date: 2018-08-09 14:47:40
fade /feɪd/ |CET4 TEM4
V-T/V-I When a coloured object fades or when the light fades it, it gradually becomes paler. 使褪色; 褪色
• All colour fades – especially under the impact of direct sunlight.
• No matter how soft the light is, it still fades carpets and curtains in every room.
• ...a girl in a faded dress.
V-I When light fades, it slowly becomes less bright. When a sound fades, it slowly becomes less loud. 逐渐变暗; 逐渐变弱
• Seaton lay on his bed and gazed at the ceiling as the light faded.
V-I If memories, feelings, or possibilities fade, they slowly become less intense or less strong. 逐渐变弱
• Sympathy for the rebels, the government claims, is beginning to fade.
• Prospects for peace had already started to fade.
网络释义 专业释义 英英释义
fade in 渐进渐明渐显渐强
Brake fade 制动失效降低制动效率减震器失效制动衰减
词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源
fade away 逐渐消失
fade out v. 淡出；渐弱
fade in 淡入；渐显
可能来自拉丁语fatuus, 无味的，愚笨的，词源同fatuous. 原用于食物清淡无味，后用于光线逐渐变暗。
early 14c., "loss of freshness or vigor," from fade (adj.), c. 1300, " lacking in brilliance; pale, discolored, dull," from Old French fade (see fade (v.)). As a type of tapering hairstyle from 1988 (fade-out style is in a 1985 "Ebony" article on men's haircuts).
early 14c., "lose brightness, grow pale," from Old French fader "become weak, wilt, wither," from fade (adj.) "pale, weak; insipid, tasteless" (12c.), probably from Vulgar Latin *fatidus, which is said to be a blending of Latin fatuus "silly, tasteless" and vapidus "flat, flavorless." Related: Faded; fading. Of sounds, by 1819. Transitive sense from 1590s; in cinematography from 1918. Adieu! adieu! thy plaintive anthem fades Past the near meadows, over the still stream, Up the hill-side; and now 'tis buried deep In the next valley-glades: Was it a vision, or a waking dream? Fled is that music:--Do I wake or sleep? [Keats, "Ode to a Nightingale"]
fade:  Fade comes from Old French fader, a derivative of the adjective fade ‘faded, vapid’. This in turn came from Vulgar Latin *fatidus, which probably represents an alteration of Latin fatuus ‘stupid, insipid’ (source of English fatuous ) under the influence of Latin vapidus ‘flat, lifeless’ (source of English vapid).=> fatuous, vapid
perspective /pəˈspɛktɪv/ |CET4 TEM4
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N-COUNT A particular perspective is a particular way of thinking about something, especially one that is influenced by your beliefs or experiences. 思维方式; 看法
• He says the death of his father 18 months ago has given him a new perspective on life.
• ...two different perspectives on the nature of adolescent development.
PHRASE If you get something in perspective or into perspective, you judge its real importance by considering it in relation to everything else. If you get something out of perspective, you fail to judge its real importance in relation to everything else. (看待事物) 正确/不正确地
• Remember to keep things in perspective.
• I let things get out of perspective.
- [C] a way of thinking about something, especially one which is influenced by the type of person you are or by your experiences
His father’s death gave him a whole new perspective on life. 父亲的死使他对生活有了全新的看法。
from sb’s perspective
The novel is written from a child’s perspective. 这部小说是以一个孩子的视角写的。
from a feminist/Christian/global etc perspective
We have to look at everything from an international perspective. 我们必须以国际视角来看待一切问题。
a much-needed historical perspective 非常必要的历史角度
Our work in Uganda and Romania adds a wider perspective. 在乌干达和罗马尼亚的工作经历更加开阔了我们的视角。
[U] a sensible way of judging and comparing situations so that you do not imagine that something is more serious than it really is
I think Viv’s lost all sense of perspective . 我认为维夫已不能明察事理。
The figures have to be put into perspective . 必须正确认识这些数字。
get/keep sth in perspective (=judge the importance of something correctly)正确判断某事物的重要性
[U] a method of drawing a picture that makes objects look solid and shows distance and depth, or the effect this method produces in a picture
the artist’s use of perspective 那位画家对透视法的运用
[C] formal a view, especially one in which you can see a long way into the distance
pros‧pect 1 /'prɒspekt,ˋprɑspɛkt/ n. AC W2
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[C,U] the possibility that something will happen
There is every prospect (= a strong possibility ) of the weather remaining dry this week. 本周天气很有可能持续干燥。
prospect of doing sth
I see no prospect of things improving here. 我看这里的情况不可能改善。
There are good prospects for growth in the retail sector. 零售行业有很好的发展前景。
There’s a real prospect that England will not qualify for the World Cup. 英格兰队很有可能进不了世界杯决赛。
[singular,单数] a particular event which will probably or definitely happen in the future – used especially when you want to talk about how you feel about it
The prospect of marriage terrified Alice. 想到要结婚，艾丽斯害怕极了。
Greeks face the prospect of new general elections next month. 下个月希腊人面临新的大选。
He relishes the prospect of a fight. 他渴望一场战斗。
daunting/exciting etc prospect 可怕的/激动人心等的前景
be excited/alarmed/concerned etc at the prospect (of sth)
She wasn’t exactly overjoyed at the prospect of looking after her niece. 想到要照看侄女，她并不怎么高兴。
[plural,复数] chances of future success
I had no job, no education, and no prospects . 我没有工作，没受过什么教育，前途渺茫。
Job prospects for graduates don’t look good. 毕业生的就业前景看上去不妙。
[C] a person, job, plan etc that has a good chance of success in the future
formal likely to happen in the near future
A new round of trade talks is in prospect. 可能即将举行新一轮的贸易会谈。
[C usually singular,一般用单数] formal a view of a wide area of land, especially from a high place
prospect /ˈprɒspɛkt/ |CET4 TEM4
N-VAR If there is some prospect of something happening, there is a possibility that it will happen. 可能性; 前景
• Unfortunately, there is little prospect of seeing these big questions answered.
