应用即兴03-简介

Theresa Robbins Dudeck and Caitlin McClure

特蕾莎罗宾斯杜德克和凯特琳Mc克卢尔


This collection of Applied Improvisation (AI) stories and strategies draws back the curtain on an exciting, innovative, growing field of practice and research that is changing the way people lead, create, and collaborate. The authors in this anthology are professional AI facilitators working in all corners of the world.They come from disciplines as diverse as business, social science, theatre,education, law, and government. All have experienced the power of improvisation, have a driving need to share those experiences, and are united in the belief that improvisation can positively transform just about all human activity.

这本应用即兴创作(AI)的故事和策略集为一个令人兴奋、创新、不断增长的实践和研究领域拉开了帷幕,该领域改变了人们的领导、创造和合作的方式。这本选集的作者是在世界各地工作的专业人工智能促进者。他们来自商业、社会科学、戏剧、教育、法律和政府等不同的学科。所有人都经历过即兴创作的力量,有分享这些经历的动力需要,并一致相信即兴创作可以积极地改变几乎所有的人类活动。

“Applied Improvisation” is the umbrella term widely used to denote the application of theatre improvisation (theories, tenets, games, techniques, and exercises) beyond conventional theatre spaces to foster the growth and/or development of flexible structures, new mind-sets, and a range of inter- and intrapersonal skills required in today’s VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, ambiguous) world.1 Top business schools everywhere are now offering AI courses for developing interactive teams, emotionally intelligent and expressive leaders, and innovative ideas. In science and health, the Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science based at Stony Brook University, New York, is helping scientists and physicians better communicate their ideas and messages to audiences and patients using improvisation. Even law schools and firms are adopting AI curricula to give new and seasoned lawyers the power of flexibility and spontaneous decision-making skills. And hundreds of organizations ranging from large Fortune 500 corporations to governmental agencies to nonprofits are increasingly hiring AI facilitators to train their management and workforce to do offstage what the best improvisers do onstage.2

应用即兴创作”是一个伞形术语,广泛用于指超越传统戏剧空间的戏剧即兴创作(理论、原则、游戏、技术和练习),以促进灵活结构、新思维模式以及当今VUCA(动荡、不确定、复杂、模棱不清)世界所需要的一系列人际技能的增长和/或发展。1各地的顶级商学院现在都提供人工智能课程,以开发互动团队、情感智慧和表达力的领导者以及创新的想法。在科学和健康方面,总部位于纽约石溪大学的艾伦·阿尔达交流科学中心正在帮助科学家和医生通过即兴创作更好地向观众和患者传达他们的想法和信息。甚至连法学院和律师事务所也在采用人工智能课程,以赋予新的、经验丰富的律师灵活性和自发决策能力的力量。从大型财富500强企业到政府机构到非营利组织,数百家组织正越来越多地雇佣人工智能主持人来培训他们的管理和员工,以完成舞台上最好的即兴演员所做的事情。2

So, what do the best improvisers do really well onstage? They work collaboratively and spontaneously in the moment, generate endless ideas quickly, remain flexible, find and solve problems, multitask, motivate others, practice active listening, take risks, graciously accept failure as part of the process, and engage authentically with and effectively deliver stories to audiences. Every night, professional improvisers fearlessly go onstage, without a script, and put into practice all the above for audiences worldwide. But as this book of case studies will reveal, anyone willing to practice the techniques and embrace the principles of improvisation can learn to adeptly function like an improviser in front of and in collaboration with their own “audiences.”

那么,最好的即兴表演者在舞台上做得更好呢?他们在当下合作和自发地工作,迅速产生无尽的想法,保持灵活,发现和解决问题,多任务,激励他人,练习积极倾听,冒险,优雅地接受失败作为过程的一部分,并真实地参与并有效地将故事传递给观众。每天晚上,专业的即兴表演者都会毫无畏惧地走上舞台,没有剧本,并为全世界的观众付诸实践。但是正如这本案例研究书将揭示的,任何愿意练习技巧并接受即兴创作原则的人都可以学会像自己的即兴表演一样与自己的“观众”合作

推荐阅读更多精彩内容