如何向学生介绍圣诞节?这里有一份最全资料

圣诞节,在西方国家这是一个等同于中国春节的重要日子;学习外语除了语言,也要通过习俗来了解他们的文化。本文通过介绍圣诞节的由来、习俗与祝福语,让老师们能够详尽的为学生们介绍圣诞节的背景知识,另外还附上了一份值得收藏的圣诞节歌单,寓教于乐。

What is 圣诞节

Christmas

又称耶诞节,耶稣诞辰,译名为“基督弥撒”,西方传统节日,在每年12月25日。

圣诞节的的英语是:

Christmas

Christmas time

Christmas season

Christmas day

Christmas Day is the 25th of December, when Christmas is celebrated.

December 25th is Christmas Day. On Christmas Day, many people will have big parties. They like eating turkey(火鸡), fruits and drinking some juice for supper. After supper, many people will go out for shopping and walking (walk) with their children. There are a lot of special things: Christmas trees, socks, Christmas card and some presents. So in Christmas Day, all the families are very happy.

12月25日是圣诞节,在这天,许多人将会举办盛大的聚会。他们喜欢吃火鸡、水果,晚上会喝一些果汁。在晚餐后,许多人会出去逛街购物,顺便带着他们的孩子一起散步。这一天有许多特别的事物:圣诞树、圣诞袜、圣诞贺卡和一些圣诞礼物。因为这样,在圣诞节这天,所有的家庭都十分欢乐。

Christmas tree is one of the old traditionnal festival. Usually the people make around the Christmas an evergreen plant,as pine tree , with Christmas lamp and the colored widget decoration in the room or in the outdoors, at last,put an angel or the star on the top of the tree.

圣诞树(Christmas tree)是圣诞节庆祝中最有名的传统之一。通常人们在圣诞前后把一棵常绿植物如松树弄进屋里或者在户外,并用圣诞灯和彩色的装饰物装饰。并把一个天使或星星放在树的顶上。

History

The modern Christmas tree stems from Germany. The German in every year December 24, namely Adam and the Eve festival, arranges a fir tree (tree of the Garden of Eden)at home, hangs the thin biscuit in above, (mark which the symbolic sacramental wafer Christian makes reparations).In the modern times,small sweet cake in place of thin biscuit,and also often add candles which on symbolize of Christ.In addition, the indoor is also equipped with the Christmas tower, which is a lignin triangle structure, and has many small frame standards to lay aside the Christ statue. The tower body plays the part of by the evergreen branches and leaves, the candle and a star. To the 16th century, the Christmas tower and Garden of Eden tree merge to a Christmas tree.

近代圣诞树起源于德国。德国人于每年12月24日,即亚当和夏娃节,在家里布置一株枞树(伊甸园之树),将薄饼乾挂在上面,象徵圣饼(基督徒赎罪的标记)。近代改用各式小甜饼代替圣饼,还常加上象徵基督的蜡烛。此外,室内还设有圣诞塔,是一木质的三角形结构,上有许多小架格放置基督雕像,塔身饰以常青树枝叶、蜡烛和一颗星。到16世纪,圣诞塔和伊甸园树合并为圣诞树。

This kind of custom was quite popular in the German lutherans follower during 18th century, but was not popular in the nation until the 19th century, which becames the German solid tradition.In the early 19th century, the Christmas tree passed to Britain. In the mid-19th century, Queen Victoria's husband, German emperor's son Albert promoted the popularization. The Victoria type Christmas tree equipped by the candle, the candy and the variety cakes and pastries, hangs with the ribbon and the paper chain on the branch.In the early of the 17th century,the christmas tree is brought to north america by the German,and be widely popular in the 19th century,so as in Austria, Switzerland, Poland and Holland . In China and Japan, the Christmas tree was spread in the 19 and 20th century by the American missionaries, multi-decorations by riot of color artificial flower.

18世纪,这种风俗在德国信义宗信徒中颇流行,但直至19世纪才流行全国,成为德国根深柢固的传统。19世纪初,圣诞树传到英国;19世纪中叶维多利亚女王的丈夫、德国皇子艾伯特加以推广普及。维多利亚式圣诞树饰以蜡烛、糖果和花色糕点,用丝带和纸链吊挂在树枝上。早在17世纪圣诞树即由德国移民带到北美,至19世纪广为流行。在奥地利、瑞士、波兰和荷兰也颇流行。在中国和日本,圣诞树于19及20世纪由美国传教士传入,多饰以彩色缤纷的纸花。

In the Western country, Christmas day is also a family reunification and jubilation's holiday, usually will arrange a Christmas tree at home.In the West, when whether the Christian, during the Christmas day,everyone wuold prepare a Christmas tree to increases the holiday the happy atmosphere. The Christmas tree is generally makes with the cedar cypress and evergreen tree which symbolic that life exists forever. On the tree is decorating kinds of lamp candle, the color flower, the toy, the star, and hangs up each kind of Christmas present. Night of the Christmas, the people gather round the Christmas tree to sing dance, is heartily happy.