• The prospects for peace in the country's eight-year civil war are becoming brighter.
N-SING A particular prospect is something that you expect or know is going to happen. 将要发生的事
• There was a mixed reaction to the prospect of having new neighbours.
N-PLURAL Someone's prospects are their chances of being successful, especially in their career. 成功的机会; 前途
• I chose to work abroad to improve my career prospects.
V-I When people prospect for oil, gold, or some other valuable substance, they look for it in the ground or under the sea. 勘探
• He had prospected for minerals everywhere from the Gobi Desert to the Transvaal.
invest /ɪnˈvɛst/ |CET4 TEM4investinginvestedinvests
• Many people don't like to invest in stocks.
• I'm tired of watching you invest our money in insane projects.
• The company has invested a six-figure sum in an electronic order-control system which is used to keep stores stocked.
• ...the need to invest in new technology.
• Government agencies must invest more funds in training and development programmes.
• I would rather invest time in Rebecca than in the kitchen.
• The constitution invested him with certain powers.
[I,T] to buy shares, property, or goods because you hope that the value will increase and you can make a profit
•I’ve got a few thousand dollars I’m looking to invest. 我有几千美元想作投资。
invest (sth) in sth
•Oliver made a fortune by investing in antique furniture. 奥利弗投资古董家具发了财。
•Williams invested a large sum of money in Swiss stocks. 威廉斯投资了一大笔钱购买瑞士股票。
•He had invested heavily (= invested a lot of money ) in the bond market. 他在债券市场作了大量投资。
[I,T] if a government, business, or organization invests in something, they spend a large amount of money to improve it or help it succeed
invest (sth) in sth
•The city has invested millions of dollars in the museum. 这座城市对该博物馆已投入了数百万美元。
•The factory plans to invest in new computers. 该工厂计划投资购买新电脑。
[T] to use a lot of time, effort etc or spend money in order to make something succeed
invest sth in sth
•It was very difficult to leave a home we had invested so much in. 那个家我们投入得太多，要离开真的很难。
invest (sth) in sthphr v
to buy something or spend money or time on something, because it will be useful for you
•It’s about time you invested in a new shirt. 你该买件新衬衫了。
•Everyone here has a lot invested in their careers. 这里的每个人都在自己的事业上投入大量时间。
invest sb/sth with sthphr v
to officially give someone power to do something
•Jody has invested Alan with great power over her career. 事业方面的事，乔迪几乎都听艾伦的。
to make someone or something seem to have a particular quality or character
•Richard’s heavy-rimmed glasses invested him with an air of intelligence. 理查德的厚边眼镜使他看上去很有智慧。
- In everyday English, people often say put money in/into something rather than invest insomething. 在日常英语中,人们常说put money in/into something,而不说invest in something
•He put money into his brother’s business. 他把钱投资到他弟弟的企业里。
•The government put in millions of pounds. 政府投资了几百万英镑。
invent /ɪnˈvɛnt/ |CET4 TEM4inventinginventedinvents
• He invented the first electric clock.
• I stood still, trying to invent a plausible excuse.
to make, design, or think of a new type of thing
•Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. 亚历山大 · 格雷厄姆 · 贝尔于1876年发明了电话。
Do not confuse with discover (= to be the first person to find something or to know that it exists ) . 不要与discover（发现）混淆: Scientists have discovered a new type of bacteria. 科学家发现了一种新的细菌。
to think of an idea, story etc that is not true, usually in order to deceive people
•They invented a very convincing alibi. 他们编造了很有说服力的不在犯罪现场的证据。
to think of an idea for a new product, machine etc, and design it or make it
- •The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. 电话是亚历山大·格雷厄姆·贝尔发明的。
- •Who invented the Internet? 因特网是谁发明的？
to make or design something new and original
- •We decided to create the software ourselves. 我们决定自己来设计这个软件。
- •For her latest book, she has created a whole new group of characters. 她在自己的新书中塑造了一批全新的人物。
think of sth/think up sth 想出[构思出]某事物
to produce a new idea, plan, method, excuse etc by thinking
- •I’ve thought of an idea. 我想出了一个主意。
- •They’re always trying to think up new ways to improve efficiency. 他们总是在探索提高效率的新方法。
come up with sth 想出某事物
to produce a new idea, a way of dealing with something etc, especially a good one
- •How did you come up with that idea? 你是怎么想出那个主意的？
- •Ellis came up with the solution to the problem immediately. 埃利斯马上就想出了解决问题的办法。
make sth up 编（造）出某物
to invent a story, song, game, excuse etc
- •My mother used to make up bedtime stories for us. 我妈妈以前常常给我们编睡前故事。
- •I didn’t want to go to the class, so I decided to make up an excuse. 我不想去上课,因此决定编个借口。
dream sth up 想出〔不同寻常的甚至疯狂的〕主意[计划]
to think of an idea or plan, especially one that seems unusual or even crazy
- •It can’t be easy dreaming up new advertisements all the time. 要不断地琢磨出新的广告绝非易事。
- •I wonder who dreamt up that idea! 我在想是谁想出了那个点子！
to invent a way of doing something, especially one that is clever or complicated
- •This system was devised as a way of measuring students’ progress. 这套系统是为了评估学生的进步情况而设计的。
to think of a new idea, plan etc and develop it in your mind
- •The project was originally conceived by a Dutch businessman two years ago. 这个计划最初是两年前由一位荷兰商人设想出来的。
invite |CET4 TEM4invitinginvitedinvites
• She invited him to her 26th birthday party in New Jersey.
• Barron invited her to accompany him to the races.
• At a future date, managers will be invited to apply for a management buy-out.
• He invited me to go into partnership with him.
• Their refusal to compromise will inevitably invite more criticism from the UN.
