),
  (JTW)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Frank Fitzsimmons']}]->(Hoffa),
  (JohnR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Peter "Pete" Connelly']}]->(Hoffa),
  (DannyD)-[:DIRECTED]->(Hoffa)

CREATE (Apollo13:Movie {title:'Apollo 13', released:1995, tagline:'Houston, we have a problem.'})
CREATE (EdH:Person {name:'Ed Harris', born:1950})
CREATE (BillPax:Person {name:'Bill Paxton', born:1955})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jim Lovell']}]->(Apollo13),
  (KevinB)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jack Swigert']}]->(Apollo13),
  (EdH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Gene Kranz']}]->(Apollo13),
  (BillPax)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Fred Haise']}]->(Apollo13),
  (GaryS)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Ken Mattingly']}]->(Apollo13),
  (RonH)-[:DIRECTED]->(Apollo13)

CREATE (Twister:Movie {title:'Twister', released:1996, tagline:"Don't Breathe. Don't Look Back."})
CREATE (PhilipH:Person {name:'Philip Seymour Hoffman', born:1967})
CREATE (JanB:Person {name:'Jan de Bont', born:1943})
CREATE
  (BillPax)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Bill Harding']}]->(Twister),
  (HelenH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dr. Jo Harding']}]->(Twister),
  (ZachG)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Eddie']}]->(Twister),
  (PhilipH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dustin "Dusty" Davis']}]->(Twister),
  (JanB)-[:DIRECTED]->(Twister)

CREATE (CastAway:Movie {title:'Cast Away', released:2000, tagline:'At the edge of the world, his journey begins.'})
CREATE (RobertZ:Person {name:'Robert Zemeckis', born:1951})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Chuck Noland']}]->(CastAway),
  (HelenH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Kelly Frears']}]->(CastAway),
  (RobertZ)-[:DIRECTED]->(CastAway)

CREATE (OneFlewOvertheCuckoosNest:Movie {title:"One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", released:1975, tagline:"If he's crazy, what does that make you?"})
CREATE (MilosF:Person {name:'Milos Forman', born:1932})
CREATE
  (JackN)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Randle McMurphy']}]->(OneFlewOvertheCuckoosNest),
  (DannyD)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Martini']}]->(OneFlewOvertheCuckoosNest),
  (MilosF)-[:DIRECTED]->(OneFlewOvertheCuckoosNest)

CREATE (SomethingsGottaGive:Movie {title:"Something's Gotta Give", released:2003})
CREATE (DianeK:Person {name:'Diane Keaton', born:1946})
CREATE (NancyM:Person {name:'Nancy Meyers', born:1949})
CREATE
  (JackN)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Harry Sanborn']}]->(SomethingsGottaGive),
  (DianeK)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Erica Barry']}]->(SomethingsGottaGive),
  (Keanu)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Julian Mercer']}]->(SomethingsGottaGive),
  (NancyM)-[:DIRECTED]->(SomethingsGottaGive),
  (NancyM)-[:PRODUCED]->(SomethingsGottaGive),
  (NancyM)-[:WROTE]->(SomethingsGottaGive)

CREATE (BicentennialMan:Movie {title:'Bicentennial Man', released:1999, tagline:"One robot's 200 year journey to become an ordinary man."})
CREATE (ChrisC:Person {name:'Chris Columbus', born:1958})
CREATE
  (Robin)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Andrew Marin']}]->(BicentennialMan),
  (OliverP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Rupert Burns']}]->(BicentennialMan),
  (ChrisC)-[:DIRECTED]->(BicentennialMan)

CREATE (CharlieWilsonsWar:Movie {title:"Charlie Wilson's War", released:2007, tagline:"A stiff drink. A little mascara. A lot of nerve. Who said they couldn't bring down the Soviet empire."})
CREATE (JuliaR:Person {name:'Julia Roberts', born:1967})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Rep. Charlie Wilson']}]->(CharlieWilsonsWar),
  (JuliaR)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Joanne Herring']}]->(CharlieWilsonsWar),
  (PhilipH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Gust Avrakotos']}]->(CharlieWilsonsWar),
  (MikeN)-[:DIRECTED]->(CharlieWilsonsWar)