在西方国家里,圣诞节也是一个家庭团聚和喜庆的节日,通常会在家里陈设一棵圣诞树。在西方,不论是否基督徒,过圣诞节时都要准备一棵圣诞树,以增加节日的欢乐气氛。圣诞树一般是用杉柏之类的常绿树做成,象征生命长存。树上装饰着各种灯烛、彩花、玩具、星星,挂上各种圣诞礼物。圣诞之夜,人们围着圣诞树唱歌跳舞,尽情欢乐。

Customs

圣诞节的习俗有哪些——

Preparation of the Christmas cake

烘烤圣诞蛋糕

This was an English tradition which started centuries ago. On Christmas eve, plum porridge was served to the people. As years passed, various other things like dry fruits, honey and spices were used. Soon this porridge got replaced with the Christmas cake. Christmas cakes are made using eggs, butter, confections, fruits, etc. Today a Christmas cake is an integral part of a Christmas menu.

这项英式传统早在几个世纪以前就流传开了,以前人们在平安夜喝梅花粥。随着时间慢慢推移,人们还会享用果脯、蜂蜜及香料食物等,随后圣诞蛋糕便代替梅花粥出现了。圣诞蛋糕由鸡蛋、黄油、甜点、水果等烘制而成。现如今,圣诞蛋糕已成为圣诞菜谱不可或缺的一部分。

Decorating the Christmas tree

装扮圣诞树

This refers to the tradition of decorating a pine tree using lights, tinsels, garlands, ornaments, candy canes, etc. Today, a Christmas tree is an indispensable part of Christmas celebration.

这个传统指的是用彩灯、金箔、花环、饰品、糖果条等装扮松树。现如今,圣诞树也是欢庆节日不可或缺的一部分。

Lighting up the Christmas candle

点燃圣诞蜡烛

This refers to the tradition of placing a lighted candle outside houses during the Christmas season. A candle signifies hope as it brings light even to the darkest room. In the earlier times, when Christians were persecuted, they were not allowed to practice prayers. Hence, a single candle used to be placed outside the house as a sign that Christian prayers were being conducted inside.

这个传统指的是人们会在圣诞期间在屋子外面放一支点燃的蜡烛。即便在最黑暗的屋子,蜡烛也能带来光明,寓意希望。早些年代,也就是基督徒深受迫害的时候,他们被禁止布道祷告。因此,基督徒们在屋外放一支蜡烛,暗示他们仍在心里默默祷告。

Sending gifts to loved ones

给亲友送礼物

This tradition comes from the story of the three wise men who got gifts for baby Jesus on Christmas. Every Christmas, gifts are exchanged among loved ones, especially children. The story of Santa Claus also comes from this tradition.

这个传统源自一个传说:三位智者在圣诞节给婴儿耶稣送出了礼物。每年圣诞节,亲朋好友尤其是孩子们都会互赠礼物,圣诞老人的故事也源自这个传统。

Singing Christmas carols

唱圣诞颂歌

It refers to the age-old custom of enchanting a number of traditional Christmas songs during the Christmas season. It adds to the joy and fun to the atmosphere. Different Christmas hymns or carols like The First Noel, Jingle Bells, Joy to the world, etc are sung every Christmas as a part of the Christmas celebration.

这是一个古老的习俗:圣诞期间总是回荡着一首又一首圣诞传统歌曲。歌曲给人们带来欢乐,也增添了节日的气氛。每年欢度圣诞之际,《第一个圣诞节》、《铃儿响叮当》、《普世欢腾》等各种圣诞圣歌或颂歌都会奏响旋律。

Making of Cribs

制作圣诞马槽

This is yet another age-old tradition of Christmas. A crib refers to the Nativity Scene that is prepared using small statues. The first crib ever was made outside a church of St. Francis of Assisi for children to show them how the Nativity scene was like. Since then, this tradition became very popular.

这也是一个古老的圣诞习俗。人们用小雕像和马槽营造耶稣诞生的场景。第一个马槽建在圣法兰西斯一所教堂外面,意在向孩子们展示耶稣诞生的场景。从那以后这个习俗便一直流传了下来。

Distributing Christmas candies

分发圣诞糖果

This is one of the most wonderful traditions of all. Christmas candies are distributed to neighbors during the Yuletide season. On the day of Christmas, all misunderstandings and grudges are forgotten and the community comes together to celebrate the birth of Christ.

这是所有传统中最有趣的一个。圣诞季人们向邻居们分发圣诞糖果;圣诞节那天,所有误会与仇恨统统化解,邻里之间团结一致共同庆祝耶稣的诞生。

These traditions have been carried out for decades, yet they are celebrated with more and more exuberance each year. The level of excitement has never gone down. It just keeps getting better and better with time.