• She tried to wangle an invite to the party.
to ask someone to come to a party, wedding, meal etc
•I’m afraid I wasn’t invited. 恐怕我没有受到邀请。
invite sb to sth
•Who should we invite to the party? 我们该邀请谁来参加聚会？
invite sb to do sth
•Gail invited me to stay with her while her husband was out of town. 盖尔邀请我在她丈夫出城时住在她家。
invite sb for sth
•Why don’t you invite her for a drink at the club one evening? 你何不找个晚上请她到俱乐部去喝一杯？
to politely ask someone to do something
invite sb to do sth
•Anyone interested in contributing articles is invited to contact the editor. 凡是有兴趣投稿的人请和编辑联系。
to encourage something bad to happen, especially without intending to
•Any government that sells arms to dictators is inviting trouble. 任何向独裁者出售武器的政府都是在自找麻烦。
invite sb alongphr v
to ask someone if they would like to come with you when you are going somewhere
•Why don’t you invite Barbara along? 你为什么不请芭芭拉和你一同前往？
invite sb backphr v
to ask someone to come to your home, hotel etc after you have been out somewhere together
•Richard often used to invite me back for coffee after the show.过去理查德常常在看完演出后请我到他家里喝咖啡。
to ask someone to come to your home, your office etc again
•If you keep arguing with Gerry, they won’t invite us back. 如果你继续和格里争吵，他们就不会再邀请我们了。
invite sb inphr v
to ask someone to come into your home
•After a few seconds, the door opened and Mrs Barnes invited me in. 几秒钟后，门开了，巴恩斯夫人请我进屋。
invite sb outphr v
to ask someone to go somewhere with you, especially to a restaurant or film
•We invited Clarissa out for ice cream.我们邀请克拉丽莎一起去吃冰激凌。
invite sb overphr v
to ask someone to come to your home, usually for a drink or a meal
- •Max has invited me over for dinner.马克斯已邀请我去他家吃晚饭。
• Guyana's railways were previously owned by private companies.
• The contract was awarded to a previously unknown company.
• He had first entered the House 12 years previously.
before now or before a particular time
•Almost half the group had previously been heavy smokers. 该群体中近一半人以前烟瘾都很大。
two days/three years etc previously (=two days, three years etc before)两天/三年等以前
•Six months previously he had smashed up his car. 六个月以前他撞毁了自己的汽车。
预测 /yù cè/
calculate; forecast; prognosis; divine; forecasting; foreshadowing; predetermination:
calculate an eclipse of the sun; 预测日蚀
detect a typhoon; 预测台风
predict /prɪˈdɪkt/ |CET4 TEM4
V-T If you predict an event, you say that it will happen. 预言
• The latest opinion polls are predicting a very close contest.
• He predicted that my hair would grow back "in no time."
to say that something will happen, before it happens
Sales were five percent lower than predicted. 销售额比预期低5%。
As Liz had predicted , the rumours were soon forgotten. 正如利兹所预料的，流言很快就被淡忘了。
Newspapers predicted that Davis would be re-elected. 报纸预测戴维斯将再次当选。
predict whether/what/how etc
It is difficult to predict what the long-term effects of the accident will be. 很难预料这次事故将产生什么长远影响。
be predicted to do sth
Unemployment is predicted to increase to 700,000 by the end of the year. 预计到年底失业人数将增至70万。
to say that something will happen, before it happens
In the future, it may be possible to predict earthquakes. 将来有可能预测地震。
Scientists are trying to predict what the Amazon will look like in 20 years’ time. 科学家们正试图预测20年后亚马孙河的面貌。
to say what is likely to happen in the future, especially in relation to the weather or the economic or political situation
They’re forecasting a hard winter. 他们预报说将出现寒冬。
Economists forecast that there would be a recession. 经济学家预言将出现经济衰退。
to say what the amount, size, cost etc of something is likely to be in the future, using the information you have now
The world’s population is projected to rise by 45%. 世界人口预计将增加45%。
can say 能够预言,敢说
to be able to know what will happen in the future
No one can say what the next fifty years will bring. 没人能预言今后50年会发生什么。
I can’t say exactly how much it will cost. 我说不准那要花多少钱。
to say correctly what will happen in the future, using special religious or magical powers
The woman claimed that she had the gift of foretelling the future. 那女人声称自己有预测未来的天赋。
It all happened as the prophet had foretold. 所发生的一切正如先知所预言的那样。
to say that something will happen because you feel that it will, or by using special religious or magical powers
He’s one of those people who are always prophesying disaster. 他是那种老是预言灾难的人。
The coming of a great Messiah is prophesied in the Bible. 《圣经》中预言将出现一位伟大的弥赛亚。
to know that something is going to happen before it happens
They should have foreseen these problems. 他们理应预见到这些问题。
No one foresaw the outcome of the war. 没有人预知会爆发这场战争。
have a premonition 〔尤指坏事发生前〕有预感
to have a strange feeling that something is about to happen, especially something bad, usually just before it happens
Suddenly I had a strange premonition of danger ahead. 我突然有一种奇怪的预感,觉得前面有危险。
psychogenesis [心理] 心理发生；精神发生
physiology /ˌfɪzɪˈɒlədʒɪ/ |TEM4
N-UNCOUNT Physiology is the scientific study of how people's and animals' bodies function, and of how plants function. 生理学
• ...the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology.
N-UNCOUNT The physiology of a human or animal's body or of a plant is the way that it functions. 生理机能
• ...the physiology of respiration.
• ...the physiological effects of stress.
physician /fɪˈzɪʃən/ |CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A physician is a medical doctor. 内科医生
• ...your family physician.
PREFIX Mis- is added to some verbs and nouns to form new verbs and nouns which indicate that something is done badly or wrongly. 表示“坏的”、“错误的”或“不当地”
• The local newspaper misreported the story.
• He was eventually convicted for the misuse of official funds.
PREFIX lack of; not 表示“缺少”、“不”
live 1 /liv/
Is her father living?
The old man is living in comfort.
He lives by a strict moral code.
His grandfather lived to a hundred.
She didn't know how to live.
He lives mainly on his monthly income.
The family lived on wild plants.
My brother is living in Sydney.
The writer made this historical character live in his book.
