spring boot拦截器中获取request post请求中的参数

最近有一个需要从拦截器中获取post请求的参数的需求,这里记录一下处理过程中出现的问题。
首先想到的就是request.getParameter(String )方法,但是这个方法只能在get请求中取到参数,post是不行的,后来想到了使用流的方式,调用request.getInputStream()获取流,然后从流中读取参数,如下代码所示:

String body = "";
StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
InputStream inputStream = null;
try {
    inputStream = request.getInputStream();
    if (inputStream != null) {
        bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));
        char[] charBuffer = new char[128];
        int bytesRead = -1;
        while ((bytesRead = bufferedReader.read(charBuffer)) > 0) {
            stringBuilder.append(charBuffer, 0, bytesRead);
        }
    } else {
        stringBuilder.append("");
    }
} catch (IOException ex) {
    e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
    if (inputStream != null) {
        try {
            inputStream.close();
        }
        catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    if (bufferedReader != null) {
        try {
            bufferedReader.close();
        }
        catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}
body = stringBuilder.toString();

代码中的body就是request中的参数,我这里传的是JSON数据:{"page": 1, "pageSize": 10},那么body就是:body = "{"page": 1, "pageSize": 10}",一个JSON字符串。这样是可以成功获取到post请求的body,但是,经过拦截器后,参数经过@RequestBody注解赋值给controller中的方法的时候,却抛出了一个这样的异常:

org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageNotReadableException: Required request body is missing

在网上查找资料后发现,request的输入流只能读取一次,那么这是为什么呢?下面是答案:

那是因为流对应的是数据,数据放在内存中,有的是部分放在内存中。read 一次标记一次当前位置(mark position),第二次read就从标记位置继续读(从内存中copy)数据。 所以这就是为什么读了一次第二次是空了。 怎么让它不为空呢?只要inputstream 中的pos 变成0就可以重写读取当前内存中的数据。javaAPI中有一个方法public void reset() 这个方法就是可以重置pos为起始位置,但是不是所有的IO读取流都可以调用该方法!ServletInputStream是不能调用reset方法,这就导致了只能调用一次getInputStream()。

摘自:https://blog.csdn.net/sdut406/article/details/81369983

那么有什么办法可以用户解决呢?上面这篇博客中提到了解决方案,就是重写HttpServletRequestWrapper把request保存下来,然后通过过滤器把保存下来的request再填充进去,这样就可以多次读取request了。步骤如下所示:

①写一个类,继承HttpServletRequestWrapper

import javax.servlet.ReadListener;
import javax.servlet.ServletInputStream;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequestWrapper;
import java.io.*;

public class RequestWrapper extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {
    private final String body;

    public RequestWrapper(HttpServletRequest request) {
        super(request);
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        InputStream inputStream = null;
        try {
            inputStream = request.getInputStream();
            if (inputStream != null) {
                bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));
                char[] charBuffer = new char[128];
                int bytesRead = -1;
                while ((bytesRead = bufferedReader.read(charBuffer)) > 0) {
                    stringBuilder.append(charBuffer, 0, bytesRead);
                }
            } else {
                stringBuilder.append("");
            }
        } catch (IOException ex) {

        } finally {
            if (inputStream != null) {
                try {
                    inputStream.close();
                }
                catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (bufferedReader != null) {
                try {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                }
                catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
        body = stringBuilder.toString();
    }

    @Override
    public ServletInputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        final ByteArrayInputStream byteArrayInputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(body.getBytes());
        ServletInputStream servletInputStream = new ServletInputStream() {
            @Override
            public boolean isFinished() {
                return false;
            }
            @Override
            public boolean isReady() {
                return false;
            }
            @Override
            public void setReadListener(ReadListener readListener) {
            }
            @Override
            public int read() throws IOException {
                return byteArrayInputStream.read();
            }
        };
        return servletInputStream;

    }

    @Override
    public BufferedReader getReader() throws IOException {
        return new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(this.getInputStream()));
    }

    public String getBody() {
        return this.body;
    }

}

②拦截器层面

package com.miniprogram.web.douyin.interceptor;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.miniprogram.api.douyin.user.req.DyuserReq;
import com.miniprogram.common.auth.VisitLimitCount;
import com.miniprogram.common.cache.RedisCache;
import com.miniprogram.common.config.InterceptorConfigMap;
import com.miniprogram.common.config.InterceptorUrlConfig;
import com.miniprogram.common.douyin.SearchEngineMapConstants;
import com.miniprogram.common.response.Response;
import com.miniprogram.common.session.*;
import com.miniprogram.common.utils.DateUtil;
import com.miniprogram.dao.common.UserLoginEntity.Users;
import com.miniprogram.service.douyin.users.UsersService;
import com.miniprogram.web.douyin.config.RequestWrapper;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.HandlerInterceptorAdapter;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

@Component("authSecurityInterceptor")
public class AuthSecurityInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter {
    private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AuthSecurityInterceptor.class);

    @Autowired
    private UsersService douYinUsersService;
    @Autowired
    private RedisCache redisCache;
    @Autowired
    private VisitLimitCount visitLimitCount;

    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o) throws Exception {
        try {
            RequestWrapper requestWrapper = new RequestWrapper(httpServletRequest);
            String body = requestWrapper.getBody();
            System.out.println(body);
            return true;
        }catch (Exception e){
            logger.error("权限判断出错",e);
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {

    }

    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {
    }
}

③过滤器Filter,用来把request传递下去


import com.miniprogram.web.douyin.config.RequestWrapper;

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebFilter;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
@WebFilter(urlPatterns = "/*",filterName = "channelFilter")
public class ChannelFilter implements Filter {

    @Override
    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {

    }
 
    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        ServletRequest requestWrapper = null;
        if(servletRequest instanceof HttpServletRequest) {
            requestWrapper = new RequestWrapper((HttpServletRequest) servletRequest);
        }
        if(requestWrapper == null) {
            filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest, servletResponse);
        } else {
            filterChain.doFilter(requestWrapper, servletResponse);
        }
    }
 
    @Override
    public void destroy() {

    }
}

④在启动类中注册拦截器

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.MultipartConfigFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.ServletComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@SpringBootApplication
@ServletComponentScan  //注册过滤器注解
@Configuration
public class WebApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(WebApplication.class, args);
    }
}

经测试,问题解决

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