CREATE (ThePolarExpress:Movie {title:'The Polar Express', released:2004, tagline:'This Holiday Season… Believe'})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Hero Boy', 'Father', 'Conductor', 'Hobo', 'Scrooge', 'Santa Claus']}]->(ThePolarExpress),
  (RobertZ)-[:DIRECTED]->(ThePolarExpress)

CREATE (ALeagueofTheirOwn:Movie {title:'A League of Their Own', released:1992, tagline:'Once in a lifetime you get a chance to do something different.'})
CREATE (Madonna:Person {name:'Madonna', born:1954})
CREATE (GeenaD:Person {name:'Geena Davis', born:1956})
CREATE (LoriP:Person {name:'Lori Petty', born:1963})
CREATE (PennyM:Person {name:'Penny Marshall', born:1943})
CREATE
  (TomH)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Jimmy Dugan']}]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn),
  (GeenaD)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Dottie Hinson']}]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn),
  (LoriP)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Kit Keller']}]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn),
  (RosieO)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Doris Murphy']}]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn),
  (Madonna)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['"All the Way" Mae Mordabito']}]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn),
  (BillPax)-[:ACTED_IN {roles:['Bob Hinson']}]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn),
  (PennyM)-[:DIRECTED]->(ALeagueofTheirOwn)

CREATE (PaulBlythe:Person {name:'Paul Blythe'})
CREATE (AngelaScope:Person {name:'Angela Scope'})
CREATE (JessicaThompson:Person {name:'Jessica Thompson'})
CREATE (JamesThompson:Person {name:'James Thompson'})

CREATE
  (JamesThompson)-[:FOLLOWS]->(JessicaThompson),
  (AngelaScope)-[:FOLLOWS]->(JessicaThompson),
  (PaulBlythe)-[:FOLLOWS]->(AngelaScope)

CREATE
  (JessicaThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'An amazing journey', rating:95}]->(CloudAtlas),
  (JessicaThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'Silly, but fun', rating:65}]->(TheReplacements),
  (JamesThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'The coolest football movie ever', rating:100}]->(TheReplacements),
  (AngelaScope)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'Pretty funny at times', rating:62}]->(TheReplacements),
  (JessicaThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'Dark, but compelling', rating:85}]->(Unforgiven),
  (JessicaThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:"Slapstick redeemed only by the Robin Williams and Gene Hackman's stellar performances", rating:45}]->(TheBirdcage),
  (JessicaThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'A solid romp', rating:68}]->(TheDaVinciCode),
  (JamesThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'Fun, but a little far fetched', rating:65}]->(TheDaVinciCode),
  (JessicaThompson)-[:REVIEWED {summary:'You had me at Jerry', rating:92}]->(JerryMaguire)

WITH TomH as a
MATCH (a)-[:ACTED_IN]->(m)<-[:DIRECTED]-(d) RETURN a,m,d LIMIT 10
;
创建原始关系

效果图放大如下:


graph视图

2.5.2 一些简单的查询

例如:
1. 查询一个叫“Tom Hanks”的人:

MATCH (tom {name: "Tom Hanks"}) RETURN tom

出现了一个单调的节点,因为我们的查询没有包含“relationship”

单调的一个node

2. 寻找名为“Kevin Bacon”与“Meg Ryan”俩人间最短关联路径

MATCH p=shortestPath(
  (bacon:Person {name:"Kevin Bacon"})-[*]-(meg:Person {name:"Meg Ryan"})
)
RETURN p

无需太过注重实体类的逻辑参数,即可寻找最近路线

结果

shortestPath只是代表俩人间的一个关联路径,某些场景下allshotestPaths更适用。

关于查询结果是属于多种格式的,大家最关系的json格式也是如下图,功能很全面,扩展性很强大。
实际项目中会采用D3.js来进行前端的渲染,效果更佳,后面文章详解。

json型查询结果

2.6 补充

查阅数据库

左侧栏目为当前数据的属性标签等,可以简单查阅。

关于neo4j 本人了解并不深入,正在学习,主要是介于应用层面。或许社交领域和推荐系统等同学接触得更多,望多多指导。出发点是需要做一个反欺诈系统,在完成任务前提下,核心处摒弃求稳的技术,探索Neo4j的落地应用。在大数据时代,合理利用好Graph Database将是一把利器。

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