The general's feats will live after him.
to live one's happy and comfortable life
He hated to live a lie.
to live one's faith
as I live and breathe
(as sure) as I live
• 的的确确[亦作as sure as one lives]
He lives long that lives well.
live 2 /laiv/
live /lɪv/ |CET4livinglivedlives
• She has lived here for 10 years.
• Where do you live?
• We lived quite grandly.
• Compared to people living only a few generations ago, we have greater opportunities to have a good time.
• He lived for his work.
• He's got a terrible disease and will not live long.
• He lived to be 103.
• ...the last indigenous people to live by hunting.
• There is no reason why you couldn't live it up once in a while.
• ...a protest against the company's tests on live animals.
• Murray was a guest on a live radio show.
• They watch all the live matches.
• It was broadcast live in 50 countries.
• The Rainbow has not hosted live music since the end of 1981.
• A live audience will pose the questions.
• Kat Bjelland has been playing live with her new band.
• The plug broke, exposing live wires.
• They trained in the jungle using live ammunition.
alive /əˈlaɪv/ |CET4 TEM4
• She does not know if he is alive or dead.
• She seemed more alive and looked forward to getting up in the morning.
• The big factories are trying to stay alive by cutting costs.
• The river was alive with birds.
• The doctor's voice had come alive and his small eyes shone.
• She made history come alive with tales from her own memories.
lively /ˈlaɪvlɪ/ |CET4 TEM4livelierliveliest
• She had a sweet, lively personality.
• Amy could sense his liveliness even from where she stood.
• It turned out to be a very interesting session with a lively debate.
• Some may enjoy the liveliness of such a restaurant for a few hours a day or week.
• She was a very well educated girl with a lively mind, a girl with ambition.
literal /ˈlɪtərəl/ |CET6 TEM8
ADJ The literal sense of a word or phrase is its most basic sense. 字面上的
• In many cases, the people there are fighting, in a literal sense, for their homes.
ADJ A literal translation is one in which you translate each word of the original work rather than giving the meaning of each expression or sentence using words that sound natural. 按字面意思的
• A literal translation of the name Tapies is "walls."
literature /ˈlɪtərɪtʃə, ˈlɪtrɪ-/ |CET4 TEM4
N-VAR Novels, plays, and poetry are referred to as literature, especially when they are considered to be good or important. 文学
• ...classic works of literature.
• I have spent my life getting to know diverse literatures of different epochs.
N-UNCOUNT Theliterature on a particular subject of study is all the books and articles that have been published about it. 文献
• ...the literature on immigration policy.
N-UNCOUNT Literature is written information produced by people who want to sell you something or give you advice. 印刷品
• I am sending you literature from two other companies that provide a similar service.
liberal /ˈlɪbərəl, ˈlɪbrəl/ |CET4 TEM4
ADJ Someone who has liberal views believes people should have a lot of freedom in deciding how to behave and think. 开明的
• She is known to have liberal views on divorce and contraception.
N-COUNT Liberal is also a noun. 开明者
• ...a nation of free-thinking liberals.
ADJ A liberal system allows people or organizations a lot of political or economic freedom. 自由的
• ...a liberal democracy with a multiparty political system.
N-COUNT Liberal is also a noun. 自由主义者
• These kinds of price controls go against all the financial principles of the free market liberals.
ADJ A Liberal politician or voter is a member of a Liberal Party or votes for a Liberal Party. 自由党的
• She withdrew because she did not wish to split the Liberal vote.
N-COUNT Liberal is also a noun. 自由党人
• The Liberals hold twenty-three seats.
ADJ Liberal means giving, using, or taking a lot of something, or existing in large quantities. 慷慨的; 大量的
• As always he is liberal with his jokes.
ADV 慷慨地; 大量地
• Chemical products were used liberally over agricultural land.
liberal education 普通教育；文科教育
liberal party n. 自由党
liberal democratic party n. 自由民主党
liberal democracy 自由民主；自由民主主义；自由民主制（一种政府形式，由人民选出的民意代表行使决策权力）
liberal art 文科
liberal arts education 博雅教育
liberal economy 自由经济
liberal democrat 自由民主党（成员）；自民党人
college of liberal arts 文学院；人文学院
liberal studies 人文学科
liberal translation n. 意译法
liberal arts college 文理学院；文科大学
过去式 arose过去分词 arisen现在分词 arising
高中 | CET4 | 商务英语 | 考研
arise /əˈraɪz/ |CET4 TEM4arisingarosearisenarises
• ...if a problem arises later in the pregnancy.
• This serenity arose in part from Rachel's religious beliefs.
raise /reɪz/ |CET4 TEM4
V-T If you raise something, you move it so that it is in a higher position. 举起
• He raised his hand to wave.
• Milton raised the glass to his lips.
V-T If you raise a flag, you display it by moving it up a pole or into a high place where it can be seen. 升起
• They had raised the white flag in surrender.
V-T If you raise yourself, you lift your body so that you are standing up straight, or so that you are no longer lying flat. 站立; 起身
• He raised himself into a sitting position.
V-T If you raise the rate or level of something, you increase it. 增加
• The Federal Reserve Board is expected to raise interest rates.
V-T To raise the standard of something means to improve it. 提高 (水平)
• ...a new drive to raise standards of literacy in New York's schools.
V-T If you raise your voice, you speak more loudly, usually because you are angry. (常指因生气) 提高 (嗓门)
• Don't you raise your voice to me!
N-COUNT A raise is an increase in your wages or salary. 加薪
V-T If you raise money for a charity or an institution, you ask people for money which you collect on its behalf. 筹募 (资金)
• ...events held to raise money for flood victims.
V-T If a person or company raises money that they need, they manage to get it, for example by selling their property or by borrowing. 筹措 (资金)
• They raised the money to buy the house and two hundred acres of land.
V-T If an event raises a particular emotion or question, it makes people feel the emotion or consider the question. 唤起; 引发
• The agreement has raised hopes that the war may end soon.
V-T If you raise a subject, an objection, or a question, you mention it or bring it to someone's attention. 提出
• He had been consulted and had raised no objections.
V-T Someone who raises a child takes care of it until it is grown up. 抚养
• My mother was an amazing woman. She raised four of us kids virtually singlehandedly.