这些传统沿袭已有几十年,一年比一年热闹,盛况可谓有增无减。相信随着时间的推移,人们对传统习俗的热情只会越来越高。

Wishes

给小伙伴们写贺卡,发祝福,怎么说比较洋气?

Wishing you peace, joy and happiness throughout Christmas and the coming year.

在圣诞和新年来临之际,祝福你平安、快乐、幸福!

Warm greetings and best wishes for Christmas and the New Year!

致以热烈的祝贺和良好的祝福,圣诞快乐,新年快乐。

May you have the best Christmas ever.

愿你度过最美好的圣诞节!

With good wishes for a brilliant and happy Christmas season. Hope things are going all right with you.

在这辉煌快乐的圣诞佳节,献上一切美好的祝福!祝一切顺心如意!

Wishing you much joy in the coming year. May the warmest wishes, happiest thoughts and friendliest greetings come at Christmas and stay with you all the year through.

让温馨的祝愿、幸福的思念和友好的祝福,在圣诞佳节来到你身边,伴你左右。

I hope all your Christmas dreams come true! 愿你所有的圣诞梦想都成真!

May Christmas be a time of laughter and real joy for you. Best wishes.

愿圣诞不仅是你欢笑的时刻,更是你欣喜的日子。祝福你。

With the old wish that is ever new, may the greeting do its share toward making your Christmas a pleasant one.

老的祝福,却又常新,愿此祝福使你的圣诞更加愉快圆满。

Numerous loving wishes for my wife who will always be my valuable Christmas gift and everything to me.

无尽的爱恋与祝福,献给我的爱妻,你永远是我珍贵的圣诞礼物和我的一切!

It seems that Christmas time is here once again, and it is time again to bring in the New Year. We wish the merriest of Christmases to you and your loved ones, and we wish you happiness and prosperity in the year ahead.

圣诞节转眼又到,又该迎接新的一年了。我们向你及你的亲人们致以最美好的圣诞祝福,愿你在新的一年里事业兴旺,幸福美满!

Songs

圣诞节就只能听《Jingle Bells》《Silent Night》这样的所谓圣诞经典?这次我们用尽洪荒之力,选出5首百听不厌的大牌“圣诞歌”——

When Christmas Comes To Town

- Matthew Hall And Meagan Moore

When Christmas Comes To Town

Matthew Hall And Meagan Moore - The Polar Express - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

歌曲旋律充满童真,给人以温馨感,美妙的爱尔兰天籁弦乐由美国的两名少年Matthew Hall 和 Meagan Moore倾情演唱,作为最动听的圣诞金曲代表作之一,给人尤其儿童的印象极为深刻。

歌词欣赏:

I'm wishing on a star

And trying to believe

That even though it's far

He'll find me Christmas Eve

I guess that Santa's busy

Cause he's never come around

I think of him when Christmas comes to town

The best time of the year

When everyone comes home

With all this Christmas cheer

It's hard to be alone

Putting up the Christmas tree

With friends who come around

Glee Cast - Oh Holy Night

O  Holy  Night

Glee  Cast - Glee:  The  Music  -  The  Christmas  Album

歌词欣赏:

O holy night the stars are brightly shining

It is the night of our dear Savior's birth

Long lay the world in sin and error pining

Till He appeared and the soul felt its worth

A thrill of hope the weary world rejoices

For yonder breaks a new glorious morn

Fall on your knees

O hear the angels' voices

O night divine

O night when Christ was born

O night divine o night

O night divine

Josh Groban - Believe

Believe

Josh Groban - Download

这首歌曲旋律优美,歌词励志,加上Josh Groban沉浑的歌声,很有唱诗班的效果,实在与圣诞欢乐祥和的气氛超搭

歌词欣赏:

Children sleeping

Snow is softly falling

Dreams are calling

Like bells in the distance

We were dreamers not so long ago

But one by one we all had to grow up

When it seems the magic slipped away

We find it all again on Christmas day 

Believe in what your heart is saying

Hear the melody that's playing

Justin Bieber - Mistletoe

Mistletoe

Justin Bieber - Mistletoe - Single

Mistletoe也就是槲寄生是西方圣诞节常见的装饰品。

歌词欣赏:

It's the most beautiful time of the year

Lights fill the streets spreading so much cheer

I should be playing in the winter snow

But I'mma be under the mistletoe

I don't want to miss out on the holiday

But I can't stop staring at your face

I should be playing in the winter snow

But I'mma be under the mistletoe

With you, shawty with you

With you, shawty with you

With you under the mistletoe

Justin Bieber - Silent Night

Silent Night

Justin Bieber - Under the Mistletoe (Deluxe Version)

歌词欣赏:

Silent Night

Holy Night

All is calm

All is bright

Round yon virgin

Mother and child

Holy infant so tender and mild

Sleep in heavenly peace

Sleep in heavenly peace

本文编辑:Joyce

编辑助理:Jane

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