zabbix自动发现磁盘监控io

使用背景:

生产环境中每台主机磁盘数量不同,磁盘名称不同,虚拟机磁盘名称为vd[a-z],阿里云为xvd[a-z],真实服务器为sd[a-z]等,没有标准,zabbix已经为我们预留了自动发现,通过该功能能轻松实现各种磁盘或服务的自动发现

编写相关脚本

  • 发现磁盘脚本:
cat /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/disk_name.py
#!/usr/bin/env python
import re
import json

r = r"[s|v]d[a-z]$"
rstr = re.compile(r)

disk_list = []
disk_dict = {}

with open("/proc/partitions") as f:
    for line in f:
        if rstr.search(line):
                disk_list.append({"{#DISKNAME}":line.split()[-1:][0]})
disk_dict["data"] = disk_list
print json.dumps(disk_dict)

运行结果:

{
    "data": [
        {
            "{#DISKNAME}": "sdb"
        },
        {
            "{#DISKNAME}": "sda"
        }
    ]
}
  • 获取磁盘io脚本
cat /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/disk_io.py
#!/usr/bin/env python
import sys
import psutil
import re

if len(sys.argv) < 3:
    sys.exit()

disk_name,disk_oper = sys.argv[1],sys.argv[2]
# sys.argv[1] = sda|sdb|...
# sys.argv[2] = read|write

def get_Diskinfo(diskName):
    r = r'%s'% diskName
    dstr = re.compile(r)

    disk = psutil.disk_io_counters(perdisk=True)
    io_dict = {}
    read_dict = {}
    write_dict = {}
#   io_dict = {"read":{}}

    for k,v in disk.items():
        if dstr.match(k):
                read_dict[diskName] = read_dict.get(diskName,0) + disk[k][0]
                write_dict[diskName] = write_dict.get(diskName,0) + disk[k][1]
                io_dict["read"] = read_dict
                io_dict["write"] = write_dict
                return io_dict # return {'read': {'sda': 417110}, 'write': {'sda': 173839}}

print get_Diskinfo(disk_name)[disk_oper][disk_name]

返回结果:

{
       'read': {'sda': 417110}, 
       'write': {'sda': 173839}
}
  • 添加自定义key
cat /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/disk.conf
UserParameter=io.scandisk,/usr/bin/python /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/disk_name.py
UserParameter=io.read_count[*],/usr/bin/python /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/disk_io.py $1 read
UserParameter=io.write_count[*],/usr/bin/python /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf.d/disk_io.py $1 write

web端添加自动发现

模板中添加探索
创建发现规则
编辑发现规则
创建监控原型
编辑监控原型
创建图形
编辑图形

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