V-T If someone raises a particular type of animal or crop, they breed that type of animal or grow that type of crop. 饲养; 种植
• He raises 2,000 acres of wheat and hay.
to raise the alarm → alarm
to raise your eyebrows → eyebrow
to raise a finger → finger
网络释义 专业释义 英英释义
Raise question 提出问题提问提出题目提出成绩
raise hell 破口大骂大吵大闹地狱呼唤大发牢骚
词组短语 同近义词 同根词 词源
raise oneself 长高，发迹
raise money 集资；筹款；募捐
get a raise 得到加薪
过去式 raised过去分词 raised现在分词 raising
TOEFL | 高中 | IELTS | 初中 | 商务英语
rise /raɪz/ |CET4 TEM4
V-I If something rises, it moves upward. 上升; 升起
• Wilson's ice-cold eyes watched the smoke rise from his cigarette.
PHRASAL VERB Rise up means the same as . 上升; 升起
• Spray rose up from the surface of the water.
V-I When you rise, you stand up. 起身
• Luther rose slowly from the chair.
PHRASAL VERB Rise up means the same as . 起身
• The only thing I wanted was to rise up from the table and leave this house.
V-I When you rise, you get out of bed. 起床
• Tony had risen early and gone to the cottage to work.
V-I When the sun or moon rises, it appears in the sky. (太阳或月亮) 升起
• He wanted to be over the line of the ridge before the sun had risen.
V-I You can say that something rises when it appears as a large, tall shape. 耸立
• The building rose before him, tall and stately.
PHRASAL VERB Rise up means the same as . 耸立
• The White Mountains rose up before me.
V-I If the level of something such as the water in a river rises, it becomes higher. (河水等) 上涨
• The waters continue to rise as more than 1,000 people are evacuated.
V-I If land rises, it slopes upward. (地面) 隆起
• He looked up the slope of land that rose from the house.
V-I If an amount rises, it increases. (数量) 增加; 上涨
• Interest rates rise from 4% to 5%.
• Tourist trips of all kinds rose by 10.5% between 1977 and 1987.
• Exports rose 23%.
N-COUNT A rise in the amount of something is an increase in it. 增长; 上涨
• ...the prospect of another rise in interest rates.
N-SING The rise of a movement or activity is an increase in its popularity or influence. (运动或行为的) 兴起; 抬头
• The rise of racism in America is a serious concern.
N-COUNT A rise is an increase in your wages or your salary. (薪水、工资的) 增加
• Within two months Kelly got a rise.
V-I If the wind rises, it becomes stronger. (风力) 增强
• The wind was still rising, approaching a force nine gale.
V-I If a sound rises or if someone's voice rises, it becomes louder or higher. (声音或嗓音) 升高
• "Bernard?" Her voice rose hysterically.
V-I When the people in a country rise, they try to defeat the government or army that is controlling them. 起义
• President Bush had encouraged the Panamanian military to rise against General Noriega.
PHRASAL VERB Rise up means the same as . 起义
• He warned that if the government moved against him the people would rise up.
V-I If someone rises to a higher position or status, they become more important, successful, or powerful. (职位、地位) 升高
• She is a strong woman who has risen to the top of a deeply sexist organization.
PHRASAL VERB Rise up means the same as . (职位、地位) 升高
• I started with Hoover 26 years ago in sales and rose up through the ranks.
N-SING The rise of someone is the process by which they become more important, successful, or powerful. 崛起
• Haig's rise was fuelled by an all-consuming sense of patriotic duty.
PHRASE If something gives rise to an event or situation, it causes that event or situation to happen. 引发
• Low levels of choline in the body can give rise to high blood pressure.
to rise to the challenge → challenge
to rise to the occasion → occasion
过去式 rose过去分词 risen现在分词 rising
高中 | 初中 | 商务英语
arouse /əˈraʊz/ |CET4 TEM4
过去式 aroused过去分词 aroused现在分词 arousing
TOEFL | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | CET4 | 考研
V-T If something arouses a particular reaction or attitude in people, it causes them to have that reaction or attitude. 引起
• His revolutionary work in linguistics has aroused intense scholarly interest.
V-T If something arouses a particular feeling or instinct that exists in someone, it causes them to experience that feeling or instinct strongly. 激起
• The smell of frying bacon aroused his hunger.
V-T If you are aroused by something, it makes you feel sexually excited. 激起性欲
• Some men are aroused when their partner says erotic words to them.
meet /miːt/ |CET4 TEM4
</u>过去式 met过去分词 met现在分词 meeting<u>
高中 | 初中 | GRE | 商务英语
V-RECIP If you meet someone, you happen to be in the same place as them and start talking to them. You may know the other person, but be surprised to see them, or you may not know them at all. 遇见
• I have just met the man I want to spend the rest of my life with.
• He's the kindest and sincerest person I've ever met.
PHRASAL VERB Meet up means the same as . 同(meet)
• Last night, when he was parking my car, he met up with a buddy he had at Stanford.
V-RECIP If two or more people meet, they go to the same place, which they have earlier arranged to do, so that they can talk or do something together. 会见
• We could meet for a drink after work.
PHRASAL VERB Meet up means the same as . 同(meet)
• We tend to meet up for lunch once a week.
V-T If you meet someone, you are introduced to them and begin talking to them and getting to know them. 被引见给…
• Hey, Terry, come and meet my Dad.
V-T You use meet in expressions such as "Pleased to meet you" and "Nice to have met you" when you want to politely say hello or goodbye to someone you have just met for the first time. 认识
• "Jennifer," Miss Mallory said, "this is Leigh Taylor."—"Pleased to meet you," Jennifer said.
“珍妮弗，”马洛里小姐说，“这位是利·泰勒。” —“很高兴认识你，” 珍妮弗说道。
V-T If you meet someone at or off their train, plane, or bus, you go to the station, airport, or bus stop in order to be there when they arrive. 迎接
• Mama met me at the station.
• Lili and my father met me off the boat.
V-I When a group of people such as a committee meet, they gather together for a particular purpose. 会晤
• Officials from the two countries will meet again soon to resume negotiations.
V-I If you meet with someone, you have a meeting with them. (与…) 会晤
• Most of the lawmakers who met with the president yesterday said they backed the mission.
V-T/V-I If something such as a suggestion, proposal, or new book meets with or is met with a particular reaction, it gets that reaction from people. 遇到
• The idea met with a cool response from various quarters.
• We hope today's offer will meet with your approval too.
V-T If something meets a need, requirement, or condition, it is good enough to do what is required. 满足
• He suggested that the current arrangements for the care of severely mentally ill people are inadequate to meet their needs.
V-T If you meet something such as a problem or challenge, you deal with it satisfactorily or do what is required. 成功应付
• Manufacturing failed to meet the crisis of the 1970s.
V-T If you meet the cost of something, you provide the money that is needed for it. 支付
• The government said it will help meet some of the cost of the damage.
V-T If you meet a situation, attitude, or problem, you experience it or become aware of it. 遇到 (情况、态度、问题等)
• I honestly don't know how I will react the next time I meet a potentially dangerous situation.
V-I You can say that someone meets with success or failure when they are successful or unsuccessful. 获得 (成功); 遇到 (失败)
• Attempts to find civilian volunteers have met with embarrassing failure.
V-RECIP When a moving object meets another object, it hits or touches it. 击中; 碰到
• He held the lighter so it met the tip of his cigarette.
V-RECIP If your eyes meet someone else's, you both look at each other at the same time. (目光) 接触
• Nina's eyes met her sisters' across the table.
V-RECIP If two areas meet, especially two areas of land or sea, they are next to one another. (尤指两片地域或海域) 相接
• It is one of the rare places in the world where the desert meets the sea.
V-RECIP The place where two lines meet is the place where they join together. 相交
• Parallel lines will never meet no matter how far extended.
N a meeting, esp a sports meeting 会议(尤指体育会议)
to make ends meet → end
to meet someone halfway → halfway
scarce /skɛəs/ |CET4 TEM4
比较级 scarcer最高级 scarcest
TOEFL | GMAT | IELTS | GRE | CET4 | 商务英语 | 考研
ADJ If something is scarce, there is not enough of it. 短缺的
• Food was scarce and expensive.
• Jobs are becoming increasingly scarce.
PHRASE If you make yourself scarce, you quickly leave the place you are in, usually in order to avoid a difficult or embarrassing situation. 溜走
• It probably would be a good idea if you made yourself scarce.
virtue /ˈvɜːtjuː/ |CET4 TEM4
TOEFL | 高中 | GMAT | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | CET4 | 考研
[U] formal moral goodness of character and behaviour
Women have often been used as symbols of virtue. 女性常被用作美德的象征。
[C] a particular good quality in someone’s character
Among her many virtues are loyalty, courage, and truthfulness. 她有许多美德，诸如忠诚、勇敢和诚实。
[C,U] an advantage that makes something better or more useful than something else
Wilkins is now extolling the virtues of organic farming. 威尔金斯现在盛赞有机耕作的好处。
Adam Smith believed in the virtues of free trade. 亚当·斯密相信自由贸易的好处。
by virtue of sth
formal by means of, or as a result of something
She became a British resident by virtue of her marriage. 她借着婚姻成了英国公民。
make a virtue of sth
to get an advantage from a situation that you cannot change, usually a bad one
She made a virtue of her acting limitations by joking about them. 她拿表演上的不足自嘲，化不利为有利。
make a virtue of necessity
to get an advantage from doing something that you have to do, or to pretend that you are doing it willingly
N-UNCOUNT Virtue is thinking and doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong. 正直的品性
• Virtue is not confined to the Christian world.
N-COUNT A virtue is a good quality or way of behaving. 美德
• His virtue is patience.
N-COUNT The virtue of something is an advantage or benefit that it has, especially in comparison with something else. 优势; 益处
• There was no virtue in returning to Calvi the way I had come.
PHRASE You use by virtue of to explain why something happens or is true. 因为
• The article stuck in my mind by virtue of one detail.
curb /kɜːb/ |CET4 TEM4
GMAT | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | 考研
curb inflation 抑制通货膨胀
curb market n. 场外交易市场；股票证券场外交易市场
V-T If you curb something, you control it and keep it within limits. 抑制
• ...advertisements aimed at curbing the spread of AIDS.
N-COUNT Curb is also a noun. 控制; 限制
• He called for much stricter curbs on immigration.
V-T If you curb an emotion or your behaviour, you keep it under control. 控制 (脾气、行为等)
• He curbed his temper.
N-COUNT a swelling on the leg of a horse, below the point of the hock, usually caused by a sprain (马腿上由扭伤导致的)肿胀
manipulate /məˈnɪpjʊˌleɪt/ |CET4 TEM4
过去式 manipulated过去分词 manipulated现在分词 manipulating
TOEFL | GMAT | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | 商务英语 | 考研
manipulate data 操作数据
V-T If you say that someone manipulates people, you disapprove of them because they skilfully force or persuade people to do what they want. 控制
• She's always borrowing my clothes and manipulating me to give her vast sums of money.
• ...repeated criticism or manipulation of our minds.
V-T If you say that someone manipulates an event or situation, you disapprove of them because they use or control it for their own benefit, or cause it to develop in the way they want. 操纵
• She was unable, for once, to control and manipulate events.
• ...accusations of political manipulation.
V-T If you manipulate something that requires skill, such as a complicated piece of equipment or a difficult idea, you operate it or process it. 操作
• The technology uses a pen to manipulate a computer.
• ...science that requires only the simplest of mathematical manipulations.
V-T If someone manipulates your bones or muscles, they skilfully move and press them with their hands in order to push the bones into their correct position or make the muscles less stiff. 使脱臼复位; 用推拿术治疗
• The way he can manipulate my leg has helped my arthritis so much.
• A permanent cure will only be effected by acupuncture, chiropractic, or manipulation.
to make someone think and behave exactly as you want them to, by skilfully deceiving or influencing them
He was one of those men who manipulated people. 他是那种要摆布别人的人。
You have the constant feeling you are being manipulated. 你总感觉自己是被人控制着的。
manipulate sb into (doing) sth
The thought that any parent would manipulate their child into seeking fame just appalled me. 想到竟然有做父母的会驱使自己的孩子去追求名望，我真是吃惊。
to work skilfully with information, systems etc to achieve the result that you want
software designed to store and manipulate data 用于存储和处理数据的软件
You can integrate text with graphics and manipulate graphic images. 你可以把文本和图形拼接起来进行图像处理。
medical to move and press bones or muscles to remove pain in them
manipulation n /mə͵nɪpjuˋleʃən ; mə‚nɪpjʊ'leɪʃ ə n,mə‚nɪpjə'leɪʃ ə n / [U]
allegations of political manipulation 操纵政治的指控
manipulation of photographic images 编辑摄影图像
advocate |CET4 TEM4
过去式 advocated过去分词 advocated现在分词 advocating
TOEFL | 高中 | SAT | GMAT | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | CET4 | 商务英语 | 考研
V-T If you advocate a particular action or plan, you recommend it publicly. 提倡
• Mr. Williams is a conservative who advocates fewer government controls on business.
N-COUNT An advocate of a particular action or plan is someone who recommends it publicly. 倡导者
• He was a strong advocate of free market policies and a multi-party system.
N-COUNT An advocate for a particular group is a person who works for the interests of that group. 为 (某团体) 谋利益者
• ...advocates for the homeless.
N-COUNT An advocate is a lawyer who speaks in favour of someone or defends them in a court of law. 辩护律师
obscure /əbˈskjʊə/ |CET6 TEM4
TOEFL | SAT | GMAT | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | 商务英语 | 考研
ADJ If something or someone is obscure, they are unknown, or are known by only a few people. 鲜为人知的
• The origin of the custom is obscure.
ADJ Something that is obscure is difficult to understand or deal with, usually because it involves so many parts or details. 复杂难懂的; 难处理的
• The contracts are written in obscure language.
V-T If one thing obscures another, it prevents it from being seen or heard properly. 遮掩
• Trees obscured his vision; he couldn't see much of the square's southern half.
V-T To obscure something means to make it difficult to understand. 使…难懂
• ...the jargon that frequently obscures educational writing.
even /ˈiːvən/ |CET4
ADV You use even to suggest that what comes just after or just before it in the sentence is rather surprising. 甚至; 连
• He kept calling me for years, even after he got married.
• Even dark-skinned women should use sunscreens.
ADV You use even with comparative adjectives and adverbs to emphasize a quality that someone or something has. (与比较级连用) 更加
• On television he made an even stronger impact as an interviewer.
PHRASE You use even if or even though to indicate that a particular fact does not make the rest of your statement untrue. 即使
• Cynthia is not ashamed of what she does, even if she ends up doing something wrong.
PHRASE You use even so to introduce a surprising fact that relates to what you have just said. 即便如此; 尽管这样
• The bus was only half full. Even so, a young man asked Nina if the seat next to her was taken.
PHRASE You use even then to say that something is the case in spite of what has just been stated or whatever the circumstances may be. 即便那样
• Peace could come only gradually, in carefully measured steps. Even then, it sounds almost impossible to achieve.
ADJ An even measurement or rate stays at about the same level. 保持不变的
• How important is it to have an even temperature when you're working?
• He looked at Ellen, breathing evenly in her sleep.
ADJ An even surface is smooth and flat. 平滑的
• The tables are fitted with a glass top to provide an even surface.
ADJ If there is an even distribution or division of something, each person, group, or area involved has an equal amount. 均等的
• Divide the dough into 12 even pieces and shape each piece into a ball.
• The meat is divided evenly and boiled in a stew.
ADJ An even contest or competition is equally balanced between the two sides who are taking part. 实力相当的
• It was an even game.
• They must choose between two evenly matched candidates for governor.
ADJ An even number can be divided exactly by the number two. 偶数的
ADJ If there is an even chance that something will happen, the chances that it will or will not happen are equal. (机会) 各半的
• They have a more than even chance of winning the next election.
PHRASE When a company or a person running a business breaks even, they make neither a profit nor a loss. 盈亏平衡
• The airline hopes to break even next year and return to profit the following year.
to be on an even keel → keel
Even usually goes before the word or phrase that you want to emphasize because it is surprising. even 通常用在单词或短语之前，以强调某事令人吃惊
With a verb, even goes after the first auxiliary, if there is one. even 和动词连用时，如有助动词，则用于第一个助动词之后
Even is not used to introduce another clause. Use even if, even though, or even when. 引导从句不能用 even，要用 even if， even though 或 even when
You can use still in a main clause after a clause beginning with one of these expressions, but do not use ‘but’ or ‘yet’. 如主句位于由上述短语引导的从句之后，则主句中可用 still，但不可用 but 或 yet
Even young students were aware of how things had changed. 连年幼的学生都知道情况发生了什么变化。
There is wildlife even in the centre of town. 即使在市中心也有野生生物。
I have even offered to pay for everything. 我甚至提出账都由我来付。
He can’t even spell his own name. 他连自己的名字都不会拼。
Even if it’s raining (NOT 不说 Even it’s raining), we go for a walk every day. 即使下雨，我们也还是每天散步。
They feel anxious even when things are going well. 即使事情顺利，他们仍忧心忡忡 。
Even though we’re completely different, we’re still great friends (NOT 不说 but/yet we’re great friends). 尽管我们完全不同，但我们还是很好的朋友。
and even 乃至
even if 即使；虽然
even more 更多地，更多的
even when 即使当
even as 正如；正巧在…的时候
even so 虽然如此，即使如此
even worse 更糟的是
even now 即使到现在；尽管这样
make even 使平坦；使最后一行排足
break even 不赚不赔；并列起跑；打成平手
even then conj. 即使那样；即使在那时
get even 报复；扯平；算帐
never even 连…也不
even number 偶数
even distribution 均匀分布
even up 平均，拉平；扯平，使相等
even out v. 使平坦；使均等；变正常
even since 自从
get even with 报复
even pressure 均匀压力
reb‧el 1 /'reb ə l,ˋrɛbḷ/ n. [C ]
英 /'reb ə l/
someone who opposes or fights against people in authority
Anti-government rebels attacked the town. 反政府的叛乱分子攻击该镇。
the rebel leader 叛军首领
rebel forces/soldiers 叛军/叛兵
someone who refuses to do things in the normal way, or in the way that other people want them to
Alex has always been a bit of a rebel. 亚历克斯向来有点叛逆。
Originality 创新，独特 英 /ə,rɪdʒɪ'nælɪtɪ/
when something is completely new and different from anything that anyone has thought of before
Her earlier work shows a lot of originality. 她的早期作品显示出丰富的独创性。
A lot of his designs lack originality. 他的很多设计都缺乏创意。
a young writer of great originality 一位极富创意的年轻作家
I was impressed by the originality of the plan. 我对这个计划的新意印象深刻。
<u>starbucks overpriced</u> coffee Coffee
rocket /ˈrɒkɪt/ |CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A rocket is a space vehicle that is shaped like a long tube. 火箭
• ...the Apollo 12 rocket that took astronauts to the moon.
N-COUNT A rocket is a missile containing explosives that is powered by gas. 火箭弹
• There has been a renewed rocket attack on the capital.
N-COUNT A rocket is a firework that quickly goes high into the air and then explodes. 火箭弹烟花
V-I If things such as prices or social problems rocket, they increase very quickly and suddenly. 飞速增加; 飞速上涨
• Fresh food is so scarce that prices have rocketed.
V to propel (a missile, spacecraft, etc) by means of a rocket 用火箭运送
V-I If something such as a vehicle rockets somewhere, it moves there very quickly. (车辆等) 疾驰; 飞奔
• A train rocketed by, shaking the walls of the row houses.
N-UNCOUNT Rocket is a vegetable with green leaves that are used in salads. 芝麻菜
• ...a small salad of rocket and chopped tomato.
Rocket Man 火箭人火箭队队歌火箭超人火箭客
Rocket jumping 火箭跳
Modular rocket 公共核心助推器
Relativistic rocket 相对论火箭
Rocket Knight 火箭骑士英文名称硬盘版火箭
fusion rocket 核聚变火箭热核火箭
carrier rocket 运载火箭搭载火箭运载工具
rocket plane 火箭飞机喷气式飞机火箭牌飞机火箭牌的飞机
ChuChu Rocket 咻咻火箭啾啾火箭鼠咻咻火箭游戏
ADJ extreme or immoderate, esp in beliefs or opinions (信仰或意见)极端的; 偏激的
N an extremist 极端分子; 偏激的人
来自 PIE*al,其它，那边，词源同 alias,else,-tra,比较级后缀，词源同 entry,alternate,interior.
"An extremist", Early 19th century: an independent usage of ultra-, originally as an abbreviation of French ultra-royaliste 'ultra-royalist'.
Romania right now ,<u>protests</u> against a <u>corrupt </u>government
TOEFL | CET6 | GRE | CET4 | 考研
protest |CET4 TEM4
V-T/V-I If you protest something or protest against something, you say or show publicly that you object to it. 抗议
• They were protesting soaring prices.
N-VAR A protest is the act of saying or showing publicly that you object to something. 抗议
• The opposition now seems too weak to stage any serious protests against the government.
• The Mexican president cancelled a trip to Texas in protest at the state's execution of a Mexican national.
V-T If you protest that something is the case, you insist that it is the case, when other people think that it may not be. 断言
• When we tried to protest that Mo was beaten up they didn't believe us.
• "I never said any of that to her," he protested.
最高级 most corrupt
TOEFL | 高中 | SAT | IELTS | CET6 | GRE | 考研
corrupt /kəˈrʌpt/ |CET6 TEM4
ADJ Someone who is corrupt behaves in a way that is morally wrong, especially by doing dishonest or illegal things in return for money or power. 腐败的
• ...to save the nation from corrupt politicians of both parties.
V-T/V-I If someone is corrupted by something, it causes them to become dishonest and unjust and unable to be trusted. 使…腐化; 腐化
• It is sad to see a man so corrupted by the desire for money and power.
• Power tends to corrupt.
V-T To corrupt someone means to cause them to stop caring about moral standards. 使…堕落
• ...warning that television will corrupt us all.
Old russian <u>crane</u> before wheels where invented.
复数 cranes或crane过去式 craned过去分词 craned现在分词 craning
IELTS | CET4 | 考研
crane /kreɪn/ |CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A crane is a large machine that moves heavy things by lifting them in the air. 起重机
• The little prefabricated hut was lifted away by a huge crane.
N-COUNT A crane is a kind of large bird with a long neck and long legs. 鹤
V-T/V-I If you crane your neck or head, you stretch your neck in a particular direction in order to see or hear something better. 伸长 (脖子)
• She craned her neck to get a better view.
• Children craned to get close to him.
TOEFL | 初中 | GRE | CET4 | 考研
trash /træʃ/ |CET4 TEM4
N-UNCOUNT Trash consists of unwanted things or waste material such as used paper, empty containers and bottles, and waste food. 垃圾; 废物
• The yards are overgrown and cluttered with trash.
• Would you take out the trash?
N-UNCOUNT If you say that something such as a book, painting, or movie is trash, you mean that it is of very bad quality. 劣质的东西
• Pop music doesn't have to be trash; it can be art.
N-SING The trash means the dustbin. 垃圾桶
• I threw it in the trash.
V to attack or destroy (someone or something) wilfully or maliciously 蓄意捣毁(某物); 蓄意攻击(某人)
Bone shaped sugar <u>cubes</u>
A british traveller in india, 1903.What an example of <u>decadency.</u>
N any of several games in which matching halves of dominoes are laid together 多米诺骨牌
the usual form when referring to the game played with dominoes, c. 1800; see